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archaeologist resume Checklist for Archaeology Job Candidates. Essay? Before the Process Begins: Talk to colleagues at Books your current employer or institution, especially those who have recently been involved with searches (either as candidates or on teenage essay, committees), to inform yourself about the search process and how it works. If you are looking outside academia, try to get advice from someone who is familiar with the Renting Essay norms and procedures in teenage pregnancy essay that field (e.g. Where? museums, contract archaeology, foundations, etc.) and teenage pregnancy, what employers in any field are looking for. Think seriously about where did cumbia originated, your goals, but be realistic about pregnancy, starting out in usurped define a career in archaeology: your first job will very likely not be your last. While there is pregnancy essay a certain rhythm to the academic market, you should be prepared to start looking in the summer before you hope to where, be employed, and teenage pregnancy essay, may not get an gautama story, offer until the following summer. Pregnancy Essay? Many jobs are listed in the spring and summer, particularly for one-year jobs in bipolar apa academe. Non-academic job listings appear throughout the year. If possible, attend the pregnancy annual SCS/AIA meeting the year before you are going on Essay Wireless Technology, the market.
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Whether applying for job inside or outside the teenage pregnancy essay academy, make certain that your skills and siddhartha gautama, qualifications match what they are looking for. Interviews at teenage pregnancy essay the Annual Meeting: Rehearse any presentation you are giving at the annual meeting: make sure you don't run over bipolar apa time, ensure that your visuals work, etc. Review and if necessary extend your research into teenage essay the department and individuals interviewing you – find out about your prospective colleagues and workplace. Be prepared to caused globalization, answer questions succinctly about the teenage pregnancy following and to did cumbia originated, elaborate if asked: The topic and contribution of your dissertation Future research or publication plans How you would teach courses that the department has indicated they want taught (e.g. Teenage Pregnancy? what textbooks or online resources would you use) What you would teach if you could Be interested in Attitudes Technology the department, and essay, express that interest by Essay Attitudes Towards Technology, asking questions of teenage pregnancy, your own. But do not immediately ask questions about when you can go on gautama story, leave, or state a minimum salary requirement, or ask if a course reduction would be possible, etc.
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Review everything you can about the pregnancy essay department, programs, institution and its mission, strengths, and focus. Treat everyone with respect and highschool and college, courtesy, from the department staff to the chair of the teenage department. Bipolar Apa? Be enthusiastic about your research and teaching, and interested in interests of interviewers. Essay? If not told, ask when a decision is likely to originated, be made; make sure they know how to teenage pregnancy, reach you. If you receive an Books Essay, offer or accept a job elsewhere, immediately inform everyone who interviewed you at pregnancy either the annual meeting or on campus. Consult the Essay Teachers' Attitudes Towards Wireless AIA's Guidelines for Employers for information on pregnancy, what is bipolar apa expected of pregnancy, those interviewing. Write thank you notes after your visit.
While notification that you are the choice for an offer may come by caused globalization, phone or email, formal offers should come in writing, and should be signed by essay, both you and the employer. Teachers' Towards Wireless Technology? You may want to essay, talk to where did cumbia originated, an advisor about the teenage content of an Renting, offer. If you have questions or request changes, an immediate answer may not be possible because even department heads often have to teenage pregnancy, consult with superiors. Some things may not be negotiable, e.g. Pride? benefits, moving expenses, teaching loads and the like. Generally candidates have two weeks to accept or decline an offer. You should do so as soon as you are able to. You should be honest if you are expecting another offer or pursuing another position and need more time, but you may have to make a decision about an essay, offer before all your employment options are clear.
Be prepared to usurped define, be able to provide proof that you are eligible to work legally in the U.S.; this is required of teenage, everyone without exception. As soon as you have accepted an pride quotes explained, offer, contact any other employers to which you have applied. This may make a difference for teenage someone else. NB: This is bipolar apa a basic checklist; take advantage of teenage pregnancy essay, internet resources to develop a sense of expectations and usurped define, common experiences. Our own resource page is a place to start.
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o essay The Vietnam in Me. Z GATOR, VIETNAM, FEBRUARY 1994 -- I'm home, but the house is gone. Not a sandbag, not a nail or a scrap of teenage wire. On Gator, we used to say, the wind doesn't blow, it sucks. Originated? Maybe that's what happened -- the wind sucked it all away. My life, my virtue. In February 1969, 25 years ago, I arrived as a young, terrified pfc. on essay this lonely little hill in Quang Ngai Province. Renting Books? Back then, the place seemed huge and imposing and permanent. A forward firebase for teenage pregnancy essay, the Fifth Battalion of the 46th Infantry, 198th Infantry Brigade, LZ Gator was home to 700 or 800 American soldiers, mostly grunts. I remember a tar helipad, a mess hall, a medical station, mortar and artillery emplacements, two volleyball courts, numerous barracks and offices and supply depots and machine shops and entertainment clubs.
Gator was our castle. Not safe, exactly, but far preferable to the bush. Teachers' Attitudes Technology? No land mines here. No paddies bubbling with machine-gun fire. Maybe once a month, for three or four days at a time, Alpha Company would return to Gator for stand-down, where we took our comforts behind a perimeter of bunkers and concertina wire. There were hot showers and hot meals, ice chests packed with beer, glossy pinup girls, big, black Sony tape decks booming We gotta get out of pregnancy essay this place at decibels for where, the deaf.
Thirty or 40 acres of teenage essay almost-America. With a little weed and a lot of beer, we would spend the days of where did cumbia originated stand-down in flat-out celebration, purely alive, taking pleasure in teenage pregnancy, our own biology, kidneys and livers and quotes explained, lungs and legs, all in their proper alignments. We could breathe here. We could feel our fists uncurl, the pressures approaching normal. The real war, it seemed, was in another solar system. Essay? By day, we'd fill sandbags or pull bunker guard. In the evenings, there were outdoor movies and sometimes live floor shows -- pretty Korean girls breaking our hearts in their spangled miniskirts and high leather boots -- then afterward we'd troop back to the Alpha barracks for some letter writing or boozing or just a good night's sleep. So much to remember. The time we filled a nasty lieutenant's canteen with mosquito repellent; the sounds of choppers and artillery fire; the slow dread that began building as word spread that in a day or two we'd be heading back to the bush. Pinkville, maybe. The Batangan Peninsula.
Spooky, evil places where the land itself could kill you. Now I stand in this patch of weeds, looking down on what used to be the old Alpha barracks. Amazing, really, what time can do. You'd think there would be something left, some faint imprint, but LZ (Landing Zone) Gator has been utterly and forever erased from the earth. About Attitudes Technology? Nothing here but ghosts and wind. t the foot of Gator, along Highway 1, the pregnancy essay little hamlet of Nuoc Man is going bonkers over our arrival here. As we turn and walk down the hill, maybe 200 people trail along, gawking and chattering, the Books children reaching out to touch our skin. Teenage Essay? Through our interpreter, Mrs. Teachers' Attitudes Technology? Le Hoai Phuong, I'm told that I am the first American soldier to return to this place in the 24 years since Gator was evacuated in 1970.
In a strange way, the occasion has the feel of teenage a reunion -- happy faces, much bowing. Me Wendy, says a middle-aged woman. Another says, Flower. Wendy and Essay about Teachers' Towards, Flower: G.I. Teenage? nicknames retrieved from a quarter-century ago. An elderly woman, perhaps in her late 70's, tugs at my shirt and says, My name Mama-san. Dear God. We should've bombed these people with love. AMBRIDGE, MASS., JUNE 1994 -- Last night suicide was on my mind. About Teachers'? Not whether, but how. Tonight it will be on my mind again. Now it's 4 A.M., June the 5th.
The sleeping pills have not worked. I sit in my underwear at this unblinking fool of teenage pregnancy essay a computer and try to wrap words around a few horrid truths. I returned to Vietnam with a woman whose name is Kate, whom I adored and Essay, have since lost. She's with another man, seven blocks away. This I learned yesterday afternoon. My own fault, Kate would say, and she would be mostly right. Not entirely. In any case, these thoughts are probably too intimate, too awkward and embarrassing for public discussion. But who knows? Maybe a little blunt human truth will send you off to church, or to confession, or inside yourself.
Not that it matters. Pregnancy Essay? For me, with one eye on these smooth yellow pills, the world must be written about as it is or not written about at all. Z GATOR, FEBRUARY 1994 -- By chance, Kate and Renting Essay, I have arrived in essay, Nuoc Man on Books Essay a day of annual commemoration, a day when the graves of the local war dead are blessed and teenage pregnancy essay, repaired and decorated and wept over. The village elders invite us to a feast, a picnic of sorts, where we take seats before a low lacquered table at an outdoor shrine. Where Did Cumbia Originated? Children press up close, all around. The elders shoo them away, but the shooing doesn't do much. I'm getting nervous. The food on display seems a bit exotic. Not to my taste.
I look at Kate, Kate looks at me. Number one chop-chop, an old woman says, a wrinkled, gorgeous, protective, scarred, welcoming old woman. Number one, she promises, and nudges Kate, and smiles a heartbreaking betel-nut smile. I choose something white. Fish, I'm guessing. I have eaten herring; I have enjoyed herring. This is teenage not herring. There are decisions to where did cumbia, be made.
The elders bow and essay, execute chewing motions. Bipolar Apa? Do not forget: our hosts are among the maimed and widowed and pregnancy, orphaned, the bombed and rebombed, the recipients of white phosphorus, the tenders of graves. Did Cumbia Originated? Chew, they say, and by God I chew. Kate has the good fortune to find a Kleenex. She's a pro. She executes a polite wiping motion and it's over for her. Eddie Keating, the Times photographer whose pictures accompany this text, tucks his portion between cheek and gum, where it remains until the feast concludes. Me -- I imagine herring.
I remember Sunday afternoons as a boy, the pregnancy essay Vikings on TV, my dad opening up the crackers and Renting Books Essay, creamed herring, passing it out at halftime. Essay? Other flashes too. Siddhartha Story? LZ Gator's mortar rounds pounding this innocent, impoverished, raped little village. Pregnancy Essay? Eight or nine corpses piled not 50 yards from where we now sit in friendly union. I prepare myself.
Foul, for where originated, sure, but things come around. Nuoc Man swallowed plenty. HE SONG TRA HOTEL, QUANG NGAI CITY, FEBRUARY 1994 -- It's late in the evening. The air-conditioner is at full Cuban power. Kate's eyes sparkle, she's laughing. Swallowed! she keeps saying. In 1969, when I went to war, Kate was 3 years old.
Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, McNamara, Bunker, Rogers, Bundy, Rusk, Abrams, Rostow -- for her, these names are like the listings on a foreign menu. Teenage? Some she recognizes not at all, some she recalls from gautama story, books or old television clips. But she never tasted the dishes. She does not know ice cream from Brussels sprouts. Three years old -- how could she? No more than I could know the Southern California of pregnancy her own youth. Still, it was Kate who insisted we come here. I was more than reluctant -- I was petrified, I looked for excuses. Bad dreams and so on.
But Kate's enthusiasm won me over; she wanted to share in my past, the shapes of things, the smells and originated, sunlight. As it turns out, the sharing has gone both ways. In any other circumstances, I would have returned to teenage essay, this country almost purely as a veteran, caught up in memory, but Kate's presence has made me pay attention to the details of here and now, a Vietnam that exists outside the old perimeter of war. She takes delight in quotes explained, things alive: a chicken wired to someone's bicycle, an pregnancy essay old woman's enormous fingernails, an infant slung casually on the hip of a tiny 7-year-old girl. Kate has the eyes and spirit of an adventurer, wide open to the variety of the world, and these qualities have pushed me toward some modest adventurism of and prejudice quotes explained my own. Now I watch her fiddle with the air-conditioner.
Swallowed! she keeps saying. Later in the night, as on many other nights, we talk about the war. I try to explain -- ineptly, no doubt -- that Vietnam was more than terror. Teenage Pregnancy Essay? For me, at least, Vietnam was partly love. With each step, each light-year of a second, a foot soldier is bipolar apa always almost dead, or so it feels, and in teenage pregnancy, such circumstances you can't help but love. Highschool? You love your mom and dad, the Vikings, hamburgers on the grill, your pulse, your future -- everything that might be lost or never come to be. Intimacy with death carries with it a corresponding new intimacy with life.
Jokes are funnier, green is greener. You love the musty morning air. You love the miracle of your own enduring capacity for love. You love your friends in Alpha Company -- a kid named Chip, my buddy. He wrote letters to teenage, my sister, I wrote letters to his sister. In the where originated rear, back at teenage essay, Gator, Chip and I would go our separate ways, by color, both of us ashamed but knowing it had to be that way. In the bush, though, nothing kept us apart. Essay Towards? Black and White, we were called. Teenage Pregnancy? In May of 1969, Chip was blown high into a hedge of bamboo.
Many pieces. I loved the guy, he loved me. I'm alive. He's dead. An old story, I guess.
AMBRIDGE, JUNE 1994 -- It's 5:25 in the morning, June 7. I have just taken my first drug of the day, a prescription drug, Oxazepam, which files the edge off anxiety. Renting? Thing is, I'm not anxious. I'm slop. This is despair. This is a valance of horror that Vietnam never approximated.
If war is essay hell, what do we call hopelessness? I have not killed myself. That day, this day, maybe tomorrow. Like Nam, it goes. For some time, years in fact, I have been treated for depression, $8,000 or $9,000 worth. Some of it has worked. Or was working. I had called back to memory -- not to memory, exactly, but to significance -- some pretty painful feelings of rejection as a child.
Chubby and friendless and lonely. I had come to acknowledge, more or less, the dominant principle of story love in pregnancy essay, my life, how far I would go to get it, how terrified I was of losing it. Difference? I have done bad things for love, bad things to stay loved. Kate is one case. Vietnam is another.
More than anything, it was this desperate love craving that propelled me into a war I considered mistaken, probably evil. In college, I stood in peace vigils. I rang doorbells for pregnancy, Gene McCarthy, composed earnest editorials for the school newspaper. But when the draft notice arrived after graduation, the old demons went to work almost instantly. I thought about Canada. I thought about jail.
But in the end I could not bear the prospect of rejection: by my family, my country, my friends, my hometown. Originated? I would risk conscience and rectitude before risking the loss of love. I have written some of this before, but I must write it again. Teenage Essay? I was a coward. I went to Vietnam. Y LAI, QUANG NGAI PROVINCE, FEBRUARY 1994 -- Weird, but I know this place. Difference Between And College? I've been here before. Literally, but also in my nightmares. One year after the massacre, Alpha Company's area of operations included the village of My Lai 4, or so it was called on American military maps.
The Vietnamese call it Thuan Yen, which belongs to a larger hamlet called Tu Cung, which in turn belongs to an even larger parent village called Son My. But names are finally irrelevant. I am just here. Twenty-five years ago, knowing nothing of the homicides committed by American troops on the morning of March 16, 1968, Alpha Company walked through and around this hamlet on numerous occasions. Pregnancy Essay? Now, standing here with Kate, I can't recognize much. The place blends in with all the other poor, scary, beleaguered villes in this area we called Pinkville. Essay? Even so, the feel of the place is teenage pregnancy as familiar as the old stucco house of where did cumbia originated my childhood. The clay trails, the cow dung, the blank faces, the unknowns and unknowables.
There is the smell of sin here. Smells of terror, too, and enduring sorrow. What happened, briefly, was this. At approximately 7:30 on the morning of pregnancy March 16, 1968, a company of roughly 115 American soldiers were inserted by Essay about Teachers' Towards, helicopter just outside the teenage pregnancy essay village of My Lai. They met no resistance.
No enemy. No incoming fire. Still, for the next four hours, Charlie Company killed whatever could be killed. Where Originated? They killed chickens. They killed dogs and cattle. They killed people, too. Lots of people. Women, infants, teen-agers, old men.
The United States Army's Criminal Investigation Division compiled a list of 343 fatalities and an independent Army inquiry led by Lieut. Gen. Teenage Essay? William R. Peers estimated that the death count may have exceeded 400. At the Son My Memorial, a large tablet lists 504 names. Bipolar Apa? According to Col.
William Wilson, one of the pregnancy essay original Army investigators, The crimes visited on about Teachers' Attitudes the inhabitants of teenage essay Son My Village included individual and group acts of murder, rape, sodomy, maiming, assault on noncombatants and the mistreatment and killing of detainees. The testimony of one member of Charlie Company, Salvadore LaMartina, suggests the systematic, cold-blooded character of the slaughter: Q: Did you obey your orders? Q: What were your orders? A: Kill anything that breathed. Whether or not such instructions were ever directly issued is a matter of did cumbia originated dispute. Either way, a good many participants would later offer the explanation that they were obeying orders, a defense explicitly prohibited by teenage pregnancy essay, the Nuremberg Principles and the United States Army's own rules of war. Other participants would argue that the civilians at difference between highschool, My Lai were themselves Vietcong.
A young soldier named Paul Meadlo, who was responsible for numerous deaths on pregnancy that bright March morning, offered this appalling testimony: Q: What did you do? A: I held my M-16 on them. A: Because they might attack. Q: They were children and babies? Q: And they might attack? Children and babies? A: They might've had a fully loaded grenade on them.
The mothers might have throwed them at us. Q: Were the babies in their mothers' arms? Q: And the babies moved to attack? A: I expected at any moment they were about to make a counterbalance. Eventually, after a cover-up that lasted more than a year and after the massacre made nationwide headlines, the Army's Criminal Investigation Division produced sufficient evidence to charge 30 men with war crimes.
Of these, only a single soldier, First Lieut. William Laws Calley Jr., was ever convicted or spent time in Essay Teachers' Attitudes Towards, prison. Found guilty of the premeditated murder of not less than 22 civilians, Calley was sentenced to teenage essay, life at hard labor, but after legal appeals and siddhartha story, sentence reductions, his ultimate jail time amounted to three days in a stockade and four and a half months in prison. In some cases, judicial action was never initiated; in other cases, charges were quietly dropped. Calley aside, only a handful of teenage essay men faced formal court-martial proceedings, either for Renting Books, war crimes or for subsequent cover-up activities, with the end result of teenage essay five acquittals and four judicially ordered dismissals. Among those acquitted was Capt. Ernest Medina, who commanded Charlie Company on bipolar apa the morning of March 16, 1968. All this is history.
Dead as those dead women and kids. Even at the time, most Americans seemed to shrug it off as a cruel, nasty, inevitable consequence of essay war. There were numerous excuses, numerous rationalizations. Upright citizens decried even the small bit of justice secured by the conviction of Lieutenant Calley. Siddhartha Story? Now, more than 25 years later, the villainy of that Saturday morning in 1968 has been pushed off to the margins of memory. In the teenage essay colleges and high schools I sometimes visit, the mention of My Lai brings on null stares, a sort of puzzlement, disbelief mixed with utter ignorance.
Evil has no place, it seems, in our national mythology. We erase it. We use ellipses. We salute ourselves and take pride in America the White Knight, America the Lone Ranger, America's sleek laser-guided weaponry beating up on siddhartha gautama story Saddam and pregnancy essay, his legion of devils. t's beginning to rain when Kate and I sit down to talk with two survivors of the slaughter here. Pride And Prejudice Quotes? Mrs. Teenage? Ha Thi Quy is a woman of 69 years. Her face is part stone, part anguish as she describes through an did cumbia originated interpreter the events of that day.
It's hard stuff to teenage essay, hear. Americans came here twice before, Mrs. Quy says. Nothing bad happened, they were friendly to us. But on that day the soldiers jumped out of their helicopters and immediately began to shoot. I prayed, I pleaded. As I take notes, I'm recalling other prayers, other pleadings. A woman saying No VC, no VC, while a young lieutenant pistol-whipped her without the least expression on Renting Essay his face, without the least sign of distress or moral uncertainty.
Mad Mark, we called him. But he wasn't mad. He was numb. He'd lost himself. His gyroscope was gone. He didn't know up from down, good from bad. Mrs. Quy is crying now. I can feel Kate crying off to teenage, my side, though I don't dare look. The Americans took us to a ditch. Pride And Prejudice? I saw two soldiers with red faces -- sunburned -- and they pushed a lot of people into the ditch.
I was in the ditch. I fell down and teenage, many fell on top of Essay Teachers' Towards Wireless me. Soldiers were shooting. I was shot in the hip. The firing went on and on. It would stop and then start again and then stop. Now I hear Kate crying, not loud, just a certain breathiness I've come to recognize. This will be with us forever.
This we'll have. My notes take a turn for the worse. Essay? I lay under the dead in the ditch. Around noon, when I heard no more gunfire, I came out of the ditch and saw many more. Brains, pieces of body. My house was burned.
Cattle were shot. I went back to the ditch. Books? Three of my four children were killed. I'm exhausted when Mrs. Quy finishes. Partly it's the sheer magnitude of horror, partly some hateful memories of my own.
I can barely wire myself together as Mrs. Truong Thi Le, another survivor, recounts those four hours of murder. Pregnancy? Out of her family of 10, 9 died that day. I fell down, Mrs. Le tells us.
But I was not shot. I lay with three other bodies on Renting Books Essay me, all blood. Did not move at all. Pretended dead. Saw newborn baby near a woman. Woman died. Infant still alive. Teenage Essay? Soldiers came up. Shot baby. Outside, the rain has let up.
Kate, Eddie and difference and college, I take a walk through the hamlet. We stare at foundations where houses used to stand. We admire a harsh, angular, defiant, beautiful piece of sculpture, a monument to teenage, the murdered. Mrs. Difference Between? Quy accompanies us for a while. She's smiling, accommodating. Pregnancy? Impossible, but she seems to like us. At one point, while I'm scribbling in my notebook, she pulls down her trousers. She shows Kate the Renting Essay scarred-over bullet hole in her hip.
Kate nods and makes sounds of sympathy. What does one say? Bad day. World of hurt. ow the teenage rain is back, much harder. Pride? I'm drenched, cold and something else.
Eddie and I stand at the ditch where maybe 50, maybe 80, maybe 100 innocent human beings perished. I watch Eddie snap his pictures. Here's the something else: I've got the guilt chills. Years ago, ignorant of the massacre, I hated this place, and places much like it. Two miles away, in essay, an almost identical hamlet, Chip was blown into his hedge of bamboo. A mile or so east, Roy Arnold was shot dead, I was slightly wounded. Books? A little farther east, a kid named McElhaney died. Just north of here, on a rocky hillside, another kid, named Slocum, lost his foot to a land mine. It goes on. I despised everything -- the essay soil, the tunnels, the paddies, the bipolar apa poverty and myself.
Each step was an act of the purest self-hatred and self-betrayal, yet, in truth, because truth matters, my sympathies were rarely with the Vietnamese. Teenage Essay? I was mostly terrified. Essay Teachers' Towards Technology? I was lamenting in advance my own pitiful demise. After fire fights, after friends died, there was also a great deal of teenage pregnancy essay anger -- black, fierce, hurting anger -- the kind you want to take out on pride explained whatever presents itself. This is not to justify what occurred here. Justifications are empty and outrageous.
Rather, it's to say that I more or less understand what happened on that day in teenage pregnancy, March 1968, how it happened, the wickedness that soaks into Books Essay, your blood and heats up and pregnancy, starts to sizzle. I know the boil that precedes butchery. At the same time, however, the Attitudes Towards Wireless Technology men in Alpha Company did not commit murder. Pregnancy? We did not turn our machine guns on civilians; we did not cross that conspicuous line between rage and homicide. I know what occurred here, yes, but I also feel betrayed by Books Essay, a nation that so widely shrugs off barbarity, by a military judicial system that treats murderers and common soldiers as one and pregnancy, the same.
Apparently we're all innocent -- those who exercise moral restraint and those who do not, officers who control their troops and officers who do not. In a way, America has declared itself innocent. I look away for a time, and then look back. By most standards, this is not much of a ditch. A few feet deep, a few feet wide. Bipolar Apa? The rain makes the greenish brown water bubble like a thousand tiny mouths. The guilt has turned to a gray, heavy sadness. I have to take my leave but don't know how. After a time, Kate walks up, hooks my arm, doesn't say anything, doesn't have to, leads me into a future that I know will hold misery for both of us. Different hemispheres, different scales of atrocity. I don't want it to happen.
I want to tell her things and be understood and live happily ever after. I want a miracle. Teenage Pregnancy Essay? That's the final emotion. The terror at this ditch, the certain doom, the need for God's intervention. AMBRIDGE, JUNE 1994 -- I've been trying to perform good deeds. I bought a Father's Day card three days early. I made appointments for a physical exam, dental work, a smoke-ender's program. I go for walks every day.
I work out, draw up lists, call friends, visit lawyers, buy furniture, discharge promises, keep my eyes off the bipolar apa sleeping pills. The days are all right. Now the teenage essay clock shows 3:55 A.M. I call NERVOUS and listen to an automated female voice confirm it. The nights are not all right. I write these few words, which seem useless, then get up and pull out an album of photographs from the Vietnam trip.
The album was Kate's parting gift. Bipolar Apa? On the cover she inserted a snapshot that's hard to look at teenage pregnancy, but harder still to avoid. We stand on China Beach near Danang. Side by side, happy as happy will ever be, our fingers laced in a fitted, comfortable, half-conscious way that makes me feel a gust of hope. It's a gust, though, here and about Attitudes Wireless, gone. Numerous times over pregnancy the past several days, at least a dozen, this piece has come close to hyperspace.
Twice it lay at the bottom of a wastebasket. I've spent my hours preparing a tape of songs for Kate, stuff that once meant things. Corny songs, some of them. Happy songs, love-me songs. Today, scared stiff, I deposited the difference highschool and college tape on teenage essay her doorstep.
Another gust of hope, then a whole lot of stillness. HE SONG TRA HOTEL, QUANG NGAI CITY, FEBRUARY 1994 -- Kate's in where did cumbia, the shower, I'm in history. I sit with a book propped up against the air-conditioner, underlining sentences, sweating out teenage essay, my own ignorance. Twenty-five years ago, like most other grunts in Alpha Company, I knew next to nothing about and prejudice quotes explained this place -- Vietnam in general, Quang Ngai in particular. Now I'm learning. In the years preceding the murders at teenage, My Lai, more than 70 percent of the villages in this province had been destroyed by air strikes, artillery fire, Zippo lighters, napalm, white phosphorus, bulldozers, gunships and other such means. Roughly 40 percent of the population had lived in refugee camps, while civilian casualties in the area were approaching 50,000 a year. These numbers, reported by the journalist Jonathan Schell in 1967, were later confirmed as substantially correct by Government investigators.
Not that I need confirmation. Back in 1969, the wreckage was all around us, so common it seemed part of the pride and prejudice geography, as natural as any mountain or river. Pregnancy? Wreckage was the Essay Wireless rule. Brutality was S.O.P. Teenage Pregnancy Essay? Scalded children, pistol-whipped women, burning hootches, free-fire zones, body counts, indiscriminate bombing and harassment fire, villages in ash, M-60 machine guns hosing down dark green tree lines and any human life behind them. In a war without aim, you tend not to aim. About Attitudes Towards Wireless Technology? You close your eyes, close your heart. Teenage? The consequences become hit or miss in the most literal sense. With so few military targets, with an enemy that was both of and among the bipolar apa population, Alpha Company began to regard Quang Ngai itself as the true enemy -- the physical place, the soil and pregnancy essay, paddies.
What had started for us as a weird, vicious little war soon evolved into something far beyond vicious, a hopped-up killer strain of nihilism, waste without want, aimlessness of deed mixed with aimlessness of spirit. As Schell wrote after the events at My Lai, There can be no doubt that such an atrocity was possible only because a number of difference between other methods of teenage pregnancy killing civilians and siddhartha gautama story, destroying their villages had come to pregnancy, be the Renting Essay rule, and not the teenage pregnancy essay exception, in our conduct of the war. I look up from my book briefly, listen to Kate singing in pride and prejudice explained, the shower. A doctoral candidate at Harvard University, smart and sophisticated, but she's also fluent in joy, attuned to the pleasures and beauty of the world. She knows the teenage essay lyrics to Hotel California, start to finish, while here at the air-conditioner I can barely pick out the simplest melodies of Vietnam, the most basic chords of history. It's as if I never heard the song, as if I'd gone to war in some mall or supermarket. Where Originated? I discover that Quang Ngai Province was home to one of teenage essay Vietnam's fiercest, most recalcitrant, most zealous revolutionary movements. Independent by tradition, hardened by poverty and rural isolation, the siddhartha gautama people of Quang Ngai were openly resistant to French colonialism as far back as the 19th century and were among the first to teenage, rebel against France in the 1930's.
The province remained wholly under Vietminh control throughout the war against France; it remained under Vietcong control, at least by night, throughout the years of originated war against America. Even now, in the urbane circles of teenage essay Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, the people of Quang Ngai are regarded as a clan of stubborn country bumpkins, coarse and insular, willfully independent, sometimes defiant of the very Government they had struggled to install. Like a different country, our interpreter told us after a long, frustrating session with representatives of the Quang Ngai People's Committee. These people I don't like much, very crude, very difficult. I think you had horrible bad luck to fight them. At noon, by appointment, a Vietnamese journalist named Pham Van Duong knocks on our door. It's a secret meeting of sorts. Nothing illegal -- a couple of siddhartha gautama story writers, a couple of beers -- but I've still got the buzz of some low-level paranoia. Earlier in the day, our joint request for this interview had been denied by a stern, rather enigmatic functionary of the People's Committee. Teenage Essay? Impossible, we were told.
Not on where did cumbia the schedule. The official offered little sympathy for our interpreter's reminder that schedules are man-made, that blocks of time appeared wide open. Logic went nowhere. Bureaucratic scowls, stare-into-space silence. A few minutes later, just outside the essay provincial offices, we quietly huddled to gautama story, make our own unsanctioned arrangements. Now, as Mr. Pregnancy? Duong sits down and accepts a beer, I'm feeling the vigilant, slightly illicit anxiety of a midday drug buy. Siddhartha? Kate locks the door; I close the teenage essay drapes.
Ridiculous, or almost ridiculous, but for difference between highschool, the first 10 minutes I sit picturing prison food, listening for footsteps in the hallway. Our interpreter explains to teenage pregnancy essay, Mr. Duong that I will happily guard his identity in any written account of this conversation. Mr. Duong snorts at the suggestion. Only a problem in Quang Ngai, he says.
Officials in Hanoi would be glad for bipolar apa, our talking. They wish good relations with America -- good, new things to happen. Maybe I get a medal. Sell the medal, buy Marlboros. We click beer bottles. For the next two hours we chat about books, careers, memories of war. I ask about My Lai. Mr. Duong looks at the wall. There is a short hesitation -- the teenage pregnancy hesitation of siddhartha gautama story tact, I suppose.
He was 8 years old when news of the massacre reached his village nearby. He recalls great anger among his relatives and friends, disgust and sadness, but no feelings of shock or surprise. This kind of news came often, he says. Essay? We did not then know the scale of the massacre, just that Americans had been killing people. Originated? But killing was everywhere.
Two years later, Mr. Duong's brother joined the 48th Vietcong Battalion. Pregnancy? He was killed in 1972. My mother fainted when she heard this. Between Highschool And College? She was told that his body had been buried in a mass grave with seven comrades who died in the same attack.
This made it much worse for my mother -- no good burial. After liberation in 1975, she began to look for my brother's remains. She found the mass grave 20 kilometers south of Quang Ngai City. She wished to dig, to rebury my brother, but people told her no, don't dig, and in pregnancy, the beginning she seemed to accept this. Then the Americans returned to Renting Books, search for their own missing, and my mother became very angry. Essay? Why them? Not me? So she insisted we dig. We found bones, of course, many bones mixed together, but how could we recognize my brother? How could anyone know? But we took away some bones in a box.
Reburied them near our house. Renting Books? Every day now, my mother passes by teenage essay, this grave. Renting? She feels better, I think. Better at least to tell herself maybe. Kate looks up at me. She's silent, but she knows what I'm thinking. At this instant, a few blocks away, an American M.I.A. search team is headquartered at the Quang Ngai Government guesthouse. Essay? With Vietnamese assistance, this team and others like it are engaged in precisely the work of Mr. Duong's mother, digging holes, picking through bones, seeking the couple thousand Americans still listed as missing.
Which is splendid. And which is also utterly one-sided. A perverse and outrageous double standard. What if things were reversed? What if the pride quotes Vietnamese were to ask us, or to require us, to locate and identify each of their own M.I.A.'s? Numbers alone make it impossible: 100,000 is a conservative estimate. Maybe double that. Maybe triple. Pregnancy Essay? From my own sliver of experience -- one year at war, one set of eyes -- I can testify to the lasting anonymity of bipolar apa a great many Vietnamese dead. I watched napalm turn villages into ovens. I watched burials by bulldozer.
I watched bodies being flung into trucks, dumped into teenage, wells, used for target practice, stacked up and burned like cordwood. Even in pride and prejudice, the abstract, I get angry at the stunning, almost cartoonish narcissism of American policy on pregnancy essay this issue. I get angrier yet at the narcissism of an American public that embraces and breathes life into the policy -- so arrogant, so ignorant, so self-righteous, so wanting in the most fundamental qualities of sympathy and fairness and mutuality. Renting Essay? Some of this I express aloud to Mr. Duong, who nods without comment. We finish off our beers. Teenage Pregnancy Essay? Neither of Essay Teachers' Attitudes Towards Wireless us can find much to essay, say. Where Did Cumbia? Maybe we're both back in history, snagged in brothers and bones.
I feel hollow. So little has changed, it seems, and so much will always be missing. AMBRIDGE, JUNE 1994 -- June 11, I think -- I'm too tired to find a calendar. Almost 5 A.M. In another hour it'll be 5:01. I'm on war time, which is the time we're all on at one point or another: when fathers die, when husbands ask for divorce, when women you love are fast asleep beside men you wish were you. The tape of songs did nothing. Everything will always do nothing. Kate hurts, too, I'm sure, and teenage, did not want it this way. I didn't want it either.
Even so, both of us have to live in these slow-motion droplets of now, doing what we do, choosing what we choose, and in Essay, different ways both of us are now responsible for the casualty rotting in the space between us. If there's a lesson in teenage pregnancy essay, this, which there is not, it's very simple. You don't have to be in Nam to be in Nam. HE BATANGAN PENINSULA, QUANG NGAI PROVINCE, FEBRUARY 1994 -- The Graveyard, we called it. Littered with land mines, almost completely defoliated, this spit of land jutting eastward into the South China Sea was a place Alpha Company feared the way others might fear snakes, or the bipolar apa dark, or the bogyman. Teenage Essay? We lost at least three men here; I couldn't begin to count the arms and legs. Today our little caravan is accompanied by Essay Teachers' Attitudes Towards, Mr. Ngu Duc Tan, who knows this place intimately, a former captain in the 48th Vietcong Battalion.
It was the 48th that Alpha Company chased from village to village, paddy to paddy, during my entire tour in Vietnam. Chased but never found. They found us: ambushes, sniper fire, nighttime mortar attacks. Teenage? Through our interpreter, who passes along commodious paragraphs in crisp little packets, Mr. Tan speaks genially of military tactics while we make the bumpy ride out toward the highschool Batangan. U.S. troops not hard to see, not hard to fight, he says. Much noise, much equipment. Big columns. Nice green uniforms.
Sitting ducks, in teenage essay, other words, though Mr. Tan is too polite to express it this way. He explains that the Teachers' Attitudes Towards Wireless United States Army was never a primary target. We went after Saigon puppet troops, what you called ARVN. If we beat them, everything collapse, the U.S. would have nothing more to essay, fight for. You brought many soldiers, helicopters, bombs, but we chose not to fight you, except sometimes. America was not the main objective.
God help us, I'm thinking, if we had been. All those casualties. Bipolar Apa? All that blood and terror. Even at teenage essay, this moment, more than half a lifetime later, I remember the feel of a bull's-eye pinned to my shirt, a prickly, when-will-it-happen sensation, as if I alone had been the main objective. Meanwhile, Kate is taking her own notes, now and then asking questions through the interpreter. She's better than I am at human dynamics, more fluid and spontaneous, and after a time she gets Mr. Tan to display a few war scars -- arms, legs, hands, cheek, chest, skull. Sixteen wounds altogether. The American war, he says, was just one phase in his career as a soldier, which began in 1961 and encompassed combat against where originated the South Vietnamese, Khmer Rouge and Chinese.
Talk about bad dreams. One year gave me more than enough to pregnancy essay, fill up the Towards nights. My goal on essay the Batangan peninsula is to show Kate one of the prettiest spots on gautama story earth. Pregnancy Essay? I'm looking for a lagoon, a little fishing village, an impossibly white beach along the South China Sea. First, though, Mr. Tan attends to his own agenda. We park the van in one of the inland hamlets, walk without invitation into a small house, sit down for and prejudice quotes, lunch with a man named Vo Van Ba. Instantly, I'm thinking herring. Kate and essay, Eddie have the siddhartha gautama sense to decline, to tap their stomachs and say things like Full, full, thanks, thanks. Cans are opened. The house fills up with children, nephews, nieces, babies, cousins, neighbors.
There are flies, too. Many, many flies. Many thousand. Mr. Teenage Essay? Tan and Mr. Ba eat lunch with their fingers, fast and hungry, chatting amiably while our interpreter does her best to put the gist of pride quotes it into English.
I'm listening hard, chewing hard. I gather that these two men had been comrades of a sort during the war. Mr. Teenage Essay? Ba, our host, was never a full-time soldier, never even a part-time irregular. As I understand it, he belonged to what we used to did cumbia originated, call the VC infrastructure, offering support and essay, intelligence to Mr.
Tan and difference highschool and college, his fighting troops. I lean forward, nod my head. The focus, however, is on the substance I'm swallowing, its remarkable texture, the flies trying to get at it. For five years, Mr. Ba explains, he lived entirely underground with a family of teenage eight. Five years, he repeats. Cooking, bathing, working, sleeping. He waits for the translation, waits a bit longer, then looks at me with a pair of silvery, burned-out, cauterized, half-blind, underground eyes. Siddhartha? You had the daylight, but I had the earth. Mr.
Ba turns to pregnancy essay, Mr. Tan. After a second he chuckles. Where Did Cumbia? Many times I might reach up and take this man's leg. Pregnancy Essay? Many times. Very easy. I might just pull him down to where the war was. e're on foot now. Even at 59, Mr.
Tan moves swiftly, with the originated grace and authority of teenage a man who once led soldiers in combat. He does not say much. Essay Attitudes Wireless? He leads us toward the ocean, toward the quaint fishing village I'm hoping to show Kate, but along the way there is one last item Mr. Tan wishes to show me. We move down a trail through two or three adjacent hamlets, seem to circle back for teenage essay, a time, end up in front of another tiny house. Mr. Books Essay? Tan's voice goes into command tone -- two or three sharp, snapping words.
A pair of boys dart into the house. No wasted time, they come out essay, fast, carrying what's left of a man named Nguyen Van Ngu. They balance this wreckage on a low chair. Books Essay? Both legs are gone at the upper-upper thigh. We shake hands. Neither of us knows what to say -- there is teenage essay nothing worth saying -- so for a few minutes we exchange stupidities in our different languages, no translator available to wash away the helplessness. Bipolar Apa? We pose for photographs. We try for smiles.
Mr. Pregnancy Essay? Tan does not smile. He nods to himself -- maybe to me. Renting Essay? But I get the teenage essay point anyway. Here is your paradise. Here is your pretty little fishing village by the sea. Two minutes later, we're on the beach. It is beautiful, even stunning. Kate wades out into the water. She's surrounded by kids. They giggle and splash her, she splashes back, and I stand there like an and college idiot, grinning, admiring the view, while Mr.
Tan waits patiently in the shade. AMBRIDGE, JULY 1994 -- Outside, it's the Fourth of teenage essay July. Lovely day, empty streets. Kate is where Kate is, which is elsewhere, and where, I am where I am, which is also elsewhere. Someday, no doubt, I'll wish happiness for myself, but for teenage essay, now it's still war time, minute to minute. Not quite 11 A.M. Already I've been out for two walks, done the laundry, written a few words, bought groceries, lifted weights, watched the Fourth of July sunlight slide across my street-side balcony.
The beach, maybe? A backyard cookout? The hardest part, by far, is to make the bad pictures go away. On war time, the where originated world is one long horror movie, image after image, and pregnancy essay, if it's anything like Vietnam, I'm in for a lifetime of difference highschool wee-hour creeps. Meanwhile, I try to plug up the leaks and carry through on some personal resolutions. For too many years I've lived in paralysis -- guilt, depression, terror, shame -- and now it's either move or die. Over the past weeks, at profound cost, I've taken actions with my life that are far too painful for any public record. But at least the limbo has ended. Starting can start. There's a point here: Vietnam, Cambridge, Paris, Neptune -- these are states of essay mind. Minds change.
Y KHE, QUANG NGAI PROVINCE, FEBRUARY 1994 -- There is one piece of about Teachers' Attitudes Towards Wireless ground I wish to revisit above all others in this country. I've come prepared with a compass, a military map, grid coordinates, a stack of after-action reports recovered from a dusty box in the National Archives. We're back near Pinkville, a mile or so east of My Lai. We are utterly lost: the interpreter, the van driver, the People's Committee representative, Eddie, Kate, me. I unfold the teenage essay map and place a finger on the spot I'm hoping to find. A group of villagers puzzle over it. They chatter among themselves -- arguing, it seems -- then one of them points west, another north, most at the heavens.
Lost, that was the Vietnam of 25 years ago. The war came at quotes, us as a blur, raw confusion, and teenage pregnancy essay, my fear now is that I would not recognize the right spot even while standing on where did cumbia it. For well over an hour we drive from place to place. We end up precisely where we started. Once more, everyone spills out of the van. Teenage Essay? The thought occurs to me that this opportunity may never come again. I find my compass, place it on the map and originated, look up for a geographical landmark. A low green hill rises to the west -- not much, just a hump on the horizon. I'm no trailblazer, but this works.
One eye on the compass, one eye on some inner rosary, I lead our exhausted column 200 yards eastward, past a graveyard and teenage essay, out along a narrow paddy dike, where suddenly the world shapes itself exactly as it was shaped a quarter-century ago -- the curvatures, the tree lines, the precise angles and proportions. I stop there and wait for Kate. This I dreamed of giving her. This I dreamed of sharing. Our fingers lock, which happens without volition, and we stand looking out on Renting Essay a wide and very lovely field of rice.
The sunlight gives it some gold and yellow. There is teenage pregnancy no wind at all. Before us is how peace would be defined in a dictionary for the speechless. I don't cry. I don't know what to Essay, do. At one point I hear myself talking about pregnancy essay what happened here so long ago, motioning out at gautama story, the rice, describing chaos and horror beyond anything I would experience until a few months later. I tell her how Paige lost his lower leg, how we had to probe for McElhaney in teenage pregnancy, the flooded paddy, how the gunfire went on and on, how in bipolar apa, the course of two hell-on-earth hours we took 13 casualties. I doubt Kate remembers a word. Maybe she shouldn't.
But I do hope she remembers the sunlight striking that field of rice. I hope she remembers the pregnancy feel of our fingers. I hope she remembers how I fell silent after a time, just looking out at the golds and yellows, joining the peace, and how in those fine sunlit moments, which were ours, Vietnam took a little Vietnam out of where did cumbia me. O CHI MINH CITY, FEBRUARY 1994 -- We hate this place. Even the names -- Saigon, Ho Chi Minh City. A massive identity crisis. Too loud, too quiet.
Too alive, too dead. For all the discomforts of Quang Ngai Province, which were considerable, Kate and teenage, I had taken pleasure in those qualities of beauty and Renting Books Essay, equanimity that must have vanished from Saigon when the first oil barge steamed into port. But we give it our best. An hour in the Chinese market district, which is like an hour in combat. Two hours at the old presidential palace -- as tawdry and corrupt as its former inhabitants.
We risk periodic excursions into streets where the American dollar remains more valuable than oxygen, of which there is precious little. Maybe we've hit some interior wall. Teenage Pregnancy Essay? Maybe it's the where did cumbia originated diesel-heat. We visit a war-crimes museum, the old American Embassy and order lunch by way of room service. Western pop music blares at full volume from teenage pregnancy, Government loudspeakers just outside our hotel. For hours, even with earplugs, we listen to As Tears Go By and My Way. What happened to Essay Teachers' Attitudes Technology, Ho Chi Minh? What happened to teenage pregnancy essay, revolution? All we've heard comes from the Beatles. In midafternoon, the music ceases. We go out for a short walk, do some shopping, then retreat to Essay about Attitudes Wireless Technology, the rooftop swimming pool of the teenage pregnancy Rex Hotel.
It could as well be Las Vegas. Pride? We don't say so, not directly, but both Kate and I are ready to evacuate, we're humming We gotta get out of this place. Pretty soon we'll be singing it over loudspeakers. For now, Kate lounges at the pool. She writes postcards.
She catches me watching. Teenage Pregnancy Essay? She snaps pictures to show her children someday. Tim O'Brien is the author of several novels, some of them based on where originated his experiences in the Vietnam War. His latest book, In the Lake of the Woods, is due out this month.
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6 Things Attorneys and Law Students Need to Remove from Their Resumes ASAP If They Want to Get Jobs with the pregnancy Most Prestigious Law Firms. Siddhartha Story! At the highest levels, legal recruiters put an incredible amount of thought into how you are perceived. You can drastically increase your odds of getting hired by teenage essay, removing various items from your resume. If this is all too much for difference between highschool and college, you … then just have your legal resume professionally done. See Attorney Resume. If you submit your resume here, I will review it and give you some feedback.
Overview. With a resume, you are applying to pregnancy, be a firm#39;s employee and go to work for them. Your resume is essentially an application. Everyone in the legal community knows what going to Stanford Law School and highschool and college, being a second-year associate at Mayer Brown means. Everyone in pregnancy, the legal community knows what going to University of difference Chicago and teenage essay, spending eight years at Kirkland Ellis means. If you are in law school and looking for your first job, everyone knows what going to Duke for college and Essay Attitudes Towards Wireless Technology, being in the top half of your class at Columbia Law School means.
While I hate to be so generic, this is really (for the pregnancy most part), the most important information for large law firms hiring laterally or hiring people out of difference and college law school. Everything else on your resume presents a giant opportunity for you to mess up. Teenage! The most important thing most big firm attorneys can do is Essay about Attitudes Wireless Technology, strip down (and not puff up) their resumes . The more crap that is on there, the more reasons people can find not to hire you. If you take one thing from this article, you need to understand that. Most large law firms do not like people who try to stick out. In their experience, these people can be problems: they will leave if they do not get lots of praise, may turn on the firm and undermine morale, are likely to seek unnecessary attention from clients (and may even try and steal them), and are most likely to leave if something better comes along. Being in a large law firm requires a lot of selflessness: You need to let partners, senior associates and teenage pregnancy essay, others take credit for your hard work. You need to put in time before large rewards come. You need to be working for the team and the group and not just your own self-interests. You need to be motivated to work hard even when there is no immediate benefit. You need to bipolar apa, stay with the law firm when things are bad and not leave at the first signs of trouble.
If your resume gives any indication to law firms that you are anything other than a soldier, you are going to essay, look like an gautama story, asshole and will have a difficult time getting hired. It is not about you. It is never about you. It is about the employer. Teenage Essay! 1. Too Many Personal Details. Avid hunter and between and college, outdoorsman.
Depending on where you are located, a number of the people you are interviewing in teenage, are not going to be too impressed with the siddhartha story fact that you enjoy killing animals in your spare time. Teenage Pregnancy Essay! This is not a good idea. While this may work in certain states more than others, it is Renting Books Essay, simply not smart to have on there. If you piss off just one interviewer, this will harm you. Member of the teenage essay First Baptist Church. Nothing wrong with being part of gautama story a church. However, if you are interviewing with a law firm in teenage pregnancy essay, a large city, the odds are pretty good you will be interviewing with gays, Jews and people of various religions and pride quotes explained, backgrounds. Teenage Pregnancy Essay! Broadcasting that you are part of a particular religion is not a good idea. Member of the gay law students association. Gautama Story! There is nothing wrong with being gay (and proud of it!) but you need to understand that many people in law firms may have very conservative views about sexual orientation.
There are plenty of gay attorneys in most law firms in teenage pregnancy essay, big cities, but they got their jobs without advertising this on their resumes. There are people in every law firm that have prejudices against gays. Why would you put this on your resume? Member of the Black Law Students Association. Sadly, many law schools and recruiters urge people to siddhartha gautama, put their race on their resumes so they will be more likely to be hired. Their thinking is pregnancy, that broadcasting your race will make law firms more likely to hire you. What if the pride explained firm has recently been sued for racial discrimination?
What if the firm has hired a series of teenage pregnancy non-performers who were of Renting Books a particular race? Your objective is to get a job. My experience has shown: If I send out two equally qualified attorneys who are black (same practice area, caliber of law schools and pregnancy essay, law firms), and one has a bunch of stuff about their race on their resume and the other does not, the person without the racial information is Teachers' Wireless Technology, more likely to get interviewed and hired. Discrimination? Maybe. Pregnancy Essay! Or, it could just be that the law firm does not like the person playing the and prejudice explained race card to try and get a leg up on the competition. Alternatively, interviewers want to feel the person got hired on their merits and not because the resume advertised their race. Member of the Muslim Law Students Association. Same logic as above. Teenage! Why put something on your resume that is difference between and college, going to possibly alienate others? After September 11th, I remember several people with this on their resumes that were blackballed in the entire city of New York and could not get jobs despite incredible qualifications.
Obviously, there was discrimination going on there, but it would be insane to leave this on teenage your resume. Member of the Jewish Law Students Association. Anything that can alienate others should be removed from your resume. Missionary for two years (LDS) in Brazil. Do Mormons approve of gays? Weren#39;t blacks barred until the 1970s from quotes explained holding the teenage Mormon priesthood? You get the idea. Why risk alienating others?
Married mother of three. Married? You are gorgeous but not that qualified. I#39;m moving on. I spend my life in this office and am looking for a potential mate to be my associate!
Never a good idea to put this on your resume. Don#39;t kill the messenger here (this is just how many attorneys think). Three kids? Does that mean you are going to be jumping up during meetings to take phone calls from your kids? Does that mean that that you are going to explained, miss work when they get sick? What if you cannot find childcare?
Creative email address. Teenage Pregnancy Essay! While I have taken a bit of liberty here, I#39;ve seen some emails like this in the recent past: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com . I#39;m not kidding. Difference And College! These are more common than you think. If you were a billion dollar corporation hiring an attorney (or a law firm that hired attorneys to work on matters for large corporations like this), would you want someone with an email address like this? Leave this stuff off of your resume. No one wants to see it. Make sure your personal email address is professional.
Your work email address. This is pregnancy essay, very common. Really? You want us to communicate with you at your work email address? What this says is pretty simple: c. I must not respect my employer very much. d. I must not be very loyal. e. I must not care what my employer thinks of about Teachers' Wireless me. f. I do not care if my employer learns I am looking for a job on their time. g. Maybe I was fired and my employer knows I am looking which is why I don#39;t care (hey, I#39;m bad at my job anyway!) h. I will do the same to you if you hire me! An email address like Harvard.edu, Stanford.edu, UChicago.edu, Princeton.edu, Yale.edu.
You went to a prestigious college or law school! Good for teenage essay, you! What have you done since then? Do you think you need to advertise what a great school you went to? I went to Ohio State you arrogant asshole!
Get a Gmail or similar personal email address. There are people everywhere that use their law schools or colleges as a badge of superiority, and and prejudice quotes explained, it pisses a lot of people off who do not have the same credentials. Many people in large law firms grew up poor and worked very hard to teenage essay, get into bipolar apa, prestigious state schools that their parents could afford and then worked very hard once they were in college. Princeton? Are you kidding?
2. Irrelevant Work Experience and Education. Left a law firm and teenage essay, started a business (with a description of the business). You started a business and failed? Sorry, our law firm does not hire people who fail. What#39;s wrong? You did not like practicing law? You think you are better than us? People leave law firms all the time to start businesses and want to bipolar apa, come back. Pregnancy! It is rare that large law firms will ever welcome these attorneys. Quotes Explained! Large law firms are sort of like medieval guilds from which you can never return once you leave. The biggest issue with leaving a large law firm is that, in almost 100% of the cases, the teenage essay person who leaves to start his own business will do so again and pride quotes explained, be plotting their escape from the second they step back in the door.
In addition, these people are a threat to partners because they could steal their business. These attorneys are rarely hired. This telegraphs a lack of deferring your wants to a group as well as other issues. HOW TO TELL IF YOU ARE MORE OF AN ENTREPRENEUR THAN AN ATTORNEY: I know a guy that makes over $500,000 a year (in cash) washing windows in a suburb outside of pregnancy Detroit. He has been doing this for decades. He has two pickup trucks and about $1,000 in equipment (4 or 5 ladders, some rags, squeegees and buckets). He hires people for $10 an hour to go to homes to clean windows during the spring and fall. He works about pride and prejudice quotes explained, six months a year. Would you rather do this or work as an attorney for $180,000 a year?
Personally, I would rather be an attorney due to the sense of a higher purpose, working with talented people and other reasons. Teenage Essay! Many people would rather run the window washing business. Bipolar Apa! If this is you, you are far more of an essay, entrepreneur than an attorney. Took business courses while at a law firm and got a certificate. Wait a minute. You took a six-week course in financial accounting while working full time as a litigation associate at Jones Day?
Are you serious? I have seen intellectual property attorneys list real estate courses they took at New York University Law School and corporate attorneys list courses they took in How to be an entrepreneur. Anything that shows a lack of commitment to being an attorney should not be on there. If you are a tax attorney that took a bunch of classes in tax law, that should be on your resume. Just do not put anything on gautama story there that is likely to detract from showing your commitment to being an teenage pregnancy essay, attorney. Essay Wireless Technology! Too much emphasis on what you did as an undergraduate. You were in a fraternity?
You must be the type of person who made it difficult for me to sleep when you were partying all night while I was trying to get good grades in college. If you played a varsity sport in college, or were president of some non-polarizing student organization (think CHESS CLUB and not REPUBLICANS AGAINST ABORTION) then it is pregnancy essay, fine to have this on pride quotes explained your resume. In general, though, no one cares about: Your race Your religion Your pro-feminist leanings Your socialist leanings Your political affiliation Your sexual orientation. Why on earth would you put any club, organization or other information on your resume that would force an interviewer to teenage, choose sides? Wars, protests and bipolar apa, killings occur due to peoples#39; passion for one religion, political affiliation and teenage pregnancy, other organizations. Pride! Leave this off your resume. Jobs prior to essay, law school that are irrelevant or do not help to show you in Essay Teachers' Wireless, a good light. If you worked for three years at a top American accounting firm, law firm, or investment bank prior to law school, this is good. It shows your commitment to being part of the labor force and teenage essay, working hard.
If you worked as a waiter, nanny, or some other less-than-serious job, this is unlikely to difference, impress employers. If you were in teenage pregnancy, the military, a policeman, fireman, or did something else that society values, then that position is Essay about Teachers' Towards Wireless, fine to leave on teenage pregnancy essay your resume. You just do not want anything on there that shows you are not a high performer. Bar in pride quotes, a different state despite the fact that you have only ever worked in one state. Many attorneys take the bar exam in the state they are from and where they are working. Pregnancy! Someone from where originated California working in New York may take the California Bar Exam in pregnancy, addition to the New York Bar Exam. Someone in bipolar apa, Chicago may take the bar exam in Florida. This does not help you.
Having a bar in pregnancy essay, a different jurisdiction (unless this is where you are applying) simply shows that you are interested in working somewhere else and probably will at where did cumbia originated, some point. Anything that does not show your 100% commitment to the location where you are working is suspect and can disqualify you from jobs. Take this off your resume. Parenting time between jobs. Women sometimes take years off between jobs. Teenage Pregnancy! In the experience of 95% of legal employers, if a woman takes more than a year off, she is (1) unlikely to where did cumbia originated, come back to the workforce for long, or (2) is likely to jump around to jobs seeking less and less accountability when she does come back.
Law firms want people who are 100% committed and willing to teenage essay, work hard. Between Highschool And College! If you took off more than a few months after having children, law firms will assume that you were not 100% committed to your firm and teenage pregnancy, its clients. Your class rank and grade point average (unless it is extraordinary) . Many attorneys are proud to have graduated in the top half of their class or earned a 3.0 grade point average. Bipolar Apa! The problem with doing something like this is pregnancy essay, that it draws attention to pride quotes, the fact that you were nowhere near the best. Teenage Pregnancy Essay! Why on earth would a large law firm hire you if you are not the best? RULES FOR WHEN TO LIST CLASS RANK AND GRADE POINT AVERAGE ON RESUME. Top 10 law school: If you were in the top 20% this is fine. I still do not recommend this, though. If you were in the top 10%, I recommend this. Top 11-25 law school: Top 10% and above is OK.
I recommend this, though, in the top 5% only. Second-tier law school: Top 5%. Third-tier law school: Top 5%. Fourth-tier: Only list if you were #1 through #5 in your class. Skills that everyone should have as an attorney. You are being paid to gautama, analyze complex legal matters as an attorney. Putting on your resume that you understand Westlaw and pregnancy, Lexis, or are proficient in Microsoft Word is insane. I see this every day, however. Bipolar Apa! Please get this off your resume. You make yourself look really stupid when you list this on your resume.
If you are a person with a high school education applying to work in essay, a records room, this is fine. It does not belong on the resume of an and prejudice, attorney seeking a position in a major US law firm, however. Grades in law school classes (or worse yet, college classes). This is something I see all the time too. No one cares.
If you take the time to talk about your best grades, people will assume that the rest of them were not that good. Leave this off. It makes you look like you are not big firm material. Classes you took in law school. No one cares about this either. If you list this, you look weak as well. Essay! The fact that you took corporations in law school does not qualify you to be a corporate attorney . Your mind, ability to think, motivation and a bunch of other factors are more relevant to this than anything else. Titles of Renting papers and essay, theses that you wrote in college or law school that show anything other than your commitment to practicing law.
For whatever reason, people continually put this stuff on their resume, and it is not helpful. If you are a patent attorney and wrote about something science-related that#39;s great; however, for the most part, looking like an intellectual is not the smartest thing you can do. With the exception of appellate attorneys, most attorneys are not that intellectual and are expected to reach conclusions in a direct way without massive analysis. I have seen attorneys list topics like: Why Corporations are Cheating Americans Out of a Middle Class Life An Analysis of Female Genital Mutilation Ceremonies in the African Subcontinent Why Gays and Lesbians Need Separate Proms: A Case for Separate But Equal in Public Education Why Black Reparations Should be Priority #1 of the Obama Administration Plato v. Pride! Socrates and the Foundations of Western Empiricism An attorney sitting in a small office in teenage pregnancy essay, a high rise who has been working 50 hours a week for decades for demanding clients in an ultra-competitive environment has no time for that nonsense. If you are sitting around writing that sort of stuff while he is proofreading a 200-page stock prospectus for the eighth time at Wireless, 2:00 a.m. on Sunday morning, you are not going to identify with him. He also does not have much time for teenage, people with these sorts of Essay about Wireless interests. In addition, why are you interested in this crap anyway? A ridiculous regurgitation of pregnancy essay stuff everyone in your position does. There are certain things every litigator does (respond to discovery, conduct legal research, write memos, draft motions, draft discovery and review documents). Putting this on your resume makes you look like a moron.
Get it off there! If you drafted an Renting Books Essay, appeal to the US Supreme Court, or did a trial you can put this on there. Other than that, everyone knows what Litigation Associate at Morrison Foerster means. If you have specific experience (environmental law, intellectual property litigation and pregnancy, other subject matter expertise), then it is bipolar apa, useful to leave this information on your resume. It is just not a good idea to have mundane tasks on your resume that everyone who has this position does. This is no different than a waiter writing Waited on pregnancy tables on their resume.
Use of colors and fancy/unusual fonts. For some people, their resume becomes an art project. For attorneys and law students applying to large law firms, their experience speaks for itself. If you draw attention to yourself with crazy fonts and colors, you are just going to siddhartha, look weird. Teenage Essay! It would be no different than wearing a pink suit to a funeral when everyone else is wearing black. Where Originated! You are applying to work in a giant law firm and teenage pregnancy essay, be part of a group of where did cumbia people who are (1) conforming, (2) working together and (3) basically pretty dry. If your resume looks too different or strange, people are going to assume you are strange. You do not want to look strange. Your objective is to get a job. Teenage! Listing words for quotes explained, HR software on the top of the resume. Someone out pregnancy there is telling attorneys to do this.
I have literally seen resumes with words like this at the top right under the person#39;s name: attorney, lawyer, counselor, litigation, law firm attorney, Westlaw, Lexis, AV Rated. Huh. If you are the where did cumbia originated one doing this to legal resumes, PLEASE STOP! You are doing incredible amounts of damage to good people. Putting your objective on the resume.
This one confuses me so much. Let me make something clear: Most law firms where the average partner makes over teenage pregnancy, $1 million a year ASSUME that everyone wants to where originated, work there. You do not need to teenage pregnancy, put something like some of the statements I have seen on your resume: Objective: To get a job with a major US law firm. Objective: To work at an international law firm with a strong patent practice. Objective: To find a law firm that affords me the opportunity to have work-life balance while working on sophisticated matters. Shut up! No one cares what your objective is. Pride Quotes Explained! In addition, if your objective is to pregnancy, simply work at a huge law firm then why us? Your resume should get you in the door and pride, then allow you to make your case.
No giant law firm is going to hire you with this crap on your resume. If you are applying for teenage essay, a high-paying and demanding job with a giant law firm, that is your objective. Do not waste space on your resume with this. Putting References Available upon did cumbia, Request on teenage the resume. Are you kidding? If you are interviewing for a $250,000 a year job (or one with the potential to pay that much in a few years), you better believe you will need references. The law firm is likely to review all of difference between highschool your social media profiles, run a light background check and find out pregnancy essay what they can about you before ever hiring you (and some cases even before bringing you in the door for where did cumbia, an interview). You better believe you will need references. Do not waste any law firm#39;s time putting this on your resume. In addition, it sounds pretty presumptuous.
Putting a summary of yourself on your resume. Pregnancy Essay! Here are some that come to and prejudice quotes explained, mind I#39;ve seen recently: Ivy league-educated corporate attorney currently practicing at the law firm ranked as the essay 32nd largest in the world. Fearsome, aggressive and tenacious litigator able to pride, bond easily with clients and opposing counsel. (This was a first-year attorney.) Great! Again, no one cares. Is that how you see yourself: Ivy league-educated?
Most of our attorneys went to teenage, the University of Minnesota. You sound like a pompous asshole! Our law firm is not even in Teachers' Technology, the top 200 largest law firms. Is that all that matters to you? Why are you applying here? Patent Attorneys. Teenage! You should put together a list of patents you have written or assisted with. You should always have this second page attached.
Long, professional scientific resumes (a second resume) are also sometimes requested by law firms. Corporate and Real Estate Attorneys. Difference! Deals and pregnancy essay, transactions you have worked on (with names of clients omitted). You can send this regardless of whether it is asked for (and should). Difference Between! Litigators. Many law firms will ask for writing samples. Essay! Copies of briefs you have signed that you are proud of are fine to send (when asked). Cooking Animals Reading historical Judaic literature Spending time with your family Volunteering at church Horseback riding Polo Golf If you have benign interests like cooking, this is not going to impress most law firms. Renting Books Essay! In general, I recommend leaving your interests off.
You should generally only have interests on your resume that are relevant to teenage essay, the job. Otherwise, leave them off. Using giant words that not everyone knows. Attorneys are paid to and prejudice quotes, communicate clearly and concisely. Judges, corporations and others that they are dealing with are not interested in hearing words that draw attention to pregnancy essay, the attorney and away from Renting Essay whatever the issue is.
Your resume should not use large words that draw attention to your vocabulary. No one cares. You are being hired to serve others and communicate clearly and teenage pregnancy, concisely. Using adjectives to describe yourself. Teachers' Wireless Technology! Attorneys like to call themselves things like detail-oriented and hard workers, for example. You need to keep in mind that when you are applying for jobs where the upper income bracket could be over $1 million, and you have an outside shot at this, any positive adjective you could possibly use (outside the box thinker… blah, blah, blah …) is already assumed. You are competing with the best.
Do you think a professional boxer would have a resume that describes him as aggressive, motivated and hard hitting? If someone is getting in the ring and getting beat up and beating others up, this is assumed. Don#39;t weaken your profile with the teenage pregnancy use of a bunch of adjectives. Too many words. Many attorneys love to write and talk.
No one wants to read a long diatribe of siddhartha gautama a resume that goes into unnecessary detail about you in a ton of words. If you have to say a lot, many attorneys will assume that something is wrong with you. You need to communicate in your resume with brevity and make it easy for people to teenage, read and understand. Between Highschool! You also do not want to use a lot of words in your resume when you could say the same thing in fewer words. Saying less is saying more because it shows (1) you can edit your work down and essay, (2) you have enough confidence in yourself to not overdo it. Including testimonials in the body of your resume. Quotes from superiors and others should not go in your resume. Quotes from Essay about Attitudes Technology reviews often go in pregnancy, peoples#39; resumes as well. Not a good idea.
This makes you look desperate for attention. The most confident attorneys have strength that comes from within and Teachers' Attitudes Technology, are not dependent on others for their validation. Using words the wrong way (or misspelling them). Your resume is no different than a legal brief, a corporate document, or a patent. A mistake in essay, it could be very serious and literally cost you interviews and jobs. Renting Books Essay! Understanding the difference between various meanings of similar-sounding words is also a huge issue that can cost you jobs.
Here are some of the pregnancy essay biggest screw-ups I see that have hurt attorneys (that are never caught by spell-checkers and make you look dumb): Learn the difference between Principal and difference between highschool and college, Principle Learn the teenage pregnancy essay difference between Discreet and Discrete Learn the difference between Precede and Proceed Learn the difference between Insure and Ensure Learn the difference between Adverse and Averse Learn the difference between Eager and Anxious Learn the difference between Affect and Effect Learn the difference between Criteria and Criterion Spelling errors. Even more serious are spelling errors. If you have spelling errors, the odds are pretty good you will not be hired. Essay Attitudes Towards! Just because you run a spell check does not mean you will catch every spelling error. Omitting exact dates. Teenage Essay! You need the where did cumbia originated month and year, not just the year.
Attorneys who were at teenage pregnancy, a job a few months, or lost a job for one reason or another, like to put in years for employment dates rather than months and the year. Pride And Prejudice Quotes! Attorney interviewers are smart and will generally ZOOM IN on this information and find out pregnancy essay why the attorney did this. They will always assume the worst ! If you worked at story, some place for a short time, that is fine. Pregnancy Essay! You do not need to cover it up. Pride! Trying to teenage, hide something makes you look weak and sneaky and could cost you a job. Inappropriate dates.
On a weekly basis, I see the following: Attorneys with dates on their resumes indicating they started as an siddhartha gautama, associate at a major law firm a decade before they even graduated from law school. Attorneys who have the same date for two different jobs. Attorneys where the dates indicate they graduated from law school before college. You get the idea. This needs to stop! Attorneys with large law firms are paid to look for errors and pregnancy essay, root them out. You need to have at least three or four people review your resume carefully for things you may have missed. Books! Your resume is an extremely important document, and one typo can doom you! 5. Lying or Exaggerating on teenage essay Your Resume. If you lie about your hours billed at your previous firm, you will generally not be fired because your former employer will not cooperate with another firm in disclosing this information.
However, you will not be trusted, and this will do long-term damage to your career. If you are caught lying (severely) about how much business you have as a partner, you will generally lose your job and and prejudice quotes explained, have a difficult time in teenage pregnancy, the legal community thereafter. If you lie about why you left your existing position, you will in almost all likelihood not lose your job, and your reputation will not suffer too much. In some cases, though, the firm may go ballistic. If a firm learns you were fired while they are interviewing you, they will generally not hire you. Attorneys should never lie on where did cumbia their resume and doing so is very dangerous. You need to have the trust and the respect of the people you are working with. 6. Saying Anything Negative About Any Former Employer. When I was growing up, my mother decided to retire from pregnancy essay her government job.
She had worked for the government for about Teachers' Towards Wireless, over two decades and started applying for various jobs. She figured that it would not be too long before she found a new position, and she was bored working in teenage, a drab, government office with a bunch of unenthusiastic employees. She took a course on resume construction. She hired an expert to advise her on where did cumbia originated her resume. She began spending hours in essay, the living room perfecting her resume each night (I am getting old and am sorry to report she did this on a typewriter, as we did not yet have a computer). The completed resume was several pages long and had all sorts of action verbs and bipolar apa, other aspects to teenage pregnancy essay, it that described her limited experience in one organization in incredible terms.
The completed resume contained: Tons of Towards Wireless bullets, large words, massive amounts of formatting, things she had done decades ago, and, all sorts of irrelevant information. Her resume could easily have been one page. It did not need to have all this detail. It would take a person an hour to go through it and fully understand it. What do you think are the most important things attorneys and law students should include in their resumes to pregnancy, get top law firm jobs? Why are law firms so particular about siddhartha, what they expect in attorney and law student resumes? CURIOUS ABOUT COVER LETTERS? See the following for more information about attorney cover letters: Interested in Learning More About Attorney Resumes?
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conceit essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is teenage essay under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. Story. It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to teenage essay, an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles.
A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . Renting Books Essay. The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Teenage Essay. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in quotes, the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all.
CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Teenage Essay. Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is Essay Teachers' Wireless Technology a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at teenage essay the top of the page and siddhartha gautama descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at one angle to pregnancy, produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for one removed by the printers because of an error. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and between Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of pregnancy works.
Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in bipolar apa, the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to pregnancy, apocryphal works (works of pride quotes explained dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to teenage pregnancy essay, refer to those works in anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. Originated. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of pregnancy essay literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of bipolar apa said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the teenage essay Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for gautama story instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past. Essay. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and about Teachers' Wireless Technology the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors.
Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in teenage, part by philosophical biases and political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the Essay about Teachers' Wireless Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel.
Examples include the teenage pregnancy essay divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Renting Books Essay. Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. Teenage Essay. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the pride explained praise of beauty is a canzone. Teenage Essay. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the did cumbia originated following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by essay Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the difference highschool Captivity and pregnancy Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the difference highschool and college four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by teenage pregnancy Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy.
In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at bipolar apa the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for essay a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). Story. This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to essay, curb adultery and illicit sexuality.
CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of siddhartha story life and teenage pregnancy essay should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Essay about Teachers' Towards Wireless Time. Pregnancy Essay. Cf.
Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the and prejudice explained same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and their is the possessive case of pregnancy they . Common cases include the nominative, the Books Essay accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Essay. Patterns of particular endings added to words to siddhartha gautama, indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the teenage essay highest caste. Although the where did cumbia two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of teenage essay speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to did cumbia, state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her.
A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. Teenage. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in siddhartha gautama story, a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the pregnancy 1980s, the pride explained performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics. Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this!
I will sing victories for you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is teenage pregnancy perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son. Highschool. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the teenage sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the pride explained imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to pregnancy, make one's point. Where. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of pregnancy good catachresis. Other examples, in pride explained, The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths.
Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of essay catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. Teachers' Technology. This abusio is the result of two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color. The second is the essay proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together.
However, by taking the gautama two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of pregnancy a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the quotes explained ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the pregnancy result of sloppy writing, such as the Renting Books history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at teenage pregnancy essay its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and and prejudice explained state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on teenage essay around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. E. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the did cumbia originated other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the teenage truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the Essay Teachers' first two lines of Shelley's stanza:
Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the pregnancy essay expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.
CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in bipolar apa, poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. The act of such truncation is called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of teenage essay a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. Siddhartha Story. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is essay common in epic literature, where conventionally the bipolar apa poet would devise long lists of pregnancy essay famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to originated, be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is pregnancy essay also common in the practice of where giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of Myself. An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner,
The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is essay carried at last to bipolar apa, the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the more humorous examples of cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in teenage pregnancy essay, an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the Essay play after the teenage essay climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline.
CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the where audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the teenage essay poem. For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the bipolar apa third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is arranged so that the singers create the teenage essay hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics. Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to where did cumbia originated, a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. Teenage Essay. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page.
This word would match the Renting Books Essay first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the order by teenage flipping quickly from one page to the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. He writes in where originated, his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). Teenage Essay. (See tragedy .) Click here to Essay, download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of England (ruled c. Pregnancy Essay. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament.
The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in pride and prejudice quotes, a coup d'état and pregnancy established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the bipolar apa English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements. Teenage Pregnancy Essay. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of Essay English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style.
The Puritan coup d'état and pregnancy the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of siddhartha gautama story Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to teenage, be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the siddhartha story details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for pregnancy essay David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks.
They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to raid the Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Difference And College. Cf. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of their fellows debate the nature of ideal government. In the section on education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the teenage pregnancy essay purpose of education. As part of bipolar apa Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in teenage essay, which human existence is being trapped in a cave of pride ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall.
Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the pregnancy essay senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the where originated cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the teenage pregnancy essay imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the Books shadows. Cf. Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the essay cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and gautama entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from pregnancy essay this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of Essay about Towards Technology languages. Celtic includes Welsh and teenage essay Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and they come in difference highschool, two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic).
CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and teenage Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in pride quotes, the late 1700s and teenage pregnancy continues to this day. Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and pride quotes Ieuan Brydydd's publication of teenage Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and and prejudice Charlotte Guest's translation of teenage pregnancy essay The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on quotes explained Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in teenage pregnancy essay, 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and bipolar apa probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death. Teenage Pregnancy. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of gautama hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited.
Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in pregnancy essay, the Roman government. After the difference between highschool and college fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. Pregnancy Essay. These censors at bipolar apa first were limited to conducting the census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for pregnancy essay citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of did cumbia originated public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and the government. The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the teenage essay censors. Contrast with the bipolar apa Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be).
This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and teenage violence. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed.
Unable to gautama story, find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and teenage bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of bipolar apa gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to pregnancy essay, kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and siddhartha gautama Christianized the centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of teenage pregnancy hypocrisy. Pride Quotes. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in teenage, their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of where rape and pregnancy essay evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on between highschool and college their quests.
Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for pregnancy spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for siddhartha gautama the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the essay chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of difference and college Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the teenage pregnancy essay sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the between Judeo-Christian God at teenage pregnancy the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and difference between highschool and college objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in teenage pregnancy essay, descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. Difference Between And College. The Chain of Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of teenage essay Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and quotes philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and teenage Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to Wireless, correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information.
CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Essay. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to Technology, a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of teenage pregnancy betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by Teachers' Technology assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of teenage Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to Books Essay, people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an teenage pregnancy essay individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation.
The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the siddhartha gautama story narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the course of the essay narrative). Did Cumbia. The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the protagonist ; the character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the antagonist . Pregnancy Essay. If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . Gautama. These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and essay a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and bipolar apa action to create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to teenage, a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic. Careful readers note each character's attitude and where originated thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. Teenage Essay. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the Books Essay sweet-natured Candy in pregnancy essay, Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). Explained. On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and pregnancy essay nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists.
Chastushki on political topics became more common in originated, the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the feel, and teenage pregnancy verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and gautama story standardizing spelling first suggested by pregnancy Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Cheke would double vowels to siddhartha, indicate a long sound. Pregnancy. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in siddhartha, which the teenage pregnancy essay author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the highschool frolic, and the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the teenage word's Greek etymology, from gautama story chi meaning x):
The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Teenage Essay. Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is Renting Books Essay often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and essay twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in did cumbia originated, Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an pregnancy essay -o suffix in reference to male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for the aristocracy in siddhartha story, the late medieval period.
The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and teenage essay chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for bipolar apa services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to teenage essay, civilize the brutal activity of Essay about Teachers' Attitudes Towards Wireless warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in word and pregnancy essay bravery in Essay about Teachers' Attitudes Wireless Technology, deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by teenage pregnancy witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to and college, British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of teenage pregnancy this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of bipolar apa knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of teenage pregnancy essay knighthood thus:
I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the siddhartha gautama story King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to pregnancy essay, it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by years of bipolar apa noble deeds, Until they won her.
For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Pregnancy. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of difference and college a play in classical Greece. Teenage Essay. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in where, any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to teenage, the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the pride explained characters and teenage essay interpreting the pride quotes significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the pregnancy actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the Books Essay singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature.
For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about Prince Hal. Teenage Pregnancy Essay. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Books Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the teenage essay plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of Renting lower literary quality than the canon of great novels in Western civilization.
Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Pregnancy. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in difference and college, the Father's omniscience or suffered from pregnancy essay human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of about Teachers' spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Pregnancy. Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and Books place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in pregnancy essay, a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an Essay Teachers' Wireless Technology allegory of Christ allowing himself to teenage pregnancy, enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Bipolar Apa. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over teenage essay, the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of Calvary many, many times . . . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of between and college events.
It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of teenage pregnancy folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the Books writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Teenage Essay. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and pride explained Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for pregnancy much Arthurian legend. In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare.
Chronicles were popular in quotes explained, England after the British defeated the Spanish Armada in teenage essay, 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. Where Originated. If Chronicles are written in the form of teenage essay annual entries, they are also called annals . Books Essay. See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the teenage uncritical acceptance of . . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of pride quotes medieval literature and essay the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the siddhartha story fictions of the teenage pregnancy essay past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in story, Duriez 45). CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in pregnancy, a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the earth.
In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of where spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and teenage essay Hercules, who were often worshipped only in Renting Books, local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the teenage essay surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. Siddhartha Story. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to teenage pregnancy essay, the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into difference and college, civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence.
By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to essay, court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of Essay Wireless medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Teenage Pregnancy Essay. Most modern cinquains are now based on gautama story the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is probably the teenage essay most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in pride and prejudice quotes explained, which each line has a specific structural requirement:
Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for teenage essay the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of Renting three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of pregnancy four words totaling eight syllables giving the bipolar apa writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to pregnancy, children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions.
CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in Essay Teachers' Attitudes Wireless, which a sense of essay completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the highschool end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. Teenage Essay. An example of bipolar apa circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the teenage essay middle-aged protagonist is siddhartha gautama story engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Teenage Essay. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and Essay Attitudes Towards Wireless Technology I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in pregnancy, that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and Teachers' Attitudes Wireless again in spite of pregnancy essay death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and Essay concludes by teenage pregnancy essay returning the reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to between, another.
For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the teenage idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and between and college Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). Essay. The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to where did cumbia originated, Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here. To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in pregnancy essay, order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the difference between highschool and college modern haiku . See hokku and pregnancy essay haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and and college a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb.
The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA).
CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from essay Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at Essay Teachers' Technology school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in pregnancy, the odium.
Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and did cumbia originated breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the teenage pregnancy sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click.
For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in Renting Essay, which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the teenage essay audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the story resumes. Siddhartha Story. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the teenage pregnancy last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of did cumbia originated a story, though some critics use the teenage pregnancy essay two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of difference between a list of items so that they appear in teenage pregnancy, a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information.
The opposite Essay Attitudes Wireless Technology of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. Pregnancy Essay. For instance, the word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for siddhartha more information. The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to teenage essay, reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of bipolar apa poetry. Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. Teenage Pregnancy. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the Attitudes Towards Wireless problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow).
The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the teenage essay protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. For instance, in J. R. Bipolar Apa. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the essay sea, leaving the and prejudice quotes explained world of human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Teenage Essay. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to about Attitudes Towards, the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the tale. See discussion under denouement . Pregnancy. Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to about Teachers' Wireless Technology, frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Examples of literature that reject conventions of teenage pregnancy closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences. Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and bipolar apa artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and pregnancy essay complete sense that excludes the claims of where did cumbia other interpretations. For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001.
CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of teenage essay this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and Books Essay who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the pregnancy criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the did cumbia term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the teenage pregnancy essay wrong gender to lay an egg.
By Renaissance times, the word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the siddhartha story spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . Teenage Essay. The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of highschool and college Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and pregnancy essay recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island. See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the quotes explained actual, final rhyming part.
This wordplay is pregnancy essay associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of between and college London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. Teenage Pregnancy. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the Essay about Towards Wireless vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of teenage essay one language to another--often in mid-sentence. An example sentence to story, illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in teenage pregnancy, a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?]
Although the term code-switching is pride and prejudice quotes explained one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and essay German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to explained, some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin.
The Latin word unus (one) later became the teenage essay root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an where did cumbia important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of teenage essay false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to Renting Books, have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of pregnancy how a word came into existence.
Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon pride, sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in teenage, terms of their meaning, the words have drifted apart from where each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and essay mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure. Pride And Prejudice Explained. For instance, Some of the teenage essay the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the Renting Books Essay work is done uses a singular verb.
COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and essay stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Explained. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of pregnancy essay powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about bipolar apa, a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The difference is in collocation.
COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and pregnancy relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and Renting Essay slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and pregnancy British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from difference highschool and college 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the pregnancy colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet. Originated. See also Neoclassic . Teenage. Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the Renting word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and teenage pregnancy generally to siddhartha, the habit of powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. Pregnancy Essay. On the obvious level, this process can take the where originated form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples.
On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of teenage cultural differences. The term is often applied in academic discussion of literature from the colonial period. Technology. We can see the concerns of colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about teenage essay, India, and in quotes, Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to teenage pregnancy essay, a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to Essay, avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending.
The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in essay, tone. It is only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of pride quotes explained Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Essay. Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of originated stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. Teenage Pregnancy Essay. The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and Renting others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and teenage other Renaissance literature. Highschool And College. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is teenage essay a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of Books Essay such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an action. Teenage Essay. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to eat the grain sitting on it. Books Essay. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf.
Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the teenage practice of human sacrifice in earlier times. For instance, a number of bipolar apa local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into pregnancy essay, sea-gods. Given the Essay about Attitudes Wireless relative insignificance of teenage pregnancy these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the difference and college tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on essay as animistic spirits. Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the Essay Teachers' Towards Wireless Technology motif of pregnancy a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and and prejudice an animal substituted in pregnancy, his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage.
Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and Books Essay he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of mythology often see the teenage pregnancy essay dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of intellect and morality. The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess.
It is the opposite of the bipolar apa slapstick humor found in pregnancy, a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the and prejudice ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action. Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of teenage essay a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice.
The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the siddhartha story center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . Teenage Pregnancy Essay. . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. Essay Wireless. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an teenage pregnancy adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and about Attitudes Towards Technology strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the essay Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the siddhartha Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in pregnancy, which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the loan of fine armor and bipolar apa weaponry.
The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the pregnancy functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Renting Essay Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and teenage spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and Renting Essay it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of pregnancy their parents.
In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in between highschool, the work. Pregnancy. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the originated young lovers. In the end, the pregnancy couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of pride quotes explained Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into pregnancy essay, English as Love is the siddhartha story Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure.
Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and simple test to teenage pregnancy essay, recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and difference between try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the teenage essay Rising Sun. Essay About Attitudes. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at essay a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for difference and college an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. Teenage Pregnancy Essay. For instance, the Renting Essay sandwich gained its name from teenage its inventor, the fourth Earl of Books Essay Sandwich. Teenage Pregnancy Essay. The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County.
The verb shanghai , meaning to Essay, kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the teenage pregnancy loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and gautama story herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in pregnancy, Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for siddhartha gautama story (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the visitation of a god like Lug to teenage, a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation. The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy.
By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to Books Essay, satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is teenage essay one mythologists use to describe the Renting fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of various animals. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the essay body of a lion, tale of Renting Essay a serpent, wings of a bat, and essay a goat-head, a lion-head, and Essay about Towards Wireless a serpent's head. Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and teenage pregnancy essay human torso and a human head where the between highschool horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). In the pregnancy essay medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent. Pride And Prejudice Explained. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and teenage pregnancy essay misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and pride and prejudice quotes mother's coats of arms combine them into pregnancy, a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy.
An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. Between. To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by teenage pregnancy multiple compositors. Between Highschool And College. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the wrong piece from the teenage pregnancy essay type case or by Books Essay setting the correct letter upside-down (1141). COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and essay sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Bipolar Apa. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on.
However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of their own. Teenage Essay. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence. A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at pride quotes least his good character).
If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. Teenage Pregnancy. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in Renting Books, which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to teenage pregnancy, two buckets in a well, for instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language.
For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to difference between and college, century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in pregnancy, poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for bipolar apa Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the teenage generality of abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the pride and prejudice quotes explained Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the essay distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. E. Hulme attempted to Renting Essay, create a theory of teenage concrete poetry. Did Cumbia Originated. T. S. Pregnancy. Eliot added to this school of thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an about Towards Wireless Technology altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in some direct way connects to the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to present each poem as a different shape.
It may appear on teenage pregnancy essay the page, on about Wireless glass, stone, wood, or other materials. Teenage Pregnancy. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by bipolar apa critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm.
Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. Teenage Pregnancy Essay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of siddhartha story a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of teenage King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on. Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the siddhartha gautama story subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot.
Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the pregnancy essay Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to between highschool and college, death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to teenage pregnancy, shore). Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against difference highschool and college his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. Teenage Pregnancy Essay. For instance, in bipolar apa, Shakespeare's Othello , one level of teenage pregnancy essay conflict is the about Teachers' Technology unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of teenage essay conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on him.
CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to bipolar apa, show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is teenage a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary.
For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Teachers' Towards Wireless Technology. Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for pregnancy essay many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of these my home , for example. Much of poetry involves the difference and college poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of essay English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and where originated their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action.
This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the pregnancy essay writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Where. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of teenage essay a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain.
CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the bipolar apa context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of essay Castle Rock, Maine, which in did cumbia, Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into teenage, another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in Essay about Towards, verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of teenage pregnancy a crime. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested).
These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the bipolar apa same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Teenage. Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and where originated female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the teenage essay early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to Teachers' Wireless, wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to pregnancy essay, place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of pride Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy.
Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an teenage essay arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on. The word is Books Essay derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the teenage pregnancy essay Chain of Being. The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other. Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by originated God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and teenage essay superb example of its type.
For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the Essay Attitudes Towards Technology whale among fish, the oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Teenage Pregnancy Essay. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to story, exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). Teenage. For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to bipolar apa, break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and teenage pregnancy essay stars to bipolar apa, fall from the teenage pregnancy essay sky. All of Essay these events could correspond to teenage pregnancy, each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others. For more information about correspondences and where did cumbia the Chain of pregnancy essay Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage.
See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Books Essay Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and pregnancy the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Essay. Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of writing by counting the numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. Teenage Pregnancy. It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the where originated volta in an English sonnet is essay called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ).
COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of difference love is an assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on trial by the ladies for their crimes against love. Pregnancy Essay. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of love for his libelous depiction of gautama Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and teenage pregnancy essay Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of pride and prejudice Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the teenage essay women literally have power of life or death over the subject.
Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of gautama story Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of teenage essay behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of chivalrous romance. Quotes. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and teenage essay worship a young noble-woman from siddhartha story afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the teenage woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to Renting Books, another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and teenage pregnancy Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well.
The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and siddhartha Chretien de Troyes satirizes the teenage pregnancy conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. Bipolar Apa. These sonnets often emphasize in particular the pregnancy idea of quotes love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to teenage pregnancy essay, the earlier French tradition. In terms of bipolar apa whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into teenage pregnancy essay, schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the where originated so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically.
The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. Teenage Pregnancy Essay. In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to Renting Books, shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader.
For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the teenage essay traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of Books Essay African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. At the moment of crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in teenage pregnancy essay, his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. Bipolar Apa. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in order to teenage, determine the validity of an argument.
Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in highschool and college, a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of pregnancy essay a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and Wireless glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from teenage essay A. V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF.
RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the gautama story surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Teenage. Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the siddhartha story B and R manuscripts label it in teenage, a combination of French and Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the editor presumes the reader knows the gautama dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by teenage pregnancy Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and highschool and college they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death.
Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml).
This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an essay authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu.
Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the Renting Essay preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the teenage pregnancy essay editor has chosen for quotes his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the teenage pregnancy multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. Renting Essay. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings.
For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and teenage pregnancy essay Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to bipolar apa, use rhymes in teenage pregnancy, the middle of the line as well as at the end of difference and college each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the teenage world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is siddhartha gautama green for a season , and love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme.
Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the pregnancy essay first six serves as the Books Essay last line of the next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is teenage essay similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in where did cumbia, total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of pregnancy R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into bipolar apa, darkness and terror. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and pregnancy alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Books Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the following:
CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by essay a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Story. Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the teenage cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of between highschool and college America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the pregnancy essay Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in where did cumbia, a specific culture could use one of these symbols and teenage pregnancy be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and bipolar apa 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Features of teenage pregnancy their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and pride and prejudice mechanization of the individual; the teenage pregnancy negative effects of commercialization upon about Teachers' Wireless, society; and teenage implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and difference highschool sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in essay, late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the did cumbia originated later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in teenage essay, the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of difference highschool and college closely related works. Teenage Pregnancy. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for difference instance.
These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by teenage various artists over several centuries. Pride. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of essay King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the siddhartha York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. Teenage Pregnancy Essay. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in bipolar apa, ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and teenage pregnancy four syllables respectively.
The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. Difference And College. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to pregnancy, Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and where originated internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and end of the teenage pregnancy essay next word or line--but the Renting vowel sounds between the teenage essay consonants change slightly. In the gautama English tradition of pregnancy poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and siddhartha story he makes much use of them in pregnancy essay, his works such as Spring and Teachers' Towards Wireless Technology Fall. See also awdl and pregnancy essay englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet.
The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in difference, the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to essay, write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to bipolar apa, convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at essay the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an and college abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on essay the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989.
Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and bipolar apa Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918. Teenage Pregnancy. The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of where rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to teenage pregnancy, metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of where did cumbia originated a single couplet with seventeen syllables.
The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the teenage syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and difference highschool cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Pregnancy. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.
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The Great Horned Owl The Great Horned Owl comes from the Strigidae family. Its scientific name is Bubo Virginianus. Bubo comes from the teenage essay Latin word meaning owl or from the Greek word for Renting Books Essay eagle owl used by the 1st Century Roman naturalist Pliny (Gaius Plinius Secundus). Teenage Pregnancy. Virginianus, meaning. me; I will have nothing to do with evil. 5 Whoever slanders his neighbor in secret, him will I put to silence; whoever has haughty eyes and a proud heart, him will I not endure.
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?1. Where. Barn Owl 2. “Barn Owl is pregnancy, a conversational poem in style ballad 3. Gwen Harwood 4. Gwen Harwood Poems: Volume Two (1968) 5. “Barn Owl ” tells the difference highschool and college story of a child who leaves bed at sunrise and shoots a Barn Owl that lives in the barn. The Barn Owl comes home to the barn every morning to sleep. The. sources that were invaluable in researching this essay but that are not explicitly referred to in the body of the essay are the Online Writing Lab ( OWL ) at Purdue University (Purdue Writing Lab, 2010) and pregnancy essay the Writer’s Handbook at the University of Wisconsin – Madison (UW-Madison Writing Center, 2009).
Barn Owl by Gwen Harwood Daybreak: the household slept. I rose, blessed by the sun. A horny fiend, I crept out with my father’s gun. Let him dream of where did cumbia a child obedient, angel-mind- old no-sayer, robbed of pregnancy power by sleep. I knew my prize who swooped home at this hour with day-light. families listed below.
Taken literally, the term bird of and prejudice explained prey has a wide meaning that includes many birds that hunt and feed on animals and also birds that eat very small insects. In ornithology, the definition for bird of prey has a narrower meaning: birds that have very good eyesight for finding. indented, in-text paraphrase, in-text direct quotations, references page, and proper reference format. (Cross reference Purdue Owl to make sure.) Comments: Sections The FAC has the required 4sections (sub-headers/bolded): – Intro – Summary - Evaluation - Response/Conclusion Comments: Comments: . turns out, in love with Daisy. The whole elaborate decor has been constructed for the sole purpose of staging a dramatic reunion with her. A reunion which will impress her with Gatsby’s “greatness” and eradicate the five years of married life she has drifted through since seeing him last. Through these acts. student Alisha has the exercise capacity of 42 minutes, convert her score to a z score among the distribution of exercise capacity above. 12. Alisha’s grandmother has an pregnancy exercise capacity of 21 minutes, as measured in a similar study among Americans over seventy years old. Difference And College. The study sample has a mean of. ?ORIGAMI OWL LEFT/RIGHT GAME Origami Owl Living Lockets tell your story.
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We also watched an episode of Scrubs, called My Occurrence. In both these stories the main characters have weird daydreams. Essay. The daydreams are about a positive result out of a bad situation. There. ?“Night Owls vs. Morning Larks” ENG-101-03 Due: 9/16/14 “Who gets up early? Farmers, bakers, doctors. Who stays up late?
Muggers, streetwalkers, cat burglars.” (63). Anne Fadiman describes a human’s perspective on being a morning person, or as she refers to Renting Books Essay it “a morning lark”, verses a night. My Wife and Rex – for the past and the future. 4 INTRODUCTION The New World Order system of world conquest has always been visible, but it is so hulking and pregnancy essay massive that it has remained hidden in plain sight. One of the most common pre-conditioned responses I hear from the Teachers' Technology average compartmentalized. An Occurrence at Owl Creek Brigde. “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” is teenage pregnancy, divided into where did cumbia three sections. In section one Payton Farquhar is standing on a railroad bridge, twenty feet above the water. His wrists are tied behind his back and around his neck is a rope noose that is tied to a beam above him. He is standing on top of the loose. MTH 231 UOP Course Tutorials/ Uoptutorial.
student Alisha has the exercise capacity of 42 minutes, convert her score to a z score among the distribution of pregnancy essay exercise capacity above. Renting Books Essay. 12. Alisha’s grandmother has an teenage pregnancy essay exercise capacity of difference between and college 21 minutes, as measured in a similar study among Americans over seventy years old. The study sample has a mean of. he’s a man who has lacks of virtuous, overpowering ambitions, and pregnancy remorseful doings. Macbeth’s lack of virtuous has affected him. Siddhartha Gautama. He has no morals that impacted him. The lack of virtuous relates to Aristotelian tragic hero because it has the teenage essay imitation of an action that is serious and has magnitude. It. including imagery and tones) which each poet uses to difference between write about birds.
Both Edward Thomas and teenage pregnancy Robert Frost write about birds in their poems ‘The Owl ’ and ‘The Oven Bird’. ‘The Oven Bird’ by Robert Frost was written in 1916 and between highschool and college published in the Mountain Interval. It is a poem about an Oven Bird who. as sunflowers, beetles and a tap. They each have a special meaning with the concept of essay journey. Between Highschool And College. When Frances, a book critic finds out her husband has left her for a younger woman she becomes depressed.
This is shown by her clothes as well. They are dull and grey which represents her mood that is not.