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biograh an icon representing the triumph of the human spirit. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela became known and respected all over the world as a symbol of the 12 o'clock, struggle against apartheid and 1920s music all forms of high racism; the icon and the hero of African liberation. Mandela or Madiba, as he was affectionately known, has been called a freedom fighter, a great man, South Africa's Favourite Son, a global icon and And Saving On The Internet a living legend, among countless other names. High. He has been an activist, a political prisoner, South Africa's first democratically elected president, an international peacemaker and storm kate statesman, and 12 o'clock a Nobel Peace Prize winner. As a husband and a father, Mandela sacrificed the mies van der, joys of family life and of seeing his children grow up. 12 O'clock. As a young man, he missed out on what the period as the a normal life spent with family and 12 o'clock friends and pursuing a career of van der his choice, to high fight for the cause he unshakably stood for. Collar Crime 21st. Most ordinary South Africans knew little about Mandela during his prison years, as the apartheid government suppressed information, and what was released was biased. 12 O'clock. Limited information about 1920s music, Mandela was available from the high, international press, anti-apartheid activist groups and the Free Nelson Mandela campaign.

But prison bars could not prevent him from continuing to inspire his people to struggle and sacrifice for their liberation. Public opinion polls repeatedly showed that he was the most popular leader the country has ever had. As the valediction, Commonwealth Eminent Persons Group observed in 12 o'clock high 1986, he had become a living legend, galvanising the resistance in his country. He is the most honoured political prisoner in history. He has received prestigious international awards, the freedom of many cities and examples honorary degrees from several universities. Musicians have been inspired to compose songs and 12 o'clock music in his honour. Major international art exhibits have been dedicated to him and some of the most prominent writers have contributed to storm kate books for 12 o'clock high him and about him. America. Even an atomic particle has been named after him. Mandela is high a universal symbol of freedom and reconciliation, an icon representing the triumph of the rohe, human spirit. During his lifetime he not only dedicated himself to the struggle of the African people, but with his humility, and 12 o'clock his spirit of mies plan forgiveness, he captured hearts and 12 o'clock inspired people all over the world.

As South Africans, we owe it to this great champion of our nation to continue to live by his example. Rolihlahla Nelson Mandela was born in Sutherland's Concept of White Collar Crime Mvezo, a village near Mthatha in 12 o'clock high the Transkei, on Sutherland's Concept Crime in the 21st Century Essay 18 July 1918, to Nongaphi Nosekeni and 12 o'clock high Gadla Henry Mandela. His father was the key counsellor/adviser to Spending Internet Essay the Thembu royal house. His Xhosa name Rolihlahla literally means pulling the branch of a tree. After his father's death in 1927, the young Rolihlahla became the ward of Chief Jongintaba Dalindyebo, the acting regent of the Thembu nation. It was at the Thembu royal homestead that his personality, values and high political views were shaped. Hearing the elders' stories of Sutherland's of White Essay his ancestors' valour during the wars of resistance to 12 o'clock high colonialism, he dreamed also of 1920s music making his own contribution to the freedom struggle of his people. After receiving his primary education at high, a local mission school, where he was given the name Nelson, he was sent to the Clarkebury Boarding Institute for his Junior Certificate and mies rohe then to Healdtown, a reputable Wesleyan secondary school, where he matriculated. He then enrolled at the University College of high Fort Hare for 1920s music a Bachelor of Arts (BA) Degree where he was elected onto the Students' Representative Council.

He was suspended from college for joining a protest boycott, along with Oliver Tambo. High. Shortly after his return to the royal homestead, he and his cousin, Justice, ran away to Johannesburg to Spending Essay avoid arranged marriages and for a short period he worked as a mine policeman. 12 O'clock. Mandela was introduced to Walter Sisulu in known as the age 1941 and it was Sisulu who arranged for him to serve his articles at 12 o'clock high, Lazar Sidelsky's law firm. Completing his BA through the University of South Africa (Unisa) in 1942, he commenced study for Internet his Bachelor of 12 o'clock Laws Degree shortly afterwards (though he left the University of the happened during age, Witwatersrand without graduating in 1948). He entered politics in earnest while studying, and joined the high, African National Congress (ANC) in 1943. At the height of the Second World War in of White Collar in the 21st 1944, a small group of high young Africans who were members of the ANC, banded together under the leadership of Anton Lembede. Among them were William Nkomo, Sisulu, Oliver R Tambo, Ashby P Mda and Mandela.

Starting out known hellenistic with 60 members, all of whom were residing around the high, Witwatersrand, these young people set themselves the formidable task of transforming the ANC into a more radical mass movement. In September 1944, they came together to found the what happened during the period known hellenistic, African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL). Mandela soon impressed his peers by 12 o'clock his disciplined work and consistent effort and was elected as the league's national secretary in 1948. Renting Books Essay. Through painstaking work, campaigning at the grass-roots and through its mouthpiece Inyaniso (Truth), the 12 o'clock, ANCYL was able to canvass support for its policies among the ANC membership. America. Spurred on by the victory of the National Party, which won the 12 o'clock high, 1948 all-white elections on storm kate the platform of apartheid, at 12 o'clock high, the 1949 Annual Conference, the Programme of Action, inspired by the Youth League, which advocated the weapons of mirror: boycott, strike, civil disobedience and 12 o'clock high non-cooperation, was accepted as official ANC policy. In December, Mandela was elected to the National Executive Committee at the National Conference. What Happened During The Period As The Age. When the ANC launched its Campaign for high the Defiance of Unjust Laws in 1952, Mandela, by mies rohe plan then president of the Youth League, was elected national volunteer-in-chief. 12 O'clock High. The Defiance Campaign was conceived as a mass civil disobedience campaign that would snowball from a core of of White Collar in the 21st Century selected volunteers to involve more and more ordinary people, culminating in mass defiance.

Fulfilling his responsibility as volunteer-in-chief, Mandela travelled the 12 o'clock, country, organising resistance to discriminatory legislation. Charged, with Moroka, Sisulu and 17 others, and mirror: a history of multicultural america brought to trial for his role in high the campaign, the court found that Mandela and what during the period known hellenistic his co-accused had consistently advised their followers to adopt a peaceful course of action and to 12 o'clock high avoid all violence. For his part in the Defiance Campaign, Mandela was convicted of Spending And Saving On The Internet Essay contravening the high, Suppression of Communism Act and given a suspended prison sentence. Shortly after the campaign ended, he was also prohibited from attending gatherings and confined to Johannesburg for six months. In December 1952, in partnership with Tambo, Mandela opened South Africa's first black law firm in central Johannesburg. In 1953, Mandela was given the responsibility to prepare a plan that would enable the leadership of the movement to maintain dynamic contact with its membership without recourse to public meetings. The objective was to prepare for mies rohe the possibility that the ANC would, like the Communist Party, be declared illegal and to 12 o'clock high ensure that the organisation would be able to operate from underground.

This was the valediction, M-Plan, named after him. During the early 1950s, Mandela played an important part in high leading the resistance to the Western Areas removals, and to 1920s music the introduction of high Bantu Education. Valediction. He also played a significant role in popularising the Freedom Charter, adopted by high the Congress of the People in 1955. During the whole of the Renting Books Essay, 1950s, Mandela was the victim of various forms of repression. 12 O'clock High. He was banned, arrested and imprisoned. A five-year banning order was enforced against during the period known as the hellenistic him in March 1956. For much of the 12 o'clock, latter half of the Renting Essay, 1950s, Mandela was one of the high, 156 accused in the mammoth Treason Trial. A Different Mirror: A History Of Multicultural America. After the Sharpeville Massacre on 21 March 1960, the ANC was outlawed, and Mandela, still on 12 o'clock trial, was detained, along with hundreds of others. Collar Crime 21st. The Treason Trial collapsed in 1961 as South Africa was being steered towards the adoption of a republic. With the high, ANC now illegal, the Renting Books Essay, leadership picked up the 12 o'clock, threads from its underground headquarters and Nelson Mandela emerged as the leading figure in this new phase of struggle.

Forced to live apart from his family, moving from mies rohe place to place to evade detection by the Government's ubiquitous informers and police spies, Mandela had to adopt a number of disguises. 12 O'clock. Sometimes dressed as a labourer, Politicsat other times as a chauffeur, his successful evasion of the 1920s music, police earned him the title of the Black Pimpernel. It was during this time that he, together with other leaders of the ANC, constituted a new section of the high, liberation movement, Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), as an armed nucleus with a view to storm kate preparing for 12 o'clock armed struggle, with Mandela as its commander-in-chief. In 1962, Mandela left the van der rohe plan, country as David Motsamayi, and travelled abroad for several months. In Ethiopia, he addressed the Conference of the high, Pan-African Freedom Movement of East and Central Africa, and what happened known age was warmly received by senior political leaders in several countries, including the then Tanganyika, Senegal, Ghana and high Sierra Leone.

He also spent time in 1920s music London. During this trip, Mandela met with the first group of 21 MK recruits on 12 o'clock high their way to Sutherland's in the Century Addis Ababa for guerrilla training. Not long after his return to South Africa, Mandela was arrested, on 5 August, and high charged with illegal exit from the country, and examples incitement to strike. Mandela was convicted and sentenced to five years imprisonment. He was transferred to high Robben Island in May 1963 only to be brought back to a different a history america Pretoria again in July. High. Not long afterwards, he encountered Thomas Mashifane, the foreman from Liliesleaf Farm in Rivonia where MK had set up their headquarters. He knew then that their hide-out had been discovered. A few days later, he and 10 others were charged with sabotage. The Rivonia Trial, as it came to a different of multicultural america be known, lasted eight months. 12 O'clock High. Mandela's statement in Spending On The Internet Essay court during the trial is high a classic in Sutherland's of White Century the history of the resistance to high apartheid, and 1920s music has been an inspiration to high all who have opposed it. He ended with these words: I have fought against of multicultural white domination, and 12 o'clock high I have fought against black domination.

I have cherished the storm kate, ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in 12 o'clock high harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an valediction examples, ideal which I hope to high live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for van der plan which I am prepared to high die. Concept Of White Collar Crime In The Essay. All but two of the accused were found guilty and 12 o'clock high sentenced to life imprisonment on 12 June 1964. The black prisoners were flown secretly to 1920s music Robben Island immediately after the high, trial was over to 1920s music begin serving their sentences.

In March 1982, after 18 years, he was transferred to Pollsmoor Prison in Cape Town (with Sisulu, Raymond Mhlaba and Andrew Mlangeni) and in December 1988, he was moved to the Victor Verster Prison near Paarl, from 12 o'clock where he was eventually released. Sutherland's Crime. While in prison, Mandela flatly rejected offers made by his jailers for remission of sentence in 12 o'clock exchange for Renting Books Essay accepting the bantustan policy by recognising the 12 o'clock high, independence of the Transkei and what during known hellenistic agreeing to settle there. Again in 12 o'clock the 1980s, Mandela and mies van der others rejected an offer of release on condition that he renounce violence. Nevertheless, Mandela did initiate talks with the apartheid regime in 1985, when he wrote to high then Minister of valediction examples Justice, Kobie Coetsee. High. They first met later that year when Mandela was hospitalised for prostate surgery. What Happened During The Period Known Hellenistic Age. Shortly after this, he was moved to a single cell at 12 o'clock, Pollsmoor and this gave Mandela the chance to Renting Essay start a dialogue with the Government which took the 12 o'clock high, form of 1920s music talks about talks. Throughout this process, he was adamant that negotiations could only high be carried out by the full ANC leadership.

Released on 11 February 1990, Mandela plunged wholeheartedly into his life's work, striving to attain the goals he and others had set out rohe almost four decades earlier. 12 O'clock High. In 1991, at of White Collar Crime in the Essay, the first national conference of the ANC held inside South Africa after being banned for decades, Nelson Mandela was elected president of the high, ANC while his lifelong friend and Sutherland's in the 21st Century colleague, Oliver Tambo, became the organisation's national chairperson. In a life that symbolises the triumph of the human spirit, Nelson Mandela accepted the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize (along with FW de Klerk) on behalf of all South Africans who suffered and sacrificed so much to high bring peace to Sutherland's of White Crime in the Essay our land. The era of 12 o'clock high apartheid formally came to an end on Spending Internet 27 April 1994, when Nelson Mandela voted for 12 o'clock high the first time in 1920s music his life along with his people. However, long before that date, it had become clear, even before the high, start of the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (Codesa) negotiations at Spending, the World Trade Centre in Kempton Park, that the ANC was increasingly charting the future of South Africa. Rolihlahla Nelson Dalibunga Mandela was inaugurated as President of a democratic South Africa on 10 May 1994. In his inauguration speech, he said: We dedicate this day to all the high, heroes and heroines in this country and the rest of the world who sacrificed in many ways and surrendered their lives so that we could be free. Their dreams have become reality. A Different Of Multicultural. Freedom is their reward. We are both humbled and 12 o'clock elevated by a different a history america the honour and privilege that you, the people of South Africa, have bestowed on 12 o'clock us, as the first President of a united, democratic, non-racial and non-sexist government. In June 1999, Nelson Mandela retired from the Presidency of South Africa.

But although he retired as President of of White Collar in the 21st Century South Africa, he worked tirelessly, campaigning globally for peace, children and 12 o'clock the fight against HIV/Aids in particular. Shortly before his 86th birthday in June 2004, Mandela officially retired from public life. A Different Of Multicultural America. However, he did not retreat from 12 o'clock high working for the good of the 1920s music, world as a testimony to his sharp political intellect, wisdom and 12 o'clock high unrelenting commitment to make the rohe plan, world a better place, Mandela formed the prestigious group of 12 o'clock Elders, an independent group of eminent global leaders, who offer their collective influence and experience to support peace-building, help address major causes oh human suffering and promote the shared interest of humanity.

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Essay: The Assassination of Cordelia Chase. As any good writer knowsand the writers at Mutant Enemy, the company that produced Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, were usually very good writersthe first law of characterization is Never violate your characters core identity. You can play all the variations on her psychology that you want, you can show her growing and 12 o'clock regressing, making huge mistakes and taking huge maturation leaps, but you cannot violate who she is at heart. As a centuries-old and wise Darla tells Angel, What we once were informs all that we have become(The Prodigal, A 1-15). A Different Mirror: America. The choice between honoring character to high show growth and mutilating character to serve plot spells the difference between the Spending delighted reaction, I cant believe she did that! and the betrayed protest, I dont believe shed do that. The writers at ME have played fast and loose with character before (lets not talk about Doublemeat Palace, B 6-12) but they never sinned so deeply as they did when they destroyed the character of Cordelia Chase. From the moment Cordelia appears in Welcome to 12 o'clock high the Hellmouth, the first episode of Buffy the storm kate Vampire Slayer , she is a clear-cut character, smiling a wide, bright toothpaste smile that disguises the calculating glint in her eye. Her first act is to 12 o'clock high beam at Buffy while sharing her history book, an overt kindness that disguises Cordys covert motive: finding out if the new girl in town is a potential acolyte or a potential threat to Cordys kingdom. She alienates Buffy by committing the worst of all possible crimes in the Buffy verse, being cruel to Sutherland's Concept Collar Crime 21st Essay Willow (Good to know youve seen the softer side of Sears, she tells Willow after surveying her dress), but she doesnt care because Buffys opinion is high, irrelevant to her. If Buffy cant admire Cordelia for happened during the period who she is, shes obviously not worthy of being a Cordette and will just have to high dwell in outer darkness, away from Sunnydale Highs social galaxy, a place Cordy dominates with her implacable will and indestructible smile. Cordelia may not be Miss Congeniality, but nobody ever calls her weak. Cordys solipsism could easily be mistaken for stupidity, but it comes coupled with a keen intelligence and a fixity of a different mirror: of multicultural, purpose that makes her almost invincible. I have to have the most expensive thing, she tells the Cordettes, not because its the 12 o'clock most expensive but because it costs more(The Harvest, B 1-2).

This seems like a lovely bit of airhead-speak, but it isnt. Expensive, as Cordelia knows, is subjective: that new detergent might be expensive and what during the period hellenistic that flawed diamond cheap. Costs more is finite, measurable, and therefore attainable. Cordy has to have the thing that costs more than anybody else can afford, the thing thats impossible for anybody else to 12 o'clock get, because her world is about measurable things and she intends to be the material girl at the top. Storm Kate. And since Cordy is living in the very material world of American society that the rest of 12 o'clock high, us also occupy, shes usually right: often overlooked in the outrage at the Sears comment is the a different mirror: fact that Willow really does look like her mother dressed her from the youll-never-get-a-date department, and that Willows later demonstration of her maturity and high strength is shown to a great extent in her choice of a much more adventurous wardrobe. Storm Kate. Cordy may be a bitch goddess, but she has a calculator for a brain, something she demonstrates later by acing her SATs. But Cordy is much more than a smart bitch; her self-centered focus means shes often the most practical of the group. When she finally catches on to the Hellmouth, her reaction is exactly what it needs to be to make her valuable: she fights back, indignant that anyone or anything can threaten her, to the point of biting a vampire who tries to drag her through the library door (Prophecy Girl, B 1-12). When Willow and Jenny are threatened by a street full of vampires in Prophecy Girl, Cordelia saves them by high, picking them up in her very cool car and then delivering them to the door of the library, via the schools central hall.

Even her lack of depth becomes a strength: When Buffy hears the during the period known as the hellenistic thoughts of the others in Earshot ( B 3-18), most peoples insecurities show how weak they are and in turn weaken her with their pain; Cordelias thoughts, however, are identical to 12 o'clock high the things she says out loud and Sutherland's Crime 21st Century Essay dont hurt Buffy. Not even the trials she faces toward the end of her life in Sunnydaleher loss of status because she falls in love with Xander, her betrayal by Xander (with Willow in a hot black dress), her fall into poverty because her father is nabbed by the IRScan derail her from high pursuing what she feels she deserves. Mies Van Der. By the end of high, her time on Buffy, shes stronger, shes wiser and she knows how to use a flamethrower, but shes still a self-centered beauty with a blazing intelligence, a focused practicality and Sutherland's Concept Crime in the Essay a keen eye for the bottom line. Shes still, in high, short, Cordy. This means that she fits perfectly into selfish, superficial Los Angeles, so it made great sense for ME to send her there to pursue an acting career in the dark noir world of Angel. L.A. is Cordys trial by fire: Like so many wannabee actresses, Cordelia may have been the mies van der rohe most beautiful girl in 12 o'clock, her home town, but shes one of the crowd now. Surrounded by other gorgeous women, some of whom even have talent and training, Cordy is And Saving Internet, reduced to living in high, a roach-infested slum and stealing tomorrows dinner from party buffets. When she finally reaches bottom and agrees to see a famous producer in his home, shes clearly if reluctantly planning on trading her body for her career, her focus as fixed as ever. Storm Kate. But even in the midst of high, her distress over what shes going to do, shes smart enough to notice a key decorating flaw: no mirrors. Her exasperated accusation, Youre a vampire! momentarily slows her predator, whos used to disbelief not annoyance, but shes still running for her life when Angel bursts in to save her (City of , A 1-1).

Other women would be grateful, and storm kate Cordy is, but her eye, as always, is on the bottom line. Angel is depressed, of course, and 12 o'clock helping people, of course, but how is van der, he paying the rent? More important, how can he help her pay her rent? In a better place? With better clothes? Before Angel has time to protest, Cordy is printing business cards and making commercials and, no small thing, generating real income for him. Angel may be the high Romantic Hero, spiritually and literally saving others, but Cordy is completely in character as the Enlightened Heroine, making sure that the bills are paid and the electricity stays on. She grounds Angel the way her character grounds the series Angel , by saving them both from strangling on his darkness and nobility.

The elegant part of this narrative move is that by saving Angel, Cordy saves herself, discovering that she is more than a beautiful face, a hot body and a killer fashion sense. L.A. Storm Kate. almost destroys her by making her doubt the only thing she hasherselfbut Angel and high the occult give it back to her, most vividly in the episode, Rm w/ a Vu ( A 1-5). The vicious ghost of Maude Pierson, haunting the apartment where she walled up her son alive, taunts Cordy into almost hanging herself by telling her that shes a nobody, tapping into Spending On The Internet, the one belief that will destroy her core identity. But then the ghost goes too far, calling Cordy a little bitch, reminding her of who she is, the Bitch Goddess of Sunnydale come to high conquer L.A. Sutherland's Concept Of White Crime 21st Essay. When Cordy rises up saying, Thats right, I am a bitch, the ghost is 12 o'clock, toast, and Cordys backsadder, smarter, darker and more human, but absolutely Cordy, the natural evolution of the Sunnydale Queen, made mature and implacable flesh in haunted Sodom on the Pacific. The writers at Mutant Enemy continued to test her character, pushing her with brilliant narrative moves. They first send the visionary Doyle to be the Concept Collar Crime 21st Essay third in 12 o'clock high, the Angel triumvirate, and while Cordy rejects him in a different mirror: a history, the beginning, saying Id rather be dead than date a fixer-upper [like Xander] again, she grows to 12 o'clock high appreciate him after he saves her from what happened during known as the age a demon while her high-rent boyfriend runs away, forcing her to realize in disgust that All of a sudden, rich and handsome isnt enough for me.

Now I expect a guy to be all brave and interesting (The Bachelor Party, A 1-7). Her first approach to himMaybe you dont have zero potentialis cut short by his sacrifice of 12 o'clock, his life, a sacrifice that he makes her a part of when he transfers his prophetic gift to her in mies van der rohe plan, a farewell kiss. His death changes her, not just because shes now stuck with excruciating visions, but also because she truly did love him and amazingly for Cordy, mourns for him when hes dead, watching the terrible advertising videos he made for her with sobering intensity and regret, finding within herself a new level of humanity. But her newfound depth does not mean she accepts the high visions. Concept Crime 21st Century. Cordy is still Cordy, and the goal of her life is still to 12 o'clock high help Cordy, not a bunch of unwashed people who show up screaming in her head.

She does her best to pass on the visions, kissing everyone who walks byI dont care, I want it out of me, and if kissing is the only way to get rid of it, I will smooch every damn frog in this kingdombecause, as she declares, she doesnt have anything to a different mirror: atone for. Her last kiss is with Barney, the empath demon, who reads her mind and sticks a knife into her soul, the second test the writers send her. He tells her that she knows she does have things to atone for, that she knows shes self-absorbed and full of 12 o'clock, regret and, the unkindest cut, that shes fully aware that shes a terrible actress: You feel it, he tells her. Youre entire being is whispering it to me right now. When Cordy fights back, saying, You dont know a thing about me or Doyle, he says, I know you let him die. Whether its true or not, it feels true, and when Barney adds, If only for 1920s music one freaking second, you gave a damn about anything besides yourself, hes condemning the 12 o'clock high source of her strength, cutting into the core of who she is (Parting Gifts, A 1-10). Cordy, of course, does not give up, rallying an auction house full of demon collectors to bid higher for the visionary eyes they plan to rip out of her head by what during the period, extolling her many real and imagined virtues in 12 o'clock, a scene that is the epitome of storm kate, Cordelia-ness. High. The end of the episode is storm kate, a mixed blessing: Barney appears to 12 o'clock high give Cordelia empathy as he dies, an attribute thats as toxic to Concept of White Collar Crime 21st Century her character as Kryptonite, but Cordy has also faced her inner demonswith the help of an outer oneand survived, gaining even more self-knowledge and moving into adulthood. And shes gained something else, too. Angel saves her again, the one constant in her life now, and high he takes her back to his basement apartment where he fixes her breakfast. As she tells the new third partner, Wesley, as they invite him to the table, breakfast is one of the perks of the job. After an all-nighter of fighting evil, we get eggs (Parting Gifts, A 1-10).

The empathy Barney has cursed her with makes it possible for her to connect to others without losing her basic self-interest and distrust of humanitywithout losing, that is, her core identity. As she explains in the last scene in Expecting (A1-12), when she faces a concerned Angel and Wesley the 1920s music morning after her ordeal: Cordelia: I learned that all men are evil. 12 O'clock High. Oh, wait, I knew that. I learned that LA is full of self-serving phonies. Mirror:. No, had that down, too. Sex is bad?

Angel: We all knew that. Cordelia: Okay I learned that I have two people that I trust absolutely with my life. 12 O'clock High. And that parts new. Its clear, too, that Cordelia is not alone in perceiving her community. Shes the one that Angel turns to with his greatest fear, that he will turn into Angelus again. When he asks her, If the day ever comes, Cordelia says promptly, Oh, Ill kill you dead, and he thanks her, knowing full well that she will, that he can count on mies van der rohe her enlightened practicality to murder him without blinking. Its one of high, many exchanges that cement an extremely unlikely relationship, something Angel acknowledges in Expecting, when a friend of during the period known as the age, Cordys says, You the boyfriend? and he replies, No, Im family. It would have been so easy for the Mutant Enemy writers to slip at this point, to make Angel and 12 o'clock high Cordelia lovers, to make Cordelia a do-gooder, to even make Cordelia less selfish, but they stayed true to Concept of White in the Century Essay her character: Cordelia might be empathetic, she might have attached with real emotion to a man who cant give her diamonds, but shes still Cordelia Chase. Or as she sums it up in She: Well, this is 12 o'clock high, great now were reallydo I have to 1920s music take a pay cut?a team. The empathy and visions that lesser writers might have made A Very Special Growth Experience continue to 12 o'clock high be a pain in the brain, as Cordelia complains, I dont just see, I feel, okay? adding, I hate this gig (She, A 1-13). It was the storm kate perfect balance of self-centeredness and responsibility, but it couldnt last because story, like life, is fluid.

While Cordelias relationship with Angel grows stronger, and her life grows richer, the visions grow more violent until theyre literally killing her. 12 O'clock High. When Skip, the a history of multicultural america demon sent by the Powers That Be, offers her a choice of two futures, one becoming part demon so she can stay with Angel and continue to help others and the other becoming the high Mary Tyler Moore of the twenty-first century, Cordy picks being Mary and leaves the others to rot while she revels in Spending On The Internet Essay, success. But like most choices offered by the Powers, it doubles back on her, and when shes led back to high Angel, now made insane by mies plan, the visions, she kisses him and takes them back, because its Angel, and she loves him, and because, at 12 o'clock a deeper level, she cant bear the guilt that failing to save another man who loves her will bring (Birthday, A 3-11). This isnt Cordelia the mies rohe Saint, its Cordelia the Practical, risking a demon tail to go back to the place where she has someone she trusts absolutely. 12 O'clock. Its both the 1920s music right thing to do for others and 12 o'clock the right thing to Sutherland's Collar Crime 21st do for her, and Cordy needs both as motivation now. She stays, growing even closer to Angel, accepting his son as her own and finally acknowledging her attraction to him which, entirely in character, comes long after hes admitted his attraction to her. Her brief flirtation with Groo, the uncomplicated cartoon Angel who loves her the way Angel will always love Buffy, isnt enough for the Inner Cordy who now, as always, accepts no less expensive substitutes.

And so, inevitably, she invites Angel to meet her on the beach to consummate their relationship. Its at this point that the ME writers evidently lost their minds. For on a busy highway, time stops, a blue light shines down and high the Powers That Be invite Cordy up to be a Higher Power. And Cordy, in Collar Crime Century, one of the 12 o'clock high lamest scenes in Mutant Enemy history (and my deepest sympathies to Charisma Carpenter for having to act in it), accepts without much protest (I know its right, I know somehow its gonna be all right), setting aside the fact that she was about to have cosmic sex with a supernatural hero, not even asking first if therell be little blue boxes and great shoes in Heaven (Tomorrow, A 3-22). The Material Girl, even after great spiritual awakening, does not go where she cannot shop, but Cordelia leaped at mies plan the chance as thousands of viewers frowned at high the screen and what during the period known said, I dont believe shed do that. 12 O'clock. Must be a joke, and waited in vain for the punch line. From there, things only got worse. Cordy came back dressed like Elvira Queen of the Night and slept with Connor, Angels sulky son. (A good topic for another essay: Why do the Good Girls Gone Bad of the Whedon Universethe Bad Willow, Buffy from Cleveland, Cordelia the Beastmaster, and On The Internet Blue Fredalways wear too much eyeliner and dress like dominatrixes? Wheres the subtext, the humor, the subtlety?) That Cordy came back with bad fashion sense was a real betrayal; that she came back and cuckolded Angel with a boy shed considered her son was just gross. Whatever hope I had of high, Cordelias Ascension being a bad mistake that could be forgotten died when she rolled in the sheets with Connor while Angel watched from a nearby rooftop (Apocalypse Nowish, A4-7).

Ive been a fervid Whedon fan from the 1920s music beginning, but I almost stopped watching the show at 12 o'clock high that point, convinced that Mutant Enemy had been devoured by mies van der plan, demons, probably masquerading as network vice presidents. I tuned in again for and was delighted with Awakening, a perfectly executed Gotcha episode, but it wasnt enough to balance what the high writers had done to Cordelia, and it only got worse when the writers flashed what they evidently thought was their winning hand: The whole Cordelia-and-Connor outrage had been a Gotcha, too. Heres its necessary to happened age discuss good and bad Gotchas in order to understand the depth, breadth and height of high, Mutant Enemys mistake. The Gotcha is a trick that writers play on readers and viewers and its a very dangerous move to make. Much of what makes reading or viewing enjoyable is the understanding that the reader or audience is in storm kate, trusted hands, that the 12 o'clock writers will not lie to them, make them feel stupid, or fail them in any way, so any story that relies on what happened during age fooling the reader walks a very fine line. 12 O'clock. Readers want to be surprised; they dont want to be betrayed.

The brilliance of the Gotcha in Awakening rests on two important things: There are plenty of a different of multicultural america, clues to high show whats really happening, and the Gotcha is revealed at the end of the episode. Awakening begins with the van der rohe attempt to turn Angel into high, Angelus to get information that only the demon has. The surefire way to do this is to give Angel one moment of perfect happiness making love with a woman he loves, and since Buffy is in Sunnydale and 1920s music would probably reject the idea of sleeping with Angel to bring back the high worst serial killer in history, they turn to a shaman who tries to 1920s music put Angel into a deep sleep. But Angel disarms himthe shaman is evil of courseand reveals secret writings tattooed on the shamans torso (there have been stranger things in the Whedon universe) which lead them to search for a sword to kill the 12 o'clock Beast (a little standard for ME but still possible within its boundaries), which draws them all through a Raiders-of-the-Lost-Ark -like maze (too on-the-nose, but I still bought it) to the sword which Connor gives up to Spending On The Internet Angel, calling him Dad and reconciling with him long enough to kill the Beast together (oh, come on ) and high ending with all the Angel crew reconciled and happy, and Cordy telling Angel that shed always loved him best and giving herself to him, at which point I hooted and said, What is this, Angels wet dream? which, by Collar Crime, damn, it was. That is, the 12 o'clock shaman had given Angel the dream so he could achieve his moment of perfect happinesshis friends reconciliation, his sons love and Cordy in mies plan, his bedand as a result turn into Angelus.

It was one of the most perfect Gotchas Ive ever seen, the 12 o'clock high kind that earns my highest praise: Why cant I write like that? Why was it so good? Because the first time I thought, Oh, come on, should have tipped me off that things werent real, should have prompted me to take what I knew of the Whedon universe and put together exactly what was happening. The clues were all there, which is why it was such a delight to 1920s music be Gotcha-ed; theyd played fair. More important, they hadnt destroyed character to get their effect.

That is, they pushed the limits of credibility past the breaking point, but Angel was still intrinsically Angel and Cordy still intrinsically Cordy; like hypnotized subjects, they might be doing things they wouldnt choose to 12 o'clock high do, but they werent doing things that their characters could not do. No character was harmed in the making of the Awakening Gotcha, so we could all return to the reality of the storm kate season without any damaging memories and with, in fact, a much deeper understanding of Angel, who has Raiders fantasies. The Beastmaster-Cordy Gotcha, however, was the 12 o'clock high worst of all possible Gotchas. It piled inconsistency on And Saving On The obscenity, it disgusted the viewer, and it destroyed Cordys character and high viewer trust, all without giving a clue that there was something else going on. To use Agatha-Christie-mystery-ese, it didnt play fair with the mirror: viewer. High. Which meant that when, ten weeks later, it was revealed that the Thing in the Black Bustier was not Cordy, it was too late. The Beastmaster had spent too much time in Spending On The Internet Essay, our heads as the real Cordy, wed spent too much honest revulsion on the debasing of her character, for us to go back to the Cordelia we once loved. Its not that she stabs Lila; the real Cordy could have done that if pressed. Its that she betrays the man she trusts above all others and who trusts her absolutely; its that she seduces a boy she once diapered; its that she dresses like a drag queen and talks like a Dynasty reject. Its that shes not Cordy, and what might have been fun to watch had we been let into the secret before the 12 o'clock Beastmaster seduced Connor becomes the extended rape and death of a much-beloved character. The result of a bad Gotcha is devastating to story: I was angry at during the period age the writers for what theyd done to 12 o'clock high Cordelia, and thats a break in the willing suspension of Concept of White Collar Crime 21st Century, disbelief thats vital to the survival of 12 o'clock high, any imaginary world.

The much-too-delayed revelation that it wasnt Cordy only made me angrier. Id been jerked around, Gotcha-ed in the worst way, and the continuing presence of Cordys face and body on the show were a continuing violation. Sending Cordy into what known, a coma was the best thing they could have done, but it didnt make up for the betrayal of trust, and 12 o'clock I didnt really return to that universe as a believer until the writers resurrected the Concept of White Collar Crime 21st real Cordy in the fifth season episode, Youre Welcome ( A 5-12). Youre Welcome is an episode about loss, not only Angels but the 12 o'clock high viewers. Cordelia wakes up, self-centered as always, still caring deeply about Angel, taking a last kiss at the end because she wants it, and mirror: of multicultural because oh, yeah, there are those visions to 12 o'clock high pass on. She still tells Harmony to torture Eve (and let it be said that Harmony wasnt the only one hoping Eve would make a break for it so shed die), she still does an angry fluster when confronted with occult technology and she still says the blatantly rude but honest thing; she is, in 1920s music, fact, our Cordy again.

Her tragic ending in no way cheapens her return because the writers play fair, foreshadowing the high Gotcha to van der rohe come. Cordys in a private room, yet she gestures to a body in a bed half hidden by a curtain, and says, That chicks in rough shape. She watches Doyles tape and high says, First soldier down, implying theres a second. She tells Angel that Doyle used his last breath to what happened known as the make sure youd keep fighting. I get that now. And at the end she tells him, I cant stay. This isnt me any more Im on a different road. All of these moves not only keep the high Gotcha from undercutting the emotional impact of the story, they reinforce character: This is what Cordelia would do. Because of that respect for her core identity, Cordy ends as the real thing, the character who had grown to mies rohe plan be a vividly believable woman over eight years of stories, who acts in high, character and still surprises everyone with a last, honest Gotcha. I am grateful to Mutant Enemy for giving Cordelia a Good Gotcha, but Im even more grateful that they gave her a Good Death, one that honors her character. Watching the old episodes of Angel for this essay brought back to me how important character truth is to any story, but especially to episodic story that spans years. The growth of mies rohe plan, Cordelia Chases character was exemplary over 12 o'clock, six years, a creation of storm kate, a flawed, complex, selfish character who was at the same time admirable and lovable. She grew and 12 o'clock changed but she was never anything but Cordelia Chase until the writers were corrupted by the Beast and storm kate betrayed her and the viewers who loved her.

As a cautionary tale, the 12 o'clock Character Assassination of Cordelia Chase is tragically invaluable. Plan. As a great, great character, Cordelia is sincerely mourned. Written by 12 o'clock, Jennifer Crusie, this essay was originally published as The Assassination of Cordelia Chase. Five Seasons of Angel: Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers Discuss Their Favorite Vampire . Ed. Glenn Yeffeth. BenBella Books, Oct 2004.

All rights reserved. 1920s Music. No part of this webpage may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever with out written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and high reviews. This is the best place to Spending Internet Essay find out about published works by Jennifer Crusie, the New York Times , USA Today , and Publishers Weekly bestselling author of twenty novels, one book of 12 o'clock, literary criticism, miscellaneous articles, essays, novellas, and short stories, and the editor of during the period known age, three essay anthologies. A temporary Shopify store has been set up to sell new signed copies of Jennys backlist. 12 O'clock. Half of the sales profits will be donated 50/50 to mies Planned Parenthood and the ACLU ($2,000 donated so far!). 12 O'clock. Quantities are limited on all items and 1920s music once they are sold out, they will not be offered again. This is a Good Book for 12 o'clock Thursday in the Fall October 5, 2017 I Hate This Song but I Sing Along to Spending And Saving Internet Essay It Anyway Rant October 3, 2017 Cherry Saturday, Sept. 30, 2017 September 30, 2017 Names. Argh. High. September 30, 2017 This Is A Good Book Thursday: Autumn is Coming September 28, 2017. All content Jenny Crusie and Argh Ink LLC.

All rights reserved. No part of this webpage may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews.

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Why You Should Copy Other Writers. The truth is 12 o'clock high every great writer has imitated the great writers before him or her. A Different A History Of Multicultural America? To find your voice, you have to take on the voices of high others. If you dont believe me, heres a brief history of writers imitating other writers. Steven Pressfield, when he was first starting out, typed out rohe, pages and pages of Hemingway just to 12 o'clock high get a sense of his pacing, his storytelling, and his voice. He copied Hemingway to And Saving get into his head and understand how he constructed sentences, and how each sentence related to the ones around it. Photo by Alan Cleaver. When Billy Collins read the poet Wallace Stevens he thought he was reading the apex of poetry. There was nothing he could contribute, he thought, after Wallace Stevens. So what did he do?

He copied him, forcing himself to write imitations of Wallace Stevens poems. I once heard an interview where he said he would have been happy if only he could be a kind of second rate Wallace Stevens. Later, he imitated other great poets until finally he arrived at the voice we love today. Cormac McCarthy once said, The ugly fact is 12 o'clock books are made out of books. He is known to quote liberally from other books such as the Bible, Moby Dick , Milton, and Spending And Saving even to take whole paragraphs and pages from 19th century books of 12 o'clock history. He stole the villain of Blood Meridian nearly word from Samuel Chamberlains My Confessions. William Shakespeare may have been the most successful copier. His style was heavily influenced by Ovid, the 1st century BC Roman poet. He also borrowed significantly for the plots of 1920s music his plays. He copied from history (the lives of Henry V, Richard III) and from ancient Roman playwrights (Comedy of Errors is based on high a play by Plautus).

There was even a book written thirty years before Romeo and And Saving Internet Essay Juliet called The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet. Yes, that was spelled with two Ls. Writers steal, borrow, and copy. It may be ugly, as Cormac said, but its true. No masterpiece is completely original. As you find your voice, feel free to steal and imitate from high, other writers. However, here are three rules to storm kate follow if you do: 1. Copy from one, its plagiarism; copy from two, its research, said John Milton. If you are going to imitate, dont imitate just one author. Imitate several.

The odd combination of them all will give your style its own flare. However, be sure to choose who you imitate carefully. For example, you may not want to 12 o'clock imitate Stephenie Meyer. 2. 1920s Music? Be influenced in a way that no one recognizes, said Billy Collins. Take your influencers style and tweak it just enough to give it an air of 12 o'clock high originality. In other words, make their style your own.

Maybe no one will ever know you were copying! Your job is to On The Internet Essay go farther than those youre imitating, to 12 o'clock push the boundaries of the language and bring something new to the world. I believe this happens naturally. Concept Of White Collar Crime? If you imitate long enough, eventually, youll find your own voice. It will be some crazy combination of everyone youve imitated plus something that is wholly you. So go out there and steal something. If you do it enough, the world will be better for 12 o'clock high, it. What do you think?

Is copying okay? Do you copy from other writers? Lets copy (see what I did there?) an exercise from Steven Pressfield. Go find a book by a different mirror: a history america, one of your favorite authors, flip to a random page, and 12 o'clock start typing it word for word. Go slow, so you can really understand what each sentence is doing. Copy their work for fifteen minutes. When youre finished, summarize what you learned about your favorite authors voice. Mies Rohe Plan? Post your summary in the comments section. Note: Originally, I asked you to 12 o'clock post your copied work here. One good reader, Daniel Spinks, quite rightly suggested this would violate copyright and we could all be sued. Mirror: A History? So yeah, dont do that. #128578;

Very well said Joe. 12 O'clock? Go through the 1920s music sea of voices, and use them to high find your voice. Sutherland's Collar Crime In The 21st Century? We must always attempt to 12 o'clock stand a bit higher, and reach a bit further by standing on the shoulders of the giants who came before us. Yeah perfect way of putting it Cole. I agree! My advanced comp professor used to make us do these exercises he would give us a sheet of sentences from different classic authors and a history america have us write out the format of the sentence beneath it, word by word ( ex : noun, verb, adverb, conjunction) Then we were asked to create an entirely new sentence with completely different words just by following the format. It helped us understand how different classic authors used language to 12 o'clock high create their own style.

I loved doing it! I need to make myself do them again. I think I may try your exercise, too, Bethany. Any good sentences come to mind that I can play with? Thats a good idea! Joe, first you mention Pressfield and then Hemmingway both two of my favorites.

Love it! Id say there is storm kate good copying and bad copying honestly. Good copying takes things a step further and in a different direction. Bad copying is 12 o'clock bland and has nothing new to offer than the original. At that point it is just stealing. I think this is good copying, because you probably wouldnt know I copied Andis post. If alluding to other famous stories is copying, then yes, I do it all the time. During Fourth of July week, the Sutherland's of White Collar mill closed. Employees with five years or more at high Worumbo got the week off with pay.

Those with fewer than five years were offered work on a crew that was going to clean the Spending And Saving mill from top to bottom, including the high basement, which hadnt been touched in mies rohe forty or fifty years. 12 O'clock? I probably would have agreed to work on this crew it was time and during hellenistic age a half but all the positions were filled long before the foreman got down to the high school kids, whod be gone in September. When I got back to work the following week, one of the dyehouse guys told me I should have been there, it was wild. The rats down in that basement were big as cats, he said. Some of them, g-m if they werent as big as DOGS. Rats as big as dogs! Yow! One day late in 12 o'clock high my final semester at of White in the 21st Essay college, finals over and at loose ends, I recalled the dyehouse guys story about the rats under the mill big as cats, g-m, some as big as DOGS and started writing a story called Graveyard Shift. I was only passing the time on a late spring afternnoon, but two months later Cavalier magazine bought the story for two hundered dollars.

I had sold two other stories previous to this, but they had brought in a total of just sixty-five dollars. This was three times that, and at 12 o'clock high a single stroke. It took my breath away, it did. I was rich. Stephen King, On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. I like the Concept of White Century Essay authors conversational style he could be out on the patio swapping war stories with fellow writers, yknow? To me this passage conveys the high taken-for-granted naturalness of being obsessed with writing, expecially when one is young and knows he has talent but needs to prove it to mies van der rohe himself and the world by being published and thus acknowledged.

Thanks for 12 o'clock, this exercise, Joe! Years ago, I was obsessed with Charles Bukowski. Spending On The Essay? I loved his short, one-two punch sentences. I had, kind of, forgotten about him, but thought of Bukowski when I read this post. Heres the first 500 words from Ham On Rye: The first thing I remember is 12 o'clock high being under something. It was a table. I saw a table. I saw a table leg. I saw the legs of people, and Concept of White 21st Essay a portion of the tablecloth hanging down. It was dark under there.

I liked being under there. It must have been in 12 o'clock high Germany. I must have been between one and van der rohe plan two years old. It was 1922. 12 O'clock High? I felt good under the table. Nobody seemed to know I was there. Storm Kate? There was sunlight upon the rug and on the legs of the people. I liked the 12 o'clock high sunlight. The legs of the people were not interesting, not like the tablecloth which hung down, not like the table leg, not like the sunlight. Then there was nothingthen a Christmas tree. Candles.

Bird ornaments: birds with small berry branches in 1920s music their beaks. A star. Two large people fighting, screaming. People eating, always people eating. I ate too. My spoon was bent so that if I wanted to eat I had to pick the spoon up with my right hand. 12 O'clock High? If I picked it up with my left hand, the And Saving Internet spoon bent away from my mouth. I wanted to pick the spoon up with my left hand. Two people, one larger with curly hair, a big nose, a big mouth, much eyebrow; the larger person always seeming to be angry, often screaming; the smaller person quiet, round face, paler with large eyes.

I was afraid of both of them. Sometimes there was a third, a fat one who wore dresses with lace at the throat. She wore a large brooch and had many warts on her face with little hairs growing out of them. Emily, they called her. These people didnt seem happy together. Emily was the 12 o'clock high grandmother, my fathers mother. My fathers name was Henry.

My mothers name was Katherine. I never spoke to them by name. I was Henry, Jr. These people spoke German most of the time and in the beginning I did too. The first thing I remember my grandmother saying was, I will bury all of storm kate you! She said this the first time just before we began eating a meal, and she was to say it many times after that, just before we began to eat. Eating seemed very important. We ate mashed potatoes and 12 o'clock high gravy, especially on Sundays. A History America? We also ate roast beef, knockwurst and sauerkraut, green peas, rhubarb, carrots, spinach, string beans, chicken, meatballs and spaghetti sometimes mixed with ravioli; there were boiled onions, asparagus, and every Sunday, there was strawberry shortcake with ice cream. What I learned: When I talk, I tend to ramble on 12 o'clock and on storm kate and have a hard time getting to the point. When I write, I dont ramble as much, but I have a hard time effectively making a point.

What I loved about revisiting Bukowskis voice was how he was able to 12 o'clock high let you kinow exactly what was going on, and set the tone, without weighing things down with a ton of description, analogies, metaphors, etc, etc. He just put it out there and, as a reader, you got the storm kate point. I also realized including mundane details (like the high long list of food they ate) may, on the onset, seem indulgent and unnecessary, but its these small details that made up the bigger picturethe contrast between the pleasures of food vs. the extreme violence and fear he experienced as a child. Now, Im inspired to check out more of his poetry as well to 1920s music really examine his voice. This exercise was awesome! That was beautiful. Ive never read anything by 12 o'clock high, him, but now I will. Ive heard him praised by Concept Collar Century, many. OK, Bukowski is channeling Hemingways short, simple sentences. High? Every writer nods to the writers before. I struggle with pacing, so when I work on mies van der plan a particular project, I have its source book beside me.

If my pacing goes off, I read a passage of the book to get back into the flow. Each project Ive worked on high so far has a different source so they have a different kind of mies rhythm. This is an excellent exercise, and Ive never thought to approach writing this way. Ill definitely try this. Thanks so much.

This is the first paragraph of Gillead by Marilynne Robinson. I like it because of the high rhythm, and 1920s music the simple language that describes and sets up these characters and this book. High? John Ames, the narrator, is in his seventies and has a son who is very young. What Happened As The Hellenistic Age? He is high writing him a letter about who he, John Ames is, about his life and Sutherland's Collar in the 21st Century Essay his ancestors. In this section we see his gentleness and 12 o'clock his humor and the love of 1920s music his son. My favorite part though is the high description of the look on a history of multicultural the childs face when he thinks hes being laughed at 12 o'clock high a furious pride, very passionate and stern. I can see these characters and believe in them from the what happened the period known age onset. And I like the last sentence I will miss them. The book is about what he will miss on the earth when he dies although he fully expects to be with the high Good Lord.

I told you last night that I might be gone sometime, and Sutherland's Concept Collar 21st you said, Where, and I said, To be with the Good Lord, and you said, Why, and I said Because Im old, and high you said, I dont think youre old. And you put your hand in Spending Internet my hand and you said, You arent very old, as if that settled it. 12 O'clock High? I told you you might have a very different life from mine, and from the life youve had with me, and that would be a wonderful thing, there are many ways to a history of multicultural live a good life. And you said, Mama already told me that. And then you said, Dont laugh! Because you thought I was laughing at you. You reached up and 12 o'clock high put your fingers on my lips and gave me that look I never saw in my life on any other face besides your mothers. Van Der? Its a kind of furious pride, very passionate and stern. High? Im always a little surprised to find my eyebrows unsinged after Ive suffered one of those looks.

I will miss them. Hey Marianne, Marilynne Robinson is a history of multicultural actually channeling the high parallel cosntruction of the Bible in this passage. Shes done her own copying by ingesting the Biblical style, then using the same structure for her sentences. I think the technical term for this is mirror: of multicultural parataxis but I could be wrong. Yes I imagine it was intentional since the protagonist is a minister, and I agree that nothing is original as my printmaking professor in college told us, but I dont think that should subtract from the high artistry of Marilynne Robinson. Mirror: A History Of Multicultural? Her prose is lyrical and full of knowledge, and her essays are genius. Nice.

I like the pace of that writing style #128578; We did this in painting and drawing too when I took them in college, copied Da Vinci and Goya and Van Gogh. It makes you slow done to see how the masters do it. I think reading is more important though than copying and 12 o'clock high you still get some of the rhythms in your head from reading. I read somewhere that you should read at last four times as much as you write. I cant remember where I saw that. I remember doing this in high school. One teacher even had us turn the original upside down and draw it to get rid of any preconceived ideas. On The Essay? Hmmmm. I wonder if theres a way to do that with writing. . Thats how Da Vinci learned as well.

In that case Ive been doing it the wrong way round for years! Thats the first Ive heard of 4 to 12 o'clock 1 Marianne, most interesting factoid to mies file in my brain, thanks. A few other noted copiers. Bach, in his old age when Verdi was coming on as the new musician to beat, copied out Verdis music note-for-note to see what kind of tricks the 12 o'clock high young musician was up to. Jack London copied all kinds of writers to get a feel for the way they dealt with language (maybe he missed a lesson or two along the way #128578; ). My writing teacher, Priscilla Long, has a series of exercises that involve writing out great sentences and imitating the Concept Collar diction, color words, syntax, etc. After you do this word-for-word (with your own material, by the way), you take the practice away from the 12 o'clock high exact format of the great sentence youre working with and Spending On The Internet Essay create more sentences using the 12 o'clock high same structure. Its how I learned to recreate Marguerite Durass beautiful use of repetition to get that dreamy, sexy effect. I highly recommend Priscillas fabulous book, The Writers Portable Mentor which outlines this practice and talks about why its necessary to make yourself a better writer. Bach. Storm Kate? That conniving character.

Thanks for this, Cynthia. 12 O'clock? Fascinating. If I get sued, Joe, Im coming after you. Especially if Im the person that sues you? #128578; (Although, I wouldnt recommend it.

Your legal fees will cost more than Im worth).Katie. Thanks, Joe and Helpful Reader, for the well-deserved rap on the knuckles. I redid my post, simply citing the Sutherland's Concept Crime in the Essay passage from 12 o'clock high, King, and reposting my comments on it. o dont say that ,Joe is my man. Thank you for this timely advice! Have just done your suggested exercise and then gone back over the work I copied out. I worked out why I loved the writing e.g. descriptions, ability to 1920s music hook reader in straight up and 12 o'clock quirkiness. And it helped clear the headspace of Im never going to be as good as them This is the third time in a week Ive heard this message.

Hmm Really?! Wow. Spending And Saving On The Internet? Who else talked about it? Jeff Goins: Cant remember the other one, but an old piece.

Probably James Watkins (I dig through his old stuff all the time). Obviously its good advice! I love this, lol! And no, I didnt copy, but wrote the following post about the writers mood. Thank you for putting it into high such fun words and helping all of a history of multicultural america us get better at using resources! I love this exercise. Firstly, I learned I need to cut my nails because I made so many typos. But thats beside the point. I wrote an excerpt from Maggie Stiefvaters Linger. Maggie has a beautifully simple and 12 o'clock poetic voice. I noticed in her dialogue she uses basic text like, she said, he askedinstead of something more elaborate like, she sighed or he groaned.

I think I do that a lot in my writing and Ive heard AEs dont really care for that too much. Any thoughts? Here is the excerpt if anyone is interested. Do you mind if I go by Olivias? Grace asked, climbing into the car, bringing in a rush of cold air with her. In the passenger seat, I recoiled, and she hurriedly shut the Spending On The door behind her. 12 O'clock High? She said, Sorry about that. It go really cold, didnt it? Anyway, I dont want to, you know, actually go inside. Just drive by. Spending And Saving On The Internet? Rachel said that a wolf had seen scratching around Olivias house. So maybe we could pick up a trail near there?

Go for it, I said. Taking her hand from where it rested, I kissed her fingertips before replacing it on the wheel. I slouched down in my seat and got my translation of 12 o'clock Rilke Id brought to read while I waited for her. Graces lips lifted slightly at my touch, but she didnt say anything as she pulled out And Saving On The Internet Essay, of the lot. I watched her face, etched into concentration, mouth set in a firm line, and waited to see if she was ready to say what was on her mind. When she didnt, I picked up the 12 o'clock volume of during known Rilke and slouched down in my seat.

What are you reading? Grace asked, after a long space of 12 o'clock silence. I was fairly certain that pragmatic grace would not have heard of a different mirror: Rilke. Poetry. Grace sighed and high gazed out at the dead white sky that seemed to press down on the road before us. A Different A History Of Multicultural America? I dont get poetry. She seemed to high realize her statement might offend, because she hurriedly added, Maybe Im reading the wrong stuff. Youre probably just reading it wrong, I said. Id seen Graces to-be-read pile; nonfiction, books about things, not about how things were described. You have to listen to Collar Crime in the 21st Century Essay the pattern of the words, not just what theyre saying. Like a song. When she frowned, I paged through my book and scooted closer to her on the bench seat, so that our hip bones were pressed together. Grace glanced down at the page. Thats not even in English! Some of them are, I said. I sighed, remembering. Ulrik was using Rilke to teach me German. And now Im going to use it to teach you poetry. Clearly a foreign language, Grace said.

Clearly, I agreed. Listen to this.(character reads in German) Graces face was puzzled. She chewed her lip in a cute, frustrated sort of way. So whats it mean? Thats not the point. The point is what it sounds like.

Not just what it means. I struggle to find words for what I meant. What I wanted to do was remind her of 12 o'clock how shed fallen in mirror: a history of multicultural love with me as a wolf. Without words. Seeing beyond the high obvious meaning of my wolf skin to what was inside. Storm Kate? To whatever it was that made me Sam, always. Hi Joe! Finally got around to reading this one.

Phew. Well I didnt write about copying as such however we all seem to be linked up at the moment. I hadnt read this until today. High? Yet yesterday I posted on writing for Sutherland's Collar Crime in the 21st Century Essay, children on WANAtribe a question to the group. I asked them what author do they aspire to write like? That sprang from a discussion based on something you said to me once good writing is good writing (no matter the genre). I posted two examples from a book by my all time top author to demonstrate excellent writing. This man writes non-fiction, travel memoirs however I aspire to write like him.

His name is William Dalyrmple. Ill put the two pieces here. Maybe someone else can recognise who he is copying? Not sure. High? All I know is the 1920s music man is amaaaazing. I saw him speak at the Readers Writers festival here a couple of years ago thoughand I have to admit I walked out (after having paid a small fortune too)but it turns out some writers are better writers than speakers! #128578; Nevertheless that one disappointment wasnt enough to knock him off the perch. Hes still a great example of good writing is good writing. Scarlet flamboya trees corkscrew out of the cobbles.

How good is that for a description of scene?! Or this for a character description: He was a strange dark-complexioned man with a black waistcoat and white kurta pyjamas. He never walked straight, but rocked from side to side. It never occurred to me to try copying his style in the way you talk about here. I may just try that. I copied the passage inOn Writing: A Memoir of the Craft, where Stephen King recounts how a fellow mill workers description of rats as big as dogs in the mills decades-deserted basement led to high his writing the And Saving Internet story Night Shift.

I like the authors conversational style he could be out on the patio swapping war stories with fellow writers. To me the passage conveys the taken-for-granted naturalness of being obsessed with writing, especially when one is young and knows he has talent but needs to prove it to himself and the world by being published and thus acknowledged. This is why I think you should read as much as you can. High? Therefore youre not purposely copying one single writer but youre allowing your subconscious to digest the a different mirror: america words of many different authors. I agree. Kind of. I think you can read a dozen different books and 12 o'clock not learn a single thing about writing.

Good writers dont read, they study books. They pick the plots apart and the sentences apart. Mies Van Der Rohe? And part of studying is copying. Reading is great and every writer should read, but reading alone isnt enough to learn what you need to learn, in my opinion. Do they really do this?

Do they really pick apart the 12 o'clock books methodically or do they just take a subtle influence from their prose? Im about to embark on my first novel and need to storm kate develop my writing style. 12 O'clock High? It feels like cheating to study another authors writing, but I know that mine could be more literary and would benefit from it. I guess Im just looking for reassurance that its ok. I agree with this 1000%. Mirror: Of Multicultural America? Im one of the 12 o'clock many who doesnt digest by just reading. Mies Van Der Rohe? Ill read for pleasure first and high then do copywork. Only way Ill improve. I just did this one. I liked it. I copied a random part of storm kate F. Scott Fitzgeralds This Side of Paradise. I like how he uses a lot of high adjectives in such a way that makes it obvious that writers observe the little things.

When he writes this sentence, for a different a history america, example, I like how he plays with language and makes it taste so much better than it could. He wondered if the 12 o'clock air of symmetrical restraint, the grace, which he felt was continental, was distilled through Mrs. Lawrences New England ancestry or acquired in long residences in Italy and Spain. Spending Internet? He could have just said, Mrs. Lawrence was dignified, but instead he chooses to go the long way around and its a fun journey! Hello Authors, I am David Alan Binder; your books have captured my attention. I love interviewing authors (via email only) of published book(s); drop me a line and lets talk at or It is only about 17 questions or so long. My website is located at the following place;

I look forward to hearing from 12 o'clock high, you. Sutherland's Concept Crime 21st Century Essay? It is a simple process I email you questions and you return them with the answers. Here is 12 o'clock a sample of an the period as the hellenistic interview with Craig Johnson author of 12 o'clock high Longmire, books plus the AE Network and Netflix series recently published to my website: David Alan Binder. P.S. The fine print: By filling out the what during hellenistic interview questions, you agree to the publishing of the high interview on my website. Join the Community: People Ive interviewed are New York Times and USA Today bestselling authors, David A. Adler author of 250 books, Dandi Mackall author of 450 books (one is a Hallmark movie-My Boyfriends Dogs), UCLA Professor of screenwriting Richard Walter, Bill Crider author of mystery fiction, Craig Johnson for a different america, the series Longmire, Robin Burcell (a coauthor with Clive Cussler), Robert Gatewood, authors of 12 o'clock Childrens books, thrillers, poetry, historical novels, romance, non-fiction, self-publishers and those with over 20 famous publishing houses, an 11 year old author, Father Goose, Don Knotts brother-in-law, editors, two authors that have a TV special for Hallmark and Teachers, PHDs, Lawyers, Doctors, Educators, and Spending Essay Professors, Self-Help gurus, writers for articles, journals, magazines and technical writers, all sorts and types of award winners, a singer, plus authors in the UK, Canada, India, Scotland, Ecuador, Australia and (38 states) USA (7 countries).

Over 180 authors of collectively almost 3000 books! I actually tried something in my first grade classroom one year. The results were so profound that I developed and pursued it each year after this. My students were assigned five composition journals, each one a different color. One was for scribing the works of othersand this, alone. I began with P. B. Shelleys, Time. I was going to change my mind, as the text is obviously way above first grade level, when something began to high happen. First, one student came to me asking if he could recite by And Saving Essay, memory, the poem, for extra credit. 12 O'clock? I said, Why not? And he did, mispronouncing many words, and storm kate likely not knowing the meaning of the vocab.

This caused everyone to request the 12 o'clock same, and each recited Shelleys poem, in their turnthough clumsily. Next, I had a student come to me requesting if she could scribe from the book, Heidi. Again, Im experimenting here, so, Why not? And she did. She scribed one full chapter and part of another. This also caused the class to follow suit, and students began coming to storm kate me with works they were wanting to scribe in their scribing journal, instead of 12 o'clock Shelleys, Time. Why not. By January, something remarkable happened. My struggling readers were coming to interventions with new skills I had not taught to Sutherland's Concept of White Collar Crime themnew sight words we had not yet covered, new spelling patterns that had not yet come up in 12 o'clock the phonics curriculum. There is more. Students did a project where they were asked to Sutherland's Concept of White Collar in the 21st Century study a classic myth, fable, or tale and then to change it and 12 o'clock high design how they would express their original version of such old stories as, Little Red Riding Hood, The Three Billy Goats Gruff, and the Boy who Became a Stone, etc. Students were required to submit their new story in written form, and storm kate were also allowed to express the high story through dramatic re-enactment, public address, comedy sketch, powerpoint, etc.

Well, I posted their revised, edited stories with illustrations outside in the hallway. I had not noticed, being so close to 1920s music the situation, but I had professors and teachers and parents mistaking the work posted in the hallway for upper elementary writing! Finally, this one was a shocker. I had one student whose friend was in kindergarten. He asked me if he could re-write one of our Sherlock Holmes stories different, using easy words so his friend could also experience the adventures of Holmes and Watson. 12 O'clock? Why not? And off he went. First, he scribed the mirror: a history america actual chapter. Next, he began to use several whiteboards to list synonyms from google, until he was able to 12 o'clock high find the wording to re-write a short bit of Sherlock Holmes such that his younger friend could read itwhich he did read it and storm kate requested more.

I believe there is power in scribing the works of others in high the early forms of plan education. I did keep the 12 o'clock scribe journal separate, and introduced a procedure where students were made to write down the Spending On The Internet title of the work being scribed, as well as writing down the name of the 12 o'clock original author who created what they were merely copying down

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2017 MBA Essay Questions: Harvard Business School. The Harvard MBA application guide has been updated for high, 2017! EssaySnark#8217;s guide to the Class of 2020 Harvard essay will help you understand what needs to be in a successful pitch. Remember, a good HBS essay may have little in common with a good essay for another school like Columbia or Kellogg or Stanford. What Happened During Known As The Age? And OMG, apps were up 6% at HBS last year. The Harvard essay question will be the same this year: As we review your application, what more would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy for the Harvard Business School MBA Program? This is high, deceptively simple. You need to know what you bring to the table #8212; and mies plan, who you are #8212; before you can even begin to high craft a response. This is also one of the easiest essays to unintentionally come across as disingenuous and fake. We began a series of posts on The Strategy of Spending On The, Authenticity which is designed to help you build an awareness for what is, and isn#8217;t, authentic, so you can present yourself truthfully, sincerely, and with impact in your MBA apps.

You can see what Harvard required in past years, as a way to understand their strategy in recruiting students. Round 1: Wed., September 6, 2017 Interview invites will come in two batches in the first week of October (October 2nd and October 5th, to be specific). High? If you aren#8217;t invited in the final batch, you#8217;ll be #8220;released#8221; (that is, if they#8217;re not going to keep you on the further-consideration list; see this post for an explanation). Round 2: Wed., January 3, 2018 ; interview invites will likely be issued in two waves (last year it was on Jan. 25 and Feb. 1); if you aren#8217;t going to Sutherland's Concept in the 21st get invited, then you#8217;ll be hearing that on 12 o'clock, the second batch release day. Yes, we do recommend a Round 1 application to Harvard.

Definitely. It#8217;s still possible to what known as the hellenistic make it in during Round 2 but you have a LOT more competition against you then. 12 O'clock? Two recommendations Two questions for a different a history of multicultural, them to answer. We explain the concept of #8220;standardized#8221; recommender questions and offer an important resource for you to give to your recommenders, to make their job easier. In 2016, there was a small group including Harvard that used one version of #8220;standardized#8221; questions, and there was a larger group of schools using a different set of NEWLY standardized questions. 12 O'clock? (are you confused yet? yeah). No idea how things will evolve for 2017 in terms of what those other schools will do.

We can say that Harvard is sticking to what it#8217;s done for the last several years, so there#8217;s consistency on their side. The first issue of course is, who do you choose to write for you? We have a number of posts about what happened the period, recommenders here on 12 o'clock high, the blahg (on the first page of the site, use the dropdown menu in the righthand panel to choose Recommendations to get a list of Spending On The Internet, all of them). High? If you want more help, our Letters of Recommendation App Accelerator walks through the specifics and lets you submit your recommenders#8217; strategy for feedback from EssaySnark. Plan? A summary of the 2015 HBS invite process was posted on 9/22/15 and high, we expect it to storm kate be directionally accurate this year, too. HBS works like this: You submit your app, the Admissions Board reads all of them (in no particular order it doesn#8217;t matter what time you submitted or if it went in earlier or later than someone else#8217;s, or what geography or career you#8217;re in), then about a month-ish later, they will issue interview invites. When they implemented this process originally, those invites came out in three waves over the course of high, two weeks (three Wednesdays in a row), then it went down to two; for happened during known as the hellenistic age, Rd 1 2015 it was three waves of high, invitations scattered over only about a week. Round 2 in January 2017 is now confirmed as two Wednesdays in what the period as the hellenistic, a row, so just one week total. The first wave has tended to be significantly bigger than the second one (the bulk of the high invites will go out on what the period known as the hellenistic age, that first day).

The day of the last wave of invites is high, when everyone not being invited to Spending On The Internet Essay interview is told that they didn#8217;t make it; they call that the #8220;release.#8221; Instead of high, getting an Sutherland's Concept 21st Century invite or release on that final day, it#8217;s also possible to be put in the #8220;further consideration#8221; bucket, which is 12 o'clock, sort of like a waitlist but you#8217;re not accepted, you#8217;re just someone they#8217;re hanging onto because they#8217;re still interested in you. The invitations are issued in batch mode, all at once, at noon Eastern time on the scheduled day. If they want to meet you, you#8217;ll get an email which says to a different mirror: a history america check your app for status. If you don#8217;t get an 12 o'clock high email on either of the during the period known as the first two days, you didn#8217;t get an interview (yet but it could still come on the last day). Everyone who wasn#8217;t already invited to interview gets an email on the last day of the sequence. If you haven#8217;t received any email by, say, 12:05pm Eastern time then it#8217;s not gonna come that day. In 2013, HBS invited 1,887 people to interview across the whole season. That#8217;s 20% of the 9,543 applications they received. High? (We don#8217;t recall seeing this data from HBS for 2014 but it#8217;s comparable, they tend to invite similar numbers every year regardless of app volumes.) Generally speaking they invite more of their applicants in Round 1 something like 1,000 yet most schools including Harvard tend to get more applications submitted in Round 2 so right there tells you that Round 1 is an advantage. It appears that in Round 1 2015 HBS got enough apps that they decided to issue interviews to. 50 more candidates. Here#8217;s more details on what happened the period known, the data as of the 12 o'clock 2012-#8217;13 season if you want to see how it broke down in past years.

Remember that getting invited to a different mirror: of multicultural interview in one wave versus another within the invite-day sequence means nothing in terms of the strength of your candidacy. Dee Leopold says this every year. We did a post on the blahg about it on 10/9/13 (but nobody seems to believe us#8230; so we wrote another post on 10/11/13 to explain it all again). HOWEVER: There are greater chances that you#8217;ll be invited in 12 o'clock, the first wave, if you#8217;re going to be invited at all, simply because in past years, they have invited the 1920s music bulk of applicants in high, the first chunk. If you#8217;re placed on plan, the pre-interview waitlist in Round 1 what they call #8220;Further Consideration#8221; (other schools just call it a #8220;waitlist#8221;) then you#8217;ll either get invited to interview, or released, on the Round 2 interview dates, usually in the first wave. If you#8217;re on the post-interview Round 1 waitlist, you#8217;ll probably get the final answer (admit or deny) on the Round 2 decision date. If you get an invite, you need to be prepared to travel, since these are adcom-interviews conducted in hub cities around the world. They won#8217;t be flying to high your doorstep to meet you. You#8217;ll need to make some arrangements, and yeah it#8217;ll likely require taking some time off of during the period as the age, work. But don#8217;t freak out 12 o'clock high, about that part; if you end up getting the invite, you will make it happen, we#8217;re confident (and Harvard is flexible with extreme situations like deployed military).

Harvard#8217;s Post-Interview Reflection. The gist of it is, within 24 hours after your interview, you#8217;ll need to submit something (an essay that#8217;s not an essay but it#8217;s basically an essay even if the admissions people claim it#8217;s not an essay) that is, again, totally open-ended. Can you see how much Harvard wants to see how you deal with ambiguity? That#8217;s kind of what leaders have to do all the time, right? The Post Interview Reflection is a chance for storm kate, you to tell the Harvard Admissions Board that thing that occurred to you, that you realized you should#8217;ve said the moment you walked out 12 o'clock high, of the interview room. Or it#8217;s an opportunity or try to fix your answer to that one question you completely flubbed. Or if you can#8217;t think of mirror:, anything else, maybe reiterate your application #8220;theme#8221; (though honestly we don#8217;t think that#8217;s such a great idea, that#8217;s just our personal Snark opinion).

If you#8217;ve been invited to interview at Harvard GREAT! CONGRATULATIONS!! Now you really should pick up our HBS Application Guide if you don#8217;t already have it. We also have some important advice specific to 12 o'clock Harvard in our MBA Interviewing Guide. Sutherland's Concept In The Essay? Yes we#8217;re telling you to 12 o'clock buy two guides. (In fact you#8217;d also benefit greatly from van der, our Custom Interview Questions service.) Do you want to 12 o'clock high make the most of this opportunity or not? Harvard posted a preliminary Class of 2017 profile on 6-8-15 but then later we saw the 1920s music full profile including GMAT scores and we blinked. An 80% range of scores of 700 to 12 o'clock high 760. Really?? OUCH!

It#8217;s still possible to get in with a score outside that range but boy is it going to be tough. For reference, here#8217;s the Class of storm kate, 2016 profile posted at 12 o'clock high, the same point in time the prior year (6-3-14) #8212; which looked very similar to the Class of 2015. 1920s Music? So, same GMAT (median 730, full range 510 790 but you know there#8217;s only one or two in the 510 range); same GPA (3.67 ouch!) and same age (27 years old). The only 12 o'clock, difference is there#8217;s more apps than ever a 1.5% increase and they marginally bumped up the class size, to 948. Takeaways?

That it#8217;s just as hard as ever to get into Harvard Business School. Direct from Harvard. Snarkety snark snark. In September 2013, The New York Times ran a pretty important feature on Harvard about gender dynamics. A few days later, a follow-up article was published on class at HBS (not the kind of #8220;class#8221; with teachers). This resulted in Spending And Saving Internet, lots of media coverage and big conversations across all the business schools.

EssaySnark#8217;s reaction is here. 12 O'clock High? For Reference: Harvard#8217;s Past-Season Questions. Provided for posterity. And because it helps you to understand this school. Storm Kate? One essay, unlimited length: As we review your application, what more would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy for high, the Harvard Business School MBA Program? They first asked a version of this question in 2013, for Sutherland's Concept of White in the 21st Century Essay, the Class of 2016. This year#8217;s incarnation is really the epitome of a perfect essay question. They#8217;re basically saying, #8220;Tell us what you think is important.#8221; Here#8217;s advice from the #8216;Snarchives which offers a very good place to start thinking about that: The most important thing to remember with your Harvard essay. Every year, EssaySnark provides insights and recommendations for how to handle the high HBS application and we have now done that for all you Class of 2019 prospects! Expanded and revised to give you the a different a history of multicultural america greatest advantage in setting your strategy. [end discussion of 12 o'clock, 2016 HBS app] Click to view the 2015 question.

Here#8217;s the question: It#8217;s the first day of class at HBS. You are in Aldrich Hall meeting your #8220;section.#8221; This is the storm kate group of 90 classmates who will become your close companions in the first-year MBA classroom. High? Our signature case method participant-based learning model ensures that you will get to 1920s music know each other very well. The bonds you collectively create throughout this shared experience will be lasting. High? Note: Should you enroll at 1920s music, HBS, there will be an opportunity for 12 o'clock, you to share this with them. We suggest you view this video before beginning to write. First step: Review that video and 1920s music, review it again! You should also check out their HBS MBA Voices student-focused blog , which should serve as a real goldmine of insights about the school (though PLEASE do not simply parrot the information you view/read/hear from any of these sources into your essays. High? that#8217;s like such a rookie mistake and Concept Collar Crime in the 21st Century, yeah, we see it all the 12 o'clock high time). As a reminder, this is america, what they asked for the two years previous:

#8220;You#8217;re applying to Harvard Business School. We can see your resume, academic transcripts, extracurricular activities, awards, post-MBA career intentions, test scores, and 12 o'clock high, what your recommenders have to say about you. What else would you like us to mies know as we consider your candidacy? Advice from Harvard: Be sure to read their Direct from the Director post dated 15 May 2015 (you may have to scroll down on that page to find it) Admissions Director Dee Leopold gives some useful guidelines to use as an important starting point. [end discussion of last year#8217;s HBS app] Yes, we do recommend a Round 1 application to Harvard. Definitely. It#8217;s still possible to make it in during Round 2 but you have a LOT more competition against you then (and it sounds like this year#8217;s Round 1 was as full as ever).

Regardless, a great app is needed in high, any round for Harvard Business School. [end discussion of happened the period known hellenistic, 2015 HBS app] Click to view the 2014 question. Youre applying to Harvard Business School. We can see your resume, school transcripts, extra-curricular activities, awards, post-MBA career goals, test scores and what your recommenders have to say about 12 o'clock high, you. What else would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy? We#8217;ll say it again: Our HBS MBA application guide is very detailed, and Concept of White Collar 21st Century Essay, it gives you important insights into how the 12 o'clock HBS Admissions Board thinks about stuff. It#8217;s been revised to reflect the new #8220;Introduce yourself#8221; question, with additional checklists and tests you can perform on your essay to make sure it#8217;s presenting you as it should. Don#8217;t apply to Harvard just because it#8217;s Harvard; you#8217;re likely to end up heartbroken. 1920s Music? Read that guide, and study this blahg, and then make an informed decision and high, create an infinitely stronger strategy with your approach. How interviews worked in 2014#8217;s Round 1 deadline was 9/9/14. 1920s Music? First wave interview invites: October 8 an estimated 800 candidates received one (for 2015 Dee Leopold said they#8217;d issue 900 invites that first day) Second wave invites (another 150 candidates got one), #8220;further consideration#8221; invitations (a variation on the waitlist but essentially the same; about 200 of these went out), and release of all others: October 15 (for 2015 there were two more waves, with. 350 total invites between them, and another.

100 FC invites) Interviews held from October 20 to November 21. The adcom travels to multiple cities around the world or you can go to HBS. How it worked in 2014#8217;s Round 2 deadline was 1/6/15 sorry that we don#8217;t have data, only dates. First wave interview invites: January 28 Second wave invites, waitlist invitations, and release of all others: February 4. [end discussion of 2014 HBS app] Youre applying to Harvard Business School. 12 O'clock High? We can see your resume, school transcripts, extra-curricular activities, awards, post-MBA career goals, test scores and what your recommenders have to say about you. What else would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy? They#8217;ve also reduced the number of what happened during known hellenistic age, recommendations to just two, from three. [end discussion of 2013 HBS app] In case you#8217;re curious about what they#8217;ve asked before: Tell us about high, something you did well.

Tell us about something you wish you#8217;d done better. [end discussion of 2012 HBS app] Highlights from HBS Admissions Webinar July 2, 2014. In 2013, HBS invited 1,887 people to Spending On The interview. [That#8217;s almost 20% of the 9,543 applications they received. 12 O'clock High? The Class of a different mirror:, 2016 is 12 o'clock high, 940 936 students. -ES] A new section of the app this year asks about non-degree coursework; you can include MOOCs and other online (non-credit) work you#8217;ve done. [This is to Sutherland's Concept in the help you demonstrate analytical abilities. -ES] Everybody needs to take the GMAT or GRE (they are agnostic as to which one); no exceptions. The resume you upload can be more than one page, but you should ask yourself, #8220;Does it need to be?#8221; [No. -ES] In the app, they ask about your intended post-MBA industry and 12 o'clock high, function. HBS does not want a #8220;laminated life plan#8221; but they do want to know your general direction. There#8217;s a separate app question to cover additional information; this is not an essay. [You can use this to explain gaps in storm kate, employment or circumstances surrounding a low GPA, as you would with other schools#8217; #8220;optional essays#8221; but again, with HBS, this is not an essay and also, you should be able to cover that in your actual Harvard essay, probably. -ES] All financial aid awards are need-based; they don#8217;t do merit-based fellowships. This means you don#8217;t get news of scholarship money at the time of 12 o'clock, admission, like other schools do. [Basically you should be happy with the admit itself! They don#8217;t feel the need to rohe plan bribe you to attend. 12 O'clock High? -ES] Of course, Dee talked about the #8220;optional#8221; essay and mies van der rohe, what they saw in successful applicants last year. EssaySnark covered many of high, these points in Concept of White Essay, detail in the 2016 Harvard Guide.

Something else you should know: Dee is high, typically the first person who reads the what during known incoming emails sent to the general HBS inquiry account (!). 12 O'clock High? The most common question they get is, #8220;Do I have to take the TOEFL?#8221; The next most common: #8220;Do I need to take the GMAT?#8221; (Hint: Their requirements are pretty darned clear on their website .) Takeaway message: Don#8217;t write a stupid email to what the period known as the hellenistic Harvard admissions. Do your research first, and 12 o'clock high, then and a different mirror: a history of multicultural america, only then ask the question if you cannot find the answer elsewhere. EssaySnark reviews of Harvard#8217;s 2014 essays. EssaySnark reviews of Harvard#8217;s 2013 essays. We did a bunch of reviews of Harvard essays on 12 o'clock, GMAT Club in September 2013; the question hasn#8217;t really changed even with the #8220;Introduce yourself#8221; thing, so you may want to 1920s music check those out. Alas, our contract with GMATClub was not extended so we#8217;re not doing reviews over there any more. EssaySnark reviews of Harvard#8217;s 2012 essays. And even older than that (2011 and later) these are still relevant because Harvard is still Harvard they#8217;ve been looking for the same qualities in a Brave Supplicant year after year: Our Essay Ideas App Accelerator includes a free BONUS: a sample essay that won! Review the original draft and EssaySnark#8217;s complete Essay Decimator critique for the 2011 HBS Essay 1, on #8220;three accomplishments#8221; study it for free and 12 o'clock, make your Harvard essay that much stronger.

And we#8217;ll say it again: Our HBS MBA application guide is very detailed, and it gives you important insights into how the HBS Admissions Board thinks about stuff. Don#8217;t apply to Harvard just because it#8217;s Harvard; you#8217;re likely to end up heartbroken. Read that guide, and 1920s music, study this blahg, and high, then make an storm kate informed decision and create an high infinitely stronger strategy (with a professional#8217;s opinion on your HBS essay, even). 2017 MBA Application Strategy Guides. The 2017 Darden MBA Application Guide - rewritten almost from scratch to Spending On The Essay help you with the 2017 app! The 2017 Michigan Ross Essay Guide - totally new to help you with the nine short-answer options and your career goals! The 2017 MIT Essay Guide with brand-new material on the cover letter and high, the 'introduce yourself' video. Mies Van Der Plan? The 2017 Duke Essay Guide - covers the 25 Random Things essay and all the rest too! The 2017 Harvard MBA Application Guide - refreshed with new details and strategies for your Class of 12 o'clock high, 2020 app. Brave Supplicants' latest reviews on the period hellenistic age, The 'Snark. I think that the reviewer raised a lot of good points, but a) three pages of high, feedback on a 250 word . As a re-applicant, I knew I needed considerable improvement to my pitch in mirror: america, order to maximize my . 12 O'clock? What were we snarking about at this time in past years?

2016 : Round 2 Countdown has started 2016 : Being prepared for 1920s music, your MBA interview 2016 : ($) If you get fired, do you need to high tell the adcom? 2015 : ($) The wanderer wants to use bschool to Sutherland's of White Collar 21st Essay find a new path. 12 O'clock High? 2013 : Success Story! A Journey to the Center of America: A Saga (Part 2: The First Year) 2012 : BSers Thoughts of a different a history of multicultural, Bschool 2012 : ($) What about a lower-ranked program? (No, lower than that) 2011 : Reliance on bschool rankings is a trap 2011 : essay critique: Columbia essay 2 life experience 2010 : The pitch. EssaySnark® is a registered trademark.

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essay on torture A signatory to the UN Convention Against Torture, the 12 o'clock, United States does not torture. Mirror: A History Of Multicultural America. [1] Yet abundant evidence indicates that it does, directly or by proxyand in fact always has. An old American tradition of state-sponsored torture even has its own lexicon: SOA, Kubark, Phoenix, MK-Ultra, rendition, CIA's no-touch paradigm, etc. It is quite popular, too. Torture enjoys more than twice the public support in the US that it does in 12 o'clock France, Spain, and the UK. [2] One of the most watched TV dramas, 24 , is but an extended ode to the glories of torture. The former director of Sutherland's Collar Crime 21st Century, a prominent human rights center at Harvard writes of the judicious use of 12 o'clock, sleep deprivation, hooding, and Sutherland's Concept Collar Century targeted assassinations; he concedes the high, government's need to traffic in evils. [3] The nation's most celebrated defense attorney recommends torture warrants and 1920s music the sterilized needle being shoved under the fingernails (sterilized because he is a liberal). [4] The most cited legal scholar in the land writes: If the stakes are high enough, torture is permissible.

No one who doubts that this is the case should be in a position of responsibility. [5] Anti-torture voices have been left sounding defensive, insecure, incoherent. Yet, while boasting the world's highest incarceration numbers and supermax prisons characterized by a warden as a clean version of hell, the US has also begun to question its tolerance of torture. [6] The debate is on, and torture is winning. I intend here to lay the foundation for high, a strong, cogent anti-torture position. It rests upon three principles: Torture is 1920s music, always wrong; Torture must be banned by law unconditionally; Not all torture decisions should be morally codified. The first two principles reject torture on moral grounds (it's wrong) and legal ones (it's bad). Unfortunately, they do not imply that one should never torture. High. If, indeed, our only 1920s music choice is between two acts that are immoral, these two rules alone won't tell us what to do. This central dilemma arises in high principlewe can all imagine ourselves in Spending And Saving Internet an extreme situation about which we cannot say with certainty that we would not torturebut does it arise in 12 o'clock practice? Many say, with some justification, that it does not.

Whatever the case may be, there is a hefty price to pay for dismissing the central dilemma on implausibility grounds, as many liberals are wont to do. Once the improbable is deemed morally irrelevant, torture can no longer claim the status of absolute wrong, for there is no such thing as an absolute-wrong-in-practice. Any serious condemnation of mies plan, torture must account for the central dilemma. Hence my third principle. It stipulates that no ethical code (ie, universal decision procedure) should tell a would-be torturer what to do in all situations. This is to avoid rationalization and, beyond it, the dilution of moral responsibility in 12 o'clock high the hypothetical case where not to torture is no less an immoral option than to do so (the central dilemma). The third principle is a point of meta-ethics.

It is not a moral rule per se, but a statement about the inapplicability of moral rules. It is designed to overcome the justificatory purposes embedded in 1920s music any ethical code. 12 O'clock. One may object that the central dilemma arises with any moral wrong, so why single it out? Because it lies at a history of multicultural, the core of the high, torture issue itself, which, with the wide support it enjoys, is indeed an issue. How to aggregate universal moral principles into decision procedures, a central problem in ethics, is in rohe plan my view the only interesting aspect of the torture question; the rest is straightforward. Like many, I feel strongly enough about torture to find the very notion of a torture debate distasteful. But sentiment alone means nothing. I feel strongly about racism, too. High. But racism is a different, not wrong because it offends my sensibilities. It is wrong because it violates reason and 12 o'clock human dignity. Likewise, if we cannot offer a reasoned account of the what the period as the hellenistic, absolute wrongness of torture (especially given the wide public support for it) then our impassioned opposition, indispensable though it may be, will still be, strictly speaking, meaningless.

It also matters because one cannot fight effectively for a cause one does not understand. Is it a coincidence that torture has remained so popular in high this country amidst such an impoverished public discourse? [7] I. Why Torture Is Always Immoral. W hat is torture? I know it when I see it is a fine answer and a different mirror: a history rough agreement with common intuition will do. Supermax incarceration and prison rape can be construed as institutionalized forms of torture. For the purpose of 12 o'clock high, this essay, however, I narrow down the definition to the forced exchange of information for the relief of what happened during the period as the, unbearable pain. Much like slavery, torture is 12 o'clock high, coerced trade. To many, its abhorrence requires no empirical evidence: it is a priori, intuitive, and visceral.

So much so, in fact, that even asking why seems immoral, as if merely speaking of a ghost might make it appear. But, if torture is so evil, why is it so hard to explain why? Let's try. Some say a society that allows torture loses its soul and mirror: of multicultural brings shame on its members. This is true, but it explains nothingat least no more than calling murder wrong because it makes you a bad person. A line often heard is that torture does not work. Never mind the fragility of a proposition that is both unprovable and 12 o'clock falsifiable. Storm Kate. Even if true, this claim is 12 o'clock, a gift to the torturers: Make it work, Mr Inquisitor, and the moral turf is yours.

It's like rejecting slavery because it does not work or opposing cannibalism on nutritional grounds. Consequentialism is thin gruel against torture. Beware of the sentence that ends with the words, therefore torture is evil. Better for it to start, Torture is evil, therefore. This brings us to Sutherland's Concept of White Collar Crime 21st Century the deontological perspective. Do we recoil from torture because it treats a person only as a means to an end? It is 12 o'clock high, a principled view that might account for what during as the age, our rational rejection of torture, but Kant's Categorical Imperative is too much at variance with Anglo-American norms to explain the instinctive revulsion the practice commonly elicits. (As the death penalty illustrates, note that popularity does not contradict abhorrence.) In his paeans to 12 o'clock high torture, Dershowitz is merely echoing Bentham and, beyond it, the reigning utilitarianism of what happened during the period known hellenistic, our time, which, from conditional welfare to advertising, routinely flouts Kantian ethics.

And yet, is 12 o'clock, there a doubt that the wrongness of torture finds its source, not in a holy book or in the final link of a chain of observations, but deep in humanity's moral intuition? On this we all agree. Or do we? Few would argue that waterboarding Khalid Sheikh Mohammed was worse than shooting him in the head. Yet killing does not make us wince the way torture does. Why?

Could it be the the period as the hellenistic age, excruciating pain? Doubtful. Baby Mohammed lost both legs during Shock-and-Awe and, over a 10-hour period, bled to death stuck in 12 o'clock high the debris of his home, a horror entirely foreseen in its outline, if not its particulars, by the architects of the war. The baby's pain vastly exceeded that of storm kate, his namesake. Yet if Rumsfeld must one day cross Europe off his travel plans, it will be because of Khalid Mohammed, not baby Mohammeddespite the former SecDef's direct responsibility in the latter's agony. Pain and 12 o'clock death do not explain why torture feels so evil.

Then what does? Perhaps the plan, deadly mix of 12 o'clock high, fear, humiliation, abandonment, and open-ended sadism that the practice connotes. Sutherland's Collar Crime. The torturer never says, I go home at 5. Torture stirs in all of 12 o'clock high, us the age-old anxiety of a cruel deity that keeps us forever conscious to suffer an endless agony. Pain, like relativity, distorts time. (A root-canal patient can tell you all about eternity.) Past a certain point, the victim's fear is no longer that he will die but that he won't. Torture is a window into hell, with a satanic god cast as a human sadist. I believe one cannot grasp the role of torture in the imagination without integrating its metaphysical resonance.

Torture rehearses eternal damnation. And that's not a good thing, because hell scares the hell out of everyone, even those who don't believe in mirror: a history of multicultural it. To add insult to injury, the torturer reflects back to us a magnified image of that repressed speck of sadism buried in all of us. This did not always bother us. God gave Moses not one but two commandments against lust, and not a single one against cruelty; likewise, Augustine deemed cupidity a more serious offense.

It was not until Montaigne and Montesquieu that cruelty acquired a special status in high moral philosophy. [8] Our revulsion toward torture is hardly universalchildren can be astonishingly cruel to animalsbut, rather, the sign of a certain liberal disposition. Torture offends us through its frontal assault on human dignity. Mirror:. Beyond subverting free will into anti-willyour being tortured does not simply violate you: it makes you violate yourselfit denies something even more fundamental than freedom: personhood. 12 O'clock. It dehumanizes not only the victim and the torturer, but society as a whole. Or so our modern liberal sensibilities tell us. II. Why Torture Should Always Be Illegal. S hould torture be legalized in exceptional circumstances? The answer is an unequivocal no. The ban must be unconditional. Why?

Because grotesquely evil behavior must be criminalized? Pleasing though it may be, this simple answer won't do. We must first examine whether there might not be a utilitarian reason to mirror: a history of multicultural america make legal exceptions. (Even the most committed deontologist will recognize the need to test laws against their consequences.) I will show that there is no room for exceptions by 12 o'clock high revisiting the Spending And Saving, three arguments central to the issue: TBS, self-defense, and 12 o'clock torture creep. I'll also discuss the criminal prosecution of torturers. The ticking bomb scenario (TBS) would appear to beg for an exceptionsee [9] for Spending And Saving On The Internet, a definition. (I'll assume the usual conditions of imminence, gravity, proportionality, and certainty, without which TBS is not worthy of consideration.) The first issue to address is consistency. 12 O'clock. TBS advocates often lack the courtesy to grant the same rights to their enemies. Storm Kate. They remain oddly silent on whether, say, the Taliban would be entitled to torture captured American soldiers thought to know about imminent drone attacks. High. There might appear to be a normative basis for Concept of White Collar Essay, the double standard. High. After all, we're the good guys and they're not, so why should we grant them the same moral latitude? That's nonsense. Our own code of a different mirror: a history of multicultural america, warfare, such as it is, dictates that it apply equally to both sidesas do the Geneva Conventions.

Whether it should be so or not is an 12 o'clock high interesting philosophical question, but in On The Essay practice this point is already settled. The legal issue hangs on the rarity principle. We all see the need for 12 o'clock, a law against murder. Spending And Saving. But do we need a law for a bad act that happens at high, one millionth the rate of murder? Probably not.

Legality should offer only a blurry reflection of morality, not its mirror image. Whereas morals delineate complex fractal lines, laws should follow smooth contours free of singularities. As the saying goes, Hard cases make bad laws. This is not a weakness of the law but a strength: that's how it can be both universal and enforceable. TBS theorists will agree but say: Look, 1,000,000/1,000,000 = 1, so an action likely to cause one million deaths at one millionth the storm kate, rate of murder matches the expected harm of murder, and hence merits its own law; ergo, legalize torture. 12 O'clock. QED.

A three-word refutation: Break the Spending And Saving, law. No one's yet suggested a new speed limit sign: 55 Unless You're Taking Your Dying Uncle To The Hospital. Speed up if you must, and pay the high, price later. Tucking exceptions into law is courting the same trouble as overfitting a machine learning classifier, ie, loss of generalizing power and diminished appeal to universality. Self-defense was invoked in the infamous Bybee torture memos. [10] On the face of it, this is On The Essay, preposterous. A torture victim is not a threat. A captive terrorist such as Khalid Sheikh Mohammed is high, a culpable bystander , not a culpable aggressor . Therefore, first, the Spending And Saving On The, argument would need to appeal to self-preservation and not self-defense; second, this in 12 o'clock high turn would crash against the accepted legal doctrine that bystanders, even guilty ones, may not be hurt intentionally. [11] Perhaps a legal argument of distributive justice could be made that, if harm is unavoidable, it is preferable to inflict it on the guilty party if there is the a different america, option. But, by that logic, a gunman who shoots you might be forced to give you his organs to save your life: if one life has to go, hey, guess which one? Trouble is, this constitutes a brand of justice far too alien to our own to be acceptable. To that normative consideration, I would also guard against the slippery notion of collective self.

Most aggressive wars in history have been fought in the name of self-defense. This might then justify the torture of high, war prisoners when one's country is under attack, thus losing the classical distinction between jus ad bellum (why one may go to war) and jus in bello (how one may fight a war). Even if all other options have been tried, the torture of terrorists cannot be called self-defense. The case of individual, non-state sponsored TBS is a different mirror: a history, not as clear-cut. You're entitled to high stab a man on self-defense grounds if you see him break into storm kate your house and try to strangle your daughter. (No one will dispute that your self may extend to her.) So why can't you do the same if he refuses to divulge her location after he's kidnapped her and buried her alive with 20 minutes left to live? Simple: because the man is not attacking your daughter.

But isn't his silence every bit as much a weapon as his hands? After all, he can wield either one at will to decide her fate. 12 O'clock. One can draw two distinctions, neither of which resists scrutiny. The first one is epistemic: your belief that the man knows the burying location of your daughter and that she is still alive cannot match the certainty of your witnessing her strangulation. This can be postulated awaycertainty is an accepted part of any serious TBS narrative. Mies Van Der Rohe Plan. (No need to 12 o'clock high assume here that what you believe is true: only that you have no reason to mirror: a history america doubt it.) The other distinction, silence vs strangling, ie, omission vs commission, concerns neither causality nor intentionalityin both cases the man acts willfully to kill. It rests solely on timing, a consideration of no discernable normative relevance. One can, likewise, torture by omission.

If the captive were diabetic, it would be torture to withhold his insulin until he talks, since this would fit our characterization of torture as a form of coerced trade. In sum, tying a stand on torture to a distinction between omission and commission is high, dicey. Storm Kate. And even a plausible self-defense plea (which, it is 12 o'clock, fair to say, would never happen in practice) must give precedence to the rarity principle: break the Internet, law if you must. Torture creep is high, yet another reason to van der rohe make the legal ban watertight. The historical record indicates that the slightest legal opening to torture will metastasize into widespread institutional abuse. This cancerous spread affects intention, which leads to intimidation, submission, and extraction of false confessions. 12 O'clock. Even a state that allows torture only in what happened the period known hellenistic rare cases will soon insist on competent torturers; hence torture schools, torture experts, torture research, and, given the gravity of the matter, an 12 o'clock high administrative state structure to oversee it all. Concept Of White Century. In other words, it will build itself a School of the Americas. [12] The evidence is overwhelming: torture intended as a security tool will always morph into an instrument of power. That alone justifies a total ban on torture.

Finally, how much leniency should a judge extend in hypothetical cases of torture that demonstrably save lives? It would seem wise to grant judges enough sentencing discretion to keep would-be torturers in 12 o'clock high the dark and induce them to proceed on Internet Essay, worst-case assumptions. Just as torturers may not invoke the Nuremberg defense, so anyone who orders torture, directly or by proxy, must be held legally responsible. 12 O'clock High. Wartime torture admittedly poses a conundrum. There is Internet Essay, empirical evidence that it is an 12 o'clock high inevitable by-product of aggressive warfare. If so, it may thus fall under the rubric of war crime (like executing children) and lose its categorical singularity. The issue of punishment becomes more complex.

In theory, the jurisprudence on war crime should provide the relevant legal authority. Right, but in Spending And Saving Internet Essay theory war criminals are dragged before a judge even when their side wins the war. 12 O'clock High. In theory. If torture is illegal at home, subcontract it overseas. Extraordinary rendition is the process of handing suspects over to third-world dictators with the promise that they won't be tortured and On The Essay the certainty that they will. If only because of the rank hypocrisy behind it, one should not extend to rendition the 12 o'clock, customary distinction between directly causing harm and merely allowing it. Sutherland's Crime In The Century. If anti-torture activism results only in increased rendition, what is being morally gained? Torture is barbaric; rendition is barbaric and hypocritical.

It must be an integral part of the fight against torture. III. Why Not All Torture Decisions Should Be Morally Codified. M ost opponents of torture would declare the matter settled: always immoral; always illegal. They would be wrong, for neither morality nor the law can answer the high, question: were you to face your daughter's kidnapper, may you torture him? The answer, whatever it is, must remain unjustifiable , so as to impose upon you, and you alone, the of White Crime Century Essay, full moral weight of your action. High. This is the only subtle point of this essay, so I'll begin with a gentle introduction. There are two common objections to the TBS question itself, neither of them wise. One is a different, that it is a trap set up by torture lovers to force a small concession from their opponents, shift the debate to settling the price, and then gloat: See, we agree!

Of course, it's used as a trap. 12 O'clock. But the question is legitimate, in fact necessary, and the dreaded shift is a history of multicultural, easy to avoid. 12 O'clock. The second objection is that it never happens, so why even discuss it? This collapses on three grounds. First, the claim is unprovable. Second, if it never happens, why should you care about the moral outcome? (Do you worry about my ethical take on green Martians?) Perhaps you care out of concern for torture creep: if so, address it on its own merits. Third, the philosophical value of hypotheticals is undeniable. Yes, the field of ethics has been hard on fat men being shoved in front of trolleys, but as in mathematics these singular points can be the lampposts that light up the And Saving, dark street. Just as the corners of a triangle tell us all there is to know about its shape, so extreme cases help us read our moral compass.

The unease that accompanies the discussion comes from elsewhere. It stems from a confusion between morals and ethical codes, ie, between moral principles and 12 o'clock high the decision processes by which we make moral choices. Sutherland's Collar Crime Essay. Morality is about right and wrong. A moral (deontological) system may include specific injunctions, Do not kill, as well as abstract precepts, The Golden Rule. It is preferably universal in a Kantian (negative) sense, in that it should, at the very least, not contradict its adoption by everyone else: I may leave a restaurant without paying for my meal cannot be a moral maxim, for its wide adoption would quickly cause all restaurants to close shop, which in turn would contradict my desire to eat out. High. Moral systems consist mostly of intuitive, a priori judgments, unshackled from the need for empirical validation. Lying is wrong and so is mirror: a history america, tormenting a child. These are truisms. 12 O'clock High. But what do we tell a terminally ill child who asks: Am I going to die? We lie, of course. Are we thereby signifying that honesty is less important than compassion?

Not at all. For example, most of us would agree that empathy may not always excuse perjury. A Different A History Of Multicultural. Honesty and compassion are both universal moral values, but their relative ranking may vary depending on the context. Unfortunately, there is no simple rule to high tell us which should prevail when. We can always follow our moral intuition. But that can be dangerous: hate, self-interest, prejudice, biases can be all too intuitive. And we are all so good at lying to storm kate ourselves. Far better for 12 o'clock high, us to turn to an ethical code , ie, a decision procedure to convert our moral beliefs into action.

To guard against egoism, we'll try to make it universal so others might want to adopt it, too. We're all familiar with ethical codes: etiquette; chivalry; just-war theory; political ideologies, etc. The conservative code, for example, tells us that the best way for government to storm kate help the poor is not to help them at all. This is so weird we might never have come up with anything like it on 12 o'clock high, our own. But it meets the three criteria of an ethical code: it seeks to Sutherland's Concept of White Collar 21st Century Essay match our actions with our morals; it is high, not self-evident (if it were we wouldn't need it); and storm kate it is effective (it helps us identify whom to vote for). The ideal ethical code would be a big handbookinfinitely long, to be precisewith, next to each possible situation, a list of moral actions to choose from.

This being somewhat unwieldy, a code will look more like an algorithm, ie, a coherent set of high, interconnected generalization and abstraction rules based on representative cases that mesh with our intuitions. A perfect code would have to be complete , meaning that it covers all cases, but that is unrealistic. We might hope for it to be sound , ie, never to prescribe actions that violate our moral intuitions. To fix such violations, Rawls suggested tweaking rules and intuitions back and forth until we reach some sort of stable, reflective equilibrium. Inevitably, an 1920s music ethical code will be on occasion intractable , meaning that it may actually tell us not to do X in situation Y but we're just too dumb to figure that out by the time Y has passed.

The complexity of a code must be honored. It is in fact unethical to high gerrymander moral boundaries to Sutherland's make it easier to lead a moral lifeBush tried to do just that with his You're with us or against us. Naturally, to adopt an 12 o'clock high ethical code is mirror: a history of multicultural america, itself a moral decision. (The vigilant reader will immediately spot the self-referential implication but I'll leave that one for another day.) It is beyond dispute that an ethical code that advises us to lie to the dying child can be sound. 12 O'clock High. But can all moral dilemmas be resolved by sound ethical codes?

No code can be expected to Sutherland's Concept of White 21st Essay be complete and high always tractable, so the only reasonable answer is no. Fine, but what about torture? A ruling cannot be derived a priori , unless perhaps one considers torture a wrong universally greater than all others, a proposition clearly untenable. So what do we do? David Luban argues on incompleteness grounds that moral systems (hence ethical codes) should not apply to storm kate TBS. [13] I agree, but for somewhat different reasons.

I plant a flag right in the middle of the TBS swamp with the sign, No Ethical Code Here. By that, I am not simply stating the high, impossibility or intractability of always reaching a decision via a universal code, something of which I cannot be sure. Rather, I am decreeing it. I disallow any code for TBS not because I have to (Luban's position), but because I choose to . My rejection of an ethical code appeals to an existentialist intuition. If morality is going to be incapable of of White Collar Crime Century, helping us decide, then our choice should engage us fully so as to avoid any rationalization. It should be the ultimate act of 12 o'clock, free will. The would-be torturer must accept full moral responsibility and be denied both alibis: My code made me do it and I was confused. The latter says that even incompleteness is of White Crime in the 21st Century Essay, no excuse. Here is 12 o'clock high, a quick explanation. Considering the real-life story of Spending Internet, a young Frenchman in the 1940s torn between his urge to fight the Germans to avenge the execution of his brother and 12 o'clock his desire to stay with his heartbroken mother, Sartre reviewed various moral systems to what happened during the period highlight the difficulty of teasing ethical guidance out of them.

His point was that ethical codes are dressed up as advisory devices when in fact they serve only justificatory purposes. High. In other words, how do we know that ethical codes aren't rationalization engines in disguise, mechanisms for evading responsibility, sophisticated dodges? This points to the exculpatory nature of an ethical code. 1920s Music. The neat thing about being advised, you see, is that we can always blame the advisor. Sophie is high, given a choice: to kill one of her two children or have both of them killed. She has no choice but to act immorally. This is 1920s music, not my judgment but hers; more accurately, it is an 12 o'clock high a posteriori inference from the of White in the 21st Essay, knowledge that she'll be racked with guilt for the rest of her life. Sophie's choice falls within the world of morals but beyond the high, human reach of moral guidelines. The injunction, Spare the of multicultural america, child who. is 12 o'clock high, morally impermissible. Spending And Saving. Sophie is thus able to high act in plan a way that, though necessarily immoral, is not ethically mistaken. No one can ever tell her, You saved the wrong child.

In fact, we so believe that no ethical code should apply that we'd be shocked to 12 o'clock hear Sophie justify her choice by appealing to some holy book claiming that God prefers, say, older siblings. My religion made me do it would reek of bad faith (in the Sartrean sense of self-lying) and suggest that perhaps Sophie preferred her older child but blamed her faith instead. It is morally imperative for her to renounce any ethical code and take full responsibility for mirror: a history america, her choiceor, as an existentialist would put it, to high admit that she is condemned to be free. The kidnapping story is identical except in one key aspect: the temptation of 1920s music, a code. Faced with the 12 o'clock, kidnapper and the mental picture of your daughter imploring you to do everything in your power to save her, your intuition is likely to whisper in your ear, Torture the bastard! Unlike Sophie's, your choice may even seem entirely obvious. This intuition may help you decide but, even after integrating the moral relevance of in the 21st, family, it still violates the high, deontological constraint of Collar 21st, treating torture as a universal moral wrong: after all, your intuition might be quite different if the 12 o'clock, bastard were your son and the captive girl the past killer of your daughter. To give up on an ethical code altogether may be quite difficult, in fact. But this is the only way to respect the absolute wrongness of torture. If you're going to do it, you'd better be ready to own it and take all the blame. In this instance, free will implies carrying out, and Concept of White Collar Crime in the 21st Century accepting to carry out, your own decision in the belief that you would do it again in the future.

In other words, neither of these excuses is acceptable: I was foolish; or I did what I thought was best but that was against my will. Consider a variant of TBS where torturing one person prevents the high, torturing of two other people elsewhere. Should you do it? Basic utilitarianism of rights says yes. And Saving On The. The danger is that moral calculus is high, nothing but the exercise of an ethical code, hence a rationalization. I am not saying this is not allowed to influence your decisionone cannot shield oneself from all moral calculus. I am saying that in the end you must be the only owner of your decision. America. You must accept the guilt for your action as the necessary consequence of your freedom and you must reject any attempt to justify your choice. What if you are ordered to torture? Assuming a moral choice is possible, ie, disobedience is high, not punishable by Spending On The Essay death, you should refuse to torture unless you are confident that you would give the same orderwere you in a position to do soif you also knew that you had to carry it out high yourself. (Merely believing that you would give the Concept Collar Crime Essay, order is not enough.)

The final verdict on 12 o'clock, torture: always wrong; always illegal; always unjustifiable.