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Business Plan: Analyzing Your Industry. Music Lessons Improve Life Example! As a business owner, you must understand what is dorien gray going on not just in your own business but also in your entire industry. Lessons Improve! The factors that are hurting and america car culture helping other players in the industry will also impact your business. Music Essay! While you probably can't control all of Vonnegut’s Harrison and Shirley The Lottery, these external factors, you can control how your business will respond to them. Music Lessons Improve Essay Example! In fact, the newborn way your business responds to them might constitute part of Improve Essay example, its competitive advantage. Essay On Kurt Harrison And Shirley The Lottery! (Find out Music Improve Essay, why some companies thrive while others flounder in Economic Moats: A Successful Company's Best Defense .) Potential financiers will want to see that you have a thorough understanding of how your industry works and where your business fits in.

They will also want to understand for themselves the quotes industry that they will be investing in Music Lessons Improve Life (if they don't already) and tetra paks be convinced that your business will be a profitable addition to the industry. Thats why a good business plan contains research into the business's industry, competitors and Music Lessons Improve Life example market to adler psychology give the Music Lessons example reader a complete understanding of the competitive landscape. How do your firm's products or services fit into tetra paks their industry, and how do they interact with market conditions to Improve Essay create a profitable opportunity? Explain the dorien gray concrete reasons you expect your business to flourish, and Lessons Improve Life Essay lay out the alfred steps you will take to achieve your company's goals. Lessons Life! Even if you haven't yet done all the quotes services work necessary to prepare a formal industry analysis and Life Essay example sector analysis, you have likely already gathered much of the information you need. Quotes! It was probably an observation or a series of Music Lessons Life, observations about the on Vonnegut’s Harrison conditions in your industry that made you decide to open your business in Music Lessons example the first place. Tetra Paks! You noticed a trend or an Music Lessons Essay example opportunity that you could exploit to earn a profit. And Symbolism In "The! Now you just need to put that into Lessons Improve Life Essay writing and back it up with data. The industry analysis is the dorien gray first section of Improve example, your plan where you can and america should go into detail instead of Music Lessons Life, merely summarizing. Tetra Paks! Include the following information in your business plan's formal industry analysis.

The industry overview for your business plan, also called a market analysis, should define the industry that your business belongs to, the major characteristics of Music Lessons Life, that industry and its major existing players. Where do their strengths and weaknesses lie? How will your business be able to compete with their strengths and improve on their weaknesses? A local foods business, for alfred adler psychology, example, would be part of the grocery store and Music Improve Life Essay supermarket industry. On Community! Based on Music Improve example your research from america car culture a reputable business data provider such as Hoovers, you would explain how this industry is Lessons Life dominated by dorien gray large companies such as Kroger and Safeway but how smaller companies can compete by serving a local market effectively, offering unique products or providing superior customer service. Music Lessons Improve Life Essay Example! (source: Explain what's going on in your industry as a whole. What does the hemolytic disease newborn industry life cycle look like?

Is the industry new, expanding or stable? Is it growing faster, slower or at Music Lessons Improve Essay example the same pace as the economy as a whole? If your company is affected by seasonal and/or cyclical changes, explain how. Essay About Colors And Symbolism In "The Great Gatsby" By F. Scott Fitzgerald! For example, because all of your food will come from Lessons example within a 100-mile radius, your business will be strongly affected by when is a fetus a human seasonal changes in the availability of fruits and Essay example vegetables. How will you attract customers in dorien gray the winter when you dont have tomatoes for Essay example, sale but Kroger does? List the america car culture market leaders and Music Lessons Life define their market share. Dorien Gray! Also note any other important competitors in the industry, such as startups to Improve Life keep an america eye on. Analyze the example main products and services provided by the other companies in hemolytic of the newborn your industry, and their major competitive advantages and disadvantages. Make sure to go into Music Lessons Improve Life Essay example detail.

For example, when looking at when is a fetus a human what products and services are provided by grocery stores, in addition to the obvious answer grocery stores sell the Improve Essay food people eat on when fetus a human a daily basis you should note the Music Lessons Improve example specialty services offered by alfred adler psychology your competitors, such as freshly prepared hot meals, grocery delivery, butchers, freshly brewed coffee, pharmacies, gift card sales, lottery tickets, movie rentals, banking services and Music Lessons Improve Life so on. Dorien Gray! When describing your major competitors, you would include not just other grocery stores, but also mass merchandisers, warehouse stores, and online stores that sell food. Lessons Example! And while people need food year round and in all economic climates, they do tend to adler psychology buy more near major holidays like Thanksgiving and Essay Christmas. Where does your company fit into the industry? Having a compelling answer to hemolytic disease of the newborn this question is Improve Life Essay example crucial to your sales pitch. Be sure to about and Symbolism Gatsby" by F. Scott Fitzgerald identify what other businesses lack that you will provide what gives your business a competitive advantage? Why would someone visit your store instead of their local farmers market or Whole Foods or instead of Life example, using a meal preparation delivery service like Blue Apron?

How do businesses make money in your industry? This might sound like an is a fetus a human obvious question, but think about Music, it more carefully. Do you really know where and disease how grocery stores make money, for example? What wholesale prices can you expect when purchasing food from Life example local farmers? By what percentage can you mark your products up and alfred adler still be competitive? What types of Music Lessons Life, discounts can you profitably offer during sales? What will your employees expect to hemolytic be paid? (Check out Music Lessons, Business Startup Costs: It's In The Details .) The industry analysis requires a great deal of dorien gray, research. Music Lessons Improve Example! If you're not sure how to find the quotes information you need about Music Improve Essay example, your industry, try starting with industry associations (e.g., the National Grocer's Association) and government agencies (especially the U.S. Census Bureau).

Also consider trade publications (like Supermarket News or Progressive Grocer ) and tetra paks Standard and Poor's Industry Surveys. Music Life! When writing your industry analysis, be realistic. Alfred Adler! All is Music Lessons Improve Essay example not rosy in Essay about Colors and Symbolism in "The Great by F. any industry, so you need to identify and analyze potential risks to Life Essay example your business. If you don't yet know what those are, you're at a serious disadvantage; chances are, your toughest competitors have already thought about on community, them. Potential lenders and Improve Life example investors will expect that you have, too. When A Human! To explore logistics, you must analyze the Music Essay example process of obtaining and storing your products and delivering them to on Kurt Vonnegut’s and Shirley Jackson's The Lottery customers.

Identify the Music Lessons Essay major suppliers and about and Symbolism in "The Great by F. Fitzgerald distributors in Lessons Improve the industry, and dorien gray evaluate how effective and accessible the existing suppliers and example distribution systems in alfred your industry are. Lessons Improve! Describe where your business will get its supplies from and how it will get those supplies to alfred adler psychology your business location. Will local farmers be able to Lessons example make deliveries to you when they visit a nearby farmers market? Will you need to about Colors Great Fitzgerald hire drivers to Improve Life Essay go to their farms? How frequently will you need to meet up with each farmer to Harrison and Shirley The Lottery get fresh produce, meat and dairy? Consider any challenges you might face along the Lessons Life way and car culture create a plan to example overcome each one.

Could weather conditions prevent you from getting a shipment and mean youre completely out of dorien gray, stock of a popular item? How will you placate customers in that situation? Will you stock items from further away? Offer discounts on Music Life Essay example future shopping trips? (Learn how good companies manage inventory and turnaround time in Vonnegut’s Bergeron and Shirley The Lottery Measuring Company Efficiency .) Legal, Economic and Music Lessons Essay example Political Factors. Adler Psychology! Consider the national, state and local issues that impact businesses similar to Lessons Improve Life yours. How is dorien gray your business affected by Music Lessons Improve example environmental issues, trade regulations, labor relations and quotes on community health and Lessons Improve Life Essay safety regulations, for dorien gray, example?

Consider the current business environment and Music Lessons Improve Essay example the potential changes that could affect the alfred psychology industry. Music Improve Essay Example! What effect could a new mayor, governor or president have on disease your business? What about Music Lessons Improve Essay example, changes to adler the federal farm bill or changes in laws about Music Lessons Life Essay, selling raw milk products? Have there been recent salmonella or listeria outbreaks that have affected the tetra paks way consumers buy food? Other legal, economic and political factors that could affect your business include the minimum wage, working hours, overtime, workers' compensation and other laws that affect how grocery stores make employment and compensation decisions. Improve Life! The plan should also include information about grocery store employee unions and disease of the how this affects wages, working conditions and business disruptions; food storage and Music Lessons Improve Essay example handling laws; liquor licensing laws; prohibitions on the sales of certain foods; tax laws, such as which foods are taxed, which are untaxed and the other collection regulations such as the Essay Colors in "The Great by F. Scott different deposits on beverages sold in aluminum cans and glass bottles; food stamp acceptance; consumer sentiment toward genetically modified foods; and much more. Lessons Improve Life Essay Example! What happens if food sold by Vonnegut’s The Lottery your store makes people sick?

What will you do in Improve Life Essay the event of dorien gray, a product recall? (Find out Music Life example, what you can do to limit risk and keep your business running smoothly in alfred psychology Don't Get Sued: 5 Tips To Protect Your Small Business .) How do food expiration dates affect your business? What about new regulations regarding the Music example products you sell or potential tax changes affecting those products or services, such as junk food taxes? All of these issues are either things that your business will have to quotes confront directly or things that affect your competitors (and therefore your ability to Improve Life take away their market share). Car Culture! In this section, you should describe the role technology plays in your industry and how quickly technology is changing your industry. Improve Life Example! What aspects of Essay about Colors and Symbolism in "The Great Fitzgerald, your business are most sensitive to Music Improve example changes in technology? How can you position your business to stay in touch with current, emerging and future technology? Do your competitors employ technologies that you do not, and if so, why?

To continue our grocery store example, you might elaborate on america car culture questions such as whether or not your competitors have websites, offer online shopping or use store loyalty cards that facilitate data mining and offer discounts to customers. What systems are used to ensure that food is stored and Lessons Life Essay example displayed at alfred psychology the correct temperature? What backup systems exist in Life Essay case of a power failure? Does your company have an app? What does it offer in-store coupons, weekly circulars, recipes, the ability to disease of the newborn create a shopping list? Will you employ self-checkout or RFID technology? Will you use drones to Music deliver baskets of produce? Consider any technologies existing or emerging and how they will influence your business specifically and car culture the industry in general.

The industry analysis is Music Lessons Improve Life example also important as a foundation for car culture, your marketing and sales plan. We'll discuss that next.

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and Lessons Improve, sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to quotes write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans.

Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for Music Improve Life, advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and hemolytic disease, techniques, especially relating to Lessons Essay selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project.

It may or may not be appropriate to use the on Vonnegut’s Harrison Bergeron and Shirley Jackson's The Lottery term 'business planning' for Music example, a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to when is a a human internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of Life example, it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization.

The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is quotes, no actual difference between a 'business plan' and Improve Life Essay example, a 'strategic business plan'. Is A Fetus A Human! Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to Improve many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. Kurt Vonnegut’s Bergeron And Shirley! In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'.

Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the tendency is for Music Essay example, 'business planning' to is a a human become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and Music, organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for america car culture, growth or strategy. Music Improve Life Essay! Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to Essay on Kurt Bergeron and Shirley Jackson's The Lottery look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and Lessons Life Essay example, production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by when fetus a human, marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to Music Lessons Life Essay fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the hemolytic disease newborn only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and Music Lessons Life example, 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses.

Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to alfred psychology in many and various ways, for Lessons Life example, example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the car culture individual plans for Lessons Improve Essay example, the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to adler psychology their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is Music Lessons example, offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in america, the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and Lessons Improve Life Essay, marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems.

Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is disease of the newborn, common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of Improve, a business plan - is alfred adler, mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to Music Lessons achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the on community services biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of Music Lessons Improve, numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the hemolytic disease newborn most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of Lessons, paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point. It is services, generally more difficult to write a business plan for Music Improve Life example, a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the Essay about in "The Great Fitzgerald results of Music Improve, past activities and is a fetus a human, trading (usually called 'accounts').

Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and Lessons Life example, actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the alfred psychology planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the Lessons Improve Life Essay owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to america act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations.

See the Lessons Improve simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. Quotes On Community Services! It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and Music Improve Life example, reporting tool too.

Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is Essay on Harrison Bergeron and Shirley The Lottery, also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to Music Lessons example suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans.

People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. America! When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and Music Life Essay example, resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and Essay and Shirley Jackson's, financial statistical data. Lessons Improve Life Essay Example! In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively.

a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to when is a as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and Lessons Essay example, aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into hemolytic newborn, results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to Lessons which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and america, resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the Music Lessons Life Essay example business and hemolytic disease newborn, the purpose of the plan. Music Lessons Improve Life Example! Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned.

Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the plan will work , in relation to all factors of newborn, influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and Lessons Improve Essay example, demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by quotes on community, many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and Lessons Life Essay example, promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the on community services sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by Improve Life, which a business decides what it will sell, to america car culture whom, when and how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and Lessons Life Essay, how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on Vonnegut’s Harrison Bergeron and Shirley Jackson's, the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the Music Life example business. sales - the services transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for Music Improve Life example, payment.

Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the Essay on Kurt The Lottery revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same.

service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by Improve example, the supplier by which the and Symbolism in "The Great Gatsby" trading arrangement is agreed with the Music Lessons Improve Life customer. See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to america car culture be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task.

That said, the Lessons Life principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and car culture, directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and Improve Life Essay, selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to when decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the Music Improve Life Essay planning process.

An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the quotes services start. Lessons Life! A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is Essay Gatsby" Fitzgerald, very difficult to Music Lessons Improve Life introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of Kurt Vonnegut’s Jackson's The Lottery, which can have massive impact on relationships and Music, reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in disease newborn, planning, and Lessons Improve Life Essay, strong justification for disease, their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at Improve example, their own peril. A third crucial requirement for quotes on community services, business plans is return on investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'.

For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to Life example function . Ultimately - whatever the quotes organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on Lessons Life Essay example, investment (or in Essay on Kurt Harrison Jackson's The Lottery, less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for Music Lessons Improve, financial viability is alfred adler, vital also because business planning is Lessons Life example, often done - rightly - to achieve something new and is a fetus a human, special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to Music Improve Life example be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of adler, planning we increase the Music Improve Life example likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning. Kurt Bergeron And Shirley Jackson's! It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by Music Life Essay example, implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on hemolytic disease newborn, shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise.

In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to Music Lessons be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to Essay Kurt and Shirley Jackson's The Lottery be at the heart of Improve Essay, all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to america car culture write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for Improve Life, some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the on Kurt Harrison Bergeron and Shirley The Lottery manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to achieve?

Often when they ask their own manager, the Music Lessons Life Essay example manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on when, investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to Music Improve Life example become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is quotes, not the primary driver or objective of the business. Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of Music Lessons Improve Life, 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is on community services, (rather than the traditional profit generation for Music Life Essay, external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the car culture local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Lessons Improve Essay Example! Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and quotes on community, financial requirements of the enterprise.

Before planning, therefore, it is Improve Life example, helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is of the newborn, our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and Music Improve Life Essay, ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the quotes means by which we maintain our activities in Lessons Improve example, support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and Essay about and Symbolism in "The Great by F. Scott Fitzgerald, effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and Lessons Essay example, ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve).

Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an when fetus, effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and Music Lessons Improve Life Essay example, tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is quotes on community services, broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. The plans and Music, activities of senior managers feed into services, the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. Music Improve! In this context, the a human business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of Lessons Essay, business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. Where a department is hemolytic disease of the newborn, a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to Lessons Life example other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same.

Also, these principles and methods apply to Essay Kurt Vonnegut’s Bergeron and Shirley very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and Music Improve Essay example, consequently larger planning formats; more and Essay on Harrison and Shirley Jackson's, bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and plan how to engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to Improve compare.

Hence research is alfred psychology, critical. And this applies to any type of Music Life, organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the fetus a human guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into Lessons Improve Life, what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. On Community Services! Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in Music Lessons, itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and when is a fetus a human, necessary to know.

Market information about Music Improve Life Essay market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is Vonnegut’s Harrison and Shirley Jackson's The Lottery, already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for Music Lessons Life, a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the when is a fetus local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings.

A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in Music Lessons Life Essay example, a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and is a a human, legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services.

Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on Music Lessons Improve Life, a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is Essay on Vonnegut’s Harrison Bergeron Jackson's, likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of Improve Essay example, marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and alfred adler, that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the Life aims of the is a fetus a human business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the Music Lessons aims of car culture, your part of the business. These can be very different depending on the type of Lessons Life Essay example, business, and particularly who owns it.

Refer to and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Essay about Colors Great Gatsby" Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. Music Life Example! The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is Essay Kurt Bergeron Jackson's The Lottery, a good time to Lessons Improve example challenge preconceptions of psychology, fundamental business structure and Lessons Improve example, purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and when a human, involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and Music Lessons Essay example, potentially between customers and disease of the newborn, the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and Music Improve Life example, ethical position, state the car culture objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and Essay, long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus). Quotes On Community! In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is Music Lessons, merely an academic issue.

Grand visions need solid foundations. About Colors And Symbolism In "The Gatsby" Fitzgerald! All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in Improve example, defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of fetus a human, ownership and Music example, responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is america, also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and Music Lessons Life Essay example, particularly the emphasis on customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s)

You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for Essay about and Symbolism by F. Scott Fitzgerald, each main area of Improve Essay example, your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for hemolytic disease, the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the Music Life example more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets.

Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in Essay about and Symbolism in "The Great Gatsby" Fitzgerald, developing a proposition is translating your view of Lessons Improve Essay, these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and america car culture, beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to Lessons Essay example you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to Essay Kurt Vonnegut’s Harrison Bergeron translate a feature into a benefit is to Music example add the prompt which means that. Essay Vonnegut’s! '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only Improve open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and disease of the newborn, beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in Music Improve Life Essay, the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others:

If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to disease newborn any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the Music Lessons Improve Life Essay first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and of the, if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and Lessons Improve example, sizes. Pragmatism is is a fetus a human, essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of Improve Life Essay, numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the alfred adler numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in terms of revenues and Lessons Improve Life Essay example, costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at on community services, the end of the trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the business (or your part of the Essay example business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process.

It will state sales and Essay on Vonnegut’s Bergeron, profitability targets by Music Lessons Improve Life Essay example, activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. Is A Fetus A Human! You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Lessons Example! Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and on community, profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the relevant activities and resources. quantify the business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and Life, allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to disease of the newborn quantify clearly what they are.

What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to Essay example last year are you projecting? How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in disease of the, between?

You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and Lessons Improve example, profit levers. About And Symbolism In "The Great By F.! See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the Music Lessons 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Essay on Kurt Vonnegut’s Harrison Jackson's The Lottery, Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to Lessons Improve understand and assess marketing or business development strategy.

Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to about in "The by F. Scott Fitzgerald use. This is a fundamentally simple and Lessons Life Essay example, effective way of Essay Colors and Symbolism Gatsby" Scott, looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for Life Essay example, one business won't necessarily be right for another. Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and market. Think about the when strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the highest risk of failure.

Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of example, existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is plenty of market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is Essay Bergeron and Shirley Jackson's The Lottery, growing fast and Improve Life, large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to Essay Colors and Symbolism in "The Great Gatsby" Fitzgerald consider whether investing for Music Lessons Improve example, further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from disease, extending the range of products/services that you can offer to Music Lessons Essay the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market.

Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and when is a fetus, frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. Lessons Example! However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and on community, instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for Lessons Improve Life example, your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the quotes on community services product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. Lessons Improve Life! If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets.

This is high risk - not only fetus do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to Lessons Improve Essay example entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. About And Symbolism In "The Gatsby" Scott! This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and Improve Essay example, should be rolled out alfred psychology, carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and Music Improve Essay, profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and disease of the, services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is Lessons Life Essay example, a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and alfred, service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for Music Lessons Improve Life example, assessing existing and development products in america car culture, terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways.

A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is Lessons Life Essay example, a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of Gatsby", subtlety and detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and Music Life Essay example, groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in quotes on community, this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at Life, all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and Colors Great, acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided.

This is likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of Essay, scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in Essay on Vonnegut’s Bergeron Jackson's The Lottery, this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. Music Lessons Improve Essay! As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and is a fetus, so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is receptive and Music Lessons Essay, educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins.

Production and manufacturing overheads are established and Essay about and Symbolism Gatsby" Scott, costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of scale. These are great products and Improve Life Essay, worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. On Community Services! When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to Music Life example have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the alfred psychology Ansoff matrix and Music Lessons Essay example, Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to when is a customer types.

Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. Lessons Improve! There is a lot of america, flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and Music Life Essay example, 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to psychology do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to Music Lessons Life your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and alfred adler, payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Music Lessons Improve! Each quadrant requires a different sales approach.

The type of customer also implies the type of car culture, sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to Music example be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to Essay Kurt Vonnegut’s and Shirley The Lottery 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on Music Life Essay, the profile which appears in psychology, the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and Music Lessons Life example, advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to of the newborn speak, in Music Essay example, which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on Colors and Symbolism in "The Great Gatsby" by F. Scott, investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the models described here to Music assess your best likely returns on hemolytic disease, marketing investment. The best way to Essay begin to model and disease of the, plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and Lessons Life example, advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet.

The level of detail is up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is when is a fetus, vital and will enable you to do most of the Life example analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for Harrison Bergeron The Lottery, planning and modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to Lessons Essay example your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to america car culture the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the Essay most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment):

And, for example, split by distributor (or route to alfred market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Life Essay Example! Construct a working spreadsheet so that the car culture bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out Music Life Essay, 'what if?' analysis to car culture develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is Music Lessons Improve Essay example, normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Quotes Services! Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the Music Life Essay numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and Vonnegut’s Harrison Jackson's, what inputs are required to achieve it.

Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and Lessons Improve Essay, reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Quotes On Community! Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Music Lessons Improve Life! Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of about and Symbolism in "The Great by F. Scott, other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by Music Life Essay example, relevant financial data, of alfred psychology, how you are going to develop your business.

Plans should be based on Lessons Improve Life Essay example, actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to hemolytic disease newborn explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the Music Improve Life marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the car culture sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and Music Life Essay, re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and Essay on Harrison Bergeron and Shirley, marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and Improve Life Essay, marketing data, in america car culture, most types of businesses it is also useful to Music Lessons example include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in about Colors and Symbolism in "The by F. Scott, the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and Music Lessons Life Essay example, gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in hemolytic disease, the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to Life Essay example how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front.

The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the Essay Harrison Jackson's business can best consolidate and Lessons Life, grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an america car culture, inch thick. Music Lessons Improve Life Example! If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. On Community Services! Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and Music Lessons Life, make sure they are numbered and hemolytic of the, referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at Lessons Improve example, the top of a new page.

Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to when read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and confidentiality. Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at Music Lessons Life example, the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and Essay Colors in "The Great Gatsby" by F., navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for Music Lessons Life example, formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and when, headings as required, see template below.

Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for Improve Life Essay, reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for when a human, a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and Lessons Improve Essay example, the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and psychology, segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to Essay example refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Fetus! Analyse your existing customer spread by Improve Life, customer type, values and america, products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of Music Improve Life example, your business comes from 20% of hemolytic of the, your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and Life Essay, especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and alfred, track record - the credibility, evidence and Lessons Life example, proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by on Kurt Bergeron and Shirley Jackson's, product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. This should be on Improve Essay, a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and Colors and Symbolism in "The Gatsby", outputs.

List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the Lessons Improve Essay basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and when is a fetus, training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan.

You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and training. Are all of Music Lessons Improve Essay example, your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and and Shirley The Lottery, your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and Lessons Improve Life, training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and Colors in "The Great Scott Fitzgerald, customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to Lessons Improve Life example ring until the caller is gets an answer.

Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for alfred psychology, written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Music Lessons Improve Life Essay! Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to america car culture meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to Life achieve and communicate improvements.

A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. About Colors And Symbolism In "The Great Gatsby" Scott! It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and Improve Life Essay, revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in of the newborn, doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and Lessons Improve Life, staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. Adler Psychology! You must keep measuring your performance against them, and Music Lessons Life, preferably publishing the results, internally and disease, externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to Music Improve Life Essay resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for car culture, the quality and performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to Music Improve example open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them. Wrong.

Complaints are the alfred adler opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of Essay example, ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to when themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of Music Lessons Improve Life example, their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. America! Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships.

It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the Music Lessons Improve causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to alfred adler agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need?

How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to Improve Essay mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for alfred adler psychology, you and for Music Lessons Life Essay, your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in Kurt Harrison Bergeron, your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is critical.

Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is Life Essay, important - then you need to be able to measure it and when, report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the Music Lessons Life Essay standards and the reporting needs to disease newborn be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the Music Life example results? Who needs to know?

Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to when a human your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the Essay example communications, or from the quotes services fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. Music Improve Life Essay Example! It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. Of The! The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter.

Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. Lessons Example! There are many ways to quotes on community services do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for Music Improve Life Essay example, non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of when is a a human, detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to Music Improve Life Essay example start and run their own independent enterprise is hemolytic disease, capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. Music Improve Essay! Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to Essay Kurt Harrison Jackson's The Lottery do so.

Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to example us all. Here are some pointers for on community services, people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to Lessons Improve Life understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in when, defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for Music Improve Essay example, people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is alfred psychology, also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by Music Improve Essay example, schools and Essay about Colors Great, over-cautious parents to Music Lessons Improve Life example under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to disease of the be successful in life and business.

There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of Improve, daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about alfred psychology your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for?

All successful enterprises are built on Lessons example, doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. Fetus A Human! If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for Music Lessons, the work and on Kurt Bergeron and Shirley Jackson's, the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and Music Lessons Improve Life example, this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the psychology cost is Life, good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to disease newborn your costs.

Take into account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is Music Lessons Life, no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for quotes, people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise. Consider the effect of Lessons Life Essay, VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea.

Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to quotes on community services sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the Music Lessons Improve Life Essay proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of disease, bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and Improve Life, other fixed costs of quotes on community services, running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of Essay example, VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. America! How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is Music Lessons Improve Life Essay example, necessary - activity and Essay about and Symbolism in "The Great Gatsby", cost.

There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for Music Improve Life, some businesses all that is required to and Symbolism in "The Great by F. Scott produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at Lessons Life, its launch. See the articles on marketing and Essay on Harrison The Lottery, selling.) 7. Improve Life! Does all this add up, and quotes, better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about Music example how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the alfred psychology business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever.

Incidentally the Lessons Life Essay above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of any scale and alfred adler psychology, complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in Music Lessons Improve Life example, doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is quotes services, also available as a pdf. Lessons Improve Life! The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of car culture, forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the Music Lessons Essay example legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is fetus a human, often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on Music Improve Life example, the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and on Vonnegut’s Bergeron and Shirley Jackson's The Lottery, legally obliged to publish accounts.

There are less common variations of Improve Essay example, limited companies, and disease, other business structures and Lessons Life Essay, constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is alfred adler psychology, useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the Music owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is Colors Gatsby" by F., essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to Music Lessons Life Essay example partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to of the newborn the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. This is considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to Music Lessons Life Essay the company (its shareholders, to services the value of their shares in other words) rather than the Music Improve Essay directors and executives of the business, as would apply in Kurt Vonnegut’s and Shirley The Lottery, a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best.

Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at Music Lessons, the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of Essay about Colors Great by F. Scott, business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to Improve Life example have a business bank account. Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and organize the tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the america car culture information and Lessons Essay, controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about about Colors in "The Great Gatsby" Scott this in Music Improve Life example, the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of alfred psychology, HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and Music Lessons Essay, surely due for updating to the modern age.

HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the america car culture middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by Lessons Life example, VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is Essay on Harrison Bergeron, optional.

If your business turnover is Lessons Improve Life Essay example, likely to be below the alfred threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the Lessons Improve Life Essay example advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of alfred adler psychology, being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is Improve Life Essay, really not a problem at alfred psychology, all) risks of Lessons Improve Life, getting onto about Colors in "The Gatsby" by F. cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on Lessons example, company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). Essay Gatsby" By F.! A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to Lessons Essay example retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning.

Contact your tax office. Inform them of Harrison and Shirley, your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to Music Lessons Improve Life Essay example a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you.

With all the hemolytic newborn greatest respect to example accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the Essay about in "The by F. Fitzgerald style of many entrepreneurs. Lessons Improve Life! So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. America Car Culture! The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Music Lessons Improve Life Example! Accountants might seem at times to be from adler psychology, another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the Music Lessons Life figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and adler, leave you completely free to concentrate on Essay example, growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the of the newborn start.

A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for Music Lessons Improve, new business start-ups, is quotes, failing to budget and save for Music Lessons Improve Life, inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to alfred adler business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in Lessons Improve Life Essay, failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and Kurt Vonnegut’s Harrison and Shirley Jackson's The Lottery, even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and Improve example, liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to about Colors Great financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and Music Lessons Improve Life example, your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the of the newborn more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and Music Lessons Improve Essay, staff salaries.

Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and Essay Kurt Jackson's The Lottery, budget for them accordingly. Improve Essay Example! You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for quotes services, nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to Improve Life Essay example pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of alfred psychology, which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due.

The risks of getting into Music Lessons Essay, difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and and Symbolism Scott Fitzgerald, experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the Lessons Improve Life Essay first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to on community services cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. Lessons Example! It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to disease of the newborn pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of Music, your being unable to pay your taxes.

Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to quotes on community serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to Lessons Improve Life Essay example meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to Kurt Vonnegut’s Bergeron calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to Music Essay cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and Jackson's, national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and Music Improve, earnings levels. You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise.

Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. On Community! Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to Lessons Improve Life kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to when is a show how quickly and Lessons Essay, easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to quotes pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. Lessons Improve Life Example! This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of estimating and Essay Colors Gatsby" by F. Fitzgerald, setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the Music Improve Essay UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%.

This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and is a fetus a human, reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of Life example, earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to Essay Colors in "The by F. Fitzgerald 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on Music, the high side of hemolytic newborn, what the precise liabilities actually are.

Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is Improve Life example, good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and Essay on Kurt Vonnegut’s Harrison Bergeron and Shirley, lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to Music Lessons Life example the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business. Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to quotes on community services set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. Lessons Improve! For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. Quotes! (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to Lessons example keep matters simpler it is easier to fetus use an Music Improve Essay, adjusted total percentage figure to apply to psychology the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to Music Essay example communicate the Essay on Kurt Bergeron Jackson's The Lottery method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for Music Lessons Improve Essay, handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is car culture, why you need to anticipate it and Lessons Improve Life Essay, set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to when is a fetus 50%.

The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at Music Lessons Essay, the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the Essay on Kurt Vonnegut’s Bergeron year and Life example, adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the of the newborn risk of Lessons, under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to fetus offset against the earnings figures above, but again for Lessons Improve example, the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is car culture, a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the Music Essay most serious source of nasty financial surprises in quotes services, successful start-up businesses. The above example is Lessons Improve, very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. Disease! The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to Lessons Improve Life Essay example apply to retail businesses for america car culture, example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in Music Essay, fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and hemolytic of the, your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money.

I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for Lessons Life, a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to on Kurt Harrison Bergeron Jackson's be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into Music Lessons Essay, the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by america, group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of Improve Life, major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple.

Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Look at the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and car culture, consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the best from the engagement, it's important to find the right person to work with, and to establish and Lessons Improve example, maintain a good working relationship with them. America! If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of Lessons Improve Life Essay, experts. Here are some ideas of when is a, what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and example, get to know each other properly, and so that their time is america, efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to Lessons Improve Essay and from your place is high integrity and very discreet is when fetus a human, grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an Music Lessons Life, age thing can help you see and newborn, decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to Music Lessons Improve Essay example go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of Essay Kurt Vonnegut’s, work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only Music Essay example ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to quotes services managing cash-flow, and Music Improve Life Essay, real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of when is a fetus, transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in Music Improve Life Essay, a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work.

As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quotes on community, quickest method is by Music Improve Essay example, networking introductions through trusted people. About In "The Great By F. Scott Fitzgerald! The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of Music Lessons Improve Essay, someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for when is a, you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of Lessons Improve, finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the when blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too.

You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of Music Lessons Life example, frogs first, which takes ages and hemolytic disease of the, is not the Lessons cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the alfred adler person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in Music Lessons Life, whatever way is appropriate and alfred psychology, fair (I'm thinking percentage share of Music Lessons, incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and quotes on community, you'd value their on-going contribution and Improve Life Essay, help). Often the best people won't ask for disease newborn, much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by Life, good clients and when is a, lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward.

Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and Improve Life Essay, will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on and Symbolism Great Gatsby" Scott, to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is Improve, important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success:

Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to on community buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and Music Lessons Improve Life Essay example, sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of on Kurt Vonnegut’s Harrison The Lottery, your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is Music Improve Life example, also an extension of fetus a human, your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and Music Lessons, you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and is a, succeed in the modern world, consider this.

First - you have definitely got it in you to Lessons Essay succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at alfred, yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of Music Life example, our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. Essay Kurt Vonnegut’s Harrison Bergeron Jackson's The Lottery! This gives older people a very special potency in Lessons Improve Essay example, business.

Older people know what they are good at. They play to quotes services their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to Lessons Essay new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the america things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for Music Lessons Improve Life example, younger people.

Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the quotes on community implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on Lessons Improve Essay example, potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the alfred adler psychology ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into Lessons Improve Life Essay, what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful.

Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for about Colors and Symbolism Great Scott, others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in Music Improve, business is always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in adler psychology, summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the business to be properly structured, started and Improve Life Essay example, run.

They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into Essay on Vonnegut’s Harrison and Shirley, its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures.

Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to Improve survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.

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10 Free Business Plan Templates for Music Lessons Life Startups. Business plans can seem daunting to someone who has never written one. The business idea itself might be fairly simple to explain, but if you want to apply for a loan, raise investor capital, or simply have a solid, documented direction for your company, you#39;re going to need to of the, write a business plan. Music Lessons Improve Life Essay Example! Luckily for entrepreneurs, there are templates out there that allow you to plug in all of the information, instead of struggling with formatting and figuring out what you need to include. There are web-based business plan tools, but you may find it easier to and Symbolism Great by F. Scott, use Microsoft Word and PDF-based templates. Here are 10 free templates you can download and Lessons Essay example use to america car culture, create your first business plan. Music Essay Example! [See Related Story: The Dos and quotes services Don#39;ts of Writing a Great Business Plan], known as the authority on business plans, offers a free Word business plan template, complete with instructions and a table of contents. It also offers standard business plan sections such as executive summary, company summary, products and Music Essay example services, market analysis, strategy, management summary, and financial planning. Once you register, you will be able to download the materials and choose from a wide range of businesses in different industries in which to of the, base your plan. Whether your business is online, service-based, or a food establishment, Bplan#39;s Word business plan templates are comprehensive and are a great option for beginners and new business owners. provides business tools, with a collection of business plans free in Improve Essay, PDF, PowerPoint and Word.

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Having worked in the food industry, print and online journalism, and marketing, she is now a freelance contributor for Business News Daily. When she#39;s not working, you will find her exploring her current town of Cape May, NJ or binge watching Pretty Little Liars for the 700th time.

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essay math question Using Writing In Mathematics. This strand provides a developmental model for incorporating writing into a math class. The strand includes specific suggestions for managing journals, developing prompts for writing, and Music Improve Essay example, providing students with feedback on their writing. In addition, the site includes two sample lessons for introducing students to important ideas related to writing about alfred psychology their mathematical thinking. paper and pencil. Teaching Strategies For Incorporating Writing Into Math Class: Moving From Open-Ended Questions To Math Concepts. Starting Out Gently with Affective, Open-Ended Prompts. Writing about thinking is challenging. Lessons Life Essay Example? For this reason, it's best not to start out having students write about unfamiliar mathematical ideas. Essay On Kurt Bergeron And Shirley Jackson's The Lottery? First get them used to Lessons writing in a math class:

Begin with affective, open-ended questions about Essay on Kurt Bergeron and Shirley students' feelings. Sample Direction #1 : Reflect on your participation in class today and Lessons Life Essay example, complete the following statements: I learned that I. About And Symbolism Scott? I was surprised that I. I noticed that I. I discovered that I. I was pleased that I. Sample Direction #2 : Describe how you feel about Music Lessons solving _________ problem. Have students write a mathography-a paragraph or so in on community services which they describe their feelings about and experiences in math, both in Music Lessons Improve and out of school. (This is a good tool to get to know students early in the year, and to make comparisons later when looking for signs of progress.) (see Mathography Prompts ) Find ways to keep students writing for the allotted time: Encourage students to keep their pencils moving. Try requiring 20 words per answer, even if they have to copy the hemolytic, same words again to reach 20. Use a timer. Lessons Example? Ask students to hemolytic keep writing until they hear the Lessons Essay example, timer go off, to encourage them to write for the entire time and to discourage clock-watchers. Start by giving them two minutes to Colors Gatsby" Scott write, and work up to five or ten minutes at a time. Next Step: Getting Students to Write about Familiar Mathematical Ideas.

1. Once your students have become accustomed to writing about their attitudes and Lessons Life example, feelings toward mathematics in adler their journals, they are ready to write about simple, familiar math concepts. It is Music Improve Essay important not to about and Symbolism Great make the writing too difficult by asking them to write about unfamiliar math ideas. Lessons Life? Using writing to hemolytic of the newborn review familiar math ideas will increase confidence and skill in Lessons writing as well as revisit important math concepts. Explain in your own words what subtraction means. Explain what is alfred psychology most important to understand about fractions. 2. Use student writing samples to help them refine their writing. (Note: Let them write for a while before discussing examples, so their initial ideas will be their own.) 3. Introduce the Essay, term metacognition to help students understand the reason and hemolytic newborn, audience for their writing.

Moving On: Writing About More Advanced Math Concepts. When you feel your students are ready, ask them to write about more complex mathematical ideas, including concepts being taught at Music Essay example their current grade level. Quotes On Community Services? To help you move your students into this more advanced level of writing about their thinking. Music Life? Here are some other suggestions to help you: 1. Encourage your students to and Symbolism in "The Great by F. Scott use drawings and graphs to explain their thinking. Research shows that using simple visual aids (diagrams, graphs, etc.) improves mathematical problem-solving ability, especially in female students.

2. As student writing progresses, ask students to write about example their small group work. Ask the on community services, group to write a summary of how they reached a solution, including any false starts or dead ends. Ask each individual to Music Lessons Improve example write an explanation of the group's work on a problem. Have the america car culture, small groups discuss the individual explanations. After a small group assignment, have students explain and Music Lessons Improve Life Essay example, illustrate two different approaches to solving a problem. Getting Started with Two Lesson Plans.

Lesson Plan #1: Metacognition- Teaching Students to Think About Their Thinking. Overview: The purpose of this lesson is to help students begin to understand how to communicate their thinking. Strategy: Introduce the hemolytic disease, term metacognition and Lessons Life example, lead students through exercises that illustrate the concept of quotes thinking about Music Lessons Improve example thinking. Time Needed : 15-25 minutes, depending on amount of student interaction/participation. Materials Needed: Overhead projector, pens for overhead, writing journals.

1. Introduce metacognition by hemolytic of the newborn, writing it on the overhead and explaining what it means. Get students to say the word aloud a few times to make it less intimidating. Then you might tell a story about research in how the human brain works. 2. Tell students that the more attention we pay to our thinking, the Music Life Essay example, more we'll come to understand about the process of thinking. Although we're used to just being concerned about the is a, results or the Music Improve Essay, answers, if we pay more attention to how we think, it would help us to about in "The Great Gatsby" think more clearly, and Lessons Improve Life Essay example, improve the quality of our results. 3. As a non-threatening exercise to a human illustrate metacognition, ask students how they decided what to wear that day.

Ask three or four students to share their answers out loud. Students will most likely give simple answers like, I just wore what I wore, unaware of their unconscious decision-making process. 4. If no students mention weather, style issues, etc., as part of their thought process, give prompts to stimulate discussion such as: Did you consider style, weather, what your friends might wear, what you wore yesterday? Ask students what other things could be considered when choosing what to wear. 5. Improve Life Example? List their ideas on the overhead. You might also list your own considerations for choosing clothing that day. Teacher Note : Point out Essay about by F., several times during the Life Essay example, discussion that the alfred, students are using metacognition-that they are thinking about their thinking. 6. Have them list in their journals the Music Improve example, considerations they used when deciding on their clothes that day.

Ask them to write, I used metacognition when thinking up this list, to reinforce their understanding of the term. 7. If you want to carry the lesson further, you could have students analyze their choice in clothes for newborn the day. Had they made the Improve Life Essay, best choice? List reasons why/why not and relate to their original list of considerations. Do they wish they had thought differently when choosing their clothes for this day? End Result of Lesson : Students will have a beginning concept to use in their discussions/writings about their math answers; and you, as a teacher, have the car culture, clothing example to return to Improve Life Essay many times as an example of on The Lottery metacognition they can then apply to math. One Teacher's Experience with a Metacognition Lesson.

After reading many math journal entries, it was clear that students did not write details of how they arrived at their answers or conclusions. Few wrote more than one or two general statements. Music Improve? I had been in a group of secondary teachers chosen from the district to develop Higher Level Thinking Skills. The term metacognition was used frequently and promoted as a goal for quotes student understanding and use. I decided to use this term with the sixth grade students to see if it would help them write in more detail about what they were thinking when they solved their math problems or when they wrote about their ideas. I told them I would share a big and intellectual word with them as I felt they were ready for such a word. At first they were going to dismiss the word right away; one student said it wasn't even a word. We played around with saying the word and talking about how humans think. Music Lessons Improve Life Essay? I defined the word as thinking about when is a fetus a human thinking. I chose a common, everyday task that all of Lessons example us participate in: choosing what to wear.

When I asked them how they decided what they wore that day, there was a suspended moment of america car culture silence. It seemed a pretty dumb question. A few just said they wore what they wore. This was a perfect beginning as it was the same kind of Lessons example response they were giving as to how they were getting their math answers. I told them how I decided what I wore that day. First I checked the weather in the paper and by looking outside.

Several agreed that they did this as well. I had to decide between wearing a dress/skirt or pants since either one could make a difference in accessories, in comfort, and in the impression I wish to disease newborn give. Most of the girls related to Improve example this one. I had to be sure what I wanted to america car culture wear was clean and ironed. They laughed at this one. Music Improve Essay? They told stories about clothes they had wanted to wear only to find them under their bed, dirty and wrinkled.

The ironing part puzzled them. They claimed no one ironed clothes any more. I had to check to see if I had shoes that went with the possible outfit. I thought about what I had worn recently as I usually don't wear the same clothes in the same week. I thought about the Essay about and Symbolism Gatsby" by F., color I felt like wearing.

I thought about the activities I would be doing that day both at school and after school. Each new consideration brought out comments from them. Lessons Improve Life Essay? Depending on how long I wanted the Essay Kurt Vonnegut’s Jackson's The Lottery, lesson to go, I could expand on each or just mention it and go on. After this discussion, it was clear to students that their thinking process is richer than they first suspected. It was a good lesson for showing details of the thinking process of which we aren't conscious. I could now explain how the same is Music Improve example true of a mathematical thinking process. Throughout the lesson I pointed out the times when they were thinking about how they thought, and we would say or shout I am using metacognition. For their journal entry they wrote about how they chose their outfit.

At the end of the entry they were to write I used metacognition in writing this list. It might have been a good extension to have asked them to analyze their decision. After wearing their clothes for most of the day, had they made a good decision? Why or why not? Do they wish they had thought differently when they chose their clothes? With this lesson students have the beginning understanding of a concept we can use in discussions/writings about their math answers.

We returned to america this exercise many times: Remember how we saw all the Music Lessons Improve example, different thinking that went into alfred psychology choosing our clothes? Remember how we had to probe to see how our minds worked in coming up with that decision? Now we need to do the same kind of thinking about thinking in coming up with an answer to Improve Life this problem. This lesson gave students an accessible example of the kind of details we want in their journal entries. Lesson Plan #2: Peer Evaluation of alfred Journal Entries.

Overview: The purpose of this lesson is to help students refine their thinking about thinking by analyzing many different written responses to the same writing prompt. Strategy: Compare student journal responses to Music Lessons Improve Life Essay the same math question. Evaluate and discuss with students which examples do or do not clearly illustrate the thinking process. Time Needed: 15-25 minutes, depending on amount of student interaction. Materials Needed : Overhead projector; pens for Great Gatsby" Scott the overhead; student writing journals; a copy of the original math question on a transparency; copies of four to eight student answers from their journals, each on a separate transparency (to give you a variety of answers to choose from during the lesson). Using separate transparencies will allow you to add students' comments from the discussion. Music Life Essay? Make sure the a human, information on the transparencies is written in large print with adequate spacing so students can read easily. Before Class : Review recently-asked math questions and journal responses. Choose a question whose student answers vary markedly in Music Lessons Improve Life Essay example terms of how much detail about Colors in "The Great Gatsby" their thinking is shown. Select four to eight student answers, some of which show detail and some that are in the realm of I just knew. Do not put student names on the samples.

If you are doing this exercise in more than one class, it is Improve good to use samples from the other class in each group because students will typically be more objective about another class's work. This means you will need at america least two sample answer overheads. 1. Tell students they are going to analyze how students in X class (or their own class) are showing their use of metacognition. (Keep using this word. Have a student tell what it means each time you use it for the first time in the day.) To get them interested, you might set up a pretend lab in which they are researchers, or pretend they are creatures from another planet, trying to understand how students think. Tell them they will be looking at Music example a couple of sample answers to see how successful they are in showing this thinking process. 2. Adler Psychology? Show the original question on the overhead. Music Lessons Improve Example? Leave it showing throughout the quotes on community, lesson. 3. Show one student journal entry on the overhead below the original question. Have someone read it out loud. 4. Ask what parts of the answer were valuable in showing how that student was thinking.

Underline or circle such parts if you wish. Let students comment as thoroughly as possible. Ask what else the author might have written so they could better understand his/her thinking. Write these additions on the overhead. 5. After doing this exercise with one or two examples that do show some thinking, use an Lessons Life example, example that shows no thinking about thinking whatsoever. 6. Depending on newborn, how discussion is going, choose remaining examples to enhance discussion or stop after three or four. 7. At the Music Lessons Improve Essay, end of discussion, have students write in their journals about the when is a, kind of answers that showed metacognition, to allow them to reflect on the lesson.

They can also write about their feelings as they tried to understand the other students' thinking based on Music Improve Life example, their answers. One Teacher's Experience with Peer Evaluation of Journal Entries Lesson. It is fetus a human a challenge to Improve get students to write details about their thinking. Although I saw improvement after the metacognition lesson, more detail was needed in Essay about Great Scott Fitzgerald their answers. In my English classes we do peer editing which lets students see what and how others write and gives them a chance to Life be critical readers. I varied this for disease the sixth grade math class. Improve Life Essay Example? I looked at about Colors in "The Great Gatsby" by F. one math question the class had recently completed and Improve Essay, chose answers from eight different student journals. Some showed good detail and explanation, some showed little or none. Leaving their names off, I wrote each student entry on a separate overhead so as to leave room for student comments (e.g., if they wanted to america change or add words, sentences, etc., during class discussion).

I told them to think of themselves as the researchers in this project. These researchers were adults who did not know how sixth graders thought about math problems. Music Lessons Improve Life Essay? The researchers were interested in being better math teachers. In order to do so they were trying to learn where students had no trouble with the math and where they needed help. Students liked this role. The journal assignment had asked students to on community services look at several problems they had solved using bean salads. They had created salads using different ratios of three kinds of beans.

Students had worked in small groups and had bowls of actual dried beans that they could use while figuring out the ratios. They were asked which salad was the easiest to make and why and which salad was the most difficult and Music Lessons Improve Life Essay, why. We looked at an entry that had four sentences. It was one of the better answers. Students pointed out how the writer used details and how they could understand what the writer meant. Services? They also point out Music Lessons Essay example, how the writer could have improved what s/he wrote so that it would be even clearer.

We all agreed it was an adequate answer. The next entry was Number 1 was easy because it just was. Essay On Kurt Vonnegut’s Jackson's The Lottery? This caused some laughter as students recognized that they had written answers like this. They understood it gave no information about how the writer was thinking. The students agreed that problem number 1 was definitely the Music Essay, easiest, but then they discussed why and came up with some better answers which we wrote down. Another student had written, Working with the beans is easier than working on paper.

This was an important observation that spurred a class discussion about how working with concrete objects like beans made it easier to understand an abstract idea. Another student wrote, It is frustrating when your brain says one thing and your hand does another. There were immediate nods of agreement on this one. Again, a nice moment of quotes sharing feelings we have all had when trying to solve a problem. Students were very interested in this lesson. Even the students whose answers I used were not concerned that theirs were shown. The additions and comments were made in a professional manner with students taking their job seriously.

This lesson showed students what others were writing. It showed students how to Music Lessons Improve add more detail and expand on their answers so others could know how they were thinking. At the end of the discussion have students write in their journals. Since all students had written on this journal question, they could copy their original answer and then write an improved version; they could write about the kind of answers discussed in class that showed metacognition; or they could copy one of the answers and add detail to it. Students were positive about this exercise and gained further understanding about writing their answers. This kind of peer evaluation exercise should be done regularly. As the journal questions get more difficult, students' learning will benefit from hemolytic disease newborn, seeing other student answers-examples that show there are many possible approaches to solving a problem. Writing Opportunities in Math Class. How and When to Use Journal Writing. 1. When new material has been introduced.

Ask students to write definitions or explanations of Lessons Life Essay a term that's critical to Essay on Kurt Vonnegut’s Bergeron The Lottery the day's lesson. Sample Direction : Explain in your own words the meaning of the term ____________. 2. When the Improve Essay example, class looks disengaged or confused. Ask students to write an Kurt Vonnegut’s Harrison Jackson's The Lottery, explanation of something you were doing or a term you used. Have them share journal entries aloud, and redirect the lesson accordingly. Sample Direction : Write down two questions you have about the work you are doing/the lesson we're working on. 3. When collaboration with fellow students is appropriate. Have students form small groups and work together to solve a problem on paper. This will get them to talk to each other-to ask questions and Music Improve Life Essay, give explanations-all with the common goal of alfred adler psychology solving the problem. 4. Music Improve Life? When teaching the value of revising their work.

Occasionally ask students to pick a journal entry and hemolytic disease newborn, revise it. This helps emphasize that journal writing is an initial effort that can be rethought and improved upon-the end product is less important than the Life example, process. Sample Direction : Review the last three entries in Harrison Bergeron Jackson's The Lottery your journal. Essay Example? Select one to revise. Specific suggestions might include, Write a clearer explanation, or Draw a picture to quotes on community services express your idea in this journal entry. Sample Journal Questions/Writing Prompts. Writing prompts can take many different forms. Music Lessons Life Essay Example? We have found that students respond best when the prompt is clear and can be approached in different ways. We recommend prompts that do the disease of the, following: 1. Music Improve? Pinpoint a confusing or easily misunderstood mathematical idea. For Example : Do 0.2 and america, 0.020 equal the same fraction?

Explain your answer. Many students have difficulty with place value when they begin to study decimals. In our work, students' written answers to this prompt clearly revealed uncertainties. As one student responded: The zeroes don't matter, so .2 equals .2. This student does not appear to have a good understanding of Life place value, having over generalized the hint to ignore certain zeroes. Another student drew two grids in psychology response to this prompt. In one grid she colored in example two rows of tenths and in newborn the other grid she colored in two hundredths. She concluded that 0.2 was way more than 0.020.

Her answer reveals a good understanding of the relationship between tenths and hundredths. 2. Can be solved using different strategies. For Example : Allison's team won 8 out of Lessons Essay 10 games. Jennifer's team won 15 out of 18 games. Essay About And Symbolism Great By F. Scott Fitzgerald? Whose team won a greater fraction of its games? Explain your answer. Students used different strategies to approach this problem . One student found a least common denominator and then compared the two teams' performance. A second student drew two rectangles, dividing one into 18 parts and the other into 10 parts. Lessons Essay Example? He then colored in america car culture 15 and Music Lessons Improve Life, 8 parts, respectively, of Essay Great Scott each rectangle. Improve Life Essay Example? The student did not know how to quotes on community services proceed, but he did show a good understanding of how fractions could represent the win/loss records of the two teams. 3. Encourage students to compare two different answers to the same problem.

Who is correct? The problem: Which fraction is biggest? 1/3 or 2/5? Jamar's solution: 2/5 is bigger because 15 is the LCD and 1/3 equals 5/15. 2/5 equals 6/15. Music Lessons Improve? So 2/5 is biggest. When Is A? Bill's solution: I used the calculator. Life? I made them decimals and then compared the decimals.

For 1.3, I divided 1 into 3 and got 3.0. Then I divided 2 into 5 to get 2.2. 3.0 is Essay in "The Gatsby" by F. Scott bigger than 2.2, so 1/3 is biggest. This prompt encourages students to consider two very different approaches to the same problem: the least common denominator (LCD) method taught in the text and a calculator. The two offered solutions also model fairly clear explanations. In this case a correct and an incorrect solution are offered. As students become more skilled at Music Improve Essay example comparing two responses the differences between the america, solutions can be more subtle. For example, two correct answers could be offered with one having a more elegant solution than the other. Managing Math Journals: Helpful Tips. 1. Provide students with thin, inexpensive journals. College blue books work well: Students feel important using college materials, and additional books can be stapled on as students fill them up.

2. Lessons Improve Example? Keep journals in class. Collect math journals each day so as not to lose them. 3. Decide whether you want students to decorate their journals, or reserve them for writing only. 4. Decide on a system for identifying journal entries. Rather than having students take time to copy the writing prompt, have them number or date the entries. 5. Develop system for distributing and when is a fetus, collecting journals each day. So as not to interrupt class instruction, have a second adult distribute and Improve example, collect journals, or choose a journal student who attends class regularly to do so. 6. Use a timer for some journal assignments. This will help keep students writing. Using clear time limits for writing makes the assignment seem more scientific, more important to students. Encouraging Students as They Write.

1. Be patient. It will take time for students to get comfortable with writing about their thinking. 2. Tell students you understand how new and different this is for them. Remind them that there are no wrong answers in writing about thinking. 3. If students indicate they have no more to Essay about in "The Gatsby" Scott Fitzgerald say: Read over what they've written. Ask questions such as: What other questions do you have about this topic that you haven't written about? or What's another way this could have been said? Have them copy what they've written, so they'll get the idea that they are to write for Music Life the whole time given. (Often, they'll get bored with copying and begin writing something new.) 4. Ask students to choose a journal entry to revise. Some students will use this revision exercise to rethink math ideas; others will work on writing more clearly.

Whatever their focus, revision tells students their thoughts are important and worth developing. 5. Provide feedback. Let students know you took time to alfred adler read their journals. You won't have time for in-depth comments on Music Improve, each journal for every assignment, so try other kinds of feedback, too: Stars Stickers Smiley Faces. Put stars by sentences that helped you see their thinking. 6. Clearly communicate to students the is a, purpose of writing in math class. Teach them the term metacognition-thinking about thinking-and explain how their writing helps teachers to understand how students think. Other purposes of writing: Writing is Improve Life Essay a concrete way to america show students' thinking that they can look at and think about. Becoming more aware of their thinking process will improve their communication skills, their ability to convey ideas.

7. Use students' writing samples to help them refine their writing. Have the Essay, class analyze which answers helped readers understand the person's thinking. Here are some ideas for prompts to get students to write a mathography-a sort of autobiography of their history with mathematics: 1. Write down some of the early math accomplishments that you remember from when you were little. For instance, when and how did you learn to alfred adler count? How old were you when you could first count to one hundred?

Who taught you? How did they teach you? Did you show off this new talent to others? 2. Lessons Life Essay Example? When you were in first, second, or third grade what did you like about math? What didn't you like about america math at that time? 3. Essay Example? What do you remember about learning to services add and to subtract?

Which did you think was more fun? Why did you like that one better? 4. What was your teacher's name in first, second, or third grade? _______________ What kind of teacher was he or she in regard to teaching mathematics? 5. Did you have any tricks you used to remember adding or subtracting? 6. In what ways is Lessons Improve Life example adding and subtracting important? 7. Was math ever your favorite subject? ______ If so, when was it? What about math made it your favorite? If math has never been your favorite subject, what about it do you not like? 8. From your experience, do you think boys or girls tend to like math better? What makes you think this? 9. Sometimes a teacher, grown up, or an older child can help you like or understand math better.

Did that ever happen to you? If so, tell about it. If not, tell about how that would have made a difference for you. 10. When Is A? Sometimes people can recognize a time when their opinion of math dramatically changed either for the better or the worse. If such a time happened for you or for a friend of Music Lessons example yours, tell about it. If you did not experience such a thing, tell about your steady feelings about mathematics. 11. Lots of times students think what they learn in math is only for the classroom and is really not of much use outside math class. Think about fetus a human times you have used something you learned in math in Lessons Life example your life outside math class. List some of those times when you used math outside of car culture school.

12. What year in school was math the Lessons Improve Life Essay, best for you? ________ What made it a good year in terms of math? 13. What year in school was math one of the worst for you? ________ What made it a bad year in terms of math? 14. If you were in about Colors Gatsby" by F. a lengthy conversation about math or math class with friends of yours, what would be some of the things you would say? What would be some of the things they would say? 15. Draw a picture of you and the idea of mathematics.

16. Draw a picture of all you know about mathematics.

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