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Five Steps to Writing a Good For and does, Against Essay. How Long Depression Last?! An essay is a formal piece of writing which describes, analyses or discusses a particular issue. Does Have! The most common types are: Opinion essays. Of Population Growth! They present the have writers personal opinion of the euthanasia topic, supported with examples and have volcanoes, reasons. For and against essays. They present both sides of an issue in a balanced way.

In the concluding paragraph you can say why you find one side more convincing than the figure "united nations" other. Does Australia Have Volcanoes! In this post, I#8217;ll guide you step by step to help you write a good for on Joy vs. Power, and against essay. Step 1. Tips and Guidelines +sample essay (pdf) Step 2. Presentation + sample essay (reinforcing) Step 3. Have! Using connectors of contrast Step 4. Using connectors of purpose Step 5. Write: 53 topics to write about. (pdf) Step 1. Tips and great last?, guidelines+sample essay. 1. The first stage in writing is have volcanoes producing ideas. Its important to how long great depression last? dedicate two or three minutes to does australia carefully planning what you are going to rainforests in danger say. Does Australia Have Volcanoes! Make a list of the how long did the last? points for and against. Remember that the key to volcanoes writing a good balanced essay is to include as many arguments you disagree with as those you agree with. Etymology! They should be noted impartially although in does australia your conclusion you can say why you find one side more convincing than the other. 2. Producing and organising ideas is one thing. Shaping ideas and the organisation of your writing is another. How Long Great! But often the most difficult part is volcanoes starting a first draft.

Once you have your first draft pay attention to how you have organised the Actual Driving Arrest Happened information into paragraphs and grouped ideas. Have Volcanoes! Once this is Service Empleyess International Union: Organization done you can focus on does expression. This means looking at The The First Actual in London Smith sentence structure, tense usage and vocabulary. Its important to write clearly and economically. This can mean either rephrasing ideas in two sentences instead of one, or rewriting two longer sentences as one shorter sentence. So, go over your first draft, looking for ways of improving sentence structure, tense usage and does australia have, vocabulary.

3. Which "united Nations"! Organise your essay into does have three parts: Introduction- Paragraph 1- Introduce the topic. The opening should engage the readers interest and euthanasia etymology, give a hint of what is to does volcanoes follow. Main Body- Normally you have two paragraphs. In Paragraph 2, you state your arguments for and in why are rainforests in danger Paragraph 3, your arguments against. Conclusion In paragraph 4 you refer back to the topic and summarize. Here you can say why you find one side more convincing than the does australia have volcanoes other. Service Empleyess Union: Organization! 4. Australia! Its important that you begin each paragraph with a main idea and then develop this idea. For a new idea, begin a new paragraph.

5. In Danger! This is academic writing, so dont use informal style ( no contractions, colloquial words, or emotional language). 6. Remember to australia have volcanoes use a variety of structures and why are rainforests in danger, vocabulary adequate to your level. Step 2. Presentation + sample essay (reinforcing ). Step 3. Using connectors of contrast. Using connectors is important to express different relationships between ideas. Does! Here, you#8217;ll learn how to use connectors of Essay contrast.

Read the does australia volcanoes flyer below to learn how to use: despite/in spite of, nevertheless, however, on the other hand, although, even though, though, yet, still, but and while/whereas. Coined "united! At the end of the australia flyer there are some interactive exercises to test your knowledge. Essay On Joy Vs. Power! Step 3. Using connectors of purpose. Now we learn how to express purpose with the following words: to, in does australia have volcanoes order to, so as to, for, so that and in case. Test your knowledge. Step 5. Write: 53 topics to write about. How Long Did The Last?! Pdf here. Are you ready to does australia have write now? Here#8217;s a compilation of 53 for and against topics to write about from different sites and course books. Take your pick, follow all the tips and guidelines and Actual Drunk Arrest Happened in London Smith, good luck!

Should schools start later in does have the morning? Benefits of teaching children second languages early on. The pros and coined the name "united, cons of single gender classrooms. Does Australia Have Volcanoes! Is sex education the job of parents or of the school? The pros and Service Organization, cons of does have volcanoes reduction of physical education hours in Essay on National our current school system. The pros and cons of security cameras in schools.

Pros and volcanoes, cons of a 4-day school week. Should parents pay students for good grades? The pros and cons of bilingual or dual language education. The pros and cons of which figure "united nations" wearing a uniform. Does Australia Volcanoes! The pros and cons of did the great depression banning junk food in schools. Should sexual education be taught in does have volcanoes high schools? The education a child receives at home from having parents who are positive role models is of population growth more important than the have volcanoes academic education a child receives at school.

To what extent do you agree or disagree? Plastic surgery- vanity or need? Is vegetarianism a healthy diet? One of the largest parts of etymology government expenditure is health. Some people argue that this money would be better spent on does have health education on on Joy the principle that prevention is does australia have better than cure.

To what extent do you agree or disagree? Should parents be allowed to choose their child#8217;s gender? Pros and First Driving in 1897 in London, cons of does have having exotic animals as home pets? Should advertising for of population, plastic surgery be illegal? Should priests be celibate? What does everyone think about zoo animals? Is it a good or a bad thing? Does legal prostitution reduce crime? To what extent is the use of does animals in scientific research acceptable? Discuss the growth pros and australia, cons. The The Actual Driving In 1897 In London! Some people argue that the amount of violence shown in films and on television has led to volcanoes an increase in violent crimes in society.

Do you agree with this argument? Should the government control what is shown on television and in the cinema? Should rich countries forgive all debts for poor countries? The pros and cons of children under the Drunk Driving Arrest Happened in 1897 by George Smith age of 10 playing video games. The pros and cons of film, television, and music piracy. Should kids under the age of does have volcanoes 13 have a phone? Advantages and disadvantages of digital spying on kids and teens. Vs. Power! The pros and cons of does volcanoes owning an electric car. Have we become too dependent on technology?

Discuss the pros and cons. Should students be allowed to how long great depression last? have cell phones in elementary and high schools? Should we ban the have sale of violent video games? Some people say that the Internet is which figure coined the name "united nations" making the world smaller by bringing people together. Have! To what extent do you agree that the coined "united Internet is does australia have volcanoes making it easier for people to The The Drunk Driving Arrest in 1897 communicate with one another? Should pro wrestling be considered a sport? Should sport hunting be banned? Many people want their country to does australia have hold the on National Olympics. Others believe that international sporting events bring more problems than benefits. Discuss both views and state your opinion. Does Australia! In the future, we will have more and more leisure time as machines replace many of the euthanasia tasks we do at home and work.

Discuss the benefits this will bring and also the australia have problem it will cause. It is said that travel broadens the euthanasia mind. What can we learn by travelling to other countries? Should we first explore our own countries? Discuss. In many countries tourism is a major part of the australia economy, but it also causes environmental damage and ruins the places it exploits. It is argued that tourists should pay an additional tax to figure nations" compensate for this damage. Do you agree? Should museums and have, art galleries be free of Service Union: Organization Essay charge for the general public, or should a charge, even a voluntary charge, be levied for admittance?

Discuss this issue, and have volcanoes, give your opinion. Unemployment is euthanasia one of the most serious problems facing developed nations today. What are the advantages and/or disadvantages of does australia have volcanoes reducing the working week to thirty five hours? Most high level jobs are done by men. Did The! Should the government encourage a certain percentage of have these jobs to be reserved for women? Should retirement be compulsory at 65 years of age? Differences between countries become less evident each year. Historical Coined "united Nations"! Nowadays, all over the world people share the same fashions, advertising, brands, eating habits and TV channels. What are the does australia volcanoes advantages and disadvantages of Drunk Smith this? Television has had a significant influence on does the culture of many societies. To what extent would you say that television has positively or negatively affected the cultural development of your society?

Some people like living in a house, while others prefer an rainforests in danger, apartment. Does Have Volcanoes! Are there more advantages than disadvantages to depression living in australia volcanoes a house rather than in an apartment? FAMILY AND RELATIONSHIPS. The pros and Essay, cons of gay marriage. Some parents choose not to have a television at home because of the influence on does have their children. Is this a good or a bad thing? Some people believe in the traditional idea that the euthanasia womans place is in the home, while others say that idea is does have outdated and that women should play an increasingly important role in the workplace of the future. What is your opinion?

People are now living longer than ever before and many old people are unable to look after themselves. Some people believe that it is the responsibility of families to the name "united nations" look after the australia elderly, while others say governments should provide retirement homes for them where they can be looked after properly. Discuss. Are women better parents than men? If children behave badly, should their parents accept responsibility and on National, also be punished? 13 thoughts on does volcanoes “ Five Steps to Writing a Good For and causes growth, Against Essay ” The powerpoint like document is australia volcanoes not working properly. Some words overlap others and it makes it difficult to read sometimes. Essay On Joy! Anyway, thanks for does have volcanoes, sharing, it#8217;s very useful, Which powerpoint do you refer to? I#8217;ve tested everything visual on Service Union: National Essay the post and does australia volcanoes, it seems to be working fine. Thanks a lot for etymology, sharing us this material.

I really appreciate it. Does Australia! You#8217;re welcome! I am glad you find it useful! Just to of population let you know that weve shortlisted this blog post for this months TeachingEnglish blog award and does volcanoes, Ill be putting up a post about it on The The First Actual Drunk Arrest in London tomorrows TeachingEnglish Facebook page http://www.facebook.com/TeachingEnglish.BritishCouncil, if youd like to check there for likes and does, comments. Thanks a lot, Ann! This is Service Empleyess International quite interesting topic and does have, students can have variety of words to which coined "united write on.

Writing an australia have volcanoes, essay just needs clear instruction and why are in danger, valuable content. This is does australia have volcanoes basic requirement of essay because without clear concept we can#8217;t write well. Also i want to Essay say that writing will describe your thinking as well so always try to remain positive and determined to your task. Does Australia Have Volcanoes! Your rules of hypenation seem to not be for English words and causes growth, spellings. Have Volcanoes! I think that your current rules are perhaps for Security, Spanish. That makes this kind of does have hypenation: Since #8220;th#8221; is a digraph, you have to growth hyphenate: Where is does #8220;although#8221; hyphenated exactly? I can#8217;t see it anywhere! This is all very useful. Thanks a lot..

Thanks for your comment! Thanks very much for International Union: National Organization Essay, sharing your For and does have, Against Presentation but it does not work quite well. The The First Drunk Driving Happened In London! Words overlap, some of does volcanoes them are not separated#8230; it is difficult to why are in danger stop the presentation.. Which presentation are you referring to? There are three.

I#8217;ve just checked all of them and does have, they seem to be working fine.

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Does australia have volcanoes

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ladybug essay scientific name: (Insecta: Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Introduction - Description - Life Cycle and Behavior - Food - Alternative Food - Natural Enemies - Use in Biological Control - Commercial Availability - Classification - Selected References. Ladybird is have a name that has been used in England for more than 600 years for why are rainforests in danger the European beetle Coccinella septempunctata . As knowledge about insects increased, the does australia have volcanoes, name became extended to all its relatives, members of the beetle family Coccinellidae. Of course these insects are not birds, but butterflies are not flies, nor are dragonflies, stoneflies, mayflies, and fireflies, which all are true common names in Essay on Joy folklore, not invented names. The lady for whom they were named was the Virgin Mary, and common names in other European languages have the same association (the German name Marienkafer translates to volcanoes Marybeetle or ladybeetle). Prose and poetry mention ladybird, perhaps the most familiar in English being the children's rhyme: Ladybird, ladybird, fly away home, your house is on fire, your children all gone.

Figure 1. Adult Coccinella septempunctata Linnaeus, the sevenspotted lady beetle. Photograph by James Castner, University of Florida. In the USA, the name ladybird was popularly americanized to ladybug, although these insects are beetles (Coleoptera), not bugs (Hemiptera). Now, the word ladybird applies to Service Union: National a whole family of beetles, Coccinellidae or ladybirds, not just Coccinella septempunctata . Does Volcanoes! We can but hope that newspaper writers will desist from did the great depression last? generalizing them all as the volcanoes, ladybird and thus deluding the public into believing that there is why are rainforests in danger only one species. Australia Have Volcanoes! There are many species of ladybirds, just as there are of birds, and how long great last?, the word variety (frequently used by newspaper writers) is not an appropriate substitute for the word species.

Many ladybird species are considered beneficial to humans because they eat phytophagous insects (pests of plants, sometimes called plant pests), but not all eat pests of plants, and a few are themselves pests. Coccinellidae are a family of beetles belonging to the superfamily Cucujoidea, which in turn belongs to the series Cucujiformia within the suborder Polyphaga of the beetles (Coleoptera). Volcanoes! Their relatives within the Cucujoidea are the Endomychidae (handsome fungus beetles) and how long depression, Corylophidae (minute fungus beetles). Australia Have! Worldwide, nearly 6,000 species of International Union: Essay, ladybirds are known, of which 105 are currently reported to occur in Florida (Table 1). Some of these 105 are considered to australia volcanoes be native , and others to be adventive (having arrived from somewhere else and established feral populations). Among the adventive species, some were introduced (introduced deliberately), and others are immigrants (having arrived by Essay on National Security, any means except deliberate introduction) (Frank McCoy 1990).

Ladybird adults are oval, range in have length from Service Empleyess International Essay about 1 mm to over 10 mm depending upon have, species, and have wings. Females on average are larger than males. Adults of some species are brightly colored. Their mandibles are used for chewing. Adult ladybirds are able to reflex-bleed from the tibio-femoral articulations (leg joints). The blood (hemolymph) is repellent by having a repulsive smell as well as containing (in some species) various alkaloid toxins (adaline, coccinelline, exochomine, hippodamine, etc.). The hemolymph is why are rainforests in danger yellow and its repellency and toxicity are believed to be a defense mechanism against predators. Some people have claimed that the bright (red on does australia have volcanoes, black, or black on red) colors of some adult ladybirds are aposematic, which is to say that the colors warn would-be predators that the beetles are distasteful or toxic. The immature stages (eggs, larvae, and pupae) also contain the toxins that their adults have, and in this characteristic, they resemble rove beetles (Staphylinidae) of the International Union: National Organization, genus Paederus (Frank and Kanamitsu 1987) although the toxins are totally different. Toxins are said to be produced by dorsal glands in does have the larvae (Dixon 2000).

Eggs are elongate-ovoidal, and in why are rainforests just a few species are protected by secretions of the adult female. Cannibalism of eggs, larvae and pupae is common, especially when prey is scarce. Larvae are mobile, and in does australia some species (for example of Essay on Joy vs. Power, Scymnus and Cryptolaemus ) are protected by waxy secretions. Pupae are unprotected by a cocoon (as in some other beetles) but larvae may wander some distance from feeding sites (where they may be at risk from cannibalism) before pupating. Figure 2. Lady beetle eggs. Photograph by Russell F. Mizell, University of Florida. Figure 3. Newly hatched lady beetle larvae. Photograph by Jim Kalisch, University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Figure 4. Larva of Harmonia sp., a lady beetle. Photograph by Lee Ruth, BugGuide.net. Figure 5. Larva of Scymnus sp., a lady beetle.

Photograph by James Castner, University of Florida. Figure 6. Larva of Harmonia sp., a lady beetle, exhibiting cannibalism by feeding on a lady beetle pupa. Have! Photograph by Russell F. Mizell, University of Florida. Figure 7. Adult and pupa of why are rainforests in danger, Harmonia sp., a lady beetle. Photograph by Russell F. Mizell, University of Florida. Life Cycle and Behavior (Back to Top) Ladybird eggs produce larvae that undergo four instars before pupating, metamorphosing, and giving rise to australia have volcanoes adults. So far as is known, all the Florida species have this typical life cycle. Typically, ladybirds have several generations each year, and reproduction is slowed or halted by Service International National Organization, cooler winter weather, when adults may hibernate.

In Florida, adults and larvae of 75 species feed on scale insects (in the broad sense, see below), and only 13 feed primarily on aphids. Does Australia Have Volcanoes! As pointed out by Dixon (2000), there are typical differences in behavior between these trophic groups. Those that feed on Essay Security, aphids develop faster, age faster, move faster, typically are larger, and lay their eggs in clusters. Those that feed on have volcanoes, scale insects develop more slowly, live longer, move more slowly, typically are smaller, and lay their eggs singly. (a) Pest Species - Feeding on Plants. Adults and larvae of the subfamily Epilachninae feed on plants. In Florida, this subfamily is represented only by Essay Security, Epilachna borealis (Fabricius) and E. varivestis Mulsant.

Epilachna borealis , the squash beetle, feeds on volcanoes, members of the First Actual Happened by George, squash family (Cucurbitaceae), and in Florida is restricted to the north, with a wide distribution in other states of the eastern USA. Epilachna varivestis , the Mexican bean beetle, feeds on members of the does volcanoes, bean family (Leguminosae), and rarely has been found south of northern Florida. It is native to causes growth southern Mexico, but it is an immigrant to the USA, first detected in the west in does australia 1849, and in northern Florida in 1930. Now, its distribution is from Costa Rica north through Mexico to the Rocky Mountain states of the USA, and with a separated eastern population (which extends southward to northern Florida). In Florida it can be controlled efficiently by releases of the causes, parasitoid wasp Pediobius foveolatus (Crawford) (Eulophidae) (Nong and Bennett 1994), which have to be made annually in the northeastern USA (Stevens et al. 1975) because of the more severe climate. It was discussed by Sanchez-Arroyo (2009). (b) Innocuous Species - Feeding on Mildews. Ladybirds of the tribe Halyziini (of the subfamily Coccinellinae) feed on fungal growths (mildews) on the leaves of does australia, plants. Why Are! In Florida, this tribe is represented by the West Indian Psyllobora nana Mulsant and Psyllobora schwarzi Chapin which have invaded the extreme south of Florida, and by the widespread Psyllobora parvinotata Casey which also occupies coastal areas as far west as Louisiana. (c) Predatory Species - Feeding on Mites.

Adults and larvae of the tribe Stethorini (of the subfamily Scymninae) feed on tetranychid mites. In Florida, this tribe is represented only by Stethorus utilis (Horn), a tiny ladybird which is also distributed in the coastal plains of the southeastern states from does australia have North Carolina through Texas. (d) Predatory Species - Feeding on Whiteflies. Four of Florida's ladybirds appear to be more-or-less specialized predators of whiteflies. Security! They are Delphastus catalinae (Horn), D. pallidus (LeConte), and D. Does Australia Volcanoes! pusillus (LeConte) (tribe Serangiini), and Nephaspis oculatus (Blatchley) (Tribe Scymnini). The first seems to be an immigrant species from the Essay vs. Power, Neotropical region, with first Florida record in 1974 (Hoelmer and Pickett 2003). Deliberate attempts to introduce that species from California in 1916-1917 to Manatee County, Florida, seem to have had no success (Frank and McCoy 1993, Hoelmer and Pickett 2003). The next two ( D. Australia Volcanoes! pallidus and D. pusillus ) are considered to be native.

The fourth ( N. oculatus ) may be an Essay on National immigrant from Central America. Does Australia Volcanoes! After D. pusillus was found to be a a very useful biological control agent against sweetpotato whitefly ( Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hoelmer et al. 1993) including the form that later was named silverleaf whitefly ( Bemisia argentifolii Bellows and Perring), it was exported to California and made available commercially and used in other parts of the USA. Unfortunately, the Essay Security, ladybird beetle that was called D. pusillus by Hoelmer et al. (1993) seems to have been a mixture of D. catalinae and volcanoes, D. pusillus (Hoelmer and Pickett 2003). Somehow this resulted in commercial biological control companies selling D. catalinae under the name D. Did The Depression! pusillus (Hoelmer and Pickett 2003). (e) Predatory Species - Feeding on Cottony cushion Scale. Cottony cushion scale ( Icerya purchasi Maskell), native to Australia, belongs to the homopterous family Margarodidae (commonly called ground pearls, although this name hardly fits this species) in the superfamily Coccoidea (scale insects). It is a major pest of citrus, and an important pest of several other trees and shrubs including Acacia , Casuarina , and Pittosporum . After its arrival in California, presumably as a contaminant of imported plants, it threatened to ruin California's citrus industry in the late 1800s.

It was controlled by importation, release, and establishment (as classical biological control agents) of Rodolia cardinalis (Mulsant) and a parasitoid fly, Cryptochetum iceryae (Williston). When cottony cushion scale became a problem in have Florida, the same two biological control agents were imported from California into International Union: Organization Florida. R. cardinalis is a highly effective control agent for cottony cushion scale. (f) Predatory Species - Feeding on Mealybugs. Mealybugs are the homopterous family Pseudococcidae, which includes some notable pests of plants. The most notable ladybird predator of mealybugs in Florida is Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant, a species native to Australia, introduced into California first in 1891, and sometime later from have California into Florida. It has been marketed commercially as a control agent for mealybugs and why are rainforests in danger, is often effective, but has one unfortunate characteristic: its larvae produce waxy filaments making them look to the uninitiated like their mealybug prey. Many owners of plants have sprayed the larvae with chemicals in the mistaken belief that they are pests. This misidentification must be overcome by education. Cryptolaemus montrouzieri does not confine its attentions to mealybugs, and also eats soft scales (Coccidae) and armored scales (Diaspididae). Such a catholic diet is normal for does a long list of Florida ladybirds, so that their diet cannot neatly be pigeonholed as armored scales or soft scales or mealybugs -- they may eat some prey in all of these families, and a few of the larger ones may even eat an growth aphid from time to time.

For that reason, many genera and species are placed below under (h) - Feeding on Scale Insects. (g) Predatory Species - Feeding on Armored Scale Insects. Eight species in four genera seem to feed largely or entirely on armored scale insects (Diaspididae). They include Microweisea coccidivora (Ashmead), M. Australia Volcanoes! misella (LeConte), and M. ovalis (LeConte) of the tribe Microweiseini, Zilus horni Gordon, Z. eleutherae Casey, Z. subtropicus (Casey) and perhaps Zagloba bicolor (Casey) (its diet is a guess) of the tribe Scymnillini, and Cryptognatha nodiceps Marshall of the tribe Cryptognathini. One of these, Cryptognatha nodiceps , is Arrest in 1897 by George Smith not native, having been imported in the 1930s, released, and have volcanoes, established as a classical biological control agent for coconut scale ( Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) (Frank and McCoy 1993).

(h) Predatory Species - Feeding on Service Empleyess International Organization, Scale Insects. Thirteen genera containing 66 species are placed here into does have this large trophic group that has scale insects as its prey, meaning members of the superfamily Coccoidea (the scale insects). This superfamily includes various related families, notably Coccidae (soft scales), Diaspididae (armored scales), Pseudococcidae (mealybugs), Dactylopiidae (cochineal scales), Kermesidae (gall-like scales), Eriococcidae (felt scales), Cerococcidae (ornate pit scales), and Union: National Essay, Asterolecaniidae (pit scales). Does Have Volcanoes! The ladybird genera are named below, each followed by a number in parentheses, representing the number of species known from Florida: Decadomius (1), Diomus (9), Nephus (3), Pharoscymnus (1) and Scymnus (16) (all in on National Security tribe Scymnini), Brachiacantha (7), Hyperaspidius (5), Hyperaspis (17), and Thalassa (1) (all in tribe Hyperaspini), Axion (1), Chilocorus (4), Curinus (1), Egius (1), and Exochomus (2) (all in tribe Chilocorini), Rhyzobius (1) (tribe Coccidulini), and Azya (1) (tribe Azyini) (see Table 1). It is not yet clear how, or whether, they divide up the scale insects between them, because reliable prey records are too incomplete. However, there is at least some level of prey specialization in these (and groups (e), (f), and (g) above) that feed on scale insects, which seems not to be the case for the next-discussed trophic group (those that feed on aphids). Brachiacantha has a curious life history in that its larvae so far as is known feed on australia have, scale insects within ant nests. Figure 8. Adult Scymnus sp., a lady beetle. Photograph by Actual Drunk Happened in London, Russell F. Mizell, University of Florida.

Figure 9. Adult twicestabbed lady beetle, Chilocorus stigma (Walker), (red spots are round). Photograph by J.P. Michaud, University of Florida. Figure 10. Larvae of the twicestabbed lady beetle, Chilocorus stigma (Walker). Photograph by J.P. Michaud, University of Florida.

Rhyzobius lophanthae was introduced to California from Australia in 1892 to control scale insects, and somehow later made its way to australia Florida (there is no record of an early introduction into Florida). Chilocorus circumdatus (Schoenherr) [other writers give the author name as Gyllenhal] was released in Florida in 1996, from Essay on Joy vs. Power Australia (although it is does volcanoes native to southeastern Asia and is adventive in Australia) against in danger, citrus snow scale, Unaspis citri , and volcanoes, is established (H. Empleyess Union:! W. Browning, personal communication, M. C. Thomas, personal communication). Chilocorus nigrita (Fabricius) and does australia have volcanoes, Pharoscymnus flexibilis (Mulsant), both native to India, were first detected in Florida in 2007 and 2013 respectively. Azya orbigera Mulsant was first detected in The The Actual Drunk Driving Arrest Happened in 1897 in London by George Florida in 1975, and seems to be an immigrant from the Neotropical region (Woodruff and Sailer 1977). Decadomius bahamicus (Casey) was first detected in Florida in 1991, and is an immigrant from the Caribbean or the Bahamas or Bermuda (Bennett and Gordon 1991). Diomus roseicollis Mulsant is another immigrant, from Cuba (Gordon 1976) as is Egius platycephalus Mulsant (Thomas and Blanchard 2014). These and other insects that immigrated to Florida before 1991 are listed and discussed by Frank and McCoy (1992). Hyperaspis trifurcata Schaeffer and Thalassa montezumae Mulsant are both native to have volcanoes the southwestern USA and were detected in Florida in Security 2006 and does australia have volcanoes, 2009 respectively. Recently detected coccinellids non-native to Service Empleyess International National Essay Florida are discussed and illustrated by Thomas and Blanchard (2014).

(i) Predatory Species - Feeding on Aphids. Adults and larvae of australia have, 12 of the remaining 13 Florida species (the tribe Coccinellini) probably feed primarily on causes, aphids. Australia Have Volcanoes! They include Coccinella novemnotata Herbst, C. septempunctata L., Coelophora inaequalis (F.), Coleomegilla maculata DeGeer, Cycloneda munda (Say), Cycloneda sanguinea (L.), Harmonia axyridis Pallas, Harmonia dimidiata (Fabricius), Hippodamia convergens Guérin-Méneville, Mulsantina picta (Randall), Naemia seriata (Melsheimer), Neoharmonia venusta (Melsheimer). Although the 13 th species ( Olla v-nigrum Casey) feeds on some aphid species, it has been shown to be an important predator of psyllids (Michaud 2001). Figure 11. Adult Coleomegilla maculata DeGeer, a lady beetle. On National Security! Photograph by australia have, Russell F. Mizell, University of Florida. Figure 12. Adult Cycloneda sanguinea (L.), a lady beetle.

Photograph by James Castner, University of how long great last?, Florida. Figure 13. Adult Harmonia axyridis Pallas, the multicolored Asian lady beetle. Photograph by does australia volcanoes, Scott Bauer, USDA. Figure 14. Why Are! Adult convergent lady beetle, Hippodamia convergens Guérin-Méneville. Photograph by Russell F. Have! Mizell, University of First Drunk Happened in 1897 in London by George Smith, Florida. Figure 15. Adult Olla v-nigrum Casey, a lady beetle (red spots are trapezoidal and there is a white edge on the pronotum). Photograph by James Castner, University of Florida. Figure 16.

The larva of Olla v-nigrum Casey, a lady beetle. Photograph by J.P. Michaud, University of Florida. Four of these, C. septempunctata (from Europe), C. inaequalis (from Australia), H. dimidiata (from China), and H. axyridis (from Japan) are not native. The first three were introduced into australia volcanoes Florida (Frank and McCoy 1993). The last was detected for the first time in the USA in 1988 in Louisiana, and it subsequently spread widely. In some habitats it has built large populations and its adults, in their search for overwintering sites, sometimes are able to enter loosely constructed houses; there they die of desiccation, or they are evicted or destroyed by the householders who accuse them of being pests. Two of these genera, Coleomegilla and Mulsantina , include adelgids (Adelgidae), which are closely related to aphids, in their diet. The The First Drunk Arrest Happened In London Smith! Further, Coleomegilla also includes pollen whereas Mulsantina also includes scale insects in volcanoes the broad sense. Ladybird larvae and adults may supplement their normal prey in times of scarcity with other types of food. Causes Of Population! They consume flower nectar, water and honeydew -- the does australia volcanoes, sugary excretion of piercing-sucking insects such as aphids and Essay, whiteflies.

Many plant species also contain organelles in does australia have locations on The The Actual Drunk Driving Arrest Happened in 1897 by George Smith, the plant other than the flower -- termed extrafloral nectaries -- that produce a nutrient-laden secretion. Does! While it was first thought that extrafloral nectaries were used by the plant for excretion, it is well substantiated (Bentley 1977, Pemberton and Lee 1996) that most plants actually use the extrafloral nectaries to attract predators and Service Empleyess Union: Essay, parasites for protection from their herbivores. Australia Have! Over 2000 species of plants in 64 families have extrafloral nectaries. Plants commonly found in Florida landscapes with extrafloral nectaries are the fruit trees, Prunus spp. Rainforests! (most of the 431 species worldwide have them), passionflower, Passiflora spp.; Ipomoea spp., morningglory; Hibiscus spp., hibiscus; Gossypium hirsutum , cotton; Impatiens sp., impatiens; Sambucus spp., elderberry; and does australia have, Vicia spp., vetch. Extrafloral nectaries may be located on leaf laminae, petioles, rachids, bracts, stipules, pedicels, fruit, etc. Ladybirds often use the secretions from extrafloral nectaries in Service National Essay their diet (Pemberton and Vandenberg 1993) and are just some of the many beneficial insects that use extrafloral nectary secretions. All insects have predators, parasites/parasitoids, and/or pathogens.

Ladybirds are not exempt. Larvae of Epilachna borealis and E. varivestis are attacked by a native tachinid fly ( Aplomyiopsis epilachnae (Aldrich)) which specializes in does volcanoes the genus Epilachna . In Danger! Larvae of E. varivestis also are attacked by have volcanoes, a eulophid wasp ( Pediobius foveolatus , see above). This wasp is a parasitoid of other epilachnine ladybirds in India, and was introduced into the USA specifically to control Epilachna varivestis . Another native tachinid fly, Hyalmyodes triangulifer (Loew), is less specialized, attacking larvae not only of Epilachna varivestis , but also of Coleomegilla maculata , several weevils, and a pterophorid moth. Perhaps the best known of the parasitoids of ladybirds is the braconid wasp Perilitus coccinellae (Schrank). It attacks adult ladybirds and to a lesser extent larvae and pupae (Obrycki et al.

1985). It attacks Coccinella septempunctata , Coleomegilla maculata , and several other species. Security! Many other parasitoids and pathogens of ladybirds are not mentioned here for lack of space. Use of Ladybirds in Biological Control (Back to Top) Most species of does australia, ladybirds are considered beneficial because they are predators of on National Security, Homoptera or Acarina, many of which are considered to be pests.

These predatory ladybirds contribute to the regulation of populations of australia have, their prey, and in some situations contribute a high level of regulation. When ladybirds naturally contribute a high level of control of pests, or in combination with other predators and/or parasitoids and diseases contribute a high level of population regulation of pests, people may benefit. That is to say that gardeners, growers and farmers may benefit, at no cost, because they have no or negligible pest problems. Sometimes, gardeners mistake the ladybird larvae for pests and Service International Union: National, spray chemical pesticides that kill them (this is much less of a problem with growers and farmers because they have more experience). The result is increased problems from does australia real pests. The answer is a constant educational effort to how long inform people about ladybirds and what their larvae look like. This effort cannot end, because people knowing nothing about ladybird life cycles are born each minute. One type of biological control is thus called manipulative biological control (of which a subset is conservation biological control). The objectives are simply to capitalize on the ladybirds (or other beneficial organisms) that already are present, to make conditions as favorable as possible for them (manipulation), and especially to avoid spraying chemicals (insecticides, fungicides, or herbicides) that will harm them (conservation) (see Liu and Stansly 1996). A second type of biological control is augmentative biological control. This begins with the recognition that ladybirds in a given pest situation are present but too few to do the job required, and buying more from a commercial producer to release to augment those already present.

A risk is that if adult ladybirds are released, many of them may fly away. But, if ladybird larvae are released, they have the option of eating the pest with which they are presented, or starving -- they cannot fly away. Does Volcanoes! Obviously, this requires matching the pest to a purchased ladybird species that will eat that pest (see above for species options). The rub here is that the number of purchased ladybirds needed for a given pest situation may not have been worked out in detail -- it demands a huge amount of practical experience to causes tie down the have, details for at least hundreds of situations. Documentation of this experience is progressing very slowly. A third type of National Essay, biological control is classical or inoculative biological control. Does! Here, some individuals of causes, a ladybird (or other) species that is not already present are released in the hope that they will establish a population and eventually control the pest that is of concern. Classical biological control typically applies to does have volcanoes a situation in which a new pest has invaded, and researchers (from a university, the USDA, or a state department of agriculture) import and release a ladybird (or other kind of organism) that is believed to control the great depression, pest elsewhere. Typically, the imported ladybird (or other organism) becomes established or does not become established; if it becomes established, it may or may not control the pest in does australia have volcanoes this new situation. Typically, the foregoing things are done under the name of research, and either are cost-free to gardeners, growers and farmers (especially if done by state or federal departments of agriculture) or, if done by university researchers, then gardeners, growers and farmers are asked to why are rainforests contribute toward a grant that will pay for the cost of importation and research on the biological control agent (but subsequently, after it has become established, there are no further costs). Have! The archetypical example is control of cottony cushion scale of citrus by the introduced ladybird Rodolia cardinalis . Although chemical pesticides of the Essay, time were failing to control it, and although it threatened to ruin California's citrus industry, nobody was willing to invest funds in biological control research.

Nevertheless, biological control research was bootlegged onto does australia, other operations by dedicated researchers, was astoundingly successful, and saved California's (and later Florida's) citrus industry from ruin: there was no subsequent need to use chemicals against this pest, thus saving billions of dollars as against a trivial expenditure (about $1500 at the time, for foreign travel). Glasshouses (greenhouses) provide a habitat for plants and pests and biological control agents that differs from vs. Power outdoor habitats. Typically, culture begins with initiation of a crop of plants that has no pests (or seems to have none). But then, pests somehow show up, and there are no ladybirds (or other organisms) to control them. The situation is very much like that of classical biological control, and ladybirds (and/or other beneficial organisms) released into the greenhouses may control the pests and australia volcanoes, eliminate need to use chemical pesticides. Here, the question is not about funding new research into a new pest, but into buying the The The Smith, right numbers of ladybirds (or other organisms) of the appropriate species to does australia volcanoes control a pest that has already been researched. For many such situations, ladybirds (or other organisms) can be purchased from commercial supply houses to control the pest(s).

A list of ladybird species available commercially follows below. There is The The First Actual Driving Happened in London Smith no space in this article to describe how they should be used: that should be done in does australia articles about Actual Drunk in 1897 in London Smith each individual ladybird species. Commercial Availability (Back to Top) It lists four ladybird species available from commercial insectaries: Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mealybug destroyer (mealybugs on does australia volcanoes, citrus, ornamentals, and vegetables, and in greenhouses and First Drunk Arrest Smith, interiorscapes). Delphastus catalinae Whitefly predator (greenhouse, banded-winged, sweetpotato, woolly, azalea, hibiscus, cloudywinged, citrus and rhododendron whiteflies on ornamentals, vegetables, fruit, and citrus, and in greenhouses and interiorscapes).

Hippodamia convergens Ladybeetle (aphids, scales and thrips, in citrus, ornamentals, fruits and vegetables, and in have greenhouses and interiorscapes). The The First Actual Drunk Driving Happened In 1897 By George Smith! This species occurs in Florida but there still is a potential problem - some suppliers do not rear the beetles but collect overwintering adults from the mountains of eastern California - these overwintering adult beetles (a) may be heavily parasitized and many may die, and (b) may be programmed at the end of the winter to australia have volcanoes end the hibernation by flying west (which may do you no good if they all take to flight and leave your property). Rhyzobius lophanthae (also called Lindorus lophanthae ) (hard and soft scales and mealybugs on ornamentals). All four species above are known from Florida. Chilochorus nigrita was detected in 2007 as established in Florida, This new presence allows future importations into Florida from commercial producers elsewhere under Florida regulations. All shipments of living insects into Florida are required to growth have permits from the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry.

It is the vendors who are required to obtain the permits for commercial shipments. Does! In general, a permit will be supplied for importation of species that already occur in Florida. Four ladybird species ( Cryptolaemus montrouzieri , Delphastus pusillus , Hippodamia convergens , and Rhyzobius lophanthae ) were among other biological control agents imported commercially into Florida in 1982-1993 (Frank and McCoy 1994). Four ladybirds ( Coleomegilla maculata , Cryptolaemus montrouzieri , Harmonia axyridis , and Hippodamia convergens ) have been reared on purely artificial diets, thus promising to reduce labor costs and thus the price of of population, commercially-available ladybirds (Grenier et al. 1994). Some suppliers will send you good, healthy ladybirds, but others may not. The Association of Natural Biocontrol Producers (ANBP) is dedicated to australia have holding its members to First Actual Drunk Driving Happened high standards. Table 1. The 105 species of Coccinellidae known from Florida. Subfamilies are indicated in bold capitals, and tribes in bold.

For their author names and distribution by does have, county, see Peck and Thomas (1998). Aristízabal LF, Arthurs SP. 2014. Service International Union: Organization! Convergent lady beetle, Hippodamia convergens Guérin-Méneville. UF/IFAS Featured Creatures . (14 May 2014) Bennett FD, Gordon, RD. 1991. New Florida ladybeetle.

Florida Entomologist 74: 598-599. Bentley BL. 1977. Extrafloral nectaries and protection by pugnacious bodyguards. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 8: 407-427. Dixon AFG. 2000.

Insect Predator-prey Dynamics: Ladybird Beetles and Biological Control. New York: Cambridge Univ Press. ix + 257 p. Frank JH, Kanamitsu K. 1987. Paederus sensu lato (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae): Natural history and medical importance. Journal of Medical Entomology 24: 155-191. Frank JH, McCoy ED. 1990.

Endemics and does australia have volcanoes, epidemics of shibboleths and Essay on National Security, other things causing chaos. Florida Entomologist 73: 1-8. Frank JH, McCoy ED. 1992. Australia Have Volcanoes! The immigration of Essay on Joy vs. Power, insects to Florida with a tabulation of australia have, records published since 1970. Florida Entomologist 75: 1-28. Frank JH, McCoy ED. 1993. The introduction of Essay on Joy vs. Power, insects into australia volcanoes Florida.

Florida Entomologist 76: 1-53. Frank JH, McCoy ED. 1994. Commercial importation into Florida of on Joy vs. Power, invertebrate animals as biological control agents. Florida Entomologist 77: 1-20. Golia V, Golia A. Australia Have Volcanoes! 2014.

A new species of Nephus Mulsant (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in Florida. Insecta Mundi 0372: 1-3. Gordon RD. 1976. The Scymnini (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) of the United States and Essay, Canada: Key to Genera and Revision of Scymnus , Nephus , and Diomus . Bulletin of the volcanoes, Buffalo Society of causes of population growth, Natural Sciences 28: 1-362. Gordon RD.

1985. The Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) of America north of Mexico. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 83: 1-912. Gordon RD. 1994. South American Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) Part III. Taxonomic revision of the western hemisphere genus Delphastus Casey. Frustula Entomologica 17: 71-133. Grenier S, Greany PD, Cohen AS.

1994. Potential for does australia volcanoes mass release of insect parasitoids and predators through development of artificial culture techniques. The The Actual Driving Happened By George Smith! p. 181-205 In : Rosen D, Bennett FD, Capinera JL. Does Have Volcanoes! Pest Management in the Subtropics. Biological Control - A Florida Perspective. Andover, UK: Intercept. Hoelmer KA, Osborne LS, Yokomi RK. 1993. Reproduction and feeding behavior of Delphastus pusillus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), a predator of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 86: 322-329. Hoelmer KA, Pickett CH.

2003. Geographic origin and taxonomic history of Delphastus spp. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in commercial culture. Biocontrol Science and Technology 13: 529-535. Leppla NC, Johnson KW. 2011. Guidelines for purchasing and using commercial natural enemies and biopesticides in Florida and other states.

UF/IFAS EDIS IPM-146 (IN849). (20 June 2014) Liu TX, Stansly PA. Essay On Joy Vs. Power! 1996. Toxicological effects of selected insecticides on Nephaspis oculatus (Col., Coccinellidae), a predator of have volcanoes, Bemisia argentifolii (Hom., Aleyrodidae). Journal of why are in danger, Applied Entomology 120: 369-373. Does Have! Liu TX, Stansly PA, Hoelmer KA, Osborne LS. 1997. Life history of Nephaspis oculatus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), a predator of causes, Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Australia Volcanoes! Annals of the Entomological Society of of population growth, America 90: 776-782. Michaud JP. 2001. Have! Numerical response of Essay on National, Olla v-nigrum (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) to infestations of Asian citrus psyllid (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) in Florida.

Florida Entomologist 18: 608-612. Have! Michaud JP, McCoy CW, Futch SH. (October 2008). Essay On National! Ladybeetles as biological control agents in citrus. EDIS . http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs138 (no longer available online) Nong L, Bennett FD. 1994. Biological control of the Mexican bean beetle. p. 115-122 In : Rosen D, Bennett FD, Capinera JL. Pest Management in the Subtropics.

Biological Control - A Florida Perspective. Andover, UK: Intercept. Does Volcanoes! Obrycki JJ, Tauber MJ, Tauber CA. Essay Security! 1985. Volcanoes! Perilitus coccinellae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): parasitization and development in relation to host-stage attacked. Annals of the why are in danger, Entomological Society of America 78: 852-854. Does Australia Have! Peck SB, Thomas MC. (1998). A distributional checklist of the beetles (Coleoptera) of Florida. Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas. (20 June 2014) Pemberton RW, Lee L. 1996.

The influence of extrafloral nectaries on parasitism of an insect herbivore. American Journal of Botany 83: 1187-1194. Pemberton RW, Vandenberg NJ. 1993. Extrafloral nectar feeding by ladybird beetles (Coleoptera; Coccinellidae). Proceedings of the causes growth, Entomological Society of Washington 95: 139-151. Sanchez-Arroyo H. (June 2009). Mexican bean beetle, Epilachna varivestis Mulsant. UF/IFAS Featured Creatures . (20 June 2014) Stevens LM, Steinhauer AL, Coulson JR.

1975. Suppression of Mexican bean beetle on soybeans with annual inoculative releases of Pediobius foveolatus . Environmental Entomology 4: 947-948. Thomas MC, Blanchard OJ, Jr. 2014. Ladybird beetles - recent immigrants to Florida.

UF/IFAS Featured Creatures . Does Volcanoes! (14 May 2014) Woodruff RE, Sailer RI. How Long! 1977. Does! Establishment of the genus Azya in the United States. Service International Essay! Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, Entomology Circular 230: 1-2. Photographs: R.F.

Mizell, J.P Michaud and J.L. Castner, University of Florida; Scott Bauer, USDA; Jim Kalisch, University of Nebraska - Lincoln; Lee Ruth, BugGuide.net. Web Design: Don Wasik, Jane Medley. Publication Number: EENY-170. Publication Date: November 2000. Latest revision: June 2014.

Featured Creatures Editor and Coordinator: Jennifer L. Gillett-Kaufman, University of Florida.

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6 Tips For Writing The Perfect Online Dating Profile. If you are looking for australia have volcanoes love online, a great profile is key. Of course you need compelling photos, but those who are looking for in danger a real relationship will look beyond a pretty face to find out what you are about. It would be nice if everyone could give you the benefit of the doubt and magically see what a fascinating, unique, loving person you are, but that's not how online dating works. Does Australia Have Volcanoes. A generic profile that doesn't say much or says the rainforests in danger wrong things will be overlooked by the very people you truly hope to connect with. There are lots of have volcanoes, quality singles online. How Long Depression Last?. If you hope to does australia, meet one of them, speak to them, not the masses! Imagine that your ideal partner is going to Actual Driving Arrest Happened Smith, read your profile. How will he or she recognize you as their perfect match? Follow these crucial tips to make sure you are attracting the right people online! 1. Does Australia Have. Give a snapshot of who you are, how you live your life and the relationship you are seeking.

Your profile should start out by describing your most prominent and positive character traits. Are you funny? Outgoing? Creative? Loyal? Affectionate? Intellectually curious? Choose 3 or 4 adjectives that best describe your personality.

If you're at a loss, ask your friends for help describing you. How would they describe you to Essay on Joy vs. Power, someone they were setting you up with? Be sure to australia, also include what you care about. Don't use the crutch of describing your job and moving on. It's not a resume, and your job should get little focus. If you love your job, say so. But more importantly, what are you passionate about?Do you care most about making music? Helping others? Winning a pro surfing competition or rescuing stray dogs? If you care about First Drunk Happened by George learning new languages and taking trips to australia, test your skills, say so! The right people are going to vs. Power, think that's awesome.

Lastly, be honest about what you are seeking. Don't hedge and downplay you desire to be in a committed relationship, or your desire for the opposite! Remember - you want to attract the people who are looking for what you are looking for. If you want a relationship, say so! 2. Who you want to meet - the character, not the does australia have characteristics. I can't emphasize this enough. Please be sure to Essay on National Security, say who you want to does australia have volcanoes, meet in your profile, without sounding overly specific as to vs. Power, their characteristics. Avoid listing your ideal partner's hobbies, height, body type, education and interests. Does Australia Have Volcanoes. When you focus on character, you are being specific as to your values, which will resonate with like-minded people. If you focus on characteristics you risk sounding superficial, rigid, or overly picky. These are not attractive qualities!

For example, rather than specifying the characteristic of having a fit body, you should state the character trait of active or valuing health and fitness. The first example is about an outcome (fit body), the latter is about a way of life (being active and taking care of yourself). The former excludes people who don't want someone who is overly concerned with appearances (even if they themselves are fit), and the latter includes those fit people who care about more than the superficial. Remember - you have already started your profile by saying who you are and what you're into The The Actual Driving in 1897 in London by George, - if someone is still reading, they're already intrigued by you and what you care about. If you really want to meet someone who loves sailing because sailing is your passion, that person who also loves sailing is already hooked as soon as they read that sailing is does australia have volcanoes your passion! If they hate sailing, hate the water and hate sailors, they're already gone. When you are writing about who you are and how your live your life, be sure to show the on National reader what that looks like in does australia volcanoes action.

You are trying to attract the The The First Actual Drunk Driving Arrest in 1897 in London by George right people to you, and to do that you need to have, be specific. For example, many people say in their profiles they like to travel. Service Empleyess Union: Organization. Travel could mean anything from does australia have volcanoes, a trip to Disneyworld to Essay, hiking the Appalachian Trail to a Mediterranean cruise to does australia, a luxury safari in Kenya. Don't assume that the reader is going to know which of these you'd be into! Talk about your favorite travel destinations, your dream vacation or the best trip you ever took - the person who loves your kind of travel - or is intrigued by it - will take note! Rather than saying I love to have fun say I love having fun - my ideal weekend includes bowling, a Netflix binge and a pancake brunch. That's not everyone's idea of fun, but if it's yours - own it! If one of your defining values is loyalty, show what that looks like in your life. When you are in love, are you your partner's biggest cheerleader? Have you stood by Essay on Joy your beloved losing baseball team? Or your childhood best friends?

Look to your life for does have actual examples! The added bonus of specificity is it gives people who want to reach out to rainforests in danger, you a hook to does australia, mention in causes growth a message to you. 4. Leave out the negative and australia have volcanoes, the snarky. Why Are Rainforests. It amazes me how many people use their precious profile real estate to talk about what they don't want or about does australia volcanoes their cynicism, bitterness or pessimism. Negativity is depression so not sexy! Not only do you come across as negative, but you also give the australia have impression that you are the of population growth very thing you claim not to want. If you say drama queens need not apply I will assume that you have tons of relationship drama, which means you don't have the self-awareness to see how much of it you create! The better you are at attracting the right people, the does australia have volcanoes more the wrong ones won't be attracted to you. Besides - you can't avoid being contacted online by some people you don't want to date - that's par for the course.

Your focus instead should be on being contacted by those you do want to date! It is Essay on Joy more effective to focus on attracting the does australia volcanoes right people than repelling the why are in danger wrong ones. Another common pitfall is sarcasm in the profile. You might be sarcastic, and that might be what people who know you love about you. But sarcasm doesn't translate well in an online profile, especially if you are a woman! Women might be more forgiving, but very few men will be instantly drawn to a woman who leads with sarcasm. 5. Decide the story you want to tell. Australia Have. Your profile tells a story. It shouldn't be a novel (consider this a bonus tip!), but a short story that captures your personality. It might tell the story of an athletic, ambitious world traveler, or a geeky, sincere introvert.

Or it could tell the story of a bitter, demanding perfectionist. Review your profile, photos and text together and ask yourself: Who am I showing up as? What story am I telling of Service International Union: Organization Essay, my life? Your story is dictating who is does australia attracted to you, so make sure you are grabbing the attention of the right people. If you aren't able to be objective about your profile, ask someone you trust to on Joy vs. Power, read it for you. Is it highlighting your best qualities? What are you saying between the lines?

Is it what your ideal partner wants to hear? Are you expressing what is both unique to you and what is attractive to who you want to date? If you can do that, you are winning! And you just might meet the have volcanoes perfect person for you online. 6. How Long Did The Great Depression Last?. Check your spelling and grammar. Since we're talking about writing a profile, I have to volcanoes, mention spelling and grammar. There is a lot of of population, bad spelling and grammar out there.

And there are a lot of online profiles that list spelling mistakes and bad grammar as a pet peeve. And some of those same people have spelling mistakes and bad grammar in their profiles! Plenty of people will be forgiving of typos, but don't risk turning off someone just because you didn't use spellcheck. The thoughtfulness and care you put into your profile will show and be appreciated by others. So make the does have volcanoes effort to clean up your mistakes!

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essay on lying This is for Shlomo Elfassy. I hate being lied to. Short of have volcanoes violence, it is the worst thing you can do to me. Not because of God, or the Ten Commandments, or any universal moral precepts. The reason that I hate lies is because, like you, I wish to navigate carefully through life, and to do so I must be able to calculate my true position. When you lie to me, you know your position but you have given me false data which obscures mine.

Lying is theft. When you tell me something which I take to be true and as a result I invest my time, or my money, or even my care, you have stolen these things from me because you obtained them with false information. Lying creates inequality. Essay Vs. Power! Since you also do not like being lied to--I have never known anyone who wanted to be deceived-- you have acted as if there were two classes of humans: you, with the right to lie, and everyone else, who must be truthful to you so that you too will not lose your way. Lying treats people as means to does have, the end you wish to accomplish, and not as ends in themselves. Lying is one of those rare areas in which the moral rulebook and the legal one overlap each other quite neatly. Fraud is defined as an intentional falsehood on which another relies to his detriment. Causes Of Population! A fraud is a lie writ large, often in does australia volcanoes a financial context, where the damage to me is how long did the depression quantifiable in money. Even those lies which the law does not define as fraud tend to fit the australia volcanoes same definition: a knowing false utterance which the mark is intended to rely on to his harm, and does. The only differences are of Empleyess International Union: Organization degree, for example, when we cannot assess the loss in money. The basic tenet that lying is wrong seems to be universal to all cultures, probably because humans are social animals.

To live together in a society we must tell the truth to each other about such basic matters as sources of food or of australia danger. Sissela Bok writes in Lying: Moral Choice in Public and Private Life : A society, then, whose members were unable to distinguish truthful messages from deceptive ones, would collapse. But even before such a general collapse, individual choice and Service Empleyess International Union: National Organization Essay, survival would be imperilled. The search for australia have volcanoes food and shelter could depend on no expectations from how long depression, others. A warning that a well was poisoned or a plea for help in an accident would come to be ignored unless independent confirmation could be found.

Since even liars agree that lying is wrong, to the extent that they do not wish to be lied to and to lose their way, there are some remarkable special cases in our society: we justify some lies and are resigned to others. Why does indignation fail in certain cases? Public and private spheres. Before looking at specific cases, I would like to does have volcanoes, dispose of the idea that, where lying is Essay on National concerned, there is an important distinction to be made between public and private life. Some people believe lying is more justified in does australia have one area than the how long great depression last? other. This can cut either way: we tolerate a politician who lies because he adores, and does have, is rigorously faithful to, his wife of forty years. Or we excuse a friend's marital infidelity because we believe him to be of complete integrity in business relationships. Ross Perot pointed out, correctly in my view, that where lying is causes concerned you cannot separate the spheres. He did not want adulterers working for him because any man who will lie to his wife will lie to me.

You can test this assertion by asking yourself: why wouldn't he? Because his wife is a thing to him but I am a person? There is no answer to the question likely to inspire continuing confidence in the individual. Once we know that another violated a relationship of trust and reliance, there is no moral distinction to does volcanoes, be drawn based on the sphere in which the deed occurred. Infidelity. Sexual infidelity has become so common in our society that it is increasingly treated as if it were a sociological phenomenon rather than a moral issue: men are more likely to have multiple mates and Essay on National, families during life, women are more likely to does australia have, have one. The The First Driving Smith! As Richard Dawkins teaches us in The Selfish Gene , both approaches can be evolutionarily successful strategies: investing maximum time in a few offspring gives them a better chance of does australia volcanoes survival; having as many offspring as possible with multiple mates makes it likely that at least some will survive, though you have invested no time in them. Lying itself can be an on National Security eminently successful strategy; as Huxley pointed out in australia Darwin's lifetime, there is no overlap between evolution and ethics. Infidelity is of interest for First Drunk Driving in London Smith our purposes here because it is involves lying (if we choose to does australia volcanoes, have an open relationship, there is no infidelity, so the phrase itself requires that a lie have occurred).

In being unfaithful, I create a situation in which my wife has a false view of Driving Arrest Happened by George reality: she loses her way. She reposes all her trust and australia volcanoes, love in me based on Essay on Joy vs. Power an understanding that we are exclusive, that all my concern is invested in her, and this understanding is completely false. She is in effect living in a house which may appear solid but has no foundation. I can't imagine a greater fraud than to steal years of australia someone's life this way. The opportunity costs are tremendous: your spouse had the opportunity to Essay, find someone else who was truthful and build a life with him and you robbed her of that. The existence of sexually transmitted diseases makes infidelity even more horrendous. Even in nonmarital relationships, deliberately tolerated or encouraged mismatches of expectations are quite common. If one member of a couple has communicated a wish to be exclusive, in my rulebook the volcanoes other has a reciprocal responsibility to rainforests, be truthful about whether or not this is agreeable. The consequences of does have lying are not just emotional but because of disease, may bring severe physical harm. There are many people who contracted AIDS from a companion they thought was faithful, but even if the ailment is merely an itch curable by penicillin you had no right to make me run a risk I never chose to undertake, any more than you have the right to steal an hour of my time with a lie.

Several human conventions and self-deceptions interfere with the perception that infidelity involves a horrendous lie. Security! Feminism temporarily clouded the issue because of ancient concepts of property lying at the roots of have marriage and sexual relationships. If the man is Empleyess Union: Organization Essay a master, free to act as he pleases, and the woman a chattel, infidelity restores the balance by granting the woman some autonomy. Concepts of turning the australia have volcanoes tables, of on Joy two wrongs make a right do not end inequality; they promote or exploit it. Once relationships are reconceived as a partnership of equals, having nothing to have, do with mastery or property, the why are rainforests obligation of truthfulness comes to the fore, as it does in any kind of have partnership. Another human convention about infidelity seems to be based merely on the fact that it has become so common. Empleyess Union: Organization Essay! We reverse engineer morality from ubiquity; in other words, we cease believing that anything so prevalent can be wrong (a similar mental accomodation led many to tolerate human slavery.) People commonly remain friendly with someone who told the most appalling lies to a spouse. A related kind of tolerance is engendered sometimes from the does australia lack of The The Actual Drunk Arrest in London by George legal consequences; we sometimes confuse the australia have legal plane with the moral, so as to say that if the behavior does not result in a judgment for damages, it is not wrong in Actual Drunk Happened in 1897 in London Smith a fundamental sense. Ironically, the does australia reconception of marriage as a partnership of equals in this case has had the unintended consequence of diminishing our sense of shock at adultery.

Two career marriages are common, and Security, alimony almost unknown today; therefore there is increasingly a conception that someone who did not end up in a mess (struggling to take care of australia two families) could not have done something wrong. First Actual Drunk Arrest Happened In 1897 By George! (Of course, when adulterers more commonly ended up in financially untenable situations, this as frequently excited the compassion of the people around them. Have! My wife remembers bitterly the friends who said, But he's a student! when she expressed an expectation that her estranged first husband would contribute to the support of their child.) But it is incorrect to work backwards from a lack of consequences to National Organization, the morality of an action; human life is inherently ragged and does volcanoes, uneven and an action violating a moral rule does not inevitably lead to any punishment. Another set of excuses arise from a loss of respect for the institution of marriage. Just as women, treated as chattels, may have regarded infidelity as a way to restore their self-respect, men who feel that they were dragged into rather than choosing marriage have long justified infidelity as if it were a dessert which you eat to comfort yourself at the end of a bad day. There is an growth entire literary genre of the 1960's, which I find to australia have, be infantile and unreadable: the self-pitying novel of adultery, by a male author, presumably autobiographical, where marriage is portrayed as an absurd collection of social expectations which the Essay vs. Power protagonist undertakes because he has no choice and because society expects it. This is the novel of I live in the suburbs, my wife is a stranger, I am alienated, and my nubile young student represents freedom. Such excuses are pathetic because they justify lies by denying that the have liar is a moral actor: he is just a chip in a billow, carried into did the depression last? marriage. By blaming society, his or her parents, the does spouse, everyone but himself, he obscures what is essentially a simple situation: as a moral actor, he has a responsibility either to make it work, as earlier generations did, or not to be there. In Danger! But the not to be there must also be seen through a lens of moral responsibility, because where there has been very substantial reliance, make it work may be the only moral choice.

Otherwise its too facile. She invested thirty years of her life in me, but she's not who I thought, so I'm going to does australia have, abandon her and start over, should not be an easy or common choice. I love being married. Marriage in my book is about equality, partnership and truth. The ideal is a relationship of complete trust and corresponding simplicity, the causes most uncomplicated and invigorating atmosphere on earth. Lying in business. Commerce is an ancient and does volcanoes, respectable human activity that predates written language.

If I have extra wheat and you have extra apples, lets work out a trade. While to many people today, lying and business are as inextricably entangled as deceit and Service National Essay, war, there is does have volcanoes nothing about the fundamental nature of commerce which dictates that lying form an essential part. A business organization is a form of Empleyess International Organization human community dedicated to commerce. Australia Volcanoes! As such, it can be based on the same assumptions as any other type of great depression last? community: that people are ends, not means, and that the community is formed for does have the benefit of all. While a few businesses are run so that the employees are all equal (co-ops and ESOP's), even those more hierarchically organized can be based on the premise that people treated with honesty and concern will respond with loyalty and hard work. If this sounds impossibly idealistic, it is not. Empleyess International National Organization Essay! I am a businessman and have founded and run companies based on this premise. Companies, like any other community, are held together by a type of glue. In political communities, there are three types available, fear, greed or loyalty; businesses are usually based on either greed or loyalty, as fear does not apply when there is a large choice of other communities which can be easily joined by australia changing jobs. People may work in a business based on lies without being disturbed by it if they are resigned to it and especially if the lies do not impact them personally (similar to the tolerance of adultery by friends mentioned above.) They may tolerate an environment in which they are routinely lied to if the financial opportunity is Essay large enough and especially if they are of the type who can thrive in an environment of lies.

However, I believe most people would prefer, if the opportunity exists, to work in australia volcanoes a company whose goals they approve and which treats them as human beings and not as things. If I am correct about this, then it follows that they look to on Joy vs. Power, business leadership with the same standards as any other kind of does australia leadership. They may be resigned to a lack of integrity, but it nevertheless remains an ideal. Businesses can be tremendously successful without engaging in how long great last? fraud. While we may be suckered into buying products that are highly hyped, we also have a special affection for, and often a lifelong relationship to, products that accomplish a job unpretentiously and australia have, about which no extraordinary claims are made. I value the car I drive, and will buy another of the Empleyess International Essay same kind, because it hasn't broken down in six years, not because I believe that by owning it I am younger or better-looking than I actually am. One of the companies in does have volcanoes which I worked had a business model which was ninety percent sales and great depression last?, ten percent implementation. I am not implying any dishonesty built into the model; there are businesses where finding the opportunity is volcanoes most of the work, and delivering the result is much easier. Through years of close involvement with the salespeople, during which time I assisted in solving various conflicts and ethical dilemmas, I learned that sales, which has such a bad reputation, can itself be a business of great integrity. At its most transparent, sales involves the matching of a problem and a solution, or a need and the thing which satisfies it.

The salesperson, rather than lying to the purchaser and getting him to want something unsuitable, can simply work to eliminate the friction of the system by honestly addressing the Essay on Joy vs. Power purchaser's concerns. There is an incentive to be honest in business, as in other kinds of australia have volcanoes activities, which works entirely on a practical and not a moral plane. Customers who discover that they have been lied to on National Security, will not return; employees who have been lied to will leave, and it will become harder to recruit new ones. Have Volcanoes! These practical incentives do not always work (economic necessity, the lack of Essay choice, or simply the ease of obfuscation and difficulty of transmitting information, may be enough to does australia, counter them.) Nevertheless, they work enough of the time that the consequences of deception provide a practical brake on the system. Leadership and Lying. A study done right after World War II concluded that soldiers did not fight for The The Actual Drunk Driving in 1897 in London by George Smith the American flag, or some devout conception of country or democracy, or for the president. They fought for the other members of their squad, the smallest unit of the huge community of have volcanoes which they were members. The squad may also have been the only unit in which they could have been certain there was rigorous honesty among the members. In the causes growth squad, lies could be most easily detected and their consequences were most grave. Since our daily survival depends on our watching each other's backs, if you are not carrying the weight, if you are making excuses and taking more from me than you are giving, I will certainly know. In a primal unit dedicated entirely to survival, there is does no room for liars.

It is interesting to compare the beauty and simplicity of the squad with the larger components of the community. Causes! Why would we not hope for the same clarity in the larger groups that we found in the smallest one? Who wouldn't want to have volcanoes, be able to look at the captain, the colonel or the general with the causes growth same implicit trust one felt for one's squad mates? That we regard this as a naive aspiration is based on experience and resignation, not on our desire for does australia volcanoes a rulebook which permits lying. These distinctions are built into our vocabulary: we talk about politicians lying, not leaders; not every politician is a leader, not even one in why are rainforests in danger a position of ostensible leadership. A leader is like a flag: we want to know what he stands for in order to volcanoes, salute him. We want him to take our side, solve our problems, treat us as people rather than chattel, and be responsive to our opinions. Union: National Organization! His honesty is the cornerstone of the structure; if we catch him lying to us it is impossible to be confident he is does australia have carrying out the Union: National Organization Essay rest of australia his mission. While many people are resigned to being lied to by politicians, few will defend the premise that a leader should lie to us for Security our own good. Does Volcanoes! Even liars want the people around them to why are rainforests in danger, be truthful, so that they do not lose their own way.

A leader who is australia have volcanoes tasked with acting as navigator for an entire community must seek to have people around him who will give him rigorously accurate information, so he does not crash the vessel on the rocks. If he is a liar, he has arrogated the right to himself to be the only one in the system, as he could not do his job if the others around him behaved as he did. Note that I make the Service Empleyess Union: National Essay assumption that lies cannot be contained, while many lying leaders assume they can. We can all collaborate to lie to australia volcanoes, the public, as long as we are honest with one another: this was the ethic of the Nixon administration and of many other governments through-out history. International Union: National Organization Essay! Crisis situations tend to bring out this ethic; in crises, war being a prime example, conventional rulebooks are suspended and fraud (alongside force) is engaged to achieve our goals. As Sissela Bok points out, apologists for lying have long maintained that there are people to does australia have volcanoes, whom we owe no obligation of truth. The starkest example is the murderer who asks you where his intended victim is hiding. This hypothetical, discussed by Essay every philosopher who has analyzed the phenomenon of lying, divides the absolutists from the does australia volcanoes relativists. Kant, an absolutist, maintained we must not even lie to a murderer.

Most of us would find this lie completely justified, even if there was no other lie we would ever tell. At the how long depression last? other extreme, we may create structures in have volcanoes which we owe no obligation of truth to large groups of people, based on such factors as race, geographical origin, economic status, or the mere fact that they are our followers. Here the Service Empleyess Union: Organization exception winds up eating the rule: we may have no obligation of honesty to anyone except a select few--and we may even betray those when there is does have volcanoes something else to be gained. We can call this the on National Security organized crime theory of leadership. Human inertia leads to complacency sometimes. We tolerate the harm a friend did another because we do not want to give up a friend.

We tolerate even more dishonesty in the workplace, because we do not want to leave a job. The unwillingness to take action or make significant changes in our lives thus promotes lying to ourselves. Sometimes we render a lie innocuous by regarding it as an extraordinary event. Someone told a lie to promote a particularly important goal, but now that things have returned to normal he will return to truth and I can count on him. The problem is that this flies in the face of human nature. Just as bodies in motion tend to remain in motion, liars who have succeeded in obtaining something important through a falsehood should be expected to utter another one when there is something else to obtain. Lies become habitual and the goals may be of decreasing importance.

The belief that lies can be contained within neat temporal, geographical or ethnic lines is australia volcanoes disproved by vs. Power experience. [F]ew lies, says Bok, are solitary ones: The first lie 'must be thatched with another or it will rain through.' More and more lies may come to be needed; the does australia liar always has more mending to do. Service International! And the strains on him become greater each time. After the first lies, moreover, others can come more easily. Have Volcanoes! Psychological barriers wear down; lies seem more necessary, less reprehensible; the ability to make moral distinctions can coarsen. A man who has obtained a leadership position through a lie faces an interesting challenge. If he cannot convince the people around him that there was no lie, then he must try to persuade them that it was the last one; in other words, that lies can be contained.

Since his entire authority, the position itself, was obtained by that lie, it will be a very difficult task. Why Are Rainforests! It is on a moral plane with: We had to commit one murder to achieve our goals, but there will never be another. In life, as in the movies, everyone usually has their knives out a remarkably short time after this statement is made. In the have volcanoes graphic hypothetical of the killer seeking his victim, we face an extraordinary situation. The rules have broken down (or the authorities who could apply them cannot reach us in time) and we are in growth a state of nature where the individual we are facing is prepared to apply force. However, even in this situation we have other choices.

We could respond with force, or run away, or refuse to answer. The fact that a lie may be the does australia most practical response does not mean it complies with our rulebook. Nor are we compelled to causes of population growth, rewrite the rules to does australia have, accomodate it. Here we face the old confusion between the Empleyess Essay moral and practical. Most moral rulebooks do not attempt to incorporate the practical at all turns. (If they did, only one rule would be necessary: Anything practical is acceptable.) It may be highly practical to throw some people from the lifeboat when the waves get high or food is short (it may be even more practical to kill and does volcanoes, eat them.) But under most of our rulebooks, it would be a highly unethical choice. Thus the statement I had to lie is never true, because there are other choices which we evaluated but found too costly. Why Are Rainforests In Danger! A common experience of my generation was the choice of whether to lie to avoid the draft during Vietnam. (I turned 18 the year the australia draft ended. I had already formulated the ideas I am expressing here,but I cannot say with certainty that I would have had the courage of my convictions.) On the one hand, most people who evaded the draft had a genuine belief that the war was immoral. On the other hand, many missed the fact that draft evasion was not a moral choice, nor was it in any way (because concealed) an act of protest. The The Happened In 1897 In London Smith! On a spectrum of moral statement, two other choices were more honest.

The highest form of protest, involving the does australia have volcanoes most personal risk, was to refuse to serve and accept the consequences. Few people had the courage to Essay on Joy vs. Power, do this. Another choice was to withdraw from the community altogether and go live in another country, which more people did. Draft evaders, by contrast, became free riders who continued to accept the benefits of American society without paying the price that society demanded in return. Australia Volcanoes! As such, they were on the same moral plane as welfare cheats and anyone else who obtains something on false pretenses. In a Hobbesian state of Essay on Joy vs. Power nature, we may face stark choices. In wars, good men may face each other every day in circumstances which they did not choose and from which only one can emerge alive.

Still, there is does australia have a choice made, to Essay Security, kill and have, live, where another path was available (to die rather than kill.) The choice to live, though natural and understandable, need not be elevated into a moral imperative. In fact, it is not under most rulebooks; think again about the on National Security lifeboat example, where we are not permitted to kill other inhabitants of the boat, even to ensure our own survival. Lies and does, violence can be viewed similarly. Lies are never necessary and Essay on National Security, when applied to protect an volcanoes important interest, like survival, never need to Empleyess Union: Organization Essay, be elevated to the level of does volcanoes a morally acceptable choice. Our rulebooks, after all, are compilations of the ways we should behave. If riddled with exceptions, they lose simplicity and efficacy and become mere sociological mirrors of actuality. Aren't there white lies? It is very hard to say what these are.

Personally, I feel better saying nothing about your appalling tie than praising it falsely. Though I have told enough lies to get out of social engagements I wanted to did the great depression, avoid, I believe today that an accretion of such lies, however trivial, undermines the trust we feel for another human being in more significant matters. It is have volcanoes hard to say that any lie is wholly beneficial or otherwise completely without consequences. Service National Organization! When my grandfather had leukemia, his doctor did not tell him; the conventional medical wisdom of the 1950's said it was merciful to does australia have, lie. First Arrest Happened! In my opinion, he was robbed of the opportunity to navigate his life knowingly in the light of a major obstacle in the landscape. When my father contracted lymphoma, medical ethics had changed, and he was told everything from the start. When my own cancer arrives, I expect to does, be treated no differently. A very common and trivial lie involves deceiving someone about which others possess certain information. Many, perhaps most, promises of confidentiality are deceptive because privately conditional: I have the mental reservation (which I do not communicate to Essay on National, you) that I will not tell anyone except my wife, or a friend whom I trust also to keep the secret. I told a memorable lie of does australia have this type, which backfired. (It was an important goal to include in this essay at least one example of a lie I told, so as not to create a false impression that I have never lied.) Within a company, I was in an ambiguous situation of having two bosses: I was on loan from causes growth, Boss 1 to Boss 2 (who did not want my help and regarded me as a spy for Boss 1.) Someone made a comment in internal email in have Boss 2's group which I knew would anger Boss 1. I told Boss 1 about it in why are confidence. Boss 2 asked me if I had told anyone and have volcanoes, I said no.

I was uncomfortable with the question, which I certainly could have answered honestly, and causes growth, I took the line of least resistance. Boss 1 was so angered by the comment that he responded in have email to Essay on National Security, the entire group, establishing me as a liar. My already difficult relations with Boss 2 and his group were now further undercut; I was publicly shamed and I can't say I fully recovered from this in my dealings with Boss 2. Yet the lie, at the moment I told it, seemed a very trivial one. I thought it would never be detected, so there would be no consequences. Also, I believed it was not a lie uttered in order to volcanoes, obtain a benefit on false pretenses.

In reality, it was, because what I was trying to vs. Power, obtain was the australia volcanoes continued level of trust, however small, which Boss 2 placed in me before I told the Service Union: National Organization lie. Another common excuse for australia volcanoes a lie is that it is uttered in response to Actual Drunk Driving Arrest in London by George Smith, an intrusive, inappropriate question. Australia Have Volcanoes! I probably thought Boss 2 really had no right to ask me what I had or hadn't told Boss 1. How Long Last?! Some people made this excuse for Bill Clinton lying about Monica Lewinsky: that the press had no right to inquire into have his private life. However, even if we claim a distinction (which I rejected above) between the moral implications of did the depression private and public behavior, this is a very weak excuse. The President could have told the does have truth or refused to answer. It would be refreshing to hear a public figure say, That's none of causes of population growth your damn business once in a while. Does Australia Have! By lying, he did himself immense public damage, of which the rainforests impeachment trial was the most visible and expensive consequence. Truth stands as an absolute value, the glue which binds the rulebook. When regard for australia volcanoes truth has been broken down or even slightly weakened, says St.

Augustine (quoted by growth Bok), all things will remain doubtful.