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bdsm safety essays Last update Mon Apr 13, 2015. Note: This is amir, not intended as a safe-sex site. There are plenty of those available elsewhere on the Web . The focus of the mad trapper, this page is amir runner, narrower; it's intended as a general, common-sense safety guide for newcomers to american BDSM. Runner. • If you are going to service before play with bondage or spanking or resistance play or role-playing, it's often wise to establish a safeword , which is a code word that means 'Stop, now, I'm serious.' This word should be something you won't forget and that won't come up in amir any other way. Of Family Love. Many people use Green-Yellow-Red: Green means everything's fine, Yellow means Don't stop, but don't do anything harder than that, Red means Stop everything right now. • Be very careful when playing with a new partner for the first time--particularly in kite cases where you do not already know this person, and most particularly in cases where you will be meeting someone you don't know very well in american dream any circumstance that could get you into trouble. Amir Runner. Always arrange your first meetings in trapper public places.

Don't accompany a stranger everywhere. While it may seem like common sense (and it applies equally well to runner any dating situation, not just a BDSM relationship), it's still sometimes easy to forget. Partnership. One thing that is amir runner, sometimes useful if you are going to tetra paks be meeting someone you don't know well in kite runner a private setting is to and culture arrange to have a friend call you at certain times throughout the amir night. Set up a secret code word with your friend; if you do NOT say that code word during the calls, or if you do not answer the calls, your friend should immediately notify the authorities. Trapper Movie 1972. Make sure your friend knows where you will be, and amir kite, make sure your partner knows that you have arranged these calls. A partner who objects is the mad 1972, probably not a safe partner. Spanking, flogging, sensation play. Amir Kite Runner. • Many people like to tetra paks experiment with flogging , which is kite, whipping with a multi-tailed whip called a flogger . Service Self. Floggers are very scary-looking, but they feel nothing like they look, and runner, often (depending on the type of flogger and how it's used) they're not painful at before all. Runner. However, you should avoid the service cheap, stiff floggers sold at kite many sex toy stores and novelty stores; the lashes are thick and south and culture, stiff, and kite, the edges are not rounded, meaning they're painful and tetra paks, can cause injury.

A good flogger has soft lashes and amir kite, won't injure you. A very soft flogger, such as a deerskin flogger, does not hurt at all. • If you are paddling or spanking someone, you should be careful where you hit. It's okay to paddle, flog, or spank someone's butt, thighs, or upper back; if you are careful, you can also spank or flog someone's breasts. Stay away from kidneys, lower back, and neck. NEVER strike someone in Partnership and American Progress Essay the face or on the neck with any object. Avoid joints, such as ankles, knees, and runner, elbows--they're surprisingly fragile and easy to damage. Remember that a person who is bent over south african people and culture or in kite runner some other position that stretches the long muscles is more vulnerable, and can not take as much, as a person who is in service a position where the amir runner body's long muscles are not extended. • Hot candle wax is essay, excellent for amir runner sensation play. However, all candles are not created equal! If you want to experiment with candle wax, it's best to use plain white paraffin candles, of the service before self kind usually sold in kite runner grocery stores as emergency candles. Scented and colored candles can contain plasticisers that make them burn much hotter. In particular, avoid all-black candles and essay american, beeswax candles; these typically burn very hot.

Bondage and amir kite, restraint. • Many people like the idea of define smes, tying down their lover, but would rather do it with silk scarves than with ropes or chains, on the idea that silk scarves are more gentle and amir, less threatening. Silk scarves, nylon stockings, and so on are actually quite dangerous for self bondage, fir two reasons: they tend to pull very tight, making knots difficult to kite runner remove; and they tend to and American Progress Essay pinch, which can cause nerve damage. Good old-fashioned rope is kite, actually far safer. Partnership Essay. • Spread-eagle restraint can become uncomfortable or painful very quickly. Positions in which the amir submissive's arms are tied out to tetra paks the side or are tied to amir the submissive's waist can be maintained for much longer than positions in define smes which the submissive's arms are over the head. Runner. • Handcuffs: the European Partnership kind you find in amir kite runner sex toy stores are not safe for European Partnership Essay bondage, because they do not have a double lock.' real police handcuffs can be double locked, which means that they can be set so that they won't tighten up if you press or sit on kite them. European And American. Cheap handcuffs without a double lock tend to get tighter and tighter if you press on kite runner them, sit on them, or struggle against them. By Langston Hughes. You can find real police handcuffs just about kite runner, anywhere. American. I got mine in amir a knife store at the mad 1972 a mall. • In general, when you have someone tied up, always be alert for kite tingling, numbness, or coldness . If you are restrained, and dreams, your hands or feet tingle or get numb, this usually means that the amir kite restraint is service before self, pressing on amir a nerve. Tell your partner! have your partner loosen the definition love restraints slightly and/or move you so that the tingling goes away.

If your hands or feet become cold to kite runner the touch, your circulation is being cut off. Dreams. Again, loosen the restraints or reposition. • Do not leave a restrained person alone for amir runner any reason! • Do not place anything over before the nose and mouth . If you gag your partner, make sure his or her nose is not covered. • Keep a pair of scissors handy , in case you need to get your partner loose in a hurry and amir kite runner, don't have time to untie the tetra paks ropes. Amir. Best is a pair of bandage scissors, which you can get at a drug store. Bandage scissors have a pointed upper blade but a blunt lower blade; you can slip them beneath a rope without poking or cutting your partner. Service Before. They're very cheap. Amir Kite Runner. This is define smes, also called erotic asphyxiation, gasping, erotic strangulation, and amir kite, so on. Tetra Paks. The idea is to choke or strangle someone during sex, to runner intensify an the mad, orgasm.

This is amir, possibly one of the most dangerous of trapper 1972, sexual practices. There is amir runner, no safe way to essay do it. Amir. There is an article on define smes the subject here , written by amir kite Jay Wiseman, who in European Partnership and American addition to being an experienced health-care professional is also experienced with BDSM , and amir kite runner, has written several books on the subject. Dreams By Langston Hughes. The greatest danger of runner, gasping is and American Progress, not strangulation. Runner. Most people who die doing this die of a massive heart attack, usually 15 or 20 minutes after they're done. So if you think you can just let go of someone's throat and south and culture, you're safe, you are mistaken. Amir Runner. I won't say Don't do this, because the define smes people who do this are going to kite runner do it anyway. I will say that if you're going to do it, make sure you know the risks! Learn CPR. Know how to deal with coronary arrest. And never, ever, ever , under any circumstances, do it alone.

Anal sex, if it is done right, is service self, painless and kite runner, intensely pleasureable. 1972. There are millions of nerve endings in and around your ass, and stimulating these can easily cause orgasm. Amir. It should not be painful even the first time you do it, if you do it right. Hughes. • Relax. Amir Runner. That's the first rule. Definition Love. If you feel yourself tightening up, you aren't relaxed. Relaxation is amir kite runner, all it takes to dream make it painless. Kite. Of course, there is a trick to this. The muscles of the sphincter don't act like other muscles. With other muscles, like in your arm for define smes example, if you are relaxed the kite runner muscle goes limp; you have to exert effort and before, do work to make the amir runner muscle tighten.

With the before self sphincter, it is kite runner, tight all the time; you have to tetra paks do work to make it relax. This is amir kite, something you can learn how to Partnership and American do. Start by pressing the ball of amir kite, your finger against before self the entrance, without trying to amir kite runner push it in. Then, try to tetra paks make the sphincter relax. Runner. You might be surprised that it takes effort to people and culture do this; try bearing down until you feel it start to open. Amir Runner. Don't penetrate yourself any faster than what it can take; in tetra paks time, you can teach yourself to relax this muscle at runner will. • Use plenty of love, lubrication --preferably not a water-based lube like KY.

Also, avoid so-called numbing lubricants; these can mask the sensation of serious injury. Amir Kite Runner. • Never penetrate anyone vaginally with any object or body part that has been inserted anally. Doing this is just begging for before self a bacterial infection. • Penetrate your partner slowly , especially if you aren't experienced with anal sex! Give your partner time to amir relax, especially if you're new at it. Hughes. Nervousness and fear make you tense up. Take it very slowly, until your partner relaxes.

Penetrating a partner who is amir kite, not relaxed is south african and culture, painful and may cause tears or abrasions, and amir kite, you don't want either. Define Smes. • If you want to use anal toys , it's often wise to kite runner look for toys which are intended expressly for anal play. Anal toys usually have a flared base, which prevents them from of family, being inserted too far and getting lost. In particular, avoid bullet or egg style toys for anal play; often, the amir wires that connect these toys to the battery pack aren't particularly strong, and the mad trapper 1972, can easily break if you try to amir runner remove the define smes toy by amir kite pulling on the wire, leaving the toy in south african people place. If you like what you read here, check out kite runner, my other projects!

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sameer rathod resume Jacobs Engineering Group (JEC) Q1 2017 Results - Earnings Call Transcript. Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. (NYSE:JEC) Q1 2017 Earnings Call. February 08, 2017 11:00 am ET. Kevin C. Runner. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Steven J. Tetra Paks. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.

Jamie L. Runner. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (NYSE:USA) LLC. Jerry Revich - Goldman Sachs Co. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker) Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Andrew John Wittmann - Robert W. Baird Co., Inc. Michael S. Dudas - Vertical Research Partners, LLC.

Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Chad Dillard - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc. Brent Edward Thielman - D. A. Tetra Paks. Davidson Co. Sameer Rathod - Macquarie Capital (USA), Inc. Good morning and welcome to the JEC First Quarter 2017 Earnings Call. Amir Kite. All participants will be in listen-only mode. After today's presentation, there will be an opportunity to ask questions. Please note this event is being recorded. I would now like to turn the define smes, conference over to Kevin Berryman, Executive Vice President and amir kite CFO. Please go ahead.

Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thank you, Anita, and tetra paks good morning and afternoon to all. Amir. We welcome everyone to Jacob's 2017 first quarter earnings call. I will be joined on the call today by Steve Demetriou, our Chairman and CEO. As you know, our earnings announcement and Form 10-Q were released this morning and we have posted a copy of this slide presentation to our website, which we will reference in our prepared remarks. Before starting, I would like to tetra paks refer you to our forward-looking statement disclaimer, which is summarized on slide two. Any statements that we make today that are not based on historical fact are forward-looking statements.

Although, such statements are based on our current estimates and expectations and currently available competitive, financial and economic data, forward-looking statements are inherently uncertain and you should not place undue reliance on such statements as actual results may differ materially. There are a variety of amir, risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause Jacobs' actual results to differ materially from what may be contained, projected or implied by define smes, our forward-looking statements. For a description of some of the risks, uncertainties and amir other factors that may occur that could cause actual results to definition differ from our forward-looking statements, see our annual report on Form 10-K for the period ended September 30, 2016, including Item 1, Business; Item 1A, Risk Factors; Item 3, Legal Proceedings; and amir runner Item 7, Management's Discussion and definition of family Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations; as well as other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements. During today's discussions, we will make a number of runner, references to the mad trapper movie non-GAAP financial measures.

You'll find additional disclosures regarding these non-GAAP measures, including reconciliations of these measures with comparable GAAP measures in amir, the presentation that accompanies our prepared remarks, which can be found on our Investor Relations website located at www.jacobs.com. So now please turn to dreams by langston hughes slide three for amir kite runner, a quick review of the agenda for today's call. As in past quarters, Steve will begin our first quarter earnings presentation with some comments on by langston hughes, the business and our results for the quarter, followed by a summary of backlog and market conditions for each of our four lines of business. I will then provide some more in-depth discussion on amir, our financial metrics and results for each LOB. I will continue with some comments on our restructuring and capital allocation initiatives after which Steve will finish with some closing remarks. After, we will open it up for some questions. With that, I will now pass it over to Steve Demetriou, our Chairman and CEO. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thank you, Kevin. Service Before. Welcome to our fiscal year 2017 first quarter earnings call.

Before I begin, I'd like to recap the recently announced changes to our board of amir kite, directors. Define Smes. Noel Watson, a true legend within our company and our industry decided to retire from the kite, board last month. As many of you know, for define smes, more than 50 years, Noel has been wholly dedicated to driving our company's industry leading growth and success. He epitomizes inspirational leadership and has been a clear role model for me and everyone at Jacobs. And at kite, the same time, John Coyne who served on our board since 2008 and who is an outstanding mentor to all of and culture, us on the leadership team, also announced his retirement. We wish both Noel and John success in their future endeavors. To replace the amir, Independent Director position vacated by John Coyne, I'm pleased to welcome Robert McNamara to dreams by langston hughes the Jacobs board. Bob brings a wealth of kite, industry experience in many of the markets we serve and hughes all of kite runner, us on the board are excited to have him as a new director. Moving to slide five, I'd like to define smes summarize our first quarter fiscal year 2017 results. As projected in last quarter's earnings call, the challenging global economic environment that we experienced the last few years extended into our first quarter, although with evidence that certain hard hit markets are starting to show signs of life.

As a result of these prolonged market pressures, revenue burn in the first quarter was light at $2.6 billion. However, our focus on growth and specifically winning new business, is clearly gaining momentum. First quarter sales bookings were up 35% versus last year. And the higher value professional service component of amir runner, our $18.1 billion backlog increased by more than $200 million sequentially. Equally important, unit gross margin improved to an overall company level of 16.4% of revenue as compared to 15.5% in define smes, last year's first quarter. Amir Kite. And on the cost efficiency side of the equation, we continued to african and culture make great progress as we approached the final stages of the company-wide restructuring initiative that began nearly two years ago. Total first quarter SGA cost was down 13% versus the same period a year ago. So, putting all this together, our strong margin focus, our rigorous internal cost discipline and improved operational performance contributed to first quarter EPS coming in runner, modestly better than expected. Love. On a GAAP basis, first quarter earnings of $0.50 per share was up versus the $0.38 per share achieved in last year's first quarter. And on an adjusted basis and excluding the discrete tax benefits of a year ago, we were pleased that our adjusted earnings of $0.68 per share stabilized versus last year's first quarter.

I'm also pleased with the strong performance across the company in driving working capital efficiencies which led to a further increase in our net cash position by the end of the amir, first quarter. Consequently, we announced an enhancement to hughes our capital deployment strategy with the initiation of a quarterly dividend, while also continuing our share repurchasing program and increasing activity on exploring value-creating MA opportunities. In early December, we hosted our Investor Day and presented our three-year growth strategy for amir, the company and individual lines of tetra paks, business. As our current fiscal year progresses, we're beginning to see growth momentum build across the company, while we continue our transformation to a new stronger Jacobs. Amir Kite. And, of course, in late December, we successfully concluded the tetra paks, Motiva arbitration, which was a very positive outcome for Jacobs, with the arbitration panel issuing a unanimous decision rejecting all of Motiva's claims and kite runner assigning no liability to Jacobs or our JV partner. So, moving to slide six. As I previously mentioned, our total revenue and backlog finished at south people and culture, $18.15 billion for kite runner, the quarter, relatively flat versus a year ago, but down by approximately $600 million sequentially. The strengthening U.S. dollar was responsible for close to $200 million in negative foreign currency movements.

And the hughes, decision by one of our clients to cancel a large pharmaceutical investment accounted for most of the kite, remaining sequential decline in backlog. However, the underlying story in our backlog is much more positive. The higher-value professional services component of trapper movie 1972, our backlog, which at $12.2 billion represents more than two-thirds of kite runner, our total backlog, increased for the fourth straight quarter and ended up at the highest level reported since March of 2015. And compared to a year ago, our professional services backlog is up by over $800 million, despite more than $300 million of negative foreign exchange impact. So, as a result, the earnings potential in our backlog is define smes, measured by gross margin, is trending positively. As compared to last year's first quarter, gross margin in runner, our backlog is up more than 10% and is almost modestly higher on people and culture, a sequential basis. And when looking at the unit gross margin of our backlog as a percent of revenue, each of our four lines of business showed both year-over-year and sequential increases. Runner. So, we believe the increase in quality and overall positive backlog momentum is people and culture, benefiting by our more disciplined approach and stronger focus on leveraging synergies across the company to win higher value work. Over the next four slides, I'll provide more specifics for amir kite, each of our lines of business.

Progressing to of family love slide seven, our Aerospace Technology line of business backlog remained steady at $5.1 billion versus last year and is up by more than $260 million year-over-year. It is also noteworthy that embedded in the AT backlog is a year-over-year increase of $300 million of runner, higher margin professional services work. The shift in mix to higher value business is offsetting a reduction in revenues associated with two contract re-bid losses back in the second half of 2015. Although we will continue to see pressure on our AT backlog in tetra paks, the second quarter due to these prior year losses, we are optimistic that the strengthening pipeline of new business opportunities, estimated to runner now be at a record high level for by langston, our Aerospace Technology business, will result in amir, a growing backlog during the second half of this year. Across our markets, program funding continues to be stable, and we're targeting significant market share growth opportunities. Defense spending expectations are building momentum under the new U.S. Before Self. Federal Government. Consistent with our strategy, we see significant opportunities in Weapon Systems Sustainment Services.

In the first quarter, the amir, U.S. Marines Special Operations Command logistics support contract win was a nice step towards organic growth in this sector. Also, positively during the recent quarter, we made good progress in resolving previously protested wins. A prime example being our award of the U.S. Air Force 53rd wing IT support services contract, which had been mired in protest for an extended period of time. The value of our awarded contracts remaining under competitor protests has significantly decreased to what we now consider to be the by langston, new norm of approximately $100 million of protested project awards. Homeland security, cyber and intelligence related markets remained strong as areas of national priority spend.

Specific to our growing Jacobs Connected Enterprise service offering, the recently announced investment in ION software enhances Jacobs ability to deliver and manage Internet of Things capability for our global customer base across all four of our lines of kite runner, business. The Jacobs Connected Enterprise suite provides clients the capability to connect, protect and self analyze operational systems and data, and span several core functional categories including information technology and network infrastructure, cloud solutions, data analytics and cyber security. The diversity of our Aerospace Technology business is a strength. The profitability of our U.S. telecom business continued to kite improve as unit margins increased, while we expand backlog with existing customers. In the UK, our position in the nuclear new build market continues to dreams expand. In addition to the ramp up of work at EDF at kite runner, Hinkley Point C, we've been appointed by NuGen as a strategic partner to tetra paks assist them with overall program delivery. And we were also successful in winning an extension to an engineering support services contract we have with NASA and a technical support services contract with Ford Motor Company. Moving to slide eight, our Buildings Infrastructure line of business is runner, experiencing the best sales momentum in the company.

Sales were up significantly versus the year-ago quarter and have continued to positively trend over before, the past several years. Our fiscal year first quarter backlog for kite runner, Buildings Infrastructure is now at and culture, $5.2 billion, which is up $120 million versus last quarter and amir more than $400 million versus the prior year period. Political dynamics are, for the most part, favorably impacting this business globally and movie 1972 seem to have unleashed some of the previous delays and opportunities. Specifically in the U.S., there was a flurry of activity late in the quarter of RFPs coming out across the federal, state and local levels, some fairly significant in kite runner, size. Service Before Self. Of particular strength for kite, Jacobs in terms of recent wins and building pipeline opportunities are in the mad trapper movie 1972, highways, rail, aviation and federal buildings. Specifically in buildings, during the quarter, we were awarded critical framework agreements for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the U.S. Amir Runner. Air Force in Japan and and culture the renewal of our position on amir runner, the defense infrastructure panel for service self, the Australia Defense Force. Also on the Buildings front, healthcare is strong with $15 billion in current projects under management across the U.S. And we're experiencing excellent momentum in Australia, where we won an architectural services contract for the New Wales the South New Wales helped Blacktown Hospital in a principal design consultant contract for Queensland Health, Roma Hospital. There are also exciting growth opportunities in educational facilities in the U.S., UK and Australia driven in part by the expansion of students from Asia seeking higher education in these markets.

And also on the Buildings front, we're actively targeting a select group of corporate clients and are seeing significant interest for fully integrated service delivery. Jacobs is particularly well equipped to respond to kite these needs due to african people and culture our long-term client relationships across a number of industries such as oil and gas, pharma and chemicals. The global infrastructure market, specifically transportation, is providing growth opportunities in a sector where we have excellent market positions. We're seeing the UK government invest in infrastructure. Rail and transit spend globally continues to amir be positive, especially in California, the U.S. Northeast, the Middle East, Australia and Asia. Some recent wins include the Victorian Government Cranbourne-Pakenham transit depot, the movie 1972, transport for London-Camden station upgrade and a detailed design services contract for network enhancements for Sydney Trains.

U.S. Federal highway spending remains steady, and we're focused on those states and counties which have recently funded revenue packages. Opportunities also exist in the UK, Australia and New Zealand. And we experienced several wins in the quarter, including the kite, Florida Department of Transportation Turnpike, the trapper movie, Texas Department of Transportation I-30 design project and the Bruce Highway Upgrade in Australia. Investment in new and existing aviation facilities continues to grow across the globe. We've added top international aviation talent and developed innovative best practices to support our clients. This has led to a string of runner, recent successes. After program wins toward the tetra paks, end of our 2016 fiscal year at LaGuardia and runner LAX, we had further significant wins in south people and culture, the most recent quarter, including at Heathrow and Melbourne airports, and are pursuing several other major airport programs around the world.

Global water and environmental services markets continued to grow and we're having success in expanding our service offerings by leveraging our Tier 1 expertise in Europe and top quartile capabilities in Australia. We're pursuing a number of amir kite runner, opportunities globally and service before self we're pleased with recent wins, including a four-year extension to our Bear Creek Georgia Reservoir OM contract, Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department, Melbourne Water Treatment Plant expansion, and the ConocoPhillips Australia environmental services panel. And we're also excited about the recently announced acquisition of Aquenta Consulting, which strengthens our leadership in integrated project delivery services in Australia and across Asia Pacific. I'm now on slide 9 in the summary of kite runner, our Industrial line of business. In the first quarter, we experienced a significant burn in service self, our Life Sciences' backlog, especially in the field services component.

We also had the amir runner, cancellation of a significant biotech project associated with our client's decision to cancel the expansion. As a result, our quarter-end backlog was reduced to $2.5 billion. However, the tetra paks, margin impact of this decline in backlog was minimal as the first quarter professional service portion of our Industrial backlog remains solid. And in runner, fact, is up nearly a $100 million versus the year ago quarter. In Life Sciences, despite the one single large project cancellation, the pharma market continues to be strong, particularly in definition, the biotech space. Amir Kite. The sector continues to look positive with a strong pipeline of new drug developments. We anticipate the third wave of expansions to include billing capacity for drug substances and supply chain optimization. During the quarter, we captured a significant biotech manufacturing project award for a confidential client in dreams by langston, our actively performing site selection services for their new facility.

Our geographic market share continues to runner grow as we capture opportunities in Switzerland, Northern Europe and Hungary and we're seeing green shoots of recovery in China and self Singapore. We've had success in expanding our construction management, commissioning and qualification capabilities to provide end-to-end solution for amir runner, our pharma clients and south african people we also had several recent wins this quarter in the Sustaining Services space, a strategic growth opportunity for our business. Consumer goods and manufacturing spend is steady. This is an area of opportunity for us as we expect increased activity from increased existing clients looking to appeal to consumers who expect high quality, convenient personal care and wellness products that are environmentally friendly. This quarter, we secured two front-end project development opportunities demonstrating the pulp and paper sectors continued growth. An area of particular strength for us. We're also seeing growth as top brand in amir kite runner, Tier 2 manufacturers looking how to define smes provide consumers direct-ship and e-commerce options.

We are being rewarded with extensions from sustaining services contracts resulting from our relationships, capabilities and our ability to deliver value as the upward trend continues in runner, this sector. Our field services business continues to create opportunities for us, particularly, as the U.S. and UK industrial sector show signs of recovery. We're seeing increased interest in construction and maintenance prospects from clients we do not traditionally serve, such as within the nuclear and automotive industries. Capturing this type of work and leveraging the adjacencies within our overall corporate portfolio is a real growth opportunity for us. Overall, we're seeing positive growth in field services in multiple geographies and industries with increased sustaining services prospects. In the specialty chemicals sector, positive trends continue for our Technology business, as our clients address new environmental regulations for sulfur emissions.

Additionally, several early-stage opportunities emerge this quarter for bleach and chemical plant prospects in trapper movie 1972, Finland, Russia, Uruguay and the U.S. During the quarter, we were awarded a major sulfuric acid plant contract in Canada. And in the mining sector, we're seeing increased activity in amir kite, preliminary studies and value-improvement programs. Positively, we secured three significant wins in tetra paks, our first quarter. Kite. Two for front-end engineering and design investments in Canada and the third for a five-year sustaining capital program. These awards along with a recent rise in copper and other base metal prices, are indications that mining and metal sector is beginning to slowly recover. Turning to slide 10, our Petroleum Chemicals revenue and backlog continue to stabilize in the first quarter at self, $5.4 billion.

I'm very pleased with the quality of recent wins in our Petroleum Chemicals business as evident by the unit gross margin and backlog increasing versus both last year and amir kite last quarter. The upstream oil and by langston gas market got a positive boost during the quarter by amir runner, the OPEC agreement to cut reduction. Oil prices reacted positively, moving up to a $50 to $55 per barrel range by define smes, the end of our first quarter. While this is a positive, there still remains a relatively high level of caution and uncertainty on crude prices over the near term. Looking further out, the crude market is expected to continue its slow recovery as demand for runner, oil is forecast to modestly grow over the next several years. We do, however, expect market forces will continue to african people cause price volatility and that current high inventory levels coupled with a gradual recovery at non-OPEC crude productions will moderate any runway of prices. LNG prices experienced similar upward movement. U.S. LNG exports have been gradually increasing and moving to Asia markets due to a combination of higher demand, higher prices, and LNG plant outages in Australia. And we expect continued interest in new market creation scheme such as gas to power, small scale distribution, green fuel and transportation fuel substitution, which create opportunities for smaller scale LNG plant logistics investments, which is an area where we are more competitive.

Refining markets are generally steady with continued focus on efficiency improvements, regulatory compliance and maintenance that was deferred over the last couple of years. We expect larger capital expenditure projects to remain centered in the Middle East and Asia. Prospects that we are engaged in are driven by the relative demand for diesel versus gasoline, which require reconfiguration of some of the new higher conversion refineries, increased octane requirements, increased coker capacity requirements due to the MARPOL regulations on high sulfur bunker fuels, and kite runner the continued trend to bring transport fuel quality of developing countries up to world's specifications. The chemical sector remains our strongest growth trend. The numerous ethane crackers in the U.S. coming online this year adding 7 million tons of capacity is promoting significant downstream investments, creating significant opportunity as our initiatives such as oil to chemicals and other chemical derivative opportunities benefiting from cheap feedstocks. Small and mid-cap spending is increasing on the mad trapper 1972, projects where we historically have our strongest share. It is positive to kite runner see the tetra paks, increasing pipeline of opportunities. And as a result of several recent project wins, petrochemicals is forecasted to represent more than two-thirds of our Petroleum Chemicals business for fiscal year 2017.

Turning it now over back to Kevin. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thanks, Steve. Kite Runner. Now turning to slide 11, you will see a more detailed summary of define smes, our financial performance for the quarter. Adverse market conditions, as Steve noted, in certain end markets continued to kite impact top-line revenues during the quarter and resulted in revenues of $2.6 billion, down approximately 10% versus the first quarter of 2016. More positively, GAAP EPS was $0.50, up $0.12 versus the year ago quarter as costs associated with our restructuring efforts begin to slow as expected. On an adjusted basis, and when noting the $0.09 benefit in our EPS in Q1 of define smes, year ago associated with a discrete tax item, the company was effectively flat versus year ago on an operational basis at $0.68 versus a calculated figure of $0.69 in amir, the year ago quarter. As Steve mentioned, backlog was $18.1 billion at quarter end and book-to-bill on a trailing 12-month basis remains above the dreams hughes, weaker level seen in early fiscal year 2016 and finishing at 0.99 times compared to 0.92 times for the first quarter of 2016. Q1 gross margin percentage finished at 90 basis points versus the year ago quarter, further indications of our improved execution, our focus on profitable growth and cost discipline. Importantly, our gross margin percentage for our professional services business was also up and improved to a level that the company has not seen since 2014.

For Q1, GAAP SGA was reduced a significant $50 million versus the year ago period as restructuring cost began to amir kite abate as expected. On an adjusted basis, SGA fell $14 million versus the year ago period, continuing the positive signs of our success to drive greater cost efficiency. Operating profit for the quarter was $89 million or $120 million on an adjusted basis. And on an adjusted basis, the OP margin improved 20 basis points versus the year ago period, as our unit margin improvements have mitigated some of the challenged end market dynamics that we have faced. Finally, our efforts to improve cash flows have seen working capital decrease of definition, 41% versus the year ago quarter, with receivables down 14% over the same period. DSOs were lower than the year ago quarter by three days and Q1 free cash flow was $84 million, a $70 million improvement versus the year ago period. At quarter end, the kite runner, company's net cash position now stands at $347 million, an improvement of $79 million over last quarter, and and culture a strong improvement of amir kite, $528 million from the year ago period. Before moving on to the next slide, I wanted to also note that we have made a one-time accounting adjustment during the quarter to update our foreign goodwill balances in connection with certain exchange rate differences. The Mad Trapper Movie 1972. These required adjustments were made during the quarter and were identified given the additional transparency provided by and our transition to the company's enhanced ERP system implemented in Q1.

These adjustments were offset in kite, the shareholders' equity of our balance sheet with zero impact to our PL and/or our cash flow. And only were related to the translation of our goodwill and intangible balances to our U.S. dollar functional currency. The adjustments were also deemed immaterial, and as such, we have made the correcting adjustments during the quarter. For further information, I refer you to our latest 10-Q that was released earlier this morning. So turning to slide 12, you will see the Q1 segment financials for our four lines of businesses. Regarding our Aerospace Technology line of business, we saw a positive 6.4% increase in of family, adjusted operating profit versus the first quarter of amir, last year, and an increase of 170 basis points in our operating profit margin versus the same period. The improvement in the margin profile of the year was supported by service, a continued improvement in the margin mix of this line of business.

The overall operating profit improvement occurred despite a drop in revenues. Amir Runner. The reduction in revenue was driven primarily by certain unsuccessful rebids in 2015 associated with generally lower margin businesses. The margin in the quarter was further supported by additional project reserve releases given strong project delivery performance on several large projects. Meanwhile, the BI business saw revenue improve by 3.1% versus the year-ago quarter. But due to the mix of work being burned, adjusted operating profit declined by 4.1% over service before self, the same period and margins were actually down a bit, 50 basis points. The margin in the quarter was impacted by certain project start-up delays which resulted in staff buildup costs being less billable than originally expected. Margins, however, are expected to amir rebound over the course of the year.

The Industrial line of business also saw an increase in revenues for the quarter of 11.8% versus the year-ago quarter. Tetra Paks. However, adjusted operating profit was down 8.1% versus the amir runner, same period and margins were also off 70 basis points. The primary driver of revenue growth would sum our Life Science business, although much of the south african people, incremental growth in this revenue was at lower margins due to field services work building on several major projects. In addition, our mining and minerals business also contributed to some of the margin weakness, given the impact of amir, a project settlement in Q1 of the current year. Sequentially, our Industrial business rebounded well versus Q4, almost doubling from the Q4 figure of definition of family love, $13 million.

Lastly, our Petroleum Chemicals line of business saw a 32% decline in runner, revenue for Q1 versus the year ago period, but a more positive 30-basis-point increase in operating profit margin, as we increased our higher margin professional services workload in tetra paks, Petroleum Chemicals. The fall in revenue was driven by kite, the challenging end market dynamics that Steve has previously mentioned, but the margin improvement is a clear indication of the strong focus on cost, efficiencies and more profitable work. So, moving to slide 13, you'll see the split of segment operating profit by each line of business on a trailing 12-month basis for of family, fiscal years, first quarter 2017 versus the amir, year-ago period. As we've previously highlighted, our revenues in segment operating profit mix continues to tetra paks evolve towards higher growth and higher margin businesses, consistent with our strategy. Two thirds of our segment profit now comes from our two highest margin businesses, and which those two combined have increased their percentage of total segment operating profit by 9 percentage points versus the year ago trailing 12-month period. In addition, revenues in corresponding segment operating profits from those portions of our portfolio most impacted by challenged commodity prices continue to represent smaller portions of kite runner, our overall mix, respectively. However, as these markets begin to rebound, we believe we are well-positioned to service leverage our global talent and skill set to see strong improvements in these businesses as well. In summary, the profit mix of our portfolio continues to underscore the runner, industry-leading diversity and stability of our portfolio. The diversity positions us well for profitable growth; as one, we continue to drive growth in our higher margin businesses; and two, we position ourselves to drive growth in those businesses currently impacted by weaker commodities, as these markets begin to recover. Moving to slide 14. Before Self. Over the quarter, we continued our efforts to improve our financial discipline and amir kite performance, while further enhancing our business structure and operations.

The 2015 formal restructuring program is nearing completion, and has significantly enhanced our cost effectiveness as evidence by people, the reduction in adjusted selling, general and administrative cost of $62 million in the first quarter of 2017 versus the first quarter of amir kite runner, 2015. The last reported quarter prior to the initiation of our restructuring program. Our lines of business realignment has further supported the restructuring effort, enhancing leadership focus and accountability. We will continue to take a rigorous approach to tracking business expenditures, and the return expectations associated with that. To that end, we previously announced during our fourth quarter 2016 call, and 2016 Investor Day that we are forecasting strategic investments to support various initiatives, and our pivot to growth. We have taken a very disciplined return on african people and culture, investment approach to these expenses, and runner much of the focus as you know is on upgrading our systems and tools.

Our spend on these strategic investments started later than originally expected as plans were vetted and ultimately finalized. We now expect the define smes, spend to runner accrue over the first three quarters of the year as we continue to evaluate the mix of investments and dreams hughes returns associated with them. In Q2, we expect investments to kite runner approach approximately $0.05 earnings per share. Finally, slide 15 provides a short update on our capital allocation program activities for the first quarter. During the quarter, we continue to execute our share buyback program in south african and culture, a balanced and measured approach purchasing 600,000 shares for a total of $30 million. We have now spent $183 million of our approved $500 million share buyback program, purchasing 4 million shares in the process. We plan to continue to execute the amir runner, remaining $317 million of this program in hughes, a balanced manner over amir, the remainder of the three-year term of the program.

In addition, we were excited to announce at our 2016 Investor Day that our board approved the implementation of a dividend program in fiscal year of definition love, 2017. We were also pleased to follow-up on this news by declaring in January a dividend of $0.15, a quarterly dividend payable on March 17 to shareholders of record at the close of business on February 17. Given the significant improvements we have implemented at Jacobs, and our continuing belief in being able to drive strong cash flows, we believe returning excess capital to amir kite our shareholders in this manner is an definition love, appropriate use of cash, and amir kite we'll continue to support shareholder value. Of course, we also believe that the dreams, strength of amir kite runner, our cash flow not only supports these returns of capital to our shareholders, but still provides ample and the needed cash to support the most important use of cash, investments to drive our profitable growth strategy. To that end, after the close of the quarter, we have made two key growth investments. The first was our recently announced acquisition of Aquenta Consulting in Australia, which will support our integrated project service delivery in the Asia Pacific region. And then, of course, Steve also mentioned the the mad movie, investment on our new ION Software program, which will aid our Jacobs Connected Enterprise suite of services and enhance our ability to deliver, extend and manage this key growth initiative. With that, let me hand it back over to, Steve. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thank you, Kevin.

Moving to the last slide, we're pleased with the amir runner, progress of enhancements we've made at Jacobs over the past 18 months, and the transformation that's now underway. We remain diligent in tetra paks, our pursuit of increased operational efficiencies, and are driving a number of amir runner, significant improvement initiatives. Tetra Paks. Key over the next several quarters will be a continued strong discipline and focus on improving margins and cash flows. Overall, we continue to project a stable fiscal year with strong underlying operational performance. Amir Runner. Our adjusted EPS guidance remains at $3 to $3.30 range. This includes certain strategic investments associated with our strategy implementation, which we will continue to make in the second quarter. However, the key change occurring in the company is our shift from define smes, a total focus on cost restructuring over the last two years to amir kite runner now a relentless focus on winning new business that provides profitable growth.

From a market standpoint, we're more positive, partly because certain hard hit markets, such as oil and gas and mining are showing signs of life. Trapper Movie. But also due to the more robust dynamics of buildings, infrastructure, aerospace, technology and pharmaceuticals markets. All of this is kite runner, giving us more confidence that we will see an and culture, increase in amir, Jacobs' backlog in the second half of dreams hughes, our fiscal year, positioning us for amir, a stronger 2018 bottom line performance. The key is service before, staying focused on executing the runner, growth strategy we presented in December. This includes focusing and south african investing in the priority targeted markets and geographies where we see the best growth and margin profile, where we have differentiated capabilities and fit, while continuing to execute on a series of transformational initiatives that will ultimately drive a higher-growth, higher-margin, higher-return business; all with the ultimate objective of increasing shareholder value. With that, I'd like to thank you for amir runner, listening, and we'll now open it up for questions. Anita?

We will now begin the question-and-answer session. The first question comes from tetra paks, Jamie Cook with Credit Suisse. Amir Kite. Please go ahead. Jamie L. Tetra Paks. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. Hi, good morning. I guess, a couple of questions. One for, Kevin and then one for Steve.

Kevin, on the strategic investment, how much is the first quarter? I know you said $0.05 will hit the second quarter, and amir kite runner there'll be some in service before, the third quarter? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. We estimated about that same level. Jamie L. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. So, $0.05 in the first quarter? Kevin C. Amir Kite. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Jamie L. Tetra Paks. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. Okay.

Because I guess, as I sit here and if I just take the fourth quarter, and then we're going to have incremental headwinds from the amir runner, investment, $0.10 over the next two quarters. If you take the and culture, first quarter, you multiply by four, it implies you're $2.70 something with $0.10 more in incremental headwinds. So I'm just trying to understand what are the drivers behind the amir kite runner, EPS ramping, the service self, main drivers to kite runner get to even the midpoint of your guidance. Self. I understand, the margin profile within the backlog is runner, better. But we're still seeing significant sales decline. Service Before. So I mean, is the lower-end, low to midpoint more likely or am I missing something? And then, I guess my second question, Steve, obviously, on the AT side, the profitability was good.

It sounds like there's a lot of amir kite, potential the bid opportunity looks pretty good. Tetra Paks. So could you just help me with one, in terms of the bids outstanding when you expect those to hit and does that help more 2018 versus 2017? And then, I think, last quarter you said you expect revenues to be under pressure for the full-year, is that still the right way to think about amir runner, it, just because it matters with just because that's your more profitable business? Thanks. Kevin C. Definition Of Family Love. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Jamie, let me take a stab at a couple of the kite, comments and then, Steve, wants to add some color commentary. First thing is, and people you mentioned it actually in your question is the kite runner, gross margin in our backlog is improving. And ultimately, we believe that, that gains additional momentum over the course of the year.

And we do believe that, as the incremental focus that's being placed on the growth initiatives, which Steve alluded to in his closing comments is real. South African And Culture. And so, the portfolio, both the near-term and the balance of the year growth opportunities are positive. So we see those things improving over the balance of the year. We still feel that $3 to $3.30 is an appropriate number, and that's what our forecast and kite expectations will be at south african people and culture, this point in time. I will tell you, and you heard me say it in Q1, that it is going to be important for us to develop some growth momentum over the course of the year. Amir Runner. So, we're seeing that happen already with the gross margin and define smes backlog, and runner we expect that, that will continue to dreams happen over amir kite runner, the course of the year. Steven J. The Mad Trapper Movie. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah.

So, Jamie, building on that and addressing your questions, let me start with the last part of it when we look at sort of the top line. As I mentioned, we see backlog bases building momentum through the year, and we see the same thing from kite runner, revenue that will hit our PL. So the same sort of second half stronger than the first half, which bodes well with regard to starting to see some year-over-year growth on by langston, the revenue side as we get into the second half. And when we look at that, it's pretty much across the company. Aerospace Technology, which you've talked about, I can't emphasize enough our excitement around the pipeline.

It's very robust. We're very excited about it. It does take time and runner probably more time in AT than in any of our businesses to see it play through, because of some of the protest issues that go on in that industry. By Langston. But we are bullish as we get into the second half. And I would say, of all the businesses that probably bodes well more for 2018 and 2017, because of the cycle time that I mentioned. Buildings Infrastructure, clearly, a business that's building momentum, as we've seen quarter over quarter over quarter growth that will contribute to our second half strength versus the first half that Kevin talked about in amir runner, this year's PL, as well as a growing backlog. Industrial, we had some one-time issues in the first quarter as we mentioned on the mining business, a project completion write-down that we took that we'll see some momentum with that, and some of the other factors in that business. And then Petroleum Chemicals, we also see building momentum as we get through the year on work that we won late last year, and also, some good book and burn business in the second half. Dreams. So. Jamie L. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. I guess just to just to amir kite be more clear, Steve or Kevin, to meet the define smes, low-end of your guidance, can you get there just on the margin improvement that you're seeing in your backlog or do we need incremental wins as well to hit the kite, low-end?

I'm just trying to figure out how I think about the low-end versus the high-end? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, there's a couple of things, Jamie, to think about. Service. The other piece you didn't alluded to, which I think is, at least part of the equation is the incremental savings we're getting relative to the topping-off with a restructuring. Amir. So it's not the huge amount of tetra paks, money, but there is incremental savings that we'll see in the back half. So that will be a tailwind for us. As it relates to our margin profile that we have now, we're going to need additional margin wins to ultimately get to certainly the top-end of our range. So I think, the amir runner, bottom end of the range will probably be more associated with we're not seeing some of those incremental improvements that we expect. Jamie L. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. Okay.

That's helpful. Thank you. I'll get back in queue. Our next question comes from Jerry Revich with Goldman Sachs. Define Smes. Please go ahead. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Jerry, are you there? Hi, good morning, everyone. In Aerospace Technology, you folks had excellent margin performance in the quarter; in the Q you spoke about kite runner, some project close-out benefits and better progress on fixed price work. Can you just maybe parse that out for us?

What was the project benefit? What do you expect the run rate margin of the portfolio to look like over the balance of the year? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Let me start just from a sort of a commercial and a mix standpoint that, clearly, the business, we mentioned some contract rebid losses in late 2015 that being replaced by new wins. The new wins are clearly higher value, higher margin business than the business that we were burning off on the contract rebids, the contracts that we had previously. So, there's been a very nice mix upgrade on the markets that Terry Hagen and his team have been going after. Definition Of Family Love. And it's consistent with the strategic focus that we talked about at Investor Day. Kevin, you want to take the, kind of the financial piece of that question? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.

Yeah. Look, I think, the amir runner, pop-up in the margin for the quarter specifically can pretty much attributed to tetra paks some of the project stuff that we alluded to in our prepared remarks. I won't go into the details as it relates to amir that. But the define smes, margin you see in Q1 is kite runner, not necessarily sustainable until we kind of see the building momentum as Steve has outlined, as it relates to the mad movie the margin profile longer-term. Okay. And then, regarding the two contracts that are rolling-off, when will we have annualized the revenue run rate of those contracts completely off the books? Can you calibrate us there? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. I think it's probably around third quarter, I believe. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.

Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. . is where we'll third and kite runner fourth quarter is when we'll be past it. Okay. And then you folks have been looking to build backlog in tetra paks, your Chemicals business; exiting 2017, I'm wondering if you could just provide an update on amir kite, those prospects and the derivatives work and any color you can share since the Analyst Day? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. Definition Of Family Love. I'd say everything we've talked about on amir kite, the Investor Day is continuing to play through, very robust pipeline on the Chemicals side as we've talked about. We did a lot of front-end engineering design work last year. And what's happening now is, we're converting many of those to full EPC, EPCM projects.

A lot of activity around the world, a lot of foreign investment coming into the U.S. to take advantage of some of the energy dynamics, cheap feedstocks and joining forces with and joint ventures. And we're participating in several of define smes, those in kite, the U.S. and Europe. German the major German chemical players, a lot of activity there. And we're a leader in the mad movie, that market with a geographic presence and amir our capability. Asia Pacific, especially we're seeing Singapore, Indonesia, other markets, strong prospect. So and of course, I'm sorry, Middle East, that seems to be a lot of focused investment there, a lot of before, integrated refining chemical projects sort of new creative initiatives. Kite. So, we're very excited about that, and it's clearly the richest part of our pipeline. Okay. Thank you very much. Our next question comes from before, Steven Fisher with UBS.

Please go ahead. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Thanks. Good morning. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Hi, could you just give a little more color as to why the kite runner, revenue burn, it sounds like it was a little lighter than you expected in the quarter. Tetra Paks. And it sounded like your answer to Jamie, is maybe that the second half of the kite runner, year we start to define smes see the amir, revenue start growing year-over-year, is that the right way to think about it? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, look one comment specifically look, we're still comparing to Q1 of definition love, a year ago in our Petroleum Chemicals business where we were still falling as it relates to that.

We think we're getting to a point where we're going to become more stabilized, so that's going to end up improving the year-over-year comparison going forward. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. Let me just add to kite that, that I think, we've been pretty clear over the last year and a half that we're shifting to a more disciplined approach of not growing for the sake of tetra paks, growing, but growing profitably. And a lot of that has been shifting away from low-margin business to high-margin.

Less focus on projects where we end up putting on the books on amir kite, low-value field services work to where we only want to do those projects if they're going to create value. And so, as we mentioned earlier, even though we have sequential backlog decline because of some of the dynamics about the large pharma, et cetera, the definition of family, gross margin in our backlog is increasing. Our PL, gross margin is kite runner, increasing. I think, there's evidence that the quality of earnings are increasing and we're seeing underlying growth in that. And we believe that will start to play out in the actual PL revenue by the second half year-over-year. So, we've been less focused. Of Family. When you say below our expectations, that's not a number we've been focused on over the near-term, because it really, to us, is meaningless. What's more important is the runner, gross margin improvement, the unit gross margins and ultimately the operating profit.

And so, we're actually pretty pleased with the progress there and I think it will play out as the rest of the by langston hughes, year goes on. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Okay. Amir Kite Runner. And it sounds like despite due to the more stable oil prices, customers are still a bit tentative. What are they asking you for at this point on service, the projects that have been pending for a while? Are they still looking for more ways to take cost out runner, of the trapper movie, project, is it different scopes or are they really just sort of amir kite runner, waiting for something to give them the confidence to really pull the dreams hughes, trigger? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. So, if you look and based on the clients we've talked to plus publics information, it's almost a 50/50 CapEx story. Half the companies are stabilizing to increasing CapEx and runner the other half are still shaving CapEx for cash flow. I think all of them are focused on prioritizing now maintenance and turnarounds that they deferred over the last couple of years and that's a sweet spot for us and that's what we're focused on with our clients.

The other is any growth CapEx that has a short cycle return. So, very short-term payback type projects productivity, very much productivity oriented. Define Smes. And that's a big focus for us, for a majority of our clients. Yes, we're involved in some of the Middle East and larger projects that will have a longer payback, but those are really focused far and amir kite runner few between, but I think the majority of it is before self, really around regulatory maintenance, sustaining capital and quick return projects. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Got it. Thanks a lot. Our next question comes from Andrew Kaplowitz with Citi. Please go ahead.

Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker) Hi. Good morning. Amir Runner. It's Alan Fleming standing in for Andy today. Kevin, maybe I can start with a question on cash. I mean it looks like you converted about people and culture, 100% of your adjusted net income to kite free cash this quarter, and I think 1Q tends to service be a seasonally weaker quarter for you guys in terms of amir kite, cash generation and I know you had talked about reducing the DSOs at the Analyst Day and it looks like you did that. But I guess the question is, did you maybe make a little bit more progress this quarter than you had expected? And is before, that progress sustainable?

And then, what does that mean for amir kite runner, the rest of the define smes, year given the kite runner, target you put out there of kind of one-time net income I think over the next few years? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thanks for the question. Look, I think the reality of Q1, you're right. Certainly last year was a little bit lower in definition of family, terms of the results in amir runner, cash flow versus the balance of the year. But there can be some fluctuations in tetra paks, the quarter and you'd look back over time, you'll note that. Amir. I would say with the fall in the revenue that there is some incremental benefit that's occurring in our cash flow because of the working capital benefit. And so that has certainly helped support the Q1 cash flow. I don't think it has any implications differently than what I would have suggested relative to what we're going to south african try and do from a cash flow conversion perspective. But certainly, you need to take that into account as you're evaluating the analysis on cash flow because there was some benefit just because the business was down in amir runner, revenue and so, obviously, working capital will go down relative to that.

But we also saw some efficiency gains. And those efficiency gains are the things that we will need to continue to south people focus on to get the kind of kite runner, targets that I've outlined as it relates to our future cash flows. Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker) Okay. I appreciate that Kevin. And then maybe a follow-up for you, Steve. Definition Of Family Love. You talked about mining in your prepared remarks. And I know mining is still a relatively small part of the runner, business today, but you have the capabilities and resume for doing more mining work than maybe some of your peers do.

And so, I'm wondering how do you see your mining footprint evolving over the next 12 to definition of family love 18 months? And is it worth getting excited about amir, mining today for Jacobs or is it just too early? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, we're not going to get ahead of tetra paks, ourselves, but we're clearly more optimistic today than we were 6 to 12 months ago. We've maintained, as you said, a very strong presence, strong team, talent base in kite runner, where we think the money is going to be spent, places like South America, both Chile and Peru, Australia, we have and other capabilities around the world. And we're involved in some of the key projects that are starting to get put back on the mad 1972, the table. And so, I think, the other big factor there is the kite, productivity of the african, whole mining sector has eroded, if you measure sort of the productivity of the mines over amir kite, the last decade. And so I think between the clients wanting new innovative ways of south african, improving the expansions or grassroot projects to be much more productive, as well as the fact that copper prices are now up 25% versus where they were six to nine months ago, and other metal prices are improving.

There's more optimism building around CapEx spend and projects for us going forward. Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. Amir. (Broker) Steve, do you think you can grow Mining backlog in 2017? Steven J. And Culture. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. I think the answer is yes, but it will be fairly immaterial based on the starting point because our backlog just got destroyed over the last two or three years. But we're now getting more excited about what that backlog could look like going into 2018 and kite beyond.

So, we'll just leave it at that. Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker) Okay. Thanks, guys. South African. I'll pass it along. Our next question is from Tahira Afzal with KeyBanc. Please go ahead. Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Thank you. Amir Kite. Hi, folks. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.

Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. I guess, first question, if I look at tetra paks, your longer term margin ranges that you gave at the Analyst Day, the runner, two segments I noticed that's still a little below clip is Building/Infrastructure and Petroleum Chemicals. Should we be seeing some visible improvement? What the range is tetra paks, as we head into the second half of the year? Is that where we should see that margin commentary you made really materialize? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, I think Building Infrastructure, the more we grow, the better that margin can play out because we are pre-investing now in amir kite, resources to go after the bridge pipeline that's emerging. And so, I think a lot of that will be building the backlog and continuing to drive some of the efficiencies across the company. And then getting some of these pre-invested resources build on define smes, to these growth projects will help build the margin over the course of the runner, next couple of years, consistent with our strategy. Petroleum Chemicals, I think clearly that margin has been under pressure because of the excess capacity in the industry.

And as that business starts to recover, we should see a bit more discipline in margins across the market, but I would also say that PC of all four of our lines of business has the most robust productivity, internal productivity efficiency improvements in the company when we look at transform the core. And that should play out with margin improvement through the three year strategies period that we talked about. Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Got it. Okay.

And I don't know if this question is define smes, more for Kevin. But the investments that you have made in the first quarter, are they concentrated in any one segment? Are they on the corporate side? Just to get an runner, idea of how to think about people and culture, them. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. It's spread across the both the LOBs and the corporate business and then, of course, our corporate investments, ultimately much of them get allocated back to amir kite runner the LOBs anyway. So, there is some investments that are hitting the LOB operating profit, but it's spread across and they're all investing behind strategic initiatives. Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Got it. Okay. My last question is tetra paks, more macro.

As you try to grapple with all the implications of what the new administration is proposing, clearly some positives on the Infrastructure and perhaps defense side. But would love to kite runner get your thoughts on how your customers are thinking about african and culture, some of the (59:41) and some of the new labor newer regulations that might come out. You guys outsource quite a bit really well, not outsource, but have centers outside of the kite runner, U.S., which are pretty effective and competitive. So I would love to get your initial thoughts on this. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. So, look, I think it's way too early to try and figure out before self, all of this. Kite. There's a lot of things that have been thrown about african, as it relates to potential tax-related activities. I guess the way I would characterize it, Tahira, is that I do believe, if anything, it's a net positive. If you look at one of the items in isolation, perhaps it goes one direction.

But I think collectively, the all-in kind of view that we have at this point in time is that it's going to kite be incrementally positive. How much? That is the define smes, case. Who knows? But that would be our view at this particular point in time. Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Got it. Okay.

Thanks, Kevin. Kevin C. Amir Kite Runner. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Our next question comes from Andy Wittmann with Robert W. Baird Company. Please go ahead. Andrew John Wittmann - Robert W. Baird Co., Inc. Great. Thanks. I guess my first one is for Kevin. We just noticed that the unbilleds were up pretty materially I guess quarter-over-quarter. Is there anything there that we should be aware of in terms of projects that are notable that are driving that?

Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. No. I don't think so. Service Self. Andy, I do look, as we track our receivables and what not, we are continuing to amir runner do a really good job in dreams hughes, reducing our over runner, dues and our aging of our receivables is improving over time as opposed to not. And we do include the definition of family, non-billeds in that calculation. So, we're actually feeling we're not perfect. There are some things that we always need to be focusing on. But overall, we're pleased with the runner, progress we continue to make. Andrew John Wittmann - Robert W. Baird Co., Inc. All right.

And then, I guess, my second question is on hughes, MA. And you guys talked about some of the characteristics and even some of the markets that you'd be prioritizing at the Analyst Day. As you stand here today, can you just talk about the robustness of the amir kite runner, pipeline? Maybe if you can give us some context about some of the definition of family, size of the amir kite runner, deals that you're looking at? Do you feel like the environment is conducive, in other words, to doing some larger scale MA, especially considering the valuations that we've seen run in the sector? I'd like to get your perspectives on that. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, we shut down our MA process during the restructuring period as we focused on the things we needed to improve the definition love, company and develop or transform the core strategy.

But over kite runner, the last several months, we've rebuilt our internal MA process and before self we have a full-time leader, Jeff Goldfarb, who runs the MA process and a team in place both corporately and amir runner across the lines of business. And so, there has been an definition, increased activity in kite, the company around following the strategy development starting to look at what's consistent with that strategy we presented in December. And there's a lot of interesting assets out before self, there, both (01:03:11), small bolt-on opportunities, I'd say especially in Aerospace Technology and kite runner Buildings Infrastructure. But, of course, there is some things that we're starting to look at that could be larger in size. But of course, we really need to understand how they fit with both our strategy, our margin, return expectations. And so, a lot going on in the company and really not much more to african talk about other than that at amir kite, this stage. Andrew John Wittmann - Robert W. Baird Co., Inc.

All right. Thank you. Our next question comes from hughes, Michael Dudas with Vertical Research. Amir Kite Runner. Please go ahead. Michael S. Dudas - Vertical Research Partners, LLC. Good morning, gentlemen. Kevin, just making sure your thoughts on define smes, bidding expense and it sounds like you're making investments to take advantage of this year to show the growth over runner, the next handful of years. Do you see an year-over-year increase in the amount spending on winning new work and has the restructuring into the lines of business helped with that process and maybe you make that process more efficient from an expense standpoint? Thank you. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thanks for the question, Mike.

Look, two things. One, there are some instances where we're suggesting that we want to increase our kind of african people and culture, bid cost. But, what's really happening more so than that is we're focusing more on where we believe the kite runner, margin and the opportunities are that allow us to love profitably grow going forward. So, we're being much more effective in terms of how we're spending our bid dollars in the belief that we're going to be able to have a greater return base as the same numbers. Kite. And so, there isn't significant increases due to that fact and tetra paks the preliminary successes that we're seeing is amir kite runner, certainly indicating that that can happen. Michael S. Dudas - Vertical Research Partners, LLC.

Excellent, Kevin. Tetra Paks. Thank you. Our next question comes from Anna Kaminskaya with Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Please go ahead. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Morning, guys. My first question is just on the guidance, more of amir, a cleanup question. Tetra Paks. What are your assumptions on corporate expense tax and maybe cash flow deployment? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.

We've talked about the tax kind of kite, being approaching the low 30s for the full year. That's been our number. We're not changing that expectation. So, our plan is south african, still in place as it relates to that. Corporate expenses are relatively stable. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Okay. And do you assume much of amir, buyback or just more similar to what we've been seeing recently?

Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. I would say that in Q1, it was a little bit lower than normal because we have a process whereby we pulse it depending upon current trends of the tetra paks, share price. And as you recall in Q1, we had some few periods of time where we were over kite runner, $60 and we weren't in dreams hughes, the market at that point in time. So, probably a little lighter in Q1 than where we would expect to be going forward. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch.

Okay. And my question is more on just backlog versus looking and focusing on maximizing margin. Amir Kite Runner. I guess looking at your statements at service before self, the Analyst Day last conference call, you sounded pretty positive on growing new awards, markets seems to have stabilized on the commodity side. Do you find it difficult to grow backlog while making sure that your gross margin is going up? So, is there a dynamic of you maybe kind of amir kite runner, not losing market share, but exiting certain contracts and that will continue to be dragged into 2017. I mean, I know you provided positive guidance for the second half, but how do you see that trade-off playing, kind of impacting your backlog going forward?

Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. I think the before, look, all those things are items that we're very focused on and want to amir kite runner make sure we manage correctly. Clearly, when you shift from a multiyear cost restructuring culture in trapper movie, the company to one that is now the strong message of growth and the focus and priority, that doesn't happen with a snap of the fingers, it takes a few months, a few quarters to build that momentum. That started around the Investor Day. You feel that every day at Jacobs that people are focusing, prioritizing profitable growth. And the word profitable is amir kite runner, always in front of the word growth and I think that's a big change from the past, recent past. By Langston Hughes. And so, I'm not I don't really we don't have concerns about kite, market share because the key markets that we talked about in by langston hughes, our strategy, we feel very capable today of protecting and growing with the teams that we have, where I think we're doing an excellent job in building talent. I'd say aviation is amir kite runner, a prime example where in a very short period of time as our teams projected and that being one of the highest priority markets that provide good growth dynamics, we've significantly added world-class talent.

We're winning, it feels like all the programs that we should win. Knock on wood, it's been a string of successes and we have several more in front of us. So and I think the major challenge is just to make sure culturally all 54,000 of our resources understand that it's now all about profitable growth while maintaining the success that we had in building efficiency and driving those specific transform the core initiatives that are underway and strengthening the foundation. So, I'd say that's the way I summarize it. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of trapper movie 1972, America Merrill Lynch. Okay.

And then maybe just a quick follow-up on kite runner, your announcement of trapper movie 1972, Connected Enterprise. Kind of what's the pay-off on the investment? Is it a new end market where you'll look to grow your, I guess, backlog or is it just more of your being able to execute projects better and being able to kind of kite runner, move some of the work around your different regional offices? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. Look, the Jacobs Connected Enterprise is tetra paks, really building off of a lot of what our Aerospace Technology business is all about and benefiting from the add-on investments that were made over the last couple of years. The Van Dyke acquisition that brought cyber securities strength to us, the ION investment and several other initiatives, as well as talent that's been brought in by the Aerospace Technology Group is now being extended across the other three lines of business.

And that's something that we hadn't done in the past. And all of our clients, whether it's oil and gas, pharma, mining, they're looking for amir kite, state-of-the-art digitalization techniques, Internet of Things, and really driving productivity and innovation into their projects. And we bring that suite of offering via the south african people, Jacobs Connected Enterprise, I think, in a very unique and differentiated way that is building momentum rapidly. Amir Kite. And so, it really was all about taking that into the other three lines of business, and there's great momentum being built. And so, it's really not about african, creating a separate business line, but more around gaining more share of the market as a result of this added offering. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch.

Great. Thank you so much. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Anita, perhaps we can take two more. Okay. Our next question comes from Chad Dillard with Deutsche Bank. Amir Kite. Please go ahead. Chad Dillard - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc.

Hi. Movie 1972. Good afternoon. You've been pulling down the depreciation expense pretty consistently over the last several quarters and that's definitely helped your margins. So, can you speak to how sustainable that continued reduction can be going forward? And how should we think about that line item after restructuring is amir kite, all done? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Chad, I think it's clear that what's going on there is part and self parcel to amir kite our restructuring and streamlining of define smes, our fixed asset base specifically as it relates to our office configuration. So, we are we're not planning once we kind of do this restructuring and finalize up and kite start adding back offices all over the place. So, I think ultimately, we believe that we're going to be able to have a disciplined approach to our incremental investments after the south african, restructuring such that we are better able to leverage our existing infrastructure without significant additional CapEx. Could there be CapEx now and again associated with key initiatives?

Absolutely. But that's not our intent. Chad Dillard - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc. Got it. And can you also provide a little bit more color on what you're seeing in amir runner, your UK business? How did it fare in the first quarter, and what sort of visibility do you have over these next 9 to 12 months and maybe you can break it out between what you're seeing on the private side versus the public side?

Steven J. Service Before. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Our UK business, which a big part of it is our Building Infrastructure business as well as the nuclear business that cuts across both BI and AT, has been pretty steady. The whole Brexit, post-Brexit issues and concerns are there. There's been a few delays caused by amir, that. But generally projects are moving forward, especially the areas that we're involved in tetra paks, around rail and highways, nuclear, et cetera. And we're pleased to runner hear that there's some projections for some steady growth on GDP being projected coming out of the latest estimate. So, all in all it's been steady for us and we don't see any material issue so far associated with some of the turmoil going on with what's going on before, between the UK and Europe. Chad Dillard - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc.

That's all for me. Thank you. Our next question comes from kite, Brent Thielman with D.A. Davidson. Service Self. Please go ahead. Brent Edward Thielman - D. A. Davidson Co. Yeah. Amir Kite Runner. Hi. Thank you. The bump in professional services backlog specifically, is service before, that spread across the platform or focused in any segment? Particularly I was thinking about some of the businesses where margins has seen more pressure.

Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. It's really across the board. Amir Kite. When I look at the backlog sequentially, PMC, professional services was up in the first quarter versus fourth quarter. Building Infrastructure was up. Our Life Sciences business, for tetra paks, example, which we told you was hard hit with that cancellation, the engineering services or professional services is runner, actually up in the first quarter versus fourth quarter in spite of that. The rest of our Industrial business is people, up and our Aerospace Technology business very modestly up. So, it's across the amir kite runner, board when you look at the professional services, engineering service side.

Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. What's also interesting to note is that as it relate to the foreign exchange changes on the professional service, Steve talked about the consolidated. Tetra Paks. On professional service, I think about 80%, 90% of the foreign exchange sequentially versus a year ago was because of the amir kite, professional services piece. So, if you take that into account, the professional services versus year ago is even stronger and it's broad based. Brent Edward Thielman - D. A. 1972. Davidson Co. Okay. That's very helpful. And then as a follow-up, in Industrial in the project cancellation, you seem very optimistic about Life Sciences, so I assume this is more of a customer specific issue. But I was more curious if this could actually provide you the opportunity to amir kite runner fill the the mad trapper movie 1972, void with higher margin work versus what you might have previously recognized with this project?

Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, I wouldn't necessarily conclude that the project that got canceled was not higher margin work. It did have a big field services component, and that's why the backlog impact was big. But we were excited about the engineering service side of it. And as you said, unfortunately, it was the runner, client's strategic decision to tetra paks not move forward with their expansion associated with some drug trials, et cetera. But the work that we're going after where it meets our margin criteria, where there's a good pipeline as I talked about whether some of those are going to hit by the end of this second quarter or will roll into the third quarter, of course, is the question. But we're pretty positive about both the kite runner, backlog impact and margin impact for our Life Sciences business. Brent Edward Thielman - D. A. Tetra Paks. Davidson Co. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. So, perhaps I think there's just one more in the queue. Let's go ahead and take that call.

Our next question comes from kite runner, Sameer Rathod with Macquarie. Please go ahead. Sameer Rathod - Macquarie Capital (USA), Inc. Thanks for the mad movie, squeezing me in. Amir Runner. Just a couple of quick questions. How do we think about the focus on drug prices or reducing drug prices? Do you think this will adversely or negatively impact Jacobs' Life Science business? Steven J. Dreams. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Could you we heard you towards the end, but could you repeat the question please? Sameer Rathod - Macquarie Capital (USA), Inc.

I'm sorry. I said, do you think the increased focus on drug prices or reducing drug prices will adversely or negatively impact Jacobs' Life Science business. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Again, it's hard for us to amir say because we don't want to portray that we understand our clients' decisions and the way they look at define smes, it to kite the way they do. But I would say that we haven't seen that concern too much.

I mean there is some near-term concern going on around the define smes, whole Trump administration and what's going on with regard to a lot of the production message comes from amir kite runner, these overseas plants moving into the U.S. and tetra paks will that cause any issues or delays. But, at the end of the day, our clients were in amir kite, the tail end of some very important bids. South African People And Culture. Our clients indicate that moving forward what happens over some of these other dynamics we just really can't offer much more than that. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. I think that only other comment to make, Sameer, on this issue is that if you think about their mix of spend to runner try and get things to people market, the CapEx is not necessarily the biggest percentage of spend. So, ultimately, the drivers of getting the returns they want is really trying to figure out how to get it through the regulatory process, not necessarily the CapEx. Sameer Rathod - Macquarie Capital (USA), Inc.

Okay. Thank you. I'll leave it there. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. All right. Well, thank you for calling in, and I appreciate your interest and we look forward to talking to you next quarter. This conference has now concluded. Thank you for attending today's presentation. Amir Runner. You may now disconnect. This article is for PRO members ONLY!

Get Access to this article and dreams by langston 15,000 exclusive PRO articles from $200/m. Interested in upgrading to PRO? Book an appointment with a PRO Account Manager to runner see if PRO is right for define smes, you.

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20 Best And Worst Fonts To Use On Your Resume. Before you even walk into a job interview youve made a first impression on the interviewer. Kite. How? Through your resume. According to a study conducted by the job search site TheLadders.com, recruiters spend only about six seconds scanning a resume. So its essential that your resume makes a great first impression that it looks professional and well organized. Tetra Paks. How do you do that? You start by using a resume font people can actually read (that#8217;s what this post is for), then you design a resume that stands out from the rest (here#8217;s how you do that). When you have both these things you go into Canva and design the amir thing for free in no time (here#8217;s how you upload fonts from this article into Canva and here#8217;s where you go in define smes Canva to start your new resume design right now). Times New Roman is probably the most commonly chosen fonts for amir kite runner resumes the very reason you should avoid it, and why it appears on our Worst list.

So if you dont want your resume to the mad look like hundreds of others, youll want to choose something else. And Garamond is a great alternative. A timeless serif typeface like Times New Roman, Garamonds precursors have been in use for around 500 years. Amir. The modern version has the benefit of giving your resume a classic, polished look thats much more interesting that the self overused Times New Roman. As a bonus, if youre struggling to condense your resume to amir kite one to two pages (which is service before, a good idea), Garamond can help you fit more text on a page without sacrificing readability by lowering the font size or crowding your design by tightening up the spacing. This simple, sophisticated sans-serif typeface, designed in amir England in the 1920s, will give your resume a look that is the mad movie, both classic and modern. Its used widely in the UK (across the British Railways system, by the BBC) and runner elsewhere. You might also notice that Gill Sans is very similar to service before the custom lettering featured on the famous, WWII-era Keep Calm and amir kite Carry On poster, rediscovered at a British bookstore in 2000 and subsequently popularized with many replicas of the design. Youll find this font distributed with Mac OS X and some Microsoft software as Gill Sans MT.

Cambria, a serif font, is movie, part of a suite of amir typefaces called the ClearType Font Collection, which has been widely distributed with Microsoft Office programs. Definition Of Family. These typefaces (Calibri, Cambria, Candara, Consolas, Constantia, and amir Corbel) were designed specifically to perform well on computer monitors. The studio that created Cambria describes it as the new Times New Romandesigned specifically for on-screen reading, while still remaining applicable for print, thanks to its sturdy letter construction that retains legibility even at small sizes. This makes Cambria a good choice for both online and printed resumes. Wikimedia Commons/Hans Hoogglans.

Although it has been the default Microsoft Word font since 2007, Calibri is define smes, still not used as often as Arial, which landed on our Worst list for that reason. This font has other things going for it, though; professional resume writer Donna Svei points out that typing in Calibri at a 12 pt. size will produce around 500 to 750 words, the ideal length of a two-page resume. Our third and last selection from Microsofts ClearType Font Collection, Constantias rounder letterforms make it look more friendly and less stuffy than many serif typefaces. Its also suitable for runner use both on-screen and in printed documents, making it useful for when you need to distribute your resume in both digital and hard copy form. Originally designed for corporate use, Lato is sans-serif font created to look neutral in body copy but have some unique traits at larger sizes. The fonts designer describes Lato as serious but friendly perfect for resumes. It comes in a wide range of by langston weights and styles, though the hairline, thin, and kite light weights will be too hard to see at define smes, small sizes. Amir. Its available for define smes download (free for amir both personal and commercial use) and for web use on Google Fonts.

Didot is a distinctive serif font with an upscale look (perhaps a product of its Parisian roots). This classy typeface can lend some style to your resume and seems to be particularly popular for industries like fashion and photography. However, its delicate serifs display most clearly at tetra paks, larger sizes, so youll do best saving Didot for headings rather than body copy. Wikimedia Commons/Pierre Rudloff. Amir Kite Runner. This Swiss sans-serif typeface is considered by service many designers and typographers to be the amir kite runner king of fonts. It even has its own self-titled documentary film. Thanks to its modern, clean lines and exceptional clarity, Helvetica is widely used in everything from major corporate logos (BMW, American Airlines, Microsoft) to New York Citys subway signs. To give your resume a clean and contemporary look thats still professional, try Helvetica. Its included with Mac operating systems, but if youre wanting to trapper movie use it with Windows, youll have to purchase it.

Georgia is another alternative to Times New Roman. This serif font has letterforms with thicker strokes that make it easy to read even at small sizes. Plus, because it was created specifically for clarity on computer monitors, it looks great viewed on any digital document, such as if youre sending your resume as a PDF. This versatile sans-serif font has a very clean, crisp appearance that will give any resume an kite updated look. It has multiple weights that you can use to differentiate the various sections and define smes features of your resume, but you should probably avoid the book and light weights, as well as any condensed versions they can be hard to read. Kite Runner. Avenir Next is another good option; it was released as a follow-up to Avenir to improve the fonts on-screen display capabilities. Dreams By Langston Hughes. Dribbble/Mario Leo Fasolo. Surprised this one is on runner, the list?

Theres nothing wrong with the the mad trapper font in itself, its just that it has been (over)used and abused. Since everyone else is using it on their resumes, yours wont stand out. Plus, Times New Roman is amir, hard to read at very small sizes and doesnt display particularly well on south, screens. Like Gill Sans on our Best list, Futura was created in the 1920s. Except this sans-serif typeface was designed in Germany and kite runner is more geometric in form. Trapper Movie. Although its a clean, attractive font, the overall appearance is somewhat stylized and kite atypical. With quirks like unusually tall lowercase letters and a jarring contrast between sharp and round letter shapes, Futura leans more toward decorative and interesting (a.k.a, a display font, meant to be used sparingly) than practical for before self text-heavy documents like resumes. In the kite overused category, Arial is Times New Romans sans-serif equivalent. Using a font thats so common (and, some would say, boring) may be perceived as a lazy choice not putting much thought or effort into your resume. Plus, Arial is basically an adaptation of Helvetica thats a little looser and definition more irregular in its construction.

Theres nothing wrong with conventional fonts, but there are better sans-serif choices out there than Arial. Designed to replicate the look of a typewriter and kite runner later adapted for use on actual electric typewriters, this font makes it look like you guessed it you typed your resume on a typewriter. Which you didnt unless you havent updated your resume in 30 some-odd years. Plus, because this is a monospaced typeface (every letter is spaced equally, as opposed to most other proportionally spaced fonts) it can look a little unnatural, particularly for whole pages of text. Tempted to put your name at dreams hughes, the top of your resume in a script that looks like handwriting to give it a little personality? Dont do it! And especially dont use Brush Script, which has been so overused that it now looks cheap and dated rather than retro and nostalgic (it was designed in 1942).

While certain creative industries will offer some leeway in playing with the amir kite appearance of 1972 your resume, when in doubt, its always a safe bet to amir kite runner stick to conservative font choices (which means no scripts or other display fonts). Unless youve been living under a rock for by langston the past several years, youll know that using Comic Sans is considered the cardinal sin of font choices. It was created in 1994 to replicate the look of comic book speech bubbles, and thats about all its appropriate for. The casual, almost childish look of the font makes it distracting in any serious context. Kite. And in case youre wondering why anyone would use Comic Sans on a resume, according to this manager, it does happen. Just remember: its a good rule of thumb to stay far away from any font that might possibly come across as fun, flowery, flashy, or funky. Century Gothic has a sleek, modern look, but its probably a little too irregular for resumes. Tetra Paks. Additionally, the thin letters of this fonts regular weight can be hard to read, particularly at small sizes. Theres really no good reason anyone should want to use this on a resume, but people seem to like it. So if youre tempted to kite give your resume an adventurous or exotic air with Papyrus, resist. This font is service self, so cliche (probably second only to Comic Sans) that is has become something of a joke Fast Co.

Design puts it this way: as everyone who has written a school project over the last decade will tell you, Papyrus is the font you use to spell out the word #8220;Egypt.#8221; Want to make a bold, confident impression with your resume? You dont need a bold, heavy font to do it. Impact is kite, most likely intended for use in by langston hughes all caps for runner headlines, but because it includes lowercase letters, people are sure to use it for self body copy, where its almost impossible to read. Yes, Trajan Pro has a dignified, important feel, but it would be more appropriate etched into stone than typed on your resume. Amir. Thats because the typeface was inspired by the letterforms carved into tetra paks Trajans Column, a monument dedicated to amir runner the Roman emperor of the same name. The font only define smes, has capital letters and amir kite runner small caps (no lowercase option), which makes it unsuitable for typing out readable sentences on your resume. The Mad Trapper 1972. So its probably a good idea to leave Trajan to the movie posters (more than 400 of them), particularly those starring Russell Crowe. Kite. For resumes, a font size of 10 to 12 pt. Define Smes. (depending on amir kite runner, the particular font, but no smaller than that) is standard. Dreams By Langston Hughes. Larger sizes are acceptable for headings or subheadings.

Remember that everyone viewing your resume on a computer will have different fonts installed, and you dont want your carefully chosen typeface automatically replaced with a substitute that messes up the documents appearance and formatting. Thats why its a good idea to always save and send your resume as a PDF, which preserves the amir runner original appearance (unlike a MS Word document). Do you have a favorite (or least favorite) font for service before resumes? Share in the comments below. Runner. Bring great design to your entire workplace. Janie is a freelance writer and graphic designer and the owner of Design Artistree Creative Studio. After college, she built on her background in art to explore design. and loved it. Now, she enjoys finding ways to of family combine the amir craftsmanship of traditional fine arts with the digital possibilities of graphic design. Build Your Brand: How to Choose The Right Fonts. 60 Free Sans Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Modern . People And Culture. 60 Free Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Traditional . 60 Free Calligraphy Fonts to Bring Charm to Your Design. 60 Free Outline Icon Sets Perfect for Contemporary Desi.

60 Free Fonts for Minimalist Designs. 50 Free Headline Fonts Built For Impact And Audience En. 50 Beautiful Free Wallpapers For Creatives [2015 Editio. Kite. 50 Design Terms Explained Simply For Non-Designers. The 30 Best Free Social Media Icon Sets of 2015. Dreams. 100 Brilliant Color Combinations and How to Apply Them . Free Icons: 49 Best Sites To Find Beautiful And Useful . Amir Runner. 60 Awesome Free Tools To Create A Visual Marketing Camp.

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Essay on Child Sex Tourism in amir runner, Developing Countries While it might not seem that way in the United States, or in other developed nations, child prostitution is a significant issue around the world , and it still manages to exist under the define smes radar of amir kite runner public health authorities. Tetra Paks! Each year, as many as a million children are coerced into prostitution; the total number of runner children in south african, prostitution at one time could be as high as 10 million. Because of the privation that these children face, there is not enough data about the health problems that these children face but the maladies include forced pregnancy, substance abuse, violence, mental illness, and infectious diseases. Runner! Just like any other form of child abuse, child prostitution not only leads to death for far too many, but it also takes away their dignity and their basic rights. The purpose of tetra paks this research is to amir kite runner analyze existing literature on child prostitution, particularly with regard to health issues as well as best practices in the tourism industry, and emerge with recommendations to help promote sustainable tourism in and culture, developing nations without resorting to the use of child prostitutes. The need for finding a way to prevent child prostitution from happening should be a global priority. There are several empirical models that have already been identified for tourism industries to kite runner follow in different nations, and self, this paper will call for the use of those models in practice, as tourism companies and government agencies have the ability to institute these professional practices and public policies, as long as they can eliminate some of the barriers that may yet be in place.

The primary frame for amir, this discussion is the context of maintaining social responsibility on the corporate level while also maintaining sustainable tourism industries. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child defined a child as anyone who is not yet 18 years old; child prostitution consists of tetra paks forcing a child to kite runner carry out sexual acts for financial or other forms of compensation, or even offering the use of a child for sexual services. It differs from other forms of child sexual abuse because of the commercial aspect; however, because children cannot legally consent (or intellectually consent) to of family love those activities, it is also quite similar to runner other forms of abuse. Currently, both boys and girls (UNICEF 1997, 36) are prostituted at different places on the globe, starting as young as ten years old (ECPAT 2001). The majority of these children are prostituted by local pimps, but there are also foreign tourists and pedophiles who exploit them as well.

Many of define smes these children will service five to ten customers each day. The number of amir runner children is up for debate, particularly in define smes, developing nations, but research indicates that there could be as many as 10 million children trapped in prostitution worldwide (UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and amir, the Pacific, 2000). It is difficult to get an accurate count, because the people controlling them keep them in before, hiding and move them frequently (United Nations, 1996). Amir Kite! The fact that organized crime is often bankrolling this practice makes it even more difficult to find them. There are a number of social, economic and cultural factors that contribute to the growth of child prostitution. Poverty is the main factor, but gender discrimination and low levels of education also play a role (United Nations, 1996).

There are communities in the world that condone prostitution and do not enforce the laws proscribing child prostitution (if those laws exist). South People! There are also communities in which the male clients do not think that children will pass on HIV or other STDs as easily as adults will (United Nations, 1996). Also, sex workers who have children end up seeing those children being prostituted as well (Deisher et al. 1989, 1163). Likely targets for pimps include children who have been abandoned or who have run away from home. Girls are often lured or even kidnapped and then compelled to prostitute themselves. International sex tourism has become a major cause for amir, child prostitution in some countries (Focal Point against Sexual Exploitation of Children, 2001). As one might expect, different countries with child prostitution tend to have different causes for children ending up in that position. In Nepal, for african people, example, the cause is usually poverty (Poude 1994, 10); in Nigeria, though, child prostitutes usually fled their homes because they were being abused there (Adedoyin and Adegoke 1995, 28). Thailand is kite one of the nations in which child prostitution is art of the sex tourism trade (Silbert and define smes, Pines 1981, 408). The common thread, though, is that child prostitution brings in amir kite, money.

Overall, the sex industry around the world brings in an estimated $20 billion $5 billion alone coming from define smes child prostitution (Lim 1998). Indeed, children in amir kite, prostitution often have to send money home to support their families. Socioeconomic structures in countries where this is taking place must take this issue into account, so that other children simply do not end up being shoved into sex labor. The vast majority of reports into child prostitution include acknowledgment of the health problems that can arise. However, because of the difficulty of even finding child prostitutes, there is little in the way of reliable data on define smes, mortality and amir, morbidity. Sometimes, the studies are done and and culture, then discarded; those studies that do make it to publication are not easy to find, and often they focus on qualitative health data instead of quantitative information. Kite Runner! The funding for major quantitative studies is the mad trapper difficult to find; again, this is not a problem that is registering in a significant way on kite, the worlds radar. However, there have been some significant quantitative studies that serve as a starting point for this discussion. One example was the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) study of 176 children who were in prostitution in six countries.

Rates of HIV infection varied from 5 percent in Vietnam to 17 percent in Thailand (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, 2000). Define Smes! However, a different report studying children who had been rescued from brothels throughout southeast Asia found that 50 to 90 percent were infected with HIV (WCACSEC, 1996). Obviously, there are a number of factors at work in these cases, including existing levels of HIV infection, as well as access to and use of condoms. There are some communities in which the total population of sex workers has an HIV infection rate of as high as 86 percent adult and kite runner, children combined (UNAIDS, 2000). Every time an dreams adolescent girl has unprotected sex with an infected partner, she has a 1 percent chance of getting HIV (Alan Guttmacher Institute 1999). However, if those children already have an STD that has created genital ulcers, that percentage jumps to 4 percent (WHO 2000). With as many as ten clients a day, it will not take long for kite, those long odds to become a reality. Once HIV infection sets in, the risk of contracting active tuberculosis also spikes (Willis and Levy, 2002, 1418). With regard to other STDs, the numbers are even more grim. Within the ESCAP study, STD rates among prostituted children ranged from 36 percent in Cambodia to 78 percent in China (Economic and Social Commission for service before self, Asia and the Pacific, 2000).

If one compares this to the 5 percent incidence of STDs in adolescents worldwide, these numbers are staggering. The numbers as far as pregnancy are also eye-opening. Any sexually active adolescent who does not utilize contraceptives has a 90 percent chance of pregnancy within a year. Many of the girls forced into prostitution do not have contraceptives, and so they are almost guaranteed to become pregnancy. Because of substandard medical care, these girls also fall into the risk of complications in pregnancy including mortality. According to the ESCAP study, 66 percent of the girls who became pregnant while prostituted sought abortions (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, 2000). On a worldwide level, between 1 and 4.4 million abortions are performed on adolescents each year many of them using unsafe practices. For child prostitutes, these procedures bring a significant risk of injury and amir kite runner, death.

Nearly 13 percent of african and culture all the maternal deaths worldwide each year are a result of unsafe abortions (Willis and Levy, 2002, 1419). Of course, there are many other harmful outcomes for amir kite runner, child prostitutes. A study of 475 sex workers in five countries found that two-thirds of define smes them fit the criteria for a diagnosis of PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) (Farley et al. 1998, 407). This is the same malady that makes it so difficult for soldiers returning home from war to reintegrate themselves into society. Substance abuse takes place at almost a 100 percent rate in many communities among all sex workers, not just children (Carr et al. 1996, 491). This leads to a risk not only of overdose but infection with any number of bloodborne pathogens, not to mention permanent organ damage and kite runner, cancer. Many child prostitutes suffer violence at the hands of clients, pimps, police and even those with whom they have intimate relationships.

That study with 475 sex workers found that 73 percent had been physically assaulted while working on the job, and 62 percent had been raped since becoming a prostitute (Farley et al. 1998, 411). Define Smes! For children, these experiences can be deadly. In 1987, the Brundtland Commission presented the idea of amir runner sustainable development as meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (WCED, 1987). However, the notion of sustainable tourism did not appear for ten more years. In 1997, Agenda 21 for people, the Travel and Tourism Industry appeared, composed by the World Tourism Organization, the Earth Council, and amir, the World Travel and Tourism Council. There were several reasons for the delay in developing these ideas specific to the tourism industry, such as the wide variety of tourist activities around the world (WTO, 2001). The primary research into sustainable tourism has focused on the social, cultural, ecological and economic impacts of tourism (Cooper et al, 1998; Fennell, 1999; Mason, 2003; Ryan, 2003; Swarbrooke, 1999), until recently. The most current research now focuses on globalization and tourism (Bianchi, 2007; Dodds and Joppe, 2005). Because of a wave of neo-liberal governments coming into power and driving economic philosophy, the questions of the responsibility for business to push sustainable development have come to the forefront, and so corporate social responsibility (CSR) and business ethics have also entered the realm of study (Tepelus 2008, 100). At its most basic, CSR has to do with businesses adopting and implementing standards that are conscious of the environment, ethical and socially responsible (Tepelus 2008, 100).

The European Commission (2001) defined CSR as a concept whereby companies integrate social and movie, environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis(European Commission 2001, 8). There were four relevant elements to amir runner this: covering social and environmental issues; integration with operational strategies; remaining a voluntary condition; and interacting with stakeholders inside and outside the company (Tepelus 2008, 100). Tourism has been one of the last industries to adopt CSR practices (World Bank and dreams by langston, International Finance Corporation 2003). Even with the adoption of CSR practices, though, many industries (including tourism) have focused on matters of environmental remediation and stayed away from questions regarding labor and human rights (Epler-Wood and amir kite, Leray, 2005). Fennell (2006) has argued that there is an immense void in ethics (xiii) that has kept tourism from following other industries into the areas covered by CSR, and has also argued that ethics in tourism could well emerge as the next main research platform(358) in this particular field. While it would be nice to study ethics, of course, the free market is people and culture certainly not pushing for a moral overhaul of the tourism industry.

Both the industry and the consumer are motivated by amir, price: as Brackenbury (2003) noted, price competition and its consequences of productivity improvement, and not product innovation, has occupied the minds of senior managers in this sector over the past ten years (8). In other words, when there is a financial return on investment, the tourism industry will get involved; when it is trapper movie 1972 not, there will not be innovation (Weiermair 2005). And so the likelihood of an industry-spurred drive to eradicate sex tourism seems like a murky prospect at best, at least under the current paradigm. However, the kite runner lack of ethical concern in the industry has made sex trafficking and child sex tourism a widespread practice (Payne and Dimanche, 1996). After all, sex tourism came about as a legitimate sector of the industry in the 1970s (Tepelus 2008, 102). As a result, there have been some studies on child sex tourism just as a part of industry research (OConnell Davidson, 2004; Garrick, 2005; Cabezas, 2004) covering everything from 1972 similarities between child sex tourism and adult sex tourism, rationalizations that tourists give for engaging child prostitutes, and runner, even classifying child sex tourists by citizenship.

While there is movie 1972 child sex tourism going on kite, all over the world, Asia is currently the epicenter. The Mad Movie 1972! The Philippines have a reported 60,000 child prostitutes; there are over 400,000 in India and over 800,000 in Thailand. The vast majority are girls who are younger than 16; however, in Sri Lanka, most of the 20,000 child prostitutes are boys (Glover, 2006). However, as has been already noted, the tourists are not the only ones to blame, as there is amir kite runner a specific set of 1972 cultural conditions that have to be in amir kite runner, place for child prostitution to be condoned. In Thailand, for african, example, 3 out of 4 men are estimated to have had sex with a prostitute (Sachs, 1994). Small wonder, then, that there should be such a vast supply of child prostitutes.

The problem is global and it is deeply entrenched in amir kite runner, certain corners of the planet. There are already innovations that have been suggested by public and private entities to find ways to eradicate the child sex tourism industry, while maintaining sustainable tourism even in countries that base a good deal of their tourism income on foreigners entering the country on a sexual vacation. My research objectives are as follows: Identify existing ideas for innovation that could lead to the reduction and removal of child sex tourism from by langston common practice in developing nations Identify barriers to the implementation of those innovation Compare and contrast the kite runner various ideas for innovation and tetra paks, appraise the ones that are most likely to amir be effective, based on the cultural contexts involved Develop a series of recommendations for public and private entities based on the mad, the research. My research will be primarily qualitative in amir runner, nature. The quantitative documentation about the the mad 1972 problems that lead to child sex trafficking and tourism in developing countries is fairly exhaustive, based on both private studies and kite runner, research carried out by governmental and intergovernmental agencies. Learning more about the specifics of sexually transmitted diseases and the average of child prostitutes will not contribute significantly to the existing body of knowledge on the topic; for this reason, my focus will be primarily on definition of family, ways to implement and improve existing suggestions for innovation within the amir kite tourist industry and within public policy. The methods I will use will include researching and comparing the various suggested innovations with an eye toward matching them with culturally amenable contexts.

There are some alternative methodologies that could be used, and could also contribute to the body of knowledge on this subject. For example, these three methodologies would also be quite useful: Conducting a quantitative attitudinal study of adult males in the mad movie 1972, the countries in which child sex tourism and child prostitution are the most widespread Performing a longitudinal study on the economic indicators of countries that depend heavily on child sex tourism for runner, industry income Conducting a quantitative attitudinal study of sex tourists who visit one (or several) of the before countries in runner, which child sex tourism is most widespread. The benefit of the first alternative study would be helpful in identifying cultural attitudes in specific countries toward child prostitution. As one study mentioned in define smes, the literature review found, Thai men are extremely unlikely to speak out against prostitution, as 3 out of kite every 4 Thai men were found to have had sex with a prostitute. In a country like that, prostitution would bring little outrage, if any, among those in position to make changes in public policy. Child prostitution would be less likely to inspire a similar outrage in a country in tetra paks, which prostitution is so common, because sexual partners would be more likely to be viewed as things to kite runner use or consume, rather than people. The second alternative study would be of interest based on the definition of sustainable development mentioned near the beginning of before self this paper development that sustains a country today without sacrificing its ability to provide for itself in the future. Amir Kite! The children who enter prostitution either end up dead or damaged dramatically in terms of health, emotional stability, and mental status.

The possibility that, once these children are no longer viable sex workers, they would then head into other sectors of the economy and trapper movie, become productive citizens is kite remote at best. This longitudinal study would analyze the define smes effects of the loss of so much of the working-age population. The third alternative study would bring some intriguing results provided that enough sex tourists could be found to answer, and provided that they gave accurate answers. After all, if someone is going to runner travel to another country for a sexual vacation, it is likely that the topic is before not one that he (or she) would be squeamish about amir runner, discussing on an anonymous basis with a researcher. Finding out the motivations that lead one to travel abroad for sexual activity would be of african people and culture some interest, but a greater area of contribution to this study would be to learn the attitudes of sex tourists (who are more likely to amir kite runner feel a sense of tetra paks liberation than the general population in sexual matters) about child sex tourism. At what age should sex be legal? What should the consequences be for child prostitution for the purveyors who provide children to clients?

Those answers would be of interest, more from a sociology perspective. A degree of outrage from those who use the sex tourism industry, though, might spur entities within the amir kite countries that depend so heavily on sex tourism to make changes. Obviously, in a highly qualitative study like the one I propose, there is little in the way of self analysis at least in the statistical kind. Instead, the discussion will focus on finding existing methods of runner innovation and identifying barriers and recommending ways to overcome those barriers. While this might seem to hughes be covering some existing ground instead of being innovative, it is amir kite clear that the by langston barriers have not yet been overcome as a result of the research that is already out there. Because of the epidemic that child sex tourism continues to comprise, it is necessary for kite, research to take place that will persuade those who are in positions of authority, both in the industry and define smes, within halls of government, to find a different way to bring in tourists and their cash. Researching Innovations to Eliminate Child Sex Tourism.

As has already been mentioned in runner, this study, there is not much existing knowledge about child sex tourism and trafficking, and there has been minimal research done on the connections between sustainability and CSR and this touchy subject. Because tourism changes quickly, and because sex crimes take on dreams by langston, such a volatile hue, any research that has been done can become dated quickly. However, there have been some innovations taken on by public and private entities to prevent and even end sex tourism for children and trafficking. Some of these innovations have been steps taken to match laws not just national law but also legislation that covers behaviors outside annexed territories. Runner! The first step seems to have been finding ways to build awareness within the tourism industry about the ways it could keep children from being sexually exploited; subsequent steps have been to give tourism businesses the wherewithal to movie 1972 exercise that ability, to find alternative socioeconomic opportunities for the children who are at most risk for coercion into amir runner, prostitution, to build awareness among the public at large, and to generate incentives to turn in child sex tourists and traffickers. Innovation Models from Nongovernmental Organizations. ChildWise is an organization that is focuses on eradicating child sex tourism in international destinations where Australians travel. ChildWise is the service before Australian wing of kite runner ECPAT International, which is a consortium dedicated to the elimination of the commercial sexual exploitation of children. Founded in south people, Thailand in 1962, ECPAT now has offices in amir, 63 countries and was one of the initial groups that fought back against child prostitution in tourisn in south african people and culture, Asia (ECPAT International, 2007). ChildWise began with the assumption that child sex tourism, at kite runner, least involving Australians, is not part of the mainstream tourism industry (Hecht, 2001).

As a result, simply changing codes of conduct for mainstream tourism providers would not have much of an effect on child sex tourists leaving Australia. The agency designed ChildWise Tourism in 1999, to serve as a training program through the entire ASEAN region. This program includes educational materials for tourism students, teachers, and practitioners in by langston hughes, the industry. The focus of the training is to help tourism professionals identify situations in which children might be in danger of sexual exploitation, and then turn them into the relevant authorities. All seven of the ASEAN countries allow ChildWise to come in kite runner, and hold training sessions in service before, the community: Myanmar, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Cambodia, the runner Philippines, Indonesia and Thailand (ChildWise 2007). This way, there are people on the ground in the countries most affected by child sex tourism who now know what to look for. The Mad 1972! ChildWise also started Travel With Care in 2003, which conducts training seminars on the particulars of the Australia Child Sex Tourism law. World Vision started in 2004 and is a Christian humanitarian agency that serves almost 100 countries. One of its areas of focus is the deterrence of foreign sex tourists and the creation of awareness about legislative efforts against child sex tourism. The slogan Abuse a child in this country, go to jail in yours was used widely in Costa Rica, Brazil, Mexico, Thailand and Cambodia and was primarily aimed at American tourists. The agency also has developed a series of in-flight videos as well as street signs and billboards in countries where child sex tourism is amir runner rampant (World Vision, 2007).

The focus of this group on Americans comes from the research that American citizens represent 1 of every 4 child sex tourists (Tepelus 2008, 105). The youth career initiative (YCI) is a subsidiary program of the International Business Leaders Foundation (IBLF), based in London. The main purpose of this initiative is to boost the employability of young people in south people, the hotel industry, and so to reduce the number of young people who are forced to turn to prostitution in order to survive. Amir Runner! Such international hotels as Orient Express, Sol Melia, Starwood, and Sheraton have all agreed to provide on-site education for high school graduates who come from disadvantaged homes. After completing the course, the participants receive assistance in career placement. Since this program began in 1995, more than 1,300 youth have completed the trapper movie program; now it runs in eight countries: Poland, Brazil, Thailand, the Philippines, Ethiopia, Australia, Indonesia and Romania (IBLF, 2007). The direct target of runner this program is not child sex tourism or trafficking, but the fact that it targets at-risk youth by helping them find potential employment in movie 1972, the hotel industry does take potential prostitutes off the streets in countries where they could likely end up working for a pimp. Innovation Models from Government Organizations. One of the governments that took the lead in fighting child sex tourism has been that of Brazil.

In 1997, the country started a no child sex tourism campaign, and its logo for the campaign fighting the exploitation of amir children was adopted by the UNWTO for the worldwide campaign (Tepelus 2008, 106). In 2002, the government created the Ministry of Tourism, and within the National Tourism Chamber, a Sustainable Tourism and definition of family, Childhood Thematic Chamber was established. Amir Kite! The main goals of dreams this program were to start the public discussion on such issues as the protection of children in tourism and the best practices in the private sector of tourism, with an eye toward ultimately formulating public policy and legislation . From 2004 through 2007, the Ministry of kite Tourism held a World Tourism Forum for Peace and Sustainable Development as part of its Sustainable Tourism and Childhood campaign. This led to the first declaration against tetra paks child sex tourism on kite runner, October 26, 2005, in Rio de Janeiro, and a combined South American campaign against child sex tourism, to begin 2007 in 12 countries. Also, the Brazilian government reached out to definition love such entities as Save the Children Sweden and World Childhood Foundation Brazil to research other ways to help bring child sex tourism to an end (Gorenstein 2007). Innovation Models from Intergovernmental Organizations. From the very earliest efforts to amir kite fight child sex tourism, the definition love UNWTO (UN World Tourism Organization) has provided input to interested organizations, including the first two Congresses against Commercial Exploitation of Children. In 1997, the UNWTO set up a Task Force to Protect Children from Sexual Exploitation in Tourism, designed to find and eliminate child sex tourism (UNWTO 2007a). This committee meets twice a year at kite, the major international tourism expositions, and has developed the Global Code of of family love Ethics of amir kite Tourism. The part that is relevant to child sex tourism reads: The exploitation of service self human beings in any form, particularly sexual, especially when applied to.

children, confl icts with the amir fundamental aims of tourism and is the negation of tourism; as such, in accordance with international law, it should be energetically combated with the cooperation of all the States concerned and of family, penalized without concession by the national legislation of kite runner both the dreams hughes countries visited and the countries of the perpetrators of these acts, even when they are carried out abroad ( UNWTO, 2007b , Art. Amir! 2, point 3). In addition to the GCTE, though, the movie 1972 UNWTO has put together a set of guidelines that would inform the creation of a voluntary mechanism for implementing changes in tourism policies on the national level, and has created a World Committee on Tourism Ethics (WCTE) to intervene whenever there might be a dispute. The UNWTO has also designed a set os sustainability indicators within the metrics that govern tourism, to ensure that the child sex tourism trade is being monitored quantifiably (UNWTO, 2004). The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OCSE) comprises the largest security organization assigned to a region in the world. There are 56 participating countries, in North America, Central Asia and Europe, all coordinating efforts to provide warnings for conflicts and crises that might break out, and to rehabilitate areas that have suffered from amir kite runner conflicts. In 2003, the OSCE Economic and Environmental Activities (OSCE-OCEEA) office was given the define smes charge to find ways to bolster efforts in the private sector to fight human trafficking by building awareness of the problem and amir, distributing best practices, specifically including guidelines for african, designing policies, instituting self-regulation, and writing codes of conduct. Because tourism and hospitality remain vital sources of revenue for many countries around the world, the travelers themselves have a powerful weapon against child sex tourism traffickers by simply choosing where they will or will not go. Amir Kite Runner! However, the tourism providers themselves can work together to build an environment that refuses to condone human trafficking particularly the sexual exploitation of by langston children. The OSCE promotes the building of a code of conduct to raise awareness and has suggested the extension of that code to amir runner cover companies that do business in southeastern Europe, which is also an area that can be susceptible to human trafficking. The OSCE has gained industry and government commitments to dreams by langston hughes fight child sex tourism and human trafficking (Telepus 2008, 107).

The United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF) is the agency within the United Nations that fights for childrens rights around the amir globe which includes the responsibility for such issues as child sex tourism and the mad 1972, child trafficking. When the tourism industry adopted a Code of Conduct in North American in 2004, UNICEF joined in amir kite runner, support of the code with ECPAT and UNWTO (UNICEF, 2004). This agency has enacted awareness campaigns about the issue of child sex tourism in such countries as Gambia, Kenya, Spain, Sri Lanka and the Dominican Republic, and tetra paks, has lobbied governments for laws against amir kite runner child sex tourism in countries throughout the definition of family Caribbean and Central America (Telepus 2008, 107). Other intergovernmental agencies that have undertaken efforts to root out child sex tourism have included the International Labor Organization, the International Organization on Migration, and runner, the UN Office of Drugs and self, Crimes. Kite! The ILO put together the International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor to fight child labor in countries that lack national legislation protecting their youngest, and all three organizations have enacted training programs designed to prevent and fight human trafficking. None of define smes these agencies have done work specific to tourism, but their efforts on the other end of the runner supply chain all affect the funneling of children to tourists.

Perhaps the most important measure that has emerged from the fight against child sex tourism came from industry itself: the Code of define smes Conduct for the Protection of kite runner Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism. This code was signed by tour operators, hotels, airlines, travel agents, and other related entities. All of the signatories committed to six measures: Developing company policies against child sex tourism Training staff on ways to identify and prevent child sex tourism Informing travelers about child sex tourism in particular destinations Adding language to 1972 contract boilerplate with suppliers in which both parties repudiate the kite practice of child sex tourism Working with government and private entities in dreams hughes, destinations to prevent child sex tourism Giving an annual report on the internal implementation of these commitments (Tepelus 2008, 106). This code came about in runner, 1998, through the efforts of ECPAT Sweden and the UNWTO, and it was finally launched in North America in 2004. Currently, more than 600 companies have signed it from 23 countries in North America, Asia, Europe, and Central and before, Latin America (Tepelus 2008, 106). The primary concerns include enforcement and monitoring processes that vary widely among countries. Relying on self-regulation has proven to be an uneven method of accountability thus far. In The Scarlet Letter, the amir kite runner first observation that Nathaniel Hawthorne makes is that the first two things a new town needs are a cemetery and the mad movie 1972, a prison, as the kite two certainties are death and wrongdoing. The personal tastes that lead tourists to go to other countries and define smes, seek out sex with children are distasteful to the vast majority of people which is why they are illegal just about everywhere in the world.

However, there are people who are so dedicated to the fulfillment of their tastes that they will risk arrest and exposure and will spend thousands of dollars to be able to amir kite runner indulge them which is why child sex tourism is alive and south african, well. Without demand, there would be no reason for anyone to provide supply. With that said, it is time for the international community to take broader action against those countries that harbor the child sex tourism trade. The creation of amir runner a code within the tourism industry and a set of the mad trapper 1972 best practices from international organizations is certainly a start, and it would be impossible to argue that these steps have not made a difference. Armed with information and outrage, there are many organizations dedicated to rooting out this practice. However, the governments in many of these countries are corrupt, held hostage by the crime organizations who profit from sex tourism including the amir juvenile variety.

As a result, the United Nations should consider economic sanctions against countries that promote and allow child sex tourism. The simple fact that