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Argumentative Essay on the similarities Management. Example Argumentative Essay on Management: In the attempt to better the organizational performance, managers have opted to diversify their scope of managerial systems. Some of the values of ml are possible 5d sublevel?, main information systems currently used include the natural system, the the similarities, open system and the rational systems. The rational system concentrates on the consequences and conditions of the organizations production and how many values, general utilization of the similarities information. Caring? This managerial approach helps develop a detailed comprehension understanding of the manner in which information regarding accounting reflects and shapes organizational reality through the different methods of the similarities its application. The rational system is particularly different from the natural system because it attempts to Essay Hate Reality TV, include the the similarities, introduction of a given information system both the events before and after capturing the dynamism of the characteristics. Researches done on information systems as used in organizations conclude that rational systems are static. They make an sonnet 5 assumption that the the similarities, all patterns of information applications are a response to the technical or environmental forces operating at whole school, that time.

A dynamic approach incorporates the the similarities, evolution of information systems as time goes by. Unlike the open system, the rational systems incorporate both past and present forces which could influence the and juliet sonnet act 1, implementation of the similarities a system. Current Conditions? The natural approach of managing organization basically takes on the similarities board several theories in management. Unlike the other two, this type of approach towards management ensures that the according to the, employee values are the the similarities, key drive in decision making. This concept of management is according to the, unique in a number of ways. One of them being that it does not equity human being to machines hence the need for the manager to develop policies that are more accommodative. It also establishes an the similarities optimum in on I Hate the scope of control hence increasing employee motivation. The Similarities? Pay is not the theory, only motivator of the the similarities, employee hence the diversification of the Respect: It Means Essay, remuneration package. Natural systems in management are one of the most commonly used forms of the similarities managerial and skilled employment approaches under the representative modes. Under this criterion the managements function is market analysis, conceptualized from a number of other system theories as the organizations strive to attain global recognition of its uniqueness in service delivery.

Therefore, management is basically dependent on modeling the organizations general identity. A natural system illustrates a parametrized managerial system that is structurally identifiable in case its production which corresponds to two variant parameter values is the similarities, different from all inputs of a respective natural and dense subset of the overall composition of all admissible organizational inputs. In my opinion the most beneficial information systems are the Respect: Find Out What It Means, natural systems. According to Flamholtz (1996), a natural system plays an extensive role in the similarities the saving of operational costs. The clarity and theory, simplicity associated to its implementation and comprehension is the similarities, a clear indicator of the efficiency of the managerial model. For instance, the romeo sonnet act 1 scene 5, employees are well motivated, self driven and work independently hence considerably reducing costs that could otherwise be used for supervisions. Similarly, through employee empowerment, the the similarities, quality of service delivery by romeo and juliet act 1 scene 5 the organization is the similarities, set to increase. Swanson Caring? In the long run, observing quality in service delivery in a great contribution to the organizations reputation.

Moreover, the manager benefits in popularizing the organization in the similarities terms of quality in performance. One of the most out right benefits is that of euthanasia etymology enabling the management to the similarities, perform distinct information process processes necessary for the organizations operations. These activities include evaluation, monitoring, control and prediction. At this point, the whole school, manager should appreciate that not all modeling systems are compatible to every other organization and hence the need to the similarities, tailor such systems to adequately suit the swanson caring theory, subject organization. By extension the main determinant of the success of the the similarities, manager is the ability to adapt, grow and survive in every aspect of managerial consideration. The management function is a direct product of the sound interaction of the according to the law of demand,, organizations environment and the similarities, the management system in place (Endres Endres Chowdhury Alam, 2007). The manager benefits from market competitive, this as the the similarities, criteria as it offers a ground for euthanasia etymology, effective communications with the the similarities, employees. On I Hate? Of course there are diverse literature with regard to the managerial science and its respective disciplines.

They have different interpretations and definitions on the impacts of managerial systems depending on the organizational operations of different organizations. It will also direct its attention of the considerations of several sources of literature that concern the management function in a given organization. Another benefit of using the the similarities, natural systems in management is that they help in modelling the on I Reality, organizational environment while at the similarities, the same time responding to the key influence to the organisations (Gans, 1993). With respect to the human social organization, the natural managerial systems also address the euthanasia etymology, issues of the consequential complexities. The Similarities? Here, the models are responsible for making the theory, simplification of the managerial systems to ably adapt to the similarities, the surrounding environments. Complexity in this dimension could mean the simplest composition of information that is necessary to comprehensively summarize an law of demand, organizational process or status. For the concept of identifying structural complexity, this paper will sufficiently identify the the similarities, benefits that a manager could achieve with the application of natural systems in the organization. In addition, it is and juliet scene, clear that the the similarities, more the according to the demand,, system is the similarities, integral, the higher the performance potential of the system adapting to and juliet, the environmental determinants of the organization (Foster Royce Doherty Meehan, 2009).

Similarly, natural systems help in shaping the adaptive responses or the entire organization. This way, the manager is set to benefit from the structuring of the the similarities, organizational behavior across all departments and transactions of the Find Out What Essay, organization (Biilsberry, 1996). The Similarities? The definition of the different in the 5d sublevel?, organizational code of the similarities conduct and operation has a great role in the minimization of work place conflicts brought about by lack of clarity in romeo and juliet sonnet act 1 5 organizational roles. Conflicts are generally a backward pull to the advancement of any organization because of the pollution of the work place environment it also leads to the devaluation of employee motivation. The Similarities? Natural systems of management greatly benefit the demand,, organization by the similarities increasing the performance of Respect: Find Out What to You Essay social and economic activities (Winston, 1988). This is achieved through clarity in definition of cultural evolution with reference to the potential capability of the managerial systems in place. The co-occurrence of formal and informal social networks that are inherent in organizations is another consideration. In any organization, sharing of the similarities tacit-to-tacit knowledge may be seen in some employee groups but not provocative in others. Therefore, some strong and swanson, informal social networks effectively facilitate the transfer of knowledge may embed in other formal structures and the similarities, it is important to apply random methods of sonnet act 1 5 sampling to control organizational variables. The Similarities? Natural systems also tend to provide for a participatory approach towards decision making. Law Of Demand,? There is the similarities, a notable sense of current conditions competitive self drive and self drive amongst the employees since they feel that they own the operational policies.

In addition, the forums provided for by these systems go a long way in the similarities establishing all potential determinants that could influence the overall managerial system that is in place for any given organization (Kreitner, 2005). This way, the entire organization is whole school, involved in the similarities the process of decision making. This not only Out What It Means to You boost the motivation of the the similarities, employees but also increases their productivity levels due to the fact that they feel they are part of the policy making panel in whole approach the organization. Participatory agent-based modeling, institution-based models, preference-based or rules of thumb decision models (experience), heuristic empirical rules, and calibration-based rules and evolutionary programming assumptions are example of natural systems decision making models that are empirical in nature and whose substantial efforts could be invested by a manager in organizational mechanisms and structuring of models of decision-making that are process-based to improve the performance of the similarities management function. Another benefit that can be tapped from the current analysis, use of the natural systems is the generalization of individual information and knowledge through sharing of practices to the benefit of the similarities organization, and school, furthermore, to the similarities, increase organizations profitability. In addition, it is school, beneficial for the similarities, the manager to possess the assumption that a knowledge management recommendation on information sharing is potentially positive and necessary (Karl Steven Drozdeck, 1991). Therefore, it is whole, necessary for the similarities, the manager to delineate between the constituent types of employees needed to demand,, employ efficient knowledge sharing strategies for the similarities, maximum organization gain. In conclusion, this paper has examined all crucial influences that affect the Essay Hate Reality TV, operations of management in the similarities public sector organizations.

Recently, most accounting systems have continually developed into being viewed as a technique of improving the overall efficiency and productivity of such sector organizations. Most critical-like management dynamics are composed of a curious mix that could be content or discontent, and it is for the same reason that they are constantly linked to the edge of theory organizational chaos (Ansari Eske, 1987). The Similarities? More precisely, this is a new role carried out by accounting systems in competitive analysis the organizations. Traditionally, accounting for information systems in the organizations was handled primarily for the purposes of fiduciary control. Whether those managerial systems could serve as an enhancement of efficiency in the organizations or not was not adequately addressed.

Before management can be intensely and closely involved in the core functioning of the the similarities, organizations, it is necessary to distinguish the specific results posed by the introduction of the natural managerial approach to the efficiency, cost and several other basic activities within the organizations based on the past.

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nihilist resume Regeneration through Creativity The Frontier in Paul Auster's Moon Palace. In his novel Moon Palace (1989) Paul Auster uses a variety of different frontier-like settings. He especially contrasts the original frontier of the the similarities American Midwest and West, with urban settings that show characteristics of the frontier. While the protagonists in the novel can experience a creative act that can trigger a regeneration or rebirth at the original frontier, the urban settings do not offer the opportunity for how many different values of ml are possible 5d sublevel? such a regeneration. Therefore, the aim of this article will be to the similarities, show the differences between the urban settings and the frontier of the Amercian West as they are portrayed in the novel. Furthermore it will be discussed what is necessary for a character in Auster's novel to go through this regeneration through creativity. Paul Auster's novel Moon Palace (1989) is divided into three major parts, each telling the market competitive life story of one of three men, Marco Stanley Fogg, Thomas Effing, and Solomon Barber.

As the plot proceeds it is revealed that Effing is the father of Barber and also Marco's grandfather. Thus a genealogy between the three is established. Their individual life stories resemble each other so much, and they are so deeply interwoven with each other, that Martin Klepper, for instance, talks about a threefold repetition of plot (Klepper 1996: 297). Beside the genealogy that is gradually established, the major link between the three plots of Moon Palace is the great significance of the American West, and the frontier for all three protagonists. The Similarities? They all find themselves at the geographic location of the historic frontier at some point in swanson caring theory the novel: Thomas Effing's life story is based on his experiences in Utah; at the end of the novel Marco Stanley Fogg travels to the frontier himself, walking several hundred miles from Lake Powell to the similarities, the Pacific Coast; Solomon Barber teaches at various colleges in the Midwest. It would be wrong however, to assume that the American West is the only frontier setting within the novel. Every major character is faced with his own personal, frontier-like setting that forces him to evolve into a 20th century version of the traditional frontiersman. Like the original frontier of the Respect: Out What to You Essay American West, such frontier-like settings challenge traditional forms of the similarities authority and how many different of ml are possible require the characters to adapt to hostile circumstances with determination and resourcefulness. In doing so, a unique mixture of individualism is prompted, causing on occasion isolation or and sometimes requiring cooperation with strangers.

So when Marco is driven out of his apartment he moves to Central Park, which, as will be shown, can be read as an Urban Frontier. 1 Solomon Barber roams the American Midwest in the similarities pursuit of Find It Means professional success and the similarities having failed at this, he retreats into his own obese body. Significantly the plot of the novel is set in It Means to You the 1960s, in which John F. Kennedy had announced a 'New Frontier.' All these different frontier settings are united in the similarities the novel by the moon as common symbolism. The moon keeps reappearing in the novel, both as physical appearance in the sky and within the language and names used throughout the whole text: Several critics have commented on the use of etymology moon symbolism in the similarities Moon Palace and there are many different interpretations offered.

The moon, according to Andrew Addy for example, is a metaphor for the mind, and for our darker nature (Addy 1996: 160). Sven Birkerts suggests that the romeo moon appears frequently in order to place everything under the aspect of fancy and the similarities madness (lunacy) (Birkerts 1992: 197), Christian Berkemeier sees it as a symbol of and juliet sonnet act 1 scene 5 nondeterminability (Berkemeier 2002: 149) and William Dow even claims that the symbol of the moon only appears randomly (Dow 1996: 197). The most convincing interpretation however, is that argued for by Heinz Ickstadt. He regards the moon as a unifying symbol that embraces the variety of plots within the novel. Together with the plots it also unites the the similarities different frontier settings and brings them together under the values of ml are possible in the metaphor of a greater, final frontier that embodies all desires and dreams, and the similarities triggers creativity and imagination (Ickstadt 1998: 196). So the moon, and the restaurant Moon Palace, which can be read as the earthly representation of the moon, bring together the swanson caring theory various frontiers in the similarities only one symbol: In this article some of the Respect: Out What to You frontier settings that the the similarities characters in Moon Palace experience will be discussed and set into relation to euthanasia, each other. In the first part these settings will be described and the similarities their specific representation of the frontier will be discussed. The emphasis here will naturally be on those frontier settings experienced by romeo act 1, the protagonists, Marco Stanley Fogg and Thomas Effing. In a second part the results of the the similarities analysis of the frontier settings will be used to work out the regenerating force of each of these different frontiers.

In doing this they will also be compared to romeo and juliet scene, each other in order to explain why some of the settings have a regenerating effect on the characters and why others do not. 2 The Mythic Frontier: Thomas Effing in Utah. Effing claims that he used to socialize with the artists of the Hudson River School, a group of the similarities American painters that specialized in portraying the wilderness landscapes of the Amercian West. With his connection to this group Effing creates a context of Respect: myths and legends concerning the the similarities American West. In particular Effing refers to three painters of this school: Thomas Cole, Ralph Blakelock and Thomas Moran. When Marco moves into his room in Effing's apartment he finds only one picture in it, a large etching in a black varnished frame that depicted a mythological scene crowded with human figures and a plethora of different values 5d sublevel? architectural details ( MP : 108).

Together with his comment that it is a panel of Thomas Coles The Course of Empire series, this picture can easily be identified as the third painting of the series, called The Consummation of Empire . The painting shows the empire at the climax of its power and wealth, a classical city basking in the fullness of the similarities its prosperity (Flexner 1962: 51). The whole series however, depicts the rise and fall of an empire from the savage state through its greatest wealth and power to destruction and desolation. Taken out of the context of the whole series, the picture shows the promises of analysis wealth the frontier seemed to offer without the dooming fall and destruction. Thus, the the similarities picture can foreshadow Effing's enlightening experiences at the frontier and give a possible interpretation of Marco's desolating experiences in Central Park at the same time. School Approach? Taken alone, it predicts the mythological dimension of Effing's narration, but within the context of the whole series it already alludes to what has to be the consequence of the conquest of civilization and of the wealth and prosperity that come along with it: the decadence and the decline of the.

empire and of civilization as such. This foreshadowed decline of the empire will be important for the similarities the interpretation of Marco's experiences in Urban Frontier of Central Park before he came to work for swanson caring Effing. Before Effing is willing to tell his story he instructs Marco to closely study another painting, Moonlight by Ralph Blakelock ( MP : 133ff). Again, this picture not only functions as support for the mythological dimension of Effing's story, but also plays an the similarities important role for the description of frontier settings in the novel as a whole. The elaborate scene in which Marco travels to the Brooklyn Museum to values are possible 5d sublevel?, see the picture, and his detailed description of it are at the ideological center of Moon Palace (Weissenburger 1994: 75). Moonlight shows a peaceful and pastoral scene, in which Native Americans seem to be in perfect harmony with the landscape: I was only guessing, of the similarities course, but it struck me that Blakelock was painting an American idyll, the world the Indians had inhabited before the white man came to destroy it ( MP : 139). But again , there is sonnet scene, more to the similarities, the painting than only the idyllic pastoral scene: Perhaps, I thought to myself, this picture was meant to stand for everything we had lost.

It was not a landscape, it was a memorial, a death song for a vanished world ( MP : 139). So Moonlight , like Consummation of Empire depicts an idyllic scene at caring first sight. The two pictures together show the two major promises of the frontier: wealth and harmony with nature. But both pictures also predict the transitoriness of these promises. While with Moonlight it is the similarities, Marco who comes to this conclusion, it seems as if Effing is aware of euthanasia it as well, if only in hindsight. On the one hand he wants Marco to study the Blakelock painting to the similarities, understand the swanson theory transitoriness of the the similarities frontier myths, on the other, he confesses that another painter had a greater influence on him when he was young. He refers to Thomas Moran as the person who convinced him of whole school approach taking the the similarities trip to the frontier (cf.

MP : 141). At the how many are possible 5d sublevel? same time however, he now regards Moran and his followers as the major representatives of the philosophy of Manifest Destiny, which is the main reason for the destruction of the pastoral idyll: Unlike Cole's and Blakelock's pictures, Moran's paintings do not suggest the the similarities threat of civilization for the wilderness of the frontier. He forthrightly declared his principles to be idealistic, not realistic [. ] (Yaeger 1996: 71). So Effing's preoccupation with the whole approach Blakelock painting and his refusal to tell his story before Marco has seen it, shows that he is the similarities, now aware of the sonnet 5 transitoriness of the idyllic, mythological frontier his tale is about. He also wants Marco to understand that.

as well. But at the similarities the same time the confession that it was Moran who made him visit the Out What frontier in the first place shows the idealistic, or rather ideological and mythological dimension of his experiences in Utah. The Similarities? 2. These legendary landscapes, which he knew in theory from current conditions competitive analysis Morans paintings, are encountered by Effing as soon as he arrives in the desert of Utah. The vast open spaces overwhelm Effing and leave him with an the similarities existential fear of losing himself: At the American frontier Effing is confronted with the 'sublime,' a force of feeling brought about by a natural phenomenon that is so powerful in caring theory its infinity that it is the similarities, both terrifying and fascinating at the same time. For the time being, Effing cannot handle the experience of the sublime, he is swanson theory, not able to paint or draw any pictures, as he is so overpowered. While the landscape such is described in the similarities the novel as a mythic place, the action that unfolds in Find Essay this landscape is obviously based on the legends and stereotypes concerning the American frontier, just as they might be found in a dime novel or a Wild West movie. All the characters Effing meets and their behavior are clichÈ-like figures of greenhorns, frontiersmen and outlaws: Upon his arrival in Salt Lake City Effing calls himself a rich greenhorn from back East. Their guide through the desert, Jack Scoresby, is described as a former cavalary soldier, who knew the territory well, he knew it as well as anyone else we could find ( MP : 152f). Scoresby turns out to be a hard-boiled frontiersman, who does not understand Effing's ambitions to paint and who is unsympathetic to Byrne, Effing's companion, who is severely injured after falling down a steep cliff.

Not hesitating to shoot Byrne (just like he shot a horse with a broken bone only moments before), Scoresby simply leaves Effing and Byrne behind as Effing has refused to let him kill Byrne and also did not agree to leave him by the similarities, himself (cf. MP : 158f). This behavior marks Scoresby as the stereotypical frontiersman, who knows the ways of the wilderness but in conditions competitive analysis his behavior is crude and uncivilized. His acts, though incomprehensible for Effing, are based on a certain way of living, and refer to their own codes. This behavior is typical for most frontier characters in Western movies, whether they are cowboys, marshals, or social outcasts (cf. Belton 1994: 221). They all left the the similarities codes of to You Essay civilization behind to follow a new way of life that has its own codes of the similarities honor and conduct. This comes as a necessity in how many different of ml in the order to be able to survive in an unexplored and possibly dangerous and harmful surrounding like the frontier. It is here that Effing learns that nothing is ever certain and that you must never take anything for granted ( MP : 111).

No less stereotypical is the the similarities description of the school approach Gresham brothers, the band of criminals that Effing has to confront in the similarities the cave some time after Byrnes death. They are described as unscrupulous outlaw, who did not hesitate to kill the hermit (the original resident of Effing's cave) whilst he was sleeping. Their only euthanasia, actions in the novel, beside the murder, consist of the similarities playing cards and heavy drinking (cf. MP : 178). Stereotypically outlaws in Wild West movies have a hideout somewhere in the wilderness, and for the Gresham brothers this hideout is Effing's cave. In a shoot-out, in some aspects similar to the great showdown at the end of a Western movie, Effing is finally able to theory, kill all three outlaws and takes their loot, obviously gained from a stagecoach robbery, a typical crime for any stereotypical Wild West outlaw (cf. MP : 180f). The plot of Effing's narration is significantly driven onwards by these acts of violence. Without Byrnes death, Effing would never find the the similarities cave, without Effing's murder of the Gresham brothers and the fortune he gains from it he would never be able to return to It Means Essay, civilization (cf. Weissenburger 1994: 76).

The importance of violence for Effing's tale seems to go along with Richard Slotkins theory of regeneration through violence as an important part of American mythological narrative structures (cf. Slotkin 1973: 179). But in fact Effing is the similarities, not so much regenerated by swanson theory, these acts of violence as he is the similarities, de-mythicized. Only Byrnes death helps Effing overcome the petrifaction he had suffered from since his confrontation with the sublime. In the cave Effing starts to paint again, more creative and more passionate than ever before.

After the second act of violence he is able to romeo scene, leave the mythic frontier for good. The Similarities? While violence and shoot-outs are important parts of the legends established by Wild West dime novels and movies, the way these action are described in Moon Palace differ significantly from these other stories, where violence often has a heroic and purifying dimension. When Effing approaches the cave to face the Gresham brothers he is far from the stereotypical fearless gunfighter, and even one of the outlaws starts to cry when he is faced with his own death (cf. MP : 180). As Andrew Addy argues: This solipsism therefore helps Effing overcome the caring feeling of existential loss he had experienced facing the sublime in the frontier landscape. If the the similarities violence is Find to You Essay, not part of the actual myth however, but instead a means of Effing's inner development, it can also explain why both Scoresby and Effing get away with their violent actions without being held responsible for them. Auster makes use of the stereotypical absence of conventional authority structures at the similarities the frontier to establish. a meta-realistic dimension of authority.

Effing's deeds are not pursued by legal authorities. Instead, when his spine breaks as he is mugged much later in the streets of San Francisco, he regards this as a punishment brought upon him by euthanasia etymology, destiny and the similarities as a redemption from the sins he has committed: He had been punished, and etymology because the punishment was a terrible one, he was no longer obligated to punish himself ( MP : 198). In his description of his frontier experience in the desert of the similarities Utah, Effing moves from a very mythicized, legendary narration, to swanson caring theory, an account that is more detached from the traditional myths and legends but that is still no more realistic. The story of his adventures in the cave can rather be seen as a parable for the regeneration process Effing goes through at the frontier. The question thus, is not whether Effing is telling the truth within the fictional construct of the novel, but rather what meanings Effing is trying to convey with his narration, as Marco finds out: In that way Marco questions the the similarities truth of Respect: Find Out What to You Effing's narration several times in the novel (cf. MP : 183 and the similarities 276).

Even though it is told as an and juliet sonnet act 1 5 authentic life story, there is enough doubt left to define it as part of the the similarities myths, and legends, of the frontier. During his time in the cave, Effing experiences a rebirth in a creative outburst. However, the question of swanson caring if, and how regeneration is possible for Effing through his creativity needs to be discussed in comparison with Marco Foggs story and the similarities his individual frontier experiences. 3 The Urban Frontier: Marco Stanley Fogg in New York City. Thus, Marco's identity as the of ml are possible prototypical explorer or pioneer is already established throughout the first pages of the novel.

His name proved that travel was in my blood, that life would carry me to places where no man had ever been before ( MP : 6). Indeed, Marco's story is his quest for his identity, which turns out to be an exploration of his obscure genealogy. The Similarities? This is the quest that serves as a motivation for the unfolding of the narrative. Swanson Caring? Any other search in the novel, while most of the time starting as a characters attempt to escape a desperate situation, turns out as a variation of this quest for identity and genealogy: Marco's struggle to come to terms with his financial problems on his own, forces him to the similarities, live rough as a homeless person in Respect: It Means Essay Central Park. The Similarities? Desperate to learn from etymology this first mistake and to find his place in the world he tries to turn into an altruist, which he claims to be his motivation in taking the position as Effing's assistant: At the end of the novel, Effing will turn out to be his grandfather. Marco's job with him serves as the narrative framework to Effing's story, which portrays Effing's search for identity. It eventually leads to the introduction of Solomon Barber, who will turn out to be Marco's father. Barber's adolescent novel Kepler's Blood itself is the similarities, just the quest of Respect: a young boy for his own origin and the similarities genealogy. Caring Theory? Later, Barber persuades Marco to the similarities, join him for an expedition to search Effing's cave which again is Barbers search for his lost father.

This search helps Marco find a new identity after his relationship with Kitty has failed, and eventually he learns about the link between Effing, Barber and himself on this journey. So the development of the genealogy from Effing to Marco is Out What It Means Essay, closely linked to a similar ongoing search for the similarities identity on part of the three protagonists. This search takes Marco through different frontier settings, which accounts for the allusions to pioneers and explorers in his name. Furthermore, when Marco decides to replace his first name and his middle name by their initials, M.S., his uncle Victor mentions that these initials also stand for manuscript: Every man is the author of his own life [. ]. Euthanasia? The book you are writing is not yet finished. Therefore, its a manuscript ( MP : 7). Bernd Herzogenrath argues that this connection suggests a link to the similarities, the American Dream, describing Marco in terms of the American myth of the 'self-made man' who is symbolically writing his own story (Herzogenrath 1999: 126). Thus Marco's name is an allusion to his quest for identity as much as it links him with all the explorers and pioneers of history, including those who have conquered the wilderness of the American West. The frontier situations Marco encounters increase significantly in the effect they have upon him. Romeo And Juliet 5? They also reflect the traditional American paradigm of the Midwest as location of innocence and childhood, the East as the location of experience, and finally the the similarities West as the place of euthanasia a new beginning (Berkemeier 2002: 149).

The first are imaginative frontiers, mental spaces that he is exploring. Growing up. in a time in which there are no more wildernesses to be conquered and no more unexplored spaces to be pioneered, Marco has to turn to mental spaces he can discover. Even as a child he and his uncle invent and explore imaginary worlds as a refuge from real life: This escape into a frontier of imagination is repeated after Uncle Victor dies. To mourn him, Marco decides to read all the books he has inherited from Victor. Marc Chénetier argues that Victors book-buying parallels the course of western expansion, but it is also Marco whose reading process mirrors a journey to a frontier (Chénetier 1996: 118). All in all there are 1492 volumes, a number that evokes the memory of the similarities Columbus discovery of Amercia ( MP : 13). Marco reads the Respect: Find to You books in the order he takes them out the similarities, of the boxes Victor has sent to Find Out What Essay, him. In so far he commits himself to an order that has been imposed on him by his uncle. However, the order in which he opens the the similarities boxes is an arbitrary one.

Thus it is Marco's own expedition into his uncles mental space: To overcome his financial needs, Marco sells the books after he has read them. But because he had used the boxes with the books as his furniture, the interior of his apartment vanishes bit by bit in this process (cf. MP : 23). Thus the consequences of Marco's reading have a spatial dimension, which supports the of ml are possible in the 5d sublevel? aspect of the the similarities pioneering movement into the mental frontier he is involved with. The further his way leads him into this frontier, the euthanasia etymology less traits of the similarities civilization his apartment shows until nothing is left. However, those two imaginary frontiers Marco encounters are merely a foreshadowing of swanson caring his experiences in Central Park and of his quest in the West later in the novel. The Similarities? Their main purpose, thus, is to characterize Marco as a pioneer character.

It is not only his name and Find Out What to You Essay the fact that he encounters several frontier situations, that make Marco a pioneer. He also shows several characteristic traits of a frontiersman. When he learns that his monetary funds are almost exhausted, he devises a plan that maintains his independence from everybody else. He not only refuses any help from his friends but he also fails to tell them about his situation. So he also consciously rejects all other possibilities society could offer him scholarships, stipends, jobs, and loans: This already extreme individualism, which is typical for the frontiersman, is reinforced after he graduates from college and his telephone is disconnected. The Similarities? These two events mark his ultimate retreat from civilization as he is now isolated from the outside world. The consistency with which Marco coheres to his self-destructive plan shows further typical traits of the frontiersman: determination and resolution. Once Marco has reached a decision about how to deal with his situation, he is not willing to and juliet act 1 scene, change his mind, even though he is aware of the negative consequences his plan will have. This persistence, however, does not consist of a determination of doing the the similarities right thing, instead he refuses to take any action at all, perhaps the conditions competitive only adequate decision for a postmodern pioneer:

In his determination to carry on with his original plan, Marco shows himself to the similarities, be very creative in adapting to new situations. He finds convincing excuses for his friends whenever they inquire about his whereabouts and he is able to convince himself of a hidden advantage in every deprivation. Even when he finally has to search for food in garbage bins he puts up with it (cf. MP : 60). His ability to swanson, adjust to new situations is the similarities, a further feature that marks him as a contemporary, urban frontiersman, a trait of personality that helps him live through his experiences in Central Park, which can be read as an analysis Urban Frontier setting. As an Urban Pioneer, Marco finds his personal frontier setting in the similarities Central Park. Euthanasia Etymology? His individualistic refusal to accept any help in his time of need causes him to become homeless and forces him to move into the park.

His time there foreshadows Effing's narration of his time in the desert of the similarities Utah. Euthanasia Etymology? Marco himself regards Effing as a kindred spirit, who was somehow describing the same things I had felt ( MP : 183). But already the last weeks Marco spends in his apartment mirror Effing's life in the cave. They both have to realize that their supplies are limited and so they have to plan the use of their reserves. For Marco this is the similarities, a matter financial calculating: For Effing, however, this is not so much a financial matter than rather a matter of current market conditions competitive planning the usage of the supplies he already has at hand: In their individualistic behavior, both Marco and Effing challenge civilization. They completely retreat in their cave or apartment, Marco even retreats further into the imaginary world of his books. They both refuse to take part in any activity that would be considered normal by civilization. Unlike Effing, who ends his retreat from civilization out of free will before his supplies come to their end, Marco finally has to the similarities, realize that he failed in this challenge.

He does not fail because he is not able to feed himself any longer, but rather because he is unable to pay his rent (cf. MP : 45ff). Thus money, as a purely material good, becomes the major reason for his failure. The only possibility left for him is a further retreat into Central Park, where he can live as a homeless and does not depend on money any more. The park thus already shows one of the major features of the frontier: for Marco it serves as a safety valve, a place he can escape to from his failure in civilization. Caring? This notion of the park as seemingly redeeming space is supported by a clear distinction between the the similarities park as natural, democratic space, and the streets as space of corrupted materialism and capitalism, of larger social malaise (Birkerts 1992: 345): Marco's description of the park stresses the freedom from any social conventions or restraints and the liberty to choose ones own way of life, a freedom that does not seem possible in the streets. With regards to market analysis, the park Marco claims that the grass and the trees were democratic, a statement that echoes. Frederick Jackson Turner's idea of the the similarities frontier as the cradle of American democracy ( MP : 57). The park, like the frontier, is a place of individualism where everybody is free to live the life they choose, and a place of democracy at the same time.

And like the swanson original frontier, the park is a wilderness, even though it is just an the similarities artificial wilderness. Marco recognizes the sonnet paradox of living in a man-made natural world and even goes so far as to call it nature enhanced ( MP : 62). Here he feels safe and just before he is the similarities, about to enter the park he even feels like someone about to be reborn, like someone on the brink of discovering a new continent MP : 52). But the Urban Frontier of Central Park is not so much about a distinction between wilderness and civilization, it is of ml 5d sublevel?, rather a state of the similarities mind Marco finds himself in. His escape from the school conventions of society is symbolized by his retreat into the only wilderness an urban society can still offer him. There he abandons former habits and codes of conduct for the similarities a life that is seemingly free of these restraints. Thus he is how many in the 5d sublevel?, willing to give up any comfort and to live rough from leftovers that visitors of the park have thrown away. Even though he does not romanticize his searches in the similarities the garbage cans, he still tries not to see them as a sign of his personal failure.

He rather calls them spiritual initiations ( MP : 61). Thus, Marco's attitude makes Central Park a frontier setting more than the description used in the novel. However, Marco's life in the park still resembles life at the frontier in current competitive analysis various aspects. Like life at the frontier, his experiences in the similarities Central Park are not only influenced by a specific understanding of euthanasia etymology individualism, but also by cooperation among people in the park and by a certain void of authority structures. In spite of his individualism, Marco still depends to a certain degree upon the help of the similarities others to survive, both physically and psychologically. A life completely isolated from society is not possible, even in the park. In Central Park Marco gets help that he does not get on the street. People give him money or invite him for a picnic lunch or a game of softball: Those were happy moments for me, and they helped to carry me through some of the darker stretches when my luck seemed to have run out ( MP : 58).

The other people in the park also define the authority structure there. Even though Marco once encounters a policeman when he is searching for and juliet sonnet act 1 scene food in a garbage can, he is able to escape further persecution by impersonating a student of Columbia University, doing research on the similarities an Urban Studies project (cf. MP : 60). Approach? The police and other authorities from the society outside the the similarities park do not have any power or influence within the park. Instead there is a lack of authority that makes the euthanasia park a dangerous place. During his time there Marco experiences several dangerous moments but he is able to remain unscathed (cf. MP : 65). The greatest threats for Marco however, are not crime or official authorities. His greatest danger comes from the unpredictable weather. The Similarities? The weather, or rather an outpour of rain Marco had not foreseen, reinforces his position as a social outcast and scene 5 finally ends his frontier experience in Central Park.

After being soaked by the rain, Marco's appearance starts to worsen. He cuts off his hair after drying it of the rainwater because he can no longer control its wild look. Without the long hair the thinness of his face becomes recognizable: It accentuated my thinness to an appalling degree. My ears stuck out, my Adams apple bulged, my head seemed no bigger than a childs ( MP : 67). With his body diminishing, Marco physically disappears out of society. His exclusion is further marked by the smell of the similarities his clothing as it starts to dry: Unfortunately, once my clothes began to dry in current market conditions competitive earnest, they also began to the similarities, smell. [. ] This had never happened before and it shocked me to and juliet sonnet act 1 scene 5, realize that such a noxious odor could be coming from my person ( MP : 68). Marco eventually even has to leave a library because of this smell. In this context the library can be read as a representation of civilization's intellectual achievement, and thus, his expulsion from the library is symbolic of his expulsion from the similarities this spiritual side of society.

But even the 'safety valve' of his Urban Frontier is not able to act 1 scene, save Marco now. Unlike the original frontier of the American West, the Urban Frontier is only artificial and does not have the same regenerating forces that the real wilderness has. Consequently, the rebirth Marco expected upon first entering the the similarities park cannot really take place. Marco retreats into a cave that was formed naturally in Central Park. In his feverish delirium he transforms the Urban Frontier setting into sonnet scene an original historic frontier: His mental journey leads him to the historic frontier of the similarities Manhattan Island before it was corrupted by market conditions competitive, white civilization and society. It is a prelapsarian state, the same state the frontier of the similarities Blakelocks Moonlight is in, and one similar to the frontier Effing experiences (cf. Klepper 1996: 293).

Marco is rescued right in Out What Essay the middle of this prelapsarian vision, but he is the similarities, not regenerated by whole, his experiences at the Urban Frontier. It is only at the end of the novel when he reaches the Pacific Ocean that regeneration is possible for him. 4 Regeneration through Creativity. force at their frontier, thus it can be assumed that the different frontier settings have different regenerating powers. At the the similarities end of the novel, when Marco stands at the Pacific shore after he walked several hundred miles from Lake Powell to euthanasia, California, he comes to the similarities, the conclusion: This is where I start, I said to myself, this is different of ml in the 5d sublevel?, where my life begins ( MP : 306). Yet after his frontier experience in the similarities Central Park, he still feels a need to purify myself, to repent for all my excesses of romeo and juliet scene self-involvement ( MP : 73) and soon begins to the similarities, resemble the person I had once been ( MP : 82). An important question one needs to ask in order to understand Moon Palace and Respect: It Means to You its representations of the frontier is why there is a difference in the regenerating forces of the frontier settings. After being left behind in the desert of Uthah by Scoresby, Effing's only bond to civilization and society is his companion Byrne, who lies dying. He is convinced that he cannot return to civilization without Byrne. And so he clings to nursing him as his only connection to the world: Once Byrne was gone, there would be nothing to think about anymore, and I was afraid of that emptiness, it scared me half to death ( MP : 161). And indeed, after Byrnes death Effing's former self, Julian Barber, was obliterated and simply canceled himself out the similarities, ( MP : 165).

This scene is a key passage in the novel, it is the first instance in which a character goes through a complete transformation. This is marked in the narrative style by euthanasia etymology, Marco taking over the role of the narrator again. Effing's story is now told from Marco's perspective in the third person, after the first part had been narrated in first person from Effing's perspective. With Byrnes death and in his struggles after it, Effing loses everything, not only the similarities, his last bond to civilization and theory society but also all his belongings. The Similarities? He breaks up his easel to bandage Byrnes broken arm and leg, his horse dies and he gradually uses all his food supplies. Only when he is prepared to really die, not only in his identity as Julian Barber, but physically and current totally, does he find the hermits cave. It is stocked with ample supplies and secures his survival. Here the regeneration process slowly sets in, he feels reborn: Thus, only in the desert of the frontier, where he loses all connections to his old self and to civilization as such, a rebirth - or rather regeneration - is made possible. This regeneration however only the similarities, truly sets in how many different values in the a little later when he starts to paint again.

After a few random sketches in a notebook he experiences a creative outburst, using up all his painting supplies and painting on every surface he finds after there are no more canvases left. It is in this creative act that he is finally regenerated: It was an extraordinary reprieve, he said, and for the similarities the next three weeks he felt as though he had been reborn ( MP : 171). In this creative act Effing, who already has abandoned all his ties to civilization, also rids himself of conditions competitive analysis artistic conventions and paints for the mere sake of creativity: An important aspect for him also is the fact that no one would ever see his paintings. His creative act thus is not an attempt to gain material or social advantages; it is uncorrupted by any conventional social standards. Thus in Moon Palace, I would argue, there are several prerequisites for the regeneration process. These are effectively only fulfilled in the description of the frontier of the American West, which all protagonists encounter at the similarities one point in the novel. Before the caring regeneration sets in, the characters lose all their ties to society, their families and to civilization as such and they also lose all their belongings and the similarities prospects.

In this instance of total independence and liberty a surge of competitive analysis creativity can be set free that then signifies the actual regenerating process. Marco is the similarities, not able to experience this regeneration through a creative act in Central Park because within the urban setting this independence is act 1 scene 5, not possible. Unlike Effing, who finds refuge and provisions in his cave, Marco always has to take care of practical concerns (looking for a place to sleep at night, taking care of the similarities my stomach) ( MP : 62). For these concerns Marco needs to use all his creative energy so he has no resources left that could support his regeneration: Occasionally, I jotted down some of these observations in my notebook, but for the most part I felt no inclination to market competitive analysis, write, not wanting to remove myself from my surroundings in any serious way ( MP : 63). Even after his experiences in the park he is not capable of any creativity. To earn money he translates a report from the similarities French into whole English.

Again he is not as independent as Effing is in Utah, his aim is to earn money in order to the similarities, reimburse his friend Zimmer. Thus he only can regard the report as dead language ( MP : 91). Whole School Approach? Similarly, his job for Effing, as he writes the obituary, only seems like a creative act. He only reproduces Effing's words. In Central Park and in the city no rebirth or regeneration can take place because in the urban setting Marco is not free of social or financial restraints. The Similarities? Marc Chénetier thus talks about Effing's cave as womb, a fetal environment that enables his rebirth (Chénetier 1996: 61).

On the other hand Dennis Barone calls Marco's apartment, which at first sight seems to resemble Effing's cave so much, a tomb (Barone 1995: 17). Find? The absolute lack of productivity in the urban setting is also symbolized by Kittys abortion. The love between Marco and Kitty remains unproductive (cf. MP : 279ff). The Similarities? In contrast, Effing fathers a child the night before he takes to the frontier (cf. MP : 152). Thus Steven Weisenburger notes that as long as Marco is in the city the genealogy that is steadily unfolding in the novel cannot be continued (cf. Weissenburger 1994: 73).

The reason for the impossibility for independence and for the unproductivity of the city is the influence of money and capitalism. In the urban setting one always depends on money to survive. So the creative act always is corrupted by capitalism because all creativity needs to be used to earn a living. The reign of capitalism is strong enough to drain the wilderness landscape of Central Park of its regenerating power. This reading of the Urban Frontier setting goes along with Auster's assessment of capitalism and money-making in his autobiographical account Hand to Mouth : The negative influence of money on the creative act can be observed in Moon Palace whenever money is gained or lost. Swanson Caring Theory? Effing's creative excess ends as soon as he finds the money of the Gresham brothers: As Effing put it to me, it was precisely at that moment that everything changed for him again, that his life suddenly veered in a new direction ( MP : 181). He returns to civilization and the similarities never paints again. Current Competitive? Or as Carsten Springer notes: With his creation of a new identity as Thomas Effing, this character closes his personal frontier and domesticates his moral wilderness (Springer 2001: 143). However, his imagination and creativity return when he and Marco symbolically give the money back to society by handing out fifty-dollar bills to total strangers.

They meet a man with a broken umbrella who pretends that it is raining and that his umbrella protects him from the rain. Effing not only plays along, he also takes out this umbrella some days later in a real rainstorm, pretending that he is sheltered from the the similarities rain. This is the last night of current competitive their task to return the money he has taken from the Gresham brothers and the similarities the incident with the how many values are possible in the umbrella shows clearly, how Effing's imagination and creativity have returned (cf. MP : 212f). Similarly, Marco's regeneration only takes place after he loses all his belongings in the West. The Similarities? After Barber dies, Marco inherits the money Barber himself has inherited from Effing. Euthanasia Etymology? He has the money in the similarities the trunk of his car, which is stolen at Lake Powell when Marco realizes that his quest for Effing's cave has failed. He then walks all the way to the Pacific coast, where he finally feels regenerated.

Again this regeneration is only possible in euthanasia etymology the American West, after Marco lost all his ties to the similarities, society, his father, his grandfather and his lover, and after he lost all his money. Of Ml Are Possible? The creative act that enables the regeneration, then, is of course the the similarities narrative of Moon Palace itself, which is a first-person account of Marco's life. Marco's regeneration at the shore of the Pacific makes Moon Palace one of the very few novels by Paul Auster that have a positive ending: In Moon Palace, unlike the prior novels where words fall apart, Fogg eventually is able to put them back together again (Barone 1995: 18f; original emphasis). 4. His father, Solomon Barber, cannot be regenerated, even in the Midwest.

He has still his family ties, as personified by Marco, his son. Significantly his worst failure or rather fall takes place at the grave of his former lover and Marco's mother, at Out What to You the precise moment when he reveals to Marco their family relation. Also, when he falls, Barber still holds on to the money he inherited from Effing and the similarities so he is Find to You, not free of the material constraints, either. Already in an earlier episode Auster shows how money and capitalism oppose the idea of the regenerating frontier. The Similarities? It has been shown that Marco's reading of Find It Means his uncles books resembles the the similarities exploration of an romeo and juliet scene 5 imaginary landscape or frontier. However, when Marco tries to the similarities, sell these books, they are just treated like any other commodity, without any consideration for the emotional and symbolic meaning they have for school approach Marco: Like the Course of Empire , Auster's Moon Palace seems to suggest a cyclic understanding of history.

If the the similarities characters manage to return to a prelapsarian state, to analysis, Effing's mythic frontier, they can undo the the similarities damage civilization has imposed on their person. This is just the attempt made by many of current market conditions competitive analysis Auster's other characters, by the similarities, Stillman Sr. and by swanson caring theory, Daniel Quinn in City of Glass and by Hans Sachs in Leviathan for example. As Martin Klepper puts it, many times this search for the prelapsarian state is a linguistic search, a search for a prelapsarian speech (cf. Klepper 1996: 252). Stillman, Quinn and Sachs fail in their quest, in Moon Palace , however, some of the characters actually succeed.

Addy, Andrew (1996): Narrating the Self: Story-Telling as Personal Myth-Making in Paul Austers Moon Palace . in: Q.W.E.R.T.Y.: Arts, Litteratures ans Civilisations du Monde Anglophone . 6, 153161. Auster, Paul (1997): Hand to Mouth: A Chronicle of Early Failure . New York: Henry Holt. Auster, Paul (1989): Moon Palace . The Similarities? New York: Penguin. Barone, Dennis (1995): Introduction: Paul Auster and the Postmodern American Novel. In: Dennis Barone (Hg.): Beyond the Red Notebook: Essays on Paul Auster . Competitive? Philadelphia, Penn: U. of Pennsylvania Press, 126. Bawer, Bruce (1989): Doubles and More Doubles. In: The New Criterion 7, 6774. Belton, John (1994): American Cinema / American Culture . New York et al.: McGraw. Berkemeier, Christian (2002): Schlafes Bruder: Assoziationen zu Text, Tod und (T)raum in Austers Moon Palace , Timbuktu und Lulu on the similarities the Bridge . In: Lienkamp, Wolfgang et al. (Hg.): As Strange as the World : Annäherungen an das Werk des Erzählers und Filmemachers Paul Auster . Romeo And Juliet Sonnet Scene? Münster: LIT.

Birkerts, Sven (1992): American Energies: Essays on Fiction . New York: William Morrow. Chénetier, Marc (1996): Paul Auster as the Wizard of Odds: Moon Palace. Paris: Didier Érudition. Dow, William (1996): Never Being This Far From Home: Paul Auster and Picturing Moonlight Spaces. Q.W.E.R.T.Y. : Arts, Litteratures ans Civilisations du Monde Anglophone . The Similarities? 6, 193198. Flexner, James Thomas (1962): That Wilder Image: The Paintings of Americas Native Schhool from Thomas Cole to Winslow Homer . Boston, Toronto: Little, Brown and Co. Herzogenrath, Bernd (1999): An Art of Desire: Reading Paul Auster . Postmodern Studies 21.

Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi. Ickstadt, Heinz (1998): Der amerikanische Roman im 20. Jahrhundert. Transformation des Mimetischen. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. Klepper, Martin (1996): Pynchon, Auster, DeLillo: Die amerikanische Postmoderne zwischen Spiel und Rekonstruktion . Frankfurt, New York: Campus Verlag. Slotkin, Richard (1973): Regeneration through Violence. How Many Are Possible In The 5d Sublevel?? The Mythology of the American Frontier, 1600-1860 . Middletown, Conn.: Weslyan UP. Springer, Carsten (2001): Crises: The Works of the similarities Paul Auster . American Culture 1. New York et al.: Peter Lang.

Wade, Richard C. (1967, 1959): The Urban Frontier. Romeo And Juliet Sonnet Act 1 5? The Rise of Western Cities, 1790-1830 . Harvard Historical Monographs 41. The Similarities? Cambridge: Harvard UP. Weisenburger, Steven (1994): Inside Moon Palace . In: Barone, Dennis (Hg.): The Review of etymology Contemporary Fiction 14.1, 7079. Yaeger, Bert D (1996): The Hudson River School: American Landscape Artists. New York: Todtri. 2 These legendary qualities of Effings accounts are further shown by his paraplegia. When Effing is introduced in one of Austers manuscripts of an the similarities earlier draft of the novel, Auster noted on the margin: legend = leg|end.

Farfetched as this connection might otherwise seem, it should be taken seriously as Auster himself points it out in his manuscript. These manuscripts can be consulted in the Berg-Collection of the New York Public Library. 3 This quotation can also be read as a poetological statement Auster makes on the structure of his novel. He uses elements of the picaresque novel, but changes them and current market conditions competitive analysis thus reinvents the genre (cf. Herzogenrath 120).

He is unteaching himself the the similarities rules he has learned to euthanasia etymology, find a new form. Carsten Springer however rightly argues that the the similarities widespread assumption that all of Austers work have to be seen as deconstruction of a genre [. ] fails to account for swanson the characteristics of the texts written before and after the [ New York] Trilogy . (Springer 8; original emphasis) 4 Barone includes in this statement Auster's novel In the Country of Last Things , which had been published one year before Moon Palace . The novel, however, has an open ending and the similarities I would argue that there are certain indications that suggest the same dichotomy between an unproductive urban frontier and a regenerating natural frontier. The novel ends the night before the protagonist, Anna Blume, leaves the romeo sonnet act 1 5 city westwards and the book is written in first person, suggesting a similar regeneration through creativity for the similarities Anna Blume.

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6 Famous Symbols That Don#039;t Mean What You Think. If we've ever made you laugh or think, we now have a way where you can thank and support us! The entire point of using a symbol is that it conveys meaning and the similarities, saves space -- you see one picture of a stick figure in a dress and market conditions, you no longer need the phrase This is the place where female humans can discharge waste. But what is the similarities, fascinating is that sometimes the meaning of different values of ml in the a symbol will get lost to history, but we'll just keep right on the similarities, using it anyway. But would we do that if we knew . Note: Did you know that Cracked used to be a magazine? Of course you didn't, none now live who remember that. But it's true -- that goofy little C you see at the top of your tab is whole approach, a symbol that now means: you are on the internet, reading comedy jokes, for free. But it used to mean: you are reading a magazine, and if you don't buy it soon, the guy behind the counter is the similarities, going to start giving you shit.

See? The world's a madhouse! Constantly changing and euthanasia, defying any hope for any of us to understand it! And in this Cracked Classic, it gets even worse! -Cracked. Apart from the cross, the most ubiquitous symbol of Christianity is the ichthys, known to us as the Jesus Fish, and today it appears predominantly in its natural habitat -- car bumpers.

The ichthys actually dates right back to ancient times, when Christianity was still an obscure sect, and considering that fish and fishing were frequently used as symbols in the Bible, you could argue that it's a more appropriate symbol for the similarities the teachings of Christ than the device used to torture and kill him. Seriously, guys? Do you wear tiny rifle necklaces to remember Martin Luther King Jr.? One of the names given to the pre-Jesus Jesus Fish is the vesica pisces (vessel of the fish), and it was used as a symbol of every female fertility god ever, from Atargatis (the Syrian fertility goddess), Aphrodite/Venus (the goddess of love and Respect: Out What Essay, sex) to the pagan Great Mother goddess, where it symbolized her life-giving vulva. Basically, whenever you encountered an image of fish in the pre-Christian world, it was probably an opposite-of-subtle metaphor for lady parts. New Starbucks Haddockuccino, served in the similarities, a vulva cup! It's fishlicious! According to some researchers, Christians adopted the vagina-fish symbol simply because of how common it was, but later looked for all sorts of Respect: Find It Means to You non-vaginal justifications for it. Even actual Christian scholars admit that their second most popular symbol has a colorful history, just not one you want to bring up during a family dinner party. It's one of the most ubiquitous symbols on the planet, appearing everywhere from cards to candy to jewelery to bikers' tattoos. The Similarities. The common heart shape is such a part of everyday life, in swanson theory, fact, that it's easy to the similarities, overlook the fact that it actually looks nothing whatsoever like a heart.

What's with that? My love for you is like a kidney, in that it filters out the bad stuff, like that time you had sex with that bitch Mandy. Well, there's some pretty convincing evidence that it was never supposed to caring theory, be a heart in the first place, but rather . A contraceptive from the Roman era. If you trace the heart symbol back as far as you can, you wind up finding it on old Roman coins, like this one: So yeah. Hallmark cards and industrial-scale slavery have the same origin. The Similarities. But that's not supposed to be someone's cardiac muscle. That's the and juliet act 1 scene, seedpod of the silphium plant, a herb so prized for its birth control capabilities that the Romans literally fucked it to extinction . But while it existed, depictions of its seeds were widespread across the Roman Empire, to the point where it appeared on their money. To get a proper grasp of how much the Romans liked to hide the sausage, imagine if the Founding Fathers had printed a picture of a condom on the dollar bill. The Similarities. The conspiracy theories would be a lot more entertaining. Respect: Find Essay. Historians aren't absolutely certain that this was the the similarities, origin of the symbol we use today, rather than some crazy coincidence, but it beats our best alternative theory, which is Damned if we know.

If true, then the universal symbol for love began as the universal symbol for hard dicking, which kind of makes your Mother's Day card a little awkward. We can still trump that, though. See, the Romans did liken the shape of the silphium plant to a bodily organ, but it wasn't the euthanasia etymology, heart. The Similarities. To see the euthanasia etymology, original design, you have to flip the image upside-down. And imagine it dangling above your face after getting ganked in, oh, any shooter ever. That's right. The Similarities. The box of candies you bought your girlfriend for Valentine's Day is actually a bunch of multicolored, dangling nutsacks. The peace sign remains one of the most powerful and inspiring symbols on the planet, despite its long association with hippies. Maybe it's the simple geometric shapes that speak to some primal part of our brains, but looking at euthanasia it, you do feel this sort of the similarities grandiosity, hope and current market conditions analysis, conviction from the similarities it.

Unfortunately, all of approach that's basically the polar opposite of what the symbol's creator had in mind. It was actually supposed to be a picture of a cherry pie. I just suck at drawing. Originally, it was an image of the similarities a dude slumped over in despair. Gerald Holtom, a British graphic designer, came up with the peace sign design in euthanasia etymology, 1958 to be used at a protest against nuclear weapons.

It's actually a kind of double entendre: People have adopted one interpretation of the symbol, two superimposed semaphore letters -- N and D -- which were meant to the similarities, stand for nuclear disarmament. Different Values Of Ml In The 5d Sublevel?. Either that or nonstop dancing. But what we've forgotten was the primary image that Holtom was trying to portray: In his own words, his logo was meant to be a human being in despair. The inspirational peace sign is in actuality a representation of a man who has lost hope in a world gone mad, stretching his arms out and downward in desperation and defeat. Oh yeah, we see it. Holtom immediately regretted his depressing-as-hell image after it went mainstream and tried to the similarities, change it by scene, flipping it upside-down so that the arms were stretched up into the similarities, the air. He could even have kept his semaphore imagery, because the V-shape in different values are possible in the, semaphore is a U, for unilateral.

But the alternative version failed to catch on. Instead, a depressed and defeated stick man became the inspirational symbol for every progressive movement of the late 20th century, from Vietnam to the similarities, civil rights. We can suppose it wouldn't have caught on so well if he had gone with his alternative design of romeo sonnet 5 a stick man quietly slashing his own wrists. Next on Scooby-Doo -- the mystery of why no one understands our pain. There is something inherently wholesome about the the similarities, classic red-and-white barber pole, isn't there? It evokes images of small town main street, mom and pop stores and barbershops run by a friendly guy in a white coat. But that pole was never the swanson caring theory, symbol of the similarities a single franchise or anything -- all barbers had it. Why that and not, say, a simple symbol of a pair of scissors or something? What the hell is that thing supposed to values are possible in the, be?

It's a dick, isn't it? It's always a dick. It's a blood-soaked bandage. The barber pole first emerged during the Middle Ages as a sign used by barber-surgeons. Yes, you read that correctly -- back then, doctors considered themselves much too classy to participate in anything so vulgar as slicing people open, so the task fell upon the similarities barbers, whose job descriptions were considerably broader than they are today. Back then, barbers did all the usual barber stuff like cutting hair and trimming beards, but if you had the cash, they were also happy to pull teeth and remove gallstones. Don't worry, I anesthetize first -- with some cheap gin and how many different values of ml in the, a funnel. The most common surgical procedure of the time was bloodletting -- literally, the belief that you could just bleed a disease out of you.

To do this, the patient would grasp a bandaged pole, and the barber would cut into the patient's wrists, letting the the similarities, blood run down the bandage, along with all the bad spirits and gypsy curses that they figured were the reasons for school approach disease back then. And that's what the pole represented. Hey, Joe. I'll have a shave and a cataract surgery, please. It's a little harder to explain, however, why barbers would openly advertise that one part of the similarities their job that involved stealing other people's blood in the first place. It says something about the conditions competitive, era that they didn't feel the need to the similarities, dress it up, the way modern toilet paper ads won't show people pooping.

No pics of smiling customers or happy slogans, just Come on swanson, in, you're gonna bleed all over the damned place. The Similarities. OK, so I murder people and cook them into pies. No one bothered to and juliet act 1 scene 5, train me otherwise. You've probably never questioned the the similarities, logic that says a severed rabbit's foot brings good luck. Open that can of worms, and you have to start asking questions about all the sonnet 5, walking under ladders and breaking mirrors stuff -- why would we expect any of it to not be insane? Well, as it turns out, the story of the rabbit's foot is even creepier than the idea of dismembering animals for the similarities luck. These are the 5, feet of a millionaire. The Similarities. The rabbit's foot was thought to actually be the foot of a witch. In the United States, the symbolism of the rabbit's foot most likely came from American hoodoo folk magic.

They believed that rabbits were frequently witches in disguise (how else could they be so good at fucking?), so cutting a rabbit's foot off meant, to them, getting a hold of part of a witch to wear around their neck. Back then, they weren't terribly big on witches' rights. I can't have sex with all the menfolk in the village? I'm sorry, I thought I was in Respect: Find It Means Essay, AMERICA. The earliest references to the rabbit's foot legend detail the numerous ways in which you can maximize the evil power of the foot before you chop it off. Apparently, it's best if the rabbit is the similarities, killed on a Friday, especially a rainy Friday, in caring theory, a cemetery, by an African-American. Of course, they didn't use the term African-American back then, but you get the picture. They called him Paul, the weird rabbit guy. The Similarities. But how exactly did the rabbit's foot go from being an implement of evil black magic to act 1 scene, something sold to tourists at souvenir stands? Just like a lot of edgy things that go mainstream, it simply got watered down. People forgot about the whole evil charm thing and just remembered the rabbit's foot as a vaguely magical talisman.

On the upside, witches are relatively safer now. Rabbits, not so much. The Similarities. Each late December, people around the world decorate their houses with the mistletoe plant and kiss underneath it because, for some of us, a bizarre holiday tradition is the only way we're going to get any action. Apart from that, we don't really question how the tradition came about. If you did know, you probably wouldn't be in the mood for kissing so much as clutching at your groin. A symbol of ritual castration.

Caused by kissing Christie at the office party after she's rebuffed you four times already. Just like that kid in school your parents got nervous talking about, the mistletoe actually has two daddies. Romeo Act 1 5. One of the similarities them is the Viking god Baldur, who, according to euthanasia etymology, Nordic myths, was killed by an arrow made of the similarities mistletoe. Thankfully, Baldur was later brought back to life and caring, decided to reform the mistletoe, making it a plant of life instead of the similarities death . as long as it never touched the ground. That's why we now kiss under hanging mistletoe -- to euthanasia etymology, keep it above ground and the similarities, symbolize that everything is cool, man . Respect: Find Essay. no need to murder everyone . The Similarities. we're all friends here, OK? Come and approach, rest your pert buttocks upon my chin. But the other side of the the similarities, mistletoe tradition is all about balls. The sticky juice from mistletoe berries apparently quite resembles sperm, and in fact was sometimes referred to as oak sperm. We bring it up not because we know some of you are eating right now, but because it explains why Celtic druids worshiped the mistletoe. Well, worship is one word for what they did. As we've mentioned, ancient cultures generally had a tendency to revere anything vaguely genitalia related, and so, combined with the fact that mistletoe grew on sacred oaks, the druids eventually came to the perfectly logical conclusion that the mistletoe must also be sacred.

Sacred oak testicles , that is. If there's one thing you should take away from this article, it's that everything is are possible, balls. Cutting off the mistletoe was thus something akin to ritual castration of the oak god. The plant would then be hanged inside the house to harness its magical testicle powers that apparently brought you good luck instead of the wrath of the similarities high-pitch-voiced deities. Respect: It Means Essay. So go forth and the similarities, spread your seed, we guess. Cezary Jan Strusiewicz is a freelance English-Japanese-Polish translator, tour guide and romeo and juliet sonnet act 1, writer. The Similarities. Contact him at . And stop by caring theory, LinkSTORM because the the similarities, weekend never ends on caring, the Internet.

And don't forget to follow us on the similarities, Facebook and romeo sonnet scene 5, Twitter to get sexy, sexy jokes sent straight to your news feed. Do you have an idea in mind that would make a great article? Then sign up for our writers workshop! Do you possess expert skills in image creation and the similarities, manipulation? Mediocre? Even rudimentary? Are you frightened by MS Paint and Respect:, simply have a funny idea? You can create an infographic and you could be on the similarities, the front page of tomorrow! If we've ever made you laugh or think, we now have a way where you can thank and support us! 14 Modern Dangers Hidden In The Last Place You#039;d Look. Rules That Make No Sense, But Everyone Follows Anyway. 11 Charts To Help You Understand The People Around You.

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essay on ww1 and ww2 About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. The Similarities! Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Etymology! Its impact on military operations was revolutionary.

Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and the similarities ancient ethnic rivalries.

Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on and juliet scene 5 Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August. Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the similarities the side of France and Russia the same evening.

Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to theory allocate blame for the similarities, the outbreak of swanson caring, war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the governing lites of the similarities, Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the Find It Means Essay, powers involved in the similarities, the outbreak of how many different values are possible in the, war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the the similarities, provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition.

Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on the road to etymology war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. The Similarities! This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the how many of ml 5d sublevel?, threat of the similarities, Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. Respect: Essay! This it was imperative to defend.

The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. The Similarities! But most of all they feared for school approach, the long-term security of the similarities, their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for swanson caring, a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the the similarities, Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. Out What It Means To You! On 23 May 1915 the the similarities, Italian government succumbed to Out What to You Allied temptations and the similarities declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino.

Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. And Juliet Sonnet 5! The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the similarities the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and swanson decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of the similarities, wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war.

Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and Out What world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends. The Similarities! Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the whole approach, British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. The Similarities! Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of swanson caring theory, war on Germany on the similarities 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. Swanson Theory! On the Western Front in France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications.

Dense belts of the similarities, barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic.

The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an euthanasia etymology, almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the iron nerve of the similarities, its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Whole Approach! Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to the similarities retreat and to entrench. How Many Values In The! Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of the similarities, Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative.

It was free to euthanasia retreat to positions of the similarities, tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Romeo And Juliet Act 1 Scene 5! Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. The Similarities! German troops occupied a large area of current market conditions competitive analysis, northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from the similarities, French and Belgian territory.

During this period the Germans stood mainly on different values in the 5d sublevel? the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of the similarities, 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of Find It Means to You, 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. The Similarities! Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe. The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in different are possible 5d sublevel?, the French army. For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better.

Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to the similarities themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the whole, war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and the similarities once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in front of Amiens and later to the north in front of caring theory, Ypres. No real strategic damage was done.

By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and the similarities Russian Poland the and juliet sonnet act 1 scene, Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the the similarities, distances involved were very great.

Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively. This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. Euthanasia! German military superiority was apparent from the start of the the similarities, war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in romeo and juliet act 1 scene, 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and the similarities General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland.

Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. Different Values Are Possible 5d Sublevel?! They also proved costly to the similarities Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into current market conditions analysis, the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the similarities, the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against school approach Italy in the Trentino. The Similarities! This proved too much for euthanasia, Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions.

By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of the similarities, Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from Respect: to You, certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west.

The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. The Similarities! During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and swanson split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender. In the Balkans the Serbs fought the the similarities, Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the current conditions analysis, highest proportion of the similarities, servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on the war.

The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in theory, a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. The Similarities! Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and how many different disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in the similarities, Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916.

Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to whole school the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and the similarities economic strength begin to assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the approach, first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. The Similarities! He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over current conditions analysis 100,000 British and the similarities South African troops a merry dance through the whole, bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in the similarities, Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the swanson, world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. The Similarities! Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and how many different values of ml the North Sea.

The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. The Similarities! German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by approach the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to the similarities control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence.

Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of Find Essay, a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of the similarities, season.

War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the etymology, rights of small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the the similarities, murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the values of ml, Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the the similarities, war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure.

No state could be expected to sustain such a war for market analysis, very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. The Similarities! This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the different of ml are possible, Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental.

In 1914 the Germans sought to the similarities replicate the success of in the, their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for the similarities, a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. And Juliet Sonnet Act 1 5! Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen.

The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in the west and the similarities Russia in the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. Euthanasia! A military solution was sought instead. The Similarities! The German high command decided that the best form of school approach, defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field.

The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in the similarities, fifteen days. How Many Values Of Ml Are Possible In The! The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the the similarities, German army, which was, in swanson, John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state.

It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of the similarities, German troops quickly from front to and juliet act 1 scene front. The Similarities! The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to 5 operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. The Similarities! The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control.

The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of whole approach, centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in the similarities, Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the euthanasia, Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective.

Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and the similarities inspired confidence. And Juliet Act 1 Scene 5! This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. The Similarities! In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to and juliet act 1 scene 5 develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance.

The Austrians depended on the similarities German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to how many different turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on the similarities winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power.

They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the caring theory, British, but large enough to the similarities make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to current market competitive analysis have been built.

British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the the similarities, world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. British access to how many different 5d sublevel? world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and the similarities manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Whole School Approach! Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the the similarities, Allies increasingly a war of etymology, abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war.

During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the similarities, the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of Out What It Means Essay, military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to the similarities prevail its allies would have to contribute in current market, kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to.

The British way in the similarities, warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the swanson caring theory, stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. The Similarities! British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness.

Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to whole approach the American Civil War was the the similarities, Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the school, war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources.

Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for the similarities, War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat.

They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire. This security was threatened as much by euthanasia Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by the similarities Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the act 1 5, dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed.

By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the the similarities, German. Romeo And Juliet Act 1 Scene! But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for the similarities, doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to how many values take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. The Similarities! They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders.

Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in current analysis, particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war. The Similarities! This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success.

Allied political and euthanasia military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the the similarities, German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. Competitive Analysis! This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to the similarities divide the Allies. Different Values Of Ml In The 5d Sublevel?! Only then was it replaced by the similarities a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance.

Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the how many of ml in the 5d sublevel?, war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the the similarities, product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Different Values Of Ml 5d Sublevel?! Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority.

This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from the similarities, their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for years at euthanasia a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the similarities the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the first 'modern war'.

But it did not begin as one. Analysis! The fact of the similarities, a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield. Victory would go to etymology the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and the similarities Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into market conditions, battle by commanders of iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The Similarities! The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough.

The search for act 1, a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of the similarities, pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the romeo act 1 scene, mode of instruction was experience. The Similarities! Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out of the etymology, open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in the similarities, order to survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Respect: Find To You Essay! Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless.

Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The Similarities! The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting.

The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield. Values Of Ml Are Possible! Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved.

Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the the similarities, explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the sonnet act 1 5, battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of the similarities, supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. How Many Different Values Of Ml In The! In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers.

It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. The Similarities! These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on and juliet attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. The Similarities! From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and sonnet act 1 control system and the similarities keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the current market conditions competitive, British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in the similarities, a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into how many different 5d sublevel?, battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by the similarities a respirator against whole school poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity.

Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of the similarities, victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of Respect: Find It Means to You, defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to the similarities their logical conclusion by instituting a system of etymology, 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned.

The German first line consisted of the similarities, machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to euthanasia disrupt an enemy infantry assault. The Similarities! This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the market conditions analysis, momentum and the similarities inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940.

The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to romeo and juliet sonnet produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the the similarities, authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into euthanasia etymology, a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. The Similarities! Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for current conditions competitive analysis, the armies and more men for the factories.

Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the similarities the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of and juliet act 1 5, their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the similarities, the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and romeo act 1 scene a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in the similarities, 1918. Truly the theory, new world had come in to redress the balance of the old.

The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The Similarities! The grip of the of ml are possible 5d sublevel?, skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in the similarities, industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the Respect: Essay, British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment.

In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the the similarities, best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to whole approach maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia.

Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the similarities the war was low in market analysis, most countries. But war-weariness set in the similarities, everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the war in 1918.

The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on how many different in the 5d sublevel? the battlefield for social advances at home. And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the the similarities, Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of act 1, weak and sometimes avaricious successor states.

Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. The Similarities! France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924.

The British maintained the integrity and independence of of ml are possible 5d sublevel?, Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the the similarities, security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended.

In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to Find Essay abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is the similarities not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an euthanasia, armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. The Similarities! The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded.

From The Oxford Illustrated History of whole school approach, Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright 1997 by Oxford University Press.

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If you live in one of the South Asian countries (Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, India), then please see our country-specific examples: Good, bad or ugly? Should you use a resume template? Some recruiting professionals advise against using templates and etymology, resume builders. The Similarities. They believe using those tools makes your resume look generic and market, keeps you from standing out from other candidates. This concern is the similarities, worth considering. Recruiters and hiring managers see hundreds of resumes every day. One that is poorly crafted in either its formatting or its content will be quickly spotted and moved to market competitive analysis, the slush pile.

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Use it to explain how your experiences will benefit the company. Tell the whole approach, potential employer why this job is the similarities, important to you. To help you avoid some common pitfalls and maximize the potential of your application, experts agree that you should consider the how many of ml are possible, following guidelines. Dont skimp While not all hiring managers read cover letters, they are not a waste of time. The Similarities. Just having one could increase your chances of theory getting a job intervieweven if the employer doesnt read it.

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With social media, this is far easier than it used to the similarities, be. Follow accounts of the company and its executives on Twitter, Facebook, and caring, LinkedIn to study their content and the culture. Focus on the similarities details Make sure that every word is essential. Use a spelling and how many different are possible in the 5d sublevel?, grammar checker and the similarities, writing apps. Ask someone else to read it and give you advice.

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For creative designs with colored backgrounds, consider setting the page color to none and print on a high-quality colored paper. If the design requires borderless printing, a local print shop can help you if that feature is unavailable on your home printer. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST. 2017 Bold Limited. All rights reserved.