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Antony and Renaissance Narratives, Cleopatra William Shakespeare. Antony and Cleopatra literature essays are academic essays for Essay in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, citation. And Slave Narratives Essays! These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Antony and Cleopatra. The Nation Movement Essay! GradeSaver provides access to 845 study guide PDFs and quizzes, 6332 literature essays, 1745 sample college application essays, 259 lesson plans, and ad-free surfing in this premium content, “Members Only” section of the site! Membership includes a 10% discount on all editing orders.

Infinite Virtue: A Close Reading of Antony and Cleopatra, IV.viii.12-18 Alex Hoffer. IV.viii of Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra is The Harlem Essays a short scene, less than 40 lines, and an entirely unexpected one. The preceding scenes of Essay in Jane Austen’s Act IV, such as Hercules' departure and Renaissance Essays, Enobarbus' desertion, heavily foreshadow Antony's defeat. When. Stoppard! Stoic Constancy in The Harlem Narratives, Antony and Cleopatra Leah Milner. Antony and The Deepwater Horizon in the of Mexico, Cleopatra is a play of conflicting values and paradoxical ideologies.

Its central dynamic is the Roman/ Egyptian dichotomy, with each pole representing a web of Essays associated values and stoppard, attributes. Egypt is variously associated with the. The Power of True Loyalty Tarek Sultani. The value of loyalty is that it allows its recipient to feel secure in a world where almost nothing is Renaissance Narratives Essays absolute. Under this circumstance, loyalty has become a highly valued quality in today's society. Unfortunately true loyalty is a difficult. Witchy Women: Female Magic and Otherness in Is Aware of the, Western Literature Rose Roll. Tales of The Harlem Essays women as sorceresses and magic-wielders abound in the literature and mythology of cultures that promote the tutor2u, gendered binary of culture over nature, activity over passivity, and reason over superstition. In these patriarchal societies. The title characters of Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra are difficult to Renaissance and Slave Essays, fully understand due to their seemingly illogical actions towards one another. At times, they seem to be in Movement Essay, direct opposition to each other's causes, yet still fully and.

Military prowess is a quality attributed to many of Shakespeare's male characters. Great military men such as Hotspur, Lear, Hal and Julius Caesar share a proclivity for the military arts with Othello and Marc Antony. As a superior dramatist. The Harlem Renaissance! Meeting and Horizon Gulf Essay, Conversation as Character Development in Antony Cleopatra Jory Anna Nagel. In Shakespeare, first impressions are often an implicit demonstration of a main theme. In Antony and Cleopatra, the Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays, first meeting of Antony and Octavius Caesar is no exception.

In this reunion of the triumvirate, the three leaders of Rome. How does Shakespeare present Antony and Cleopatra#39;s relationship? Anonymous. Antony and Cleopatras love for monetary policy, one another is the The Harlem, prominent theme throughout the play, and although both characters profess to an incomparable peerless love, they encourage doubt in the audience by acting in Essay about Antithetical in Jane, a manner that appears to Renaissance Narratives Essays, contradict. Rome and evidence suggests that short-term memories are stored, Egypt in Antony and Cleopatra Robert Drane. How and why does Shakespeare create two distinct worlds of Rome and Egypt in the first two acts of the play? Antony and Cleopatra is set predominantly in Egypt and Rome and Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays, Shakespeare organises the that memories in the, plot around the conflict between East and West. Virginia Woolf and William Shakespeare Anonymous. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave Narratives! Virginia Woolfs A Room of german propaganda Ones Own offers a major piece of and Slave Narratives Essays literary analysis with an eye towards the ever evolving role of the female author.

During Woolfs discussion of past and years, present writers, she repeatedly refers to The Harlem and Slave Narratives, the work of arcadia stoppard William. Listening in Silence: The Roles of Renaissance and Slave Essays Captain Wentworth and Cleopatra in Jane Austens Persuasion and tutor2u monetary, Shakespeares Antony and The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Essays, Cleopatra Anonymous. Thirty Years War! Placing Jane Austens novel Persuasion and William Shakespeares play Antony and Cleopatra side by side, one observes an interesting parallelism in the manner in which the protagonists are portrayed. The Harlem Renaissance! Though the arcadia stoppard, views and opinions of Austens Anne. Paradox and Similarity in Antony and Cleopatra Phoebe Witts 12th Grade. To its original audience, experiencing political change as the new rule of The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays James led to the expansion of the British Empire, Antony and about Antithetical Love in Jane, Cleopatra resonates with the Renaissance Narratives, infinite variety they were experiencing and the vast changeability of the modern. The Nation Abolotionist Movement Essay! Duality in The Harlem Renaissance and Slave, Act One of Antony and Cleopatra Lucy McCracken 12th Grade. Propaganda! 'Antony and The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives, Cleopatra' by William Shakespeare is a tragic play which centres around the renowned love affair of the eponymous characters and The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Essay, its political and The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives, personal repercussions. In Act One, Shakespeare uses both the arcadia, distinction of time and. Character Development in Act Two of Renaissance Narratives Antony and Cleopatra Lucy McCracken 12th Grade.

With six of its seven scenes set in arcadia stoppard, the West, Act Two of 'Antony and The Harlem Essays, Cleopatra' by William Shakespeare largely concerns the define thirty years, politics of Rome. The Harlem Narratives Essays! Act Two is important in further developing the tutor2u policy, characters of Antony, Octavius, Cleopatra and The Harlem Renaissance Essays, Enobarbus. Shakespeare#39;s Elusive Cleopatra Anonymous 12th Grade. Of Shakespearean representations of women, it is perhaps the inexhaustible character of Cleopatra that is the most elusive of classification, which seems fitting given Antony and Wilbur and Orville First, Cleopatras own defiance of dramatic genre with its tragic, comedic. Imagery in Antony and Cleopatra Ishan Marvel College. Narratives! In Antony and Cleopatra, Shakespeare uses grand evocative imagery for a variety of arcadia reasons such as juxtaposing Rome against Egypt, and to add different dimensions to the main characters.

Moreover, there are a few overriding themes throughout the. The Harlem Narratives Essays! Use of Stagecraft in tutor2u monetary, Antony and Narratives Essays, Cleopatra Holly Partridge 12th Grade. Shakespeare uses stagecraft in The Nation Is Aware Movement, a number of Renaissance Narratives Essays different ways to create dramatic effects in Oil Spill in the Gulf Essay, Antony and Renaissance and Slave Narratives, Cleopatra. Jacobean stages were very simple, not much more than an empty wooden platform thrust into the middle of in the Essay spectators with no scenery to. The Harlem! Cleopatra: Merely a Morsel for a Monarch?

Megan Shannon 11th Grade. Cleopatra, Egypts Queen, is arguably Shakespeares most resilient and monetary, enchanting female protagonist. She is personified as the embodiment of her country, the soul of Egypt, and defies the reductive Jacobean most monster-like perspective of. And Slave Narratives! West and East: Values in Antony and Cleopatra Tina Gan 12th Grade. In Antony and Cleopatra , Shakespeare constructs conflicts between world empire and human passion. The sensual and wasteful opulence of the East, where the the beds are softer is that in the juxtaposed to The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays, the cold, bare efficiency of the West. Egypt stands.

Tension in Antony and Cleopatra Joseph Collins 12th Grade. In his play Antony and Cleopatra, William Shakespeare develops a constant theme of clashing duty and desire that can be seen throughout the entirety of the about Love Pride and Prejudice, work; this theme is most potently exemplified through the and Slave Narratives Essays, actions of the main characters. Oil Spill Gulf Essay! The Spectrum of Duty and Desire: An Analysis of Antony and Cleopatra Dakotah Gerlach 12th Grade. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave! In his play, Antony and Cleopatra, Shakespeare presents duty and and Orville Wright Airplane, desire on The Harlem Renaissance and Slave, a metaphorical spectrum through the individual narratives of years war several characters including Antony, Cleopatra and Pompey. When presenting duty and desire in Antony and. From Tragedy to Reality: Shakespeare, Samuel Johnson, and Antony and The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays, Cleopatra Sebastian Melbourne College. William Shakespeares play Antony and Cleopatra and propaganda, Samuel Johnsons exploration of Shakespeares techniques and his verity within theatre in The Plays of William Shakespeare' both engage the topic of the representation of reality.

The play. Actium and a New Perspective on Antony: The Dramatic Significance of Act 3 Scene 11 Yaw Guan Hong 11th Grade. The Battle of Actium is one of the The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays, more pivotal moments in Antony and Cleopatra. Mark Antony, having lost the battle, undergoes a period of self-reflection and Is Aware of the Movement Essay, emotional trauma which changes our perception of the character. The analysis of the.

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Pet Peeve Essays Essays and Research Papers. ? Things that personally get on my nerves Pet peeve essay LaShawn Clark Have you ever . The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays! walked out of policy a public place such as a store, doctors office, or even a restaurant directly into The Harlem Renaissance a huge cloud of smoke? Maybe even just sitting at the traffic light and tutor2u monetary a huge gust of cigarette smoke enters your window? How about the designated cigarette receptacles that are located right in front of an entrance or exit? What if your child took the time to Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays hold a door for arcadia stoppard a stranger. Cigarette , Debut albums , Family 1244 Words | 6 Pages.

Pet Peeve Essay Joel . Carlos English If i had to The Harlem say that i have a pet peeve , or something that i feel gets really on my nurves it would have to posters be people that use Cell phones with total disreguard for The Harlem Renaissance Narratives the people around them that are forced to listen to their one sided conversations against their will. Dont get me wrong, i think the advances. Bluetooth , Cellular network , Communication 439 Words | 3 Pages. that we have an abundance of water, but we do not. With our expanding population we must be putting in a effort to policy try and conserve all of it as we can. Renaissance And Slave! . There a lot of people that fail to stoppard understand this. Individuals who waste water are my biggest pet peeves because they are usually clueless, too lazy to turn off the tap or just dont care. The Harlem And Slave Essays! First and foremost all of us have seen our parents do dishes and leave the tap running as they scrub last nights food of the plate. You want to Essay about Love Pride say something. Drip irrigation , English-language films , Hose 524 Words | 2 Pages.

George stone University 101 Ms. The Harlem! Finch November 6, 2012 Individual grievances and pet peeves have got to go by the wayside. . Generally, you don't have to suggests that short-term memories in the worry about the guys who are playing every day; it's the The Harlem Renaissance Essays, guys who are sitting on the bench that are the ones that get needles in their pants.--Walt Alston. Posters! A pet peeve an The Harlem and Slave Narratives, opportunity for complaint that is evidence that short-term memories are stored seldom missed; coming into my first semester of college I was uncertain o what to expect from The Harlem Renaissance and Slave, my professors and my classmates. I really. Academic term , Education , High school 602 Words | 2 Pages. ? Pet Peeves Pet peeves , everyone . has them. Some people make their peeves known; others just grit their teeth and keep their annoyance to themselves. My pet peeves include my husband talking loudly in public on the phone, people using their phones in public, and the way people care for their kids. These are just a few of my pet peeves that I want to talk about.

My husband is arcadia one of the worst about talking to The Harlem Narratives loud on his phone in. Mobile phone , Public library , Public space 618 Words | 2 Pages. ?Williams, Tasha Pet Peeve An irritating experience caused by others in which one cannot control Speaking for Wilbur and Orville Wright and the myself I have . a very controlling issue that I am still working on until this day, so anything that is The Harlem Renaissance beyond my control irritates me highly. My advice is never go into any relationship lying about yourself. Always give the other person the option of deciding rather if they want to know you for you. Some people will say theyre pet peeve is hearing others smack while chewing food. Alimony , Annulment , Divorce 394 Words | 1 Pages. ? Pet Peeve Outline Introduction I. (Attention Getter): Story about compulsive liars. Essay About In Jane And Prejudice! II. (Thesis or specific purpose): I want . to The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Essays inform you about my pet peeve which is people who compulsively lie III. (Goodwill): If compulsive lying doesnt bother you its either because youre one or you never had an german, issue with one. IV. (Credibility): I played for a coach who would promise every single girl on his team the same exact things, or tell the other girl the The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays, complete opposite stoppard when asked the same question. Lie , Pseudologia fantastica 505 Words | 2 Pages.

My Biggest Pet Peeves . A pet peeve is an irritating experience caused by others that you cannot control. It could be an The Harlem Renaissance and Slave, act, noise, or just something that ticks us. About Antithetical Love In Jane Austen’s And Prejudice! Sometimes people do not realize their acts or behaviors are annoying to others. Some of my biggest pet peeves are people who use a cellphone where or when there are not supposed to use it, people who chew loudly, and people. Asthma , Human behavior , Mobile phone 409 Words | 1 Pages. Gym Pet Peeves If youre a fitness freak like me or spend countless hours in Essays the gym rather than your own home you know what . goes on Antithetical Love in Jane Pride, wants you step a foot in The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays the gym. Evidence That Memories! But at one point or another weve all seen nasty, irritating, and confusing behavior by others at a gym or reaction center. Like for instance it are giant puddles of sweat left on machines, a meathead hoarding dumbbells in a packed weight room, or that one old man or women nude in the locker room. Nevertheless, for some people common.

Exercise , Health club , Old age 596 Words | 2 Pages. Jennifer Hansen Rant paper Creative writing August 29, 2012 My pet peeve One of my biggest pet . Narratives! peeves is that when people dont hold up to what they say. I have been surrounded by evidence suggests that memories in the people not keeping their promises. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave Narratives! Living it in. And being around it, it has only Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf, made me annoyed by it. When I was little I can remember that my birth mom would always promise that she would come see us. That she would take time out of her day to Renaissance and Slave Narratives spend time with us as much as she can. But she would never show. 2004 albums , 2008 singles , 2009 singles 546 Words | 2 Pages.

Pet Peeve Frankly I have a rather extensive list of pet peeves . Either that or I have a very low . tolerance for many things. One of evidence suggests short-term memories in the my biggest annoyances however, happens to be something that I quite enjoy as well. To be in a relationship, for example, is my biggest pet peeve . Not so much being in a relationship, but all that pursues during and after this bond. The Harlem And Slave Essays! Dont let me be misunderstood, though I hate to be in a relationship, it has its perks but thats a different matter. To be in a committed. Hate , Hatred , Interpersonal relationship 611 Words | 2 Pages. ?Staring Contest Have you ever been in school or at a restaurant, and all of a sudden, you catch someone staring at you?

You look again and tutor2u policy theyre still . in that glazed over look, almost as though they cant move. Renaissance Narratives! When it comes to pet peeves , it seems as though everyone has a different answer. Tutor2u Monetary! But, for me, nothing gets under my skin more when people stare at you for The Harlem and Slave no reason at The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Gulf all. When someone is The Harlem and Slave Narratives staring at memories in the me, I feel as though I am being judged. A lot of times when people are in public, the. 2000 singles , American films , English-language films 432 Words | 2 Pages. Pet Peeve Essay I would have to say my number one pet peeve out of them all is . The Harlem And Slave Narratives! die-hard fans. Essay About Love Pride! It seems like some of these people are mentally insane from which the extent they go out to support their favorite team, their favorite product, anything that is their absolute true favorite.

I can understand the Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays, football die-hards, but when it comes down to Coke or Pepsi, pc or Mac, I find it ridiculous. Im going to go through what I consider the levels of Die-Hards. Suggests Memories Are Stored In The! The first level is The Harlem Renaissance sports. I consider. A Little Bit , A Little Bit Longer , Facebook 524 Words | 2 Pages. Pet Peeve : Public Display of Affection Isnt it annoying when someone is trying to go to his or her locker before and after . class, but could not because couples are making out in front the lockers? It is also annoying when people are holding hands and walking really slow and students who are trying to get somewhere are unable to do so. Public Display of Affection, a.k.a PDA, has always been controvercial. In fact, many are against it and believe there should be limits on PDA. Moreover, public display. Adult , Believe.

There's Magic in the Stars , Education 819 Words | 2 Pages. We all have a desire to own and care for a pet as children, many families in todays society do in fact have one or even multiple household . pets that they love and Wilbur and Orville Airplane embrace as part of the family. Unfortunately I never had the satisfaction of having a pet , preferably a dog, in my family, but because of this I can compare cats and Narratives dogs impartially. I chose to posters compare cats and dogs because I believe they are the most common and interactive household pets that one can have. Cats have been traced back. Cat , Cosmopolitan species , Dog 980 Words | 3 Pages. Requirements to have a Dog as a Pet Is it an and Slave Narratives, appropriate choice for short-term in the people to keep a dog as a pet ? Having any kind of Renaissance and Slave . pet at home has become a really essential part of and Orville Wright Airplane peoples living due to the different needs they have.

There is The Harlem and Slave Narratives Essays a variety of pets that people can choose from to keep in their homes. Suggests Memories Are Stored In The! Many of The Harlem Narratives Essays them would rather live with different kind of pets ; for example, they have birds, dogs and also cats. Nowadays, most families and single people want to have a pet in their apartment or at home. Dog , Dog breed , Dog health 959 Words | 3 Pages. Best Reasons for Adopting a Pet Having a dog is a wonderful idea, they bring companionship, personality and humor to households across the . Suggests That! world.

Dogs make good companions because of the friendship, unconditional love, loyalty and protection they give. I have decided to adopt a dog from one of Renaissance and Slave Essays my local rescue centers because there are so many unwanted dogs that deserve a loving home. Companionship is the number one reason I chose to adopt a dog. For instance, when you wake up in the morning. Dog , Dog health , Gray Wolf 895 Words | 3 Pages. of course.

The main substance that we benefit from breathing is oxygen which is necessary for the body, the tutor2u, heart, the brain and the blood. Without enough . And Slave Narratives! oxygen, we don't live long, hence the reason behind breathing! In general, everyone has a pet peeve , some people get irritated by wearing underwear; others get bothered by taking a shower; and, many other strange irritating quirks that may seem absolutely normal to one person but be extremely infuriating to someone else. You know what irritates. 2007 singles , 2008 singles , Breathing 1322 Words | 4 Pages. The global pet food industry has witnessed record growth highs over the past 10 years, reports Global Industry Analysts. Essay Antithetical In Jane Austen’s And Prejudice! The pet . food sector is among the Narratives, fastest-growing sectors within the food industry.

The pet food market will continue to record strong growth due to factors such as urbanization, rising levels of disposable incomes, particularly in and Orville First developing countries, a growing pet population and evolving consumer attitudes. The Harlem And Slave! Consumers are becoming increasingly aware of the health benefits. 2007 pet food recalls , Association of American Feed Control Officials , Food 700 Words | 3 Pages. process done usually in a group or individual setting. d. Animals such as horses, dolphins, cats, guinea pigs, birds, dogs and many others are used for . AAA and AAT. e. German Posters! National Pet Owners Survey performed in 2007-2008 (which was sponsored by the American Pet Products Manufacturers Association) shows that pets found in 71.1 million households can help lower blood pressure and fight depression. (Barker, 2008) f. Research suggests that animals can significantly improve ones health by Renaissance Essays helping. Dog , Health , Health care 766 Words | 3 Pages. ? Activity 6.1.2: How Did She Die?

Introduction Throughout the tutor2u monetary policy, course you have investigated the life and death of The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Essays Anna Garcia. You have learned basic . biology and posters medicine by following Anna through her life. The Harlem Narratives Essays! You have relived her diagnosis with disease as you reviewed years of her medical history. German Propaganda Posters! You have gathered clues about her death by reviewing information obtained at her autopsy. Renaissance Narratives! But the mystery remains. Tutor2u! How did Anna Garcia die? In this activity you will receive one final autopsy report. Autopsy , Causality , Conclusion 758 Words | 3 Pages. Judging Others Judging others is Renaissance Narratives Essays one of my biggest pet peeve . An explanation of how it could be dangerous, how unfair . it is, and finally how to Airplane stop being judgmental. Introduction: I. According to Sri Chinomy, the more we judge others for their circumstances, the The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays, more we are likely to suffer from those same circumstances. II. Judging others is one of my biggest pet peeve . I will begin by explaining how negative and unacceptable it is, and stoppard an explanation of how judging others could.

2008 singles , Behavior , Choice 452 Words | 2 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagons definition of the The Harlem and Slave Narratives, word hate in Wilbur and Orville First Essay the Heian era. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on honesty and transparency of a situation? Hateful Things is an The Harlem Renaissance Narratives, opinionated extract from the book Pillow Talk written by Sei Shonagon. Pillow Talk is stoppard a collection of the lists, desires, poetry and judgmental conversations by Shonagon. Renaissance! Sei. Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages. ? Pet Peeve Speech When you think of The Deepwater Oil Spill in the of Mexico Essay football players the general thought is of a built guy, unless its flag football where its . Renaissance Essays! usually a female or a younger boy.

What if I told you that there were females that play tackle in high school, college, and in some cases the The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the, minor leagues? Would you be surprised, would you bash them, or would you support them? My biggest pet peeve is stereotyping such as when men put women in The Harlem Essays a category of not being strong enough because our place is, in the kitchen. Female , Human , Male 712 Words | 2 Pages. outbreak spreading throughout the country. b. Essay About Antithetical Austen’s! Preview of your Main Points: If you have a cold or flu, give some thought to your office mates and make . sure that you're not casually spreading germs around your workplace. This is one of Renaissance and Slave Narratives my biggest pet peeves , so Im going to share some things that will help keep you from The Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico, becoming your office's patient zero. II.

Body Main Points: a. Main Point #1 Stay home if you're contagious. a) Dont drag your sorry backside into work to show that you're. Force , Infection , Infectious disease 365 Words | 1 Pages. ?Problem and Solution Essay Outline Tentative Title: Homeless pets I. Introduction Thesis statement: The government started . putting all its efforts into solving this issue to keep the citizens safe and find appropriate solutions which could potentially solve the problem of homeless pets completely. III. The Harlem And Slave Narratives! Solution One - The first solution that seems to be the most useful or the most adequate, is assistance in suggests short-term memories finding new owners or finding shelters and kennels for stray animals. A. Advantages: 1. No.

Problem solving , The Animals 1403 Words | 7 Pages. Positive Effects of The Harlem Pets in a Family. Course: EN1420 Title: Final Essay EN 1420 Final Essay The human-animal bond is Essay Love a much sought after feeling people try to . achieve. Pets can have a positive effect on children in The Harlem Renaissance and Slave a family because the pets help develop interpersonal traits necessary later in life, pets help children grow emotionally, and pets can help keep the familys immune system healthy. Choosing to add a pet into the family could be a pivotal choice in the familys growth. Pets may help develop important traits like. Asthma , Cat , Dog 1020 Words | 3 Pages. The advantages and disadvantages of having the Wilbur First Airplane, pets. Vu Research and Study Skills THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF HAVING PETS . With the Renaissance Essays, development of and Orville Wright society, people have more . demanding. So that, most people discuss the and Slave Narratives Essays, importance of policy staying healthy and The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays living longer by diet, work, and policy exercise. Renaissance Essays! But they do not know besides work, they need to keep their spirit in optimism and love life.

In the modern life, pets become popular with many households. Since, pets are loyal friends. They also support a lot of tutor2u policy things for people life such as. Chimpanzee , Dog , Exotic pet 2458 Words | 7 Pages. The Effects of Owning a Pet There seems to Renaissance and Slave Essays be more of us trying to improve our overall health and well-being.

Discovering new ways to and Orville First Airplane Essay . improve our lives, weather it is emotionally, physically or mentally. Renaissance And Slave Essays! All of which are important to living a healthy life. The Deepwater Horizon In The Essay! In this essay , I will discuss a few of the The Harlem Renaissance and Slave, many benefits of owning a pet . Showing you all the benefits of your furry companion, you have waiting for monetary policy you at and Slave Narratives Essays home. I will begin with how owning a cat or dog has been shown in numerous ways. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Better , Cat 912 Words | 3 Pages. | 2012 | | Macquarie University Tugba SENTURK42980542 | [You decide ESSAY : `should pets be cloned? `] | Tutor` Name: . Prof. Helena NEVALAINEN Tutorial Name: CBMS880- Medical and Molecular Biotechnology | Animal cloning is getting popular by scientists day by day after the The Deepwater Oil Spill in the Essay, success of the sheep Dolly which was the first animal clone in the world. Dolly was created effectively by Roslin Instute scientist in Edinburgh (TechNyou) and she was euthanized when she was six year old due to. Cloned animals , Cloning , Dolly 1477 Words | 4 Pages.

Food! Oh my god I love food, and you can kind of tell. There so many different kinds. I enjoy the The Harlem and Slave Narratives, great satisfaction when Im full. The only thing I dont . really like about food is seeing it in peoples mouths or hearing them chewing on suggests that memories, their food. This is probably one of the Renaissance and Slave, things that irks me the evidence suggests memories are stored in the, most. If you want to make me leave a room, I have just clued you into The Harlem Renaissance Essays a very simple way it can be done.

Once I was at the theaters with my sister and two brothers going to propaganda posters see the movie Battle of Los. Eating , Mastication 604 Words | 2 Pages. people want a pet to accompany with them outside their studying and The Harlem and Slave Narratives Essays working time. Therefore the number of people who have a dog is increased, . and the needs of dog are raised significantly. The economy about pets is paid attention by people. Not only Essay Antithetical in Jane Austen’s, concerned about what they eat, but also about where they live and what kinds of cloth they wear. It becomes a potential marketing in our daily life. There are different kinds of pet kennels, and open variety projects such as pet grooming, pet washing and. Balance sheet , Cost of Renaissance goods sold , Dog 1118 Words | 5 Pages.

Write an Essay Comparing or Contrasting Two Popular Pets. YERSIN UNIVERSITY Department of Foreign Languages Name: Tang Thi Quyen Class: English K7 ESSAY WRITING CAUSE EFFECT ANALYSIS . ESSAY Topic: Write an essay comparing or contrasting a typical Vietnamese family today and arcadia a typical Vietnamese family 50 years ago. OUTLINE I. Introduction Thesis statement: I strongly believe that I had better find helps from other people rather than alone, and consider them carefully before deciding anything by 2 reasons. II. Body 1. Cognition , Decision making , Decision theory 710 Words | 3 Pages.

Lisa Martin English 1101 Essay #4 Cats make the perfect pet I have heard the The Harlem and Slave, old saying that dogs are mans best . friend. I dont know much about dogs, but I do know a lot about cats. I have had a cat as a pet for at least 30 years. They are wonderful and I know I will always have one in my life. I think cats make the perfect pet because they are self sufficient, intelligent, and good companions. The first reason I think that cats make the perfect pet is because they are self. Cat , Cat communication , Cat intelligence 978 Words | 3 Pages. The Problem with Exotic Pets in America. The Problem with Exotic Pets in stoppard America Gilles C. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave Narratives Essays! Haun Sullivan University Abstract Many Americans love to that in the have exotic pets , . not thinking of the consequences of ownership. Right now there is a widespread problem in America: In places such as Florida, numerous types of exotic pets are becoming an invasive species as a result of being released back into the wild.

The Problem with Exotic Pets in America. Exotic pets have always been a concern to The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Essays a variety of people: health care officials who treat. Everglades , Exotic pet , Florida 1462 Words | 4 Pages. not be kept as pets . More and more people every day would rather have an monetary, exotic pet than a domestic animal. The Harlem Narratives! I. German Propaganda! INTRODUCTION . A. Attention getter 1. The Harlem And Slave Narratives! Show pictures of about in Jane Austen’s and Prejudice wild animals. 2. How many of The Harlem and Slave you have ever said you wanted a pet monkey when you were at the zoo last time?

Or imagined how neat it would be to have a tiger sleep at the foot of your bed instead of Wilbur First Airplane just a dog? That all sounds wonderful at first but how many people do you know that have ever had an exotic pet and not regretted. Conservation biology , Dog , Exotic pet 877 Words | 4 Pages. Pet overpopulation is an ongoing crisis and The Harlem Renaissance Essays is a serious issue in every community. Each year thousands of animals must be euthanized and The Deepwater Horizon Gulf put to Renaissance Narratives Essays . sleep because decent homes are not found for them. Abandoned dogs and tutor2u policy cats are free to Narratives Essays roam the streets where they must struggle to survive on their own.

The number is arcadia approximately; 8 million unwanted animals taken into shelters all across the country. Renaissance! Sadly, more than half of short-term memories in the them eventually become euthanized. Shelter euthanasia is the and Slave Narratives, number one cause. AB 1634 , Animal euthanasia , Animal welfare 863 Words | 3 Pages. BENEFITS OF HAVING PETS 1. About Antithetical Love In Jane And Prejudice! Decreases stress In a 2002 study at State University of The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Essays New York at Buffalo, researchers found that when . Wilbur Wright And The First! conducting a stressful task, people experienced less stress when their pets were with them than when a spouse, family member or close friend was nearby. Promises Treatment Centers, which specializes in addiction, not only recommends its patients consider getting a pet , but even allows pets in its rehabilitation facilities, according to The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Dr. David Sack, CEO of Promises. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Blood sugar , Cortisol 1069 Words | 3 Pages.

Exotic Pets COM/156 August 5, 2012 Exotic Pets Some families face the Horizon in the of Mexico, difficult decision of whether or not bringing home . a pet would be a wise choice, and the impact it will make on The Harlem Renaissance Narratives, all the members of the family. Their lives will be changed in many ways for both the pet and the owner, so making the right choice of the type of pet is tutor2u policy crucial for a positive experience. The most popular selection among families is a dog. The Amercian Pet Product Association (APPA) is a leading not-for-profit. Dog , Exotic pet , Ferret 1480 Words | 4 Pages. Pet Therapy 1 Does Pet Therapy Improve the Health of Those Who Use it? English Composition Pet Therapy 2 . This paper reviews the The Harlem, possible beneficial effects pet therapy can have on individuals in The Deepwater Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico Essay both a hospital setting, as well as the The Harlem and Slave, every growing technique of home health care. Pet Therapy is a fairly new and changing technique in The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Gulf of Mexico Essay the health care field. The hope of pet therapy is that during visits to Renaissance Narratives the hospital it will help divert parent and childrens attention during. Dog , Health care , Healthcare 1425 Words | 5 Pages.

Imagine that you are a soft and adorable guinea pig that was born in a pet store from your captured parents. Tutor2u Policy! There, shoppers are banging on The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Essays, the . cage window, trying to monetary wake you up and The Harlem see you running on tutor2u, your hamster wheel, and The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Essays are screaming Look! Cute piggy! When you are purchased, you are transported to a tight, compact cage, believing that you will finally have some peace and quiet, but instead, every day you must endure even more despicable kindergartners. Now, when you were busy imagining that. Caviidae , Dog , Guinea pig 917 Words | 3 Pages. Exotic Pets In todays society, domestic pets are very popular. And The First Airplane Essay! As of 2006, more than 69 million households (63 percent) own at . least one pet (How Many Pets , par.

1). And as the number of domestic pets increases, so does the number of exotic pets . But what exactly are exotic pets and what dangers do they present? Should they be banned because of Essays these dangers? And if so, are all exotic pets dangerous, and arcadia stoppard should they all be banned? Exotic pets are very difficult to define.

An exotic pet is a. Disease , Dog , Exotic pet 1809 Words | 5 Pages. 1) Concept statement A) Description of idea (Features): OUR business idea is to open a pet shop. The purpose of the Pet Shop . is to Renaissance and Slave Essays define the and Orville Wright and the First Essay, minimum standards of accommodation, management and care which are appropriate to the welfare, physical and Renaissance Narratives Essays behavioral needs of german posters pet animals held for sale. Our pet shops generally sell not only a wide range of animals, pet accessories, but also provide foods and treats as well as health and grooming products.

Our shop location is The Harlem and Slave Narratives Essays obviously important. Animal , Pet , Pet store 1004 Words | 5 Pages. Pet Therapy What is Pet Therapy? Pet Therapy is an Wilbur and Orville Wright and the Airplane, area that has received increased attention in Narratives Essays . Stoppard! therapeutic recreation. In recent years, the The Harlem Essays, experts have been relying on pet therapy as a valuable aid in reaching out to the elderly, the infirm, and to ill or abused children through-out the country. Pet Therapy is the commonly used term for animal-assisted therapy (AAT), animal-assisted activities (AAA) and pet visitation. It is Love in Jane Pride and Prejudice also recognized at hospitals around the country as. Dog , Health care , Medicine 1421 Words | 5 Pages. Manufacturing of The Harlem and Slave Essays PET preforms KSIDC PROJECT PROFILE ON MANUFACTURING OF PET PREFORMS Prepared by: Kerala State . Industrial Development Corporation Ltd. September 2012 Manufacturing of PET preforms KSIDC PROJECT PROFILE FOR MANUFACTURING OF PET PREFORMS INTRODUCTION The basic technical and tutor2u monetary financial parameters of a project on the manufacture PET preforms by injection moulding PET bottle grade resin are described in this profile.

This is the first stage in the two stage PET bottle manufacturing. Blow molding , Bottle , Bottled water 784 Words | 4 Pages. Stacey Patitz Pets and Humans: A Sociological Look Rasmussen College Authors Note; This research paper is The Harlem Renaissance and Slave being submitted for Beth . Tutor2u Monetary Policy! Stewarts G142/SYG1000 Section 10 Introduction to Renaissance and Slave Sociology coarse on 2-26-12. Within many cultures throughout the world having pets is a normalcy. Wright And The! From a sociological view, is it symbolic of The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays a love for the animal itself or the Horizon, need to be needed, or to Renaissance and Slave Narratives have something to propaganda posters care for, as with any object a person might own? Some people are more prone to The Harlem Renaissance Narratives these needs. Chimpanzee , Fundamental human needs , Human 1786 Words | 5 Pages.

The Influence of Wilbur and Orville Wright and the Essay Pet Ownership in and Slave Narratives Essays Loneliness The idea of owning pets becomes widely spread nowadays as pets are . promoted as being beneficial to health and companionship. The article The Impact of arcadia Pets on The Harlem Renaissance Essays, Human Health and Psychological Well-Being: Fact, Fiction, or Hyopothesis? by Harold Herzog considers evidence of whether pets contribute to The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Gulf Essay owners psychological and physical health. And Slave Essays! While mentioning pet effect, the author discusses the advantages of owning pets as providing owners a sense. Health , Health care , Human 1423 Words | 4 Pages. INTRODUCTION : * Positron emission tomography, also called PET imaging or a PET scan, is a type of arcadia stoppard nuclear medicine imaging. . * Nuclear medicine is a branch of medical imaging that uses small amounts of radioactive material to diagnose and determine the severity of Renaissance Narratives Essays or treat a variety of diseases, including many types of cancers, heart disease, gastrointestinal, endocrine, neurological disorders and other abnormalities within the body. Because nuclear medicine procedures are able to pinpoint. Medical imaging , Nuclear medicine , Oncology 2295 Words | 7 Pages.

Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the The Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico Essay, definition is vague, overlapping with . those of an article, a pamphlet and a short story. The Harlem And Slave Essays! Essays can consist of about Antithetical Love Austen’s Pride and Prejudice a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of Narratives daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Tutor2u Policy! Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages. How to Write an Argumentative Essay. The Writing Lab D204d http://bellevuecollege.edu/asc/writing 425-564-2200 How to Write an Argumentative Essay An argumentative . essay uses reasoning and evidencenot emotionto take a definitive stand on a controversial or debatable issue. The essay explores two sides of a topic and proves why one side or position is the best. The First Steps Choose a specific issue to Narratives discuss. Some debatable issues cover a wide range of suggests that short-term memories in the topics. For example, legalizing drugs is The Harlem Renaissance Narratives too broad a subject because.

Cat , Dog , Neutering 1602 Words | 5 Pages. thoughts on obtaining an animal from an and Orville Wright First Airplane, animal shelter were, what factors do they look at The Harlem and Slave Essays when choosing a pet , and what are the benefits and . draw backs of adopting an that short-term memories are stored in the, animal from a shelter? Another research question was how the condition of the Renaissance and Slave Narratives, animal shelter affects peoples decision to adopt. We wanted to know if the condition of the tutor2u, shelter deters or helps a persons decision to adopt a pet from them because if it does then it is something that the shelter can work on improving. While these all. Adoption , Animal shelter , Dog 2698 Words | 7 Pages. probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in any class. An essay is a literary composition that expresses a . certain idea, claim, or concept and The Harlem backs it up with supporting statements. About Antithetical Love In Jane Austen’s And Prejudice! It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and a conclusion (summary of statements and support).

English and literature teachers use them on a regular basis, but essays are required in many other types of classes. Essay exams are also a. Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages. Name: Period: Due date: Persuasive writing/ Pet Peeve essay 9A Assignment: Write a pet . peeve essay related to frustrating habits and activities that particularly annoy you. Sample format- 1. The Harlem Renaissance! Describe the evidence, annoyance in a little story. 2. Identify things you have done to remedy it. The Harlem And Slave Narratives! 3. Indicate whether or not the remedies have worked. 4. Make some closing remarksperhaps a final solution to the problem. Wilbur And Orville And The Essay! Subject: Your choice Purpose: To express displeasure about a particular annoyance or inconvenience. Casserole , Chicken , Essay 2036 Words | 6 Pages. disquisition, monograph; More 2. formal an attempt or effort. a misjudged essay synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, . Essays! trial, experiment, undertaking his first essay in telecommunications a trial design of a postage stamp yet to are stored be accepted. verbformal verb: essay ; 3rd person present: essays ; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying e?sa/ 1. attempt or try. essay a smile Origin late 15th century (as a verb in the sense test the.

Definition , Essay , Gerund 608 Words | 4 Pages. Positron Emission Tomography (Pet Scan) refers you for a PET scan, you will be introduced to a fairly new medical imaging technique. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave Narratives! Since this emerging modality is so new, a lot of Wilbur and Orville Wright Airplane Essay . the general public is not aware of what a PET scan exactly is. This essay will help explain the concept of this modality and the characteristics of it that allow doctors to and Slave Narratives Essays diagnose and First Airplane manage the Renaissance and Slave Narratives, proper care for tutor2u policy some of The Harlem Renaissance and Slave today's most devastating medical conditions known to man. Positron emission tomography, also called PET imaging or a PET scan, is a diagnostic. Alzheimer's disease , Medical imaging , Neuroimaging 1578 Words | 4 Pages. ?An expository essay is a piece of writing where the monetary, writer presents opinions, points of view, ideas, concepts, arguments on a particular . topic. It is usually a formal piece of writing with an introduction, a discussion, and a conclusion. Ang isang nagpapaliwanag sanaysay ay isang piraso ng pagsulat kung saan ang manunulat nagtatanghal ng mga opinyon, punto ng view, mga ideya, konsepto, argumento sa isang partikular na paksa.

Ito ay karaniwang isang pormal na piraso ng pagsulat na may isang panimula. Article , Essay , Essays 2149 Words | 10 Pages. Exotic Pets The problem with exotic pet ownership has been escalating over the years, especially in the last ten to The Harlem Renaissance Narratives fifteen . years alone. Many state governments in the last couple years have been trying to pass laws and different measures to deal with this issues such as an Ohio lawmaker that is proposing a new law that would ban people from owning most exotic animals starting in 2014 (Weekly Reader News Addition) and in Tennessee where lawmakers pitch new exotic ownership rules which would ban. Everglades , Exotic pet , Florida 1037 Words | 3 Pages. Semester 1, 2013 Assessment Task 2:Critical Essay IDEAS in suggests that short-term MANAGEMENT Writing instructions and Marking Rubric This assessment task is The Harlem and Slave . an ESSAY . The RMIT College of Business requires you to use a particular style of essay writing which involves both the way the essay is structured and the way that you acknowledge other peoples ideas used in your work. The structuring of an essay is very clearly described in the RMIT Study and Learning Centre Essay Writing Skills Online Tutorial available. Article , Citation , Critical thinking 807 Words | 3 Pages. ? Essay Instructions You will write 4 essays (double spaced, 12-point Times New Roman font). The first essay must . be 1,0001,200 words, and the following essays must be 7501,000 words each. Essay one corresponds to evidence that short-term memories are stored in the the essay one prompt as listed below.

Essay two corresponds with the essay two prompt, etc. through all four essays . Each essay is a separate assignment. The Harlem And Slave! In completing each essay , research must be conducted through 24 peer-reviewed, scholarly sources in addition to the Bible and the. Bible , Religious text 990 Words | 3 Pages. Bankers Adda How to Wright First Airplane write Essay in SBI PO Exam? Dear readers, as you know that SBI PO 2014 Paper will also contain a Descriptive Test of . 50 marks (1 hour duration), which will consist of English Language Comprehension, Short Precis, Letter Writing Essay ). So, here we are presenting you How to write Essay ? and few points to remember while writing an essay in the exam, which will be important for upcoming SBI PO exam. The Harlem Essays! How to write an essay ? 1. Analyze the Oil Spill in the Gulf Essay, prompt. Note exactly what.

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What is the Best Font for Renaissance Essays a Resume (+10 Examples Tips) What are the arcadia stoppard, best fonts for a resume? Well, the best resume fonts are those that are easy to The Harlem and Slave Narratives read. That’s the bottom line. If you use a common resume font that’s easy to read, you win. That’s all you have to do. No, there are no magical font that will get you more interviews.

Some typefaces do seem to german propaganda posters have a psychological impact on the reader. Would you like to know which great resume fonts can make you seem more truthful or professional? Of course, you would. In this article you will find: The best resume fonts compared to and Slave the worst. Beautiful examples of how the best resume fonts look. Pros and cons for each recommended resume font to make your decision easier. Wilbur And The Essay! Psychological tips on Renaissance and Slave, standard fonts to use on a resume.

Are you writing a resume for the first time? Or are you a professional who could use some tips on how to german propaganda posters make a resume stand out? Either way, we've got you covered. Read our full guide: How To Create A Resume: A Step-By-Step Guide (+30 Examples) 20 Samples of the Worst and Best Resume Fonts. Let’s start with Calibri. Microsoft replaced Times New Roman with Calibri as the default font for Word in 2007. So, when you write your resume in Word without changing the font you’re using Calibri. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave Narratives! And there’s nothing wrong with that. Pro: As a default font, Calibri will not get messed up when a hiring manager opens your resume files. Plus it’s a professional and easy-to-read font.

Con: As a default font, many other job seekers will also use Calibri. That means your resume might not stand out from the others. If you want a less common font, put some thought into selecting one instead of going with what you’re given. Webdings isn’t even a font. German Propaganda Posters! It’s a typeface that uses pictures instead of letters. So, unless you’re trying to send a secret message, there is no occasion to ever use Webdings on your resume.

Want to know the secret to writing a resume that gets your professional message across loud and clear? Have you heard of The Harlem and Slave opening with a resume summary? If not, then you should read our guide: How To Write A Resume Summary: 21 Best Examples You Will See Two Swiss designers created Helvetica. And they named the typeface after the Latin word for Switzerland, “Helvetia.” There are those that say Helvetica is the best font for a resume. Helvetica is a pretty, easy-to-read sans serif font. The only problem is that Helvetica is stoppard not free. You aren’t going to find it listed under fonts in Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays Microsoft Word.

You are going to Essay in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice have to buy it if you want to use it and don’t have a Mac. Pro: A lot of professionals rank Helvetica as one of the more beautiful Sans Serif fonts. What are Sans Serif fonts? Sans Serif fonts are those that do not have the Renaissance and Slave Essays, feet on letters like the “T” in stoppard Times New Roman. Narratives Essays! Designers describe them as fresh, modern, and Wright Airplane, good for resumes. Both the New York City metro and major corporations like BMW use Helvetica for their signs. Con: Helvetica only comes preloaded on Macs. Otherwise, you have to buy the Renaissance and Slave, font to use it.

A Bloomberg article attacked Courier as one of the worst resume fonts. That’s because Courier screams: “ I want my resume to look like I wrote it on a typewriter! ” You are not Jack Kerouac. Evidence Suggests That Short-term Are Stored! You did not sit down and write your entire resume in one go on a typewriter. (If you did, you might want to consider rewriting your resume.) So, your resume shouldn’t look like you wrote it on a typewriter. Luckhurst is also one of those that believes Helvetica is the most beautiful font for resumes. The Harlem! That’s for Essay Antithetical in Jane Pride and Prejudice you to decide. If you want your resume to look professional, it's better to The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays spend time choosing the right resume format.

Do you know which resume format is best for you? Find out by and Orville Essay reading our guide: 3 Resume Formats: How To Choose The Best One [Examples] Arial looks like Helvetica. So much so that the Renaissance Essays, main difference seems to be that Arial is free. Plus it’s a very standard typeface that’s easy and comfortable to german propaganda posters read. Pro: Arial is the The Harlem Renaissance Narratives, default font for Google Docs. It’s also a standard font for Microsoft Word which means it will show up on most computers.

Con: If you’re looking for a modern resume font that’s going to stand out a little bit, Arial isn’t it. You might want to posters go with Garamond or other less obvious fonts. Or you might want to just pay for Helvetica. Yes, I shouldn’t have to tell anyone to avoid Comic Sans. Comic Sans is for and Slave writing the monetary, dialogue that appears in the speech bubbles of The Harlem and Slave Narratives Essays comic books. Propaganda! It was not designed for serious documents. That’s why it has become the font that other fonts push down on the playground. With that said, it’s pretty obvious why you should never, ever use it on your resume. But what should you put on Renaissance and Slave Essays, a resume? Are you sure you aren't forgetting anything? Just in Antithetical Love in Jane Austen’s and Prejudice case you want to The Harlem Essays find out, read our guide: What To Put On A Resume To Make It Perfect [Tips Examples] Georgia is the Wilbur First Airplane Essay, font used by the New York Times online.

It’s also used by Yahoo, Amazon, and Twitter. The designers wanted to create a font that’s easy to read online, making it ideal if you plan to send your resume as a PDF. Pro: You can find Georgia across writing platforms. Con: Georgia is and Slave accessible and a fine replacement font for Times New Roman. That may lead many other job seekers to use Georgia. So, again, if you want to First Essay stand out and Slave you might want to go with something else. Now, there are no rules about Essay about Love in Jane Pride and Prejudice not using Times New Roman. In fact, it is the most standard resume font. But that’s why you might want to and Slave Narratives Essays avoid it. Imagine you’re the hiring manager. Tutor2u Monetary! You’re scanning one resume after another in Times New Roman.

Then you come across a resume written in Georgia. It’s a similar font, but it's just different enough to Renaissance and Slave Narratives be refreshing. Evidence In The! You might actually favor the resume written in Georgia for The Harlem and Slave Narratives that simple fact alone. That’s why Georgia is one of the best fonts for a resume. The Deepwater In The Of Mexico Essay! It’s just refreshing enough to outshine resumes using standard fonts like Times New Roman.

Want to know another refreshing resume secret? Add hobbies and interests to your resume to show off a bit of your personality. Don't believe me? Read our guide: +20 Best Examples Of Hobbies Interests To Put On A Resume (5 Tips) Matthew Carter created Verdana over at Microsoft. He designed the font so that it is easy to read in and Slave Essays small print on Wilbur and Orville and the Airplane, computer screens. While he named it after his daughter Anna, the Renaissance and Slave Essays, font is not as well-loved as that little girl. Yet, Verdana remains a good choice for digital versions of stoppard resumes.

Pro: Great for job seekers who need to squeeze more onto and Slave Essays, their resumes. Especially if you know the hiring manager is going to read it online and evidence short-term memories, not in The Harlem and Slave Narratives Essays print. Con: If you’re looking for Wilbur Wright and the a “wow” resume font, keep looking. Verdana doesn’t look all that different from Arial and Arial looks like Helvetica. In 2010, Ikea ditched a personalized version of The Harlem and Slave Narratives Futura in favor of Verdana. The Ikea catalog is the third most printed document after the Bible and german propaganda, Harry Potter. The Harlem And Slave! The Swedish furniture company felt that it was time to bridge the gap between digital and print. So, they chose Verdana. Futura looks good in print, but it can cause some hiccups for readers trying to consume text-heavy documents online.

The Ikea Verdanagate controversy pit older aesthetic fonts against more practical modern fonts. Arcadia Stoppard! (Futura is from the 1920’s) Let’s say you do need a versatile font like Verdana that will look good both on and Slave Narratives, your PDF and print resume. Just think about it. Ikea is a master at are stored in the, maximizing the use of minimized space. A good trick for Renaissance Essays resume writers. Maybe that translates to The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the of Mexico Essay their choice of font? You be the judge. Having trouble squeezing information onto your resume? How long should a resume be in the first place? Find out The Harlem and Slave everything you need to know about resume length in our dedicated guide: How Long Should A Resume Be? Everything You Need To Know Garamond is a font with a long history.

I won’t bore you with the details. But, Garamond fonts come from 15th and 16th-century designs. Why is that important? Well, at Essay about Love in Jane and Prejudice, its age, Garamond is timeless. And a timeless font is a good resume font.

Claude Garamond was a French punchcutter and Essays, lived from 1480 to 1561. His designs formed the basis for monetary the Adobe version of Garamond. Later, Jean Jannon designed a typeface that most other digital versions of Garamond resemble. Regardless of the version, Garamond commands respect and charms its admirers. Pro: Among those who make it their business to know about The Harlem Essays fonts, Garamond is a favorite. It’s classy. Plus, Garamond meets all the requirements of a good resume font. Easy to read? Check.

Attractive? Check. Not something everyone and their mom uses? Check. Con: The Harry Potter books - Garamond. It’s just a magical font. I guess there are those who could say that Garamond is so timeless that it might make your resume feel dated. Okay, so you want an old school, classic looking font.

That’s why Garamond is great. It’s French. It’s old. It’s classy. Fake Ancient Egyptian chic isn’t the tutor2u, answer. Renaissance And Slave Essays! Papyrus may be a great font for Austen’s Pride The Return of the Mummy , but it’s not a great font for Narratives Essays your resume.

It’s just as kitsch and childish as Comic Sans. Avoid it. Instead, add accomplishments to your resume. Adding achievements to your resume is the fastest way to german posters make it classy. Don't know how? Need ideas? We've got you covered: Achievements To Put On A Resume - Complete Guide (+30 Examples) Unlike Garamond, Proxima Nova is The Harlem Narratives a modern font. Mark Simonson created the font as late as 2005. Proxima Nova is for tutor2u you if you’d rather go for a sleek, modern resume font. It’s the font of choice for websites like Buzzfeed, Mashable, and Flickr. Pro: You don’t have to buy Proxima Nova if you’re using Google docs to make your resume.

Con: Proxima Nova is The Harlem and Slave not a Microsoft Word font. Wilbur And Orville First Airplane Essay! So, if that’s the program you’re using to make your resume, you can’t use Proxima Nova unless you buy it. Want to go with the opposite of modern? Why not Trajan? Trajan’s designer had had Roman inscriptions in mind when he made the font for The Harlem Essays Adobe. The font is all in caps, with no lowercase letters. Of Mexico Essay! So, using Trajan may make you feel like the Caesar of resumes.

But, it will just make your resume look like a Steven Spielberg movie poster. Leading with an outdated resume objective will also make your resume look bad. Read our guide to find out how to The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays write a modern resume objective that will land you a job: +20 Resume Objective Examples - Use Them On Your Resume (Tips) Lukasz Dziedzic, a Polish typeface designer, created Lato. It’s an open source font which means you can download and use it for free. Dziedzic was designing the font for a large corporate client in the beginning. Wright And The First Essay! That’s why the typeface has both serious and friendly qualities. He said the dual nature of the Renaissance Essays, font gave it the “feeling of the summer.” He named the font Lato, which is the Polish word for summer. Pro: Lato is a corporate font.

So, you can rest assured that it will work well on your resume. Con: Lato is Essay Antithetical Love in Jane and Prejudice not a standard Microsoft Word font. That might mean that it will not load when some hiring managers open your resume. Let’s say you want to go for something more personal and less corporate. Wouldn’t a font that looks like handwriting work well? No. You should personalize many aspects of the The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Essays, job-seeking process. Tailor your resume to the job description or write a personal email to the hiring manager. But don’t choose a popular resume font that looks handwritten. They’re kitschy and german propaganda posters, unprofessional like that picture of and Slave dogs playing poker. Don't know how to tailor your resume to a job description?

It's one of the best things you can do for your resume. Read our full guide to find out how to tailor your resume: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description In an experiment for the New York Times, writer Errol Morris made a quiz to see if fonts changed the way people respond to information. The quiz was a true or false question presented in stoppard several different fonts. The Harlem And Slave! Takers were told that their answers would let them know if they were optimists or pessimists. The results showed that Baskerville inspired people to select “true” more often. Pro: Hiring managers may find your resume more truthful if you use Baskerville. Con: Baskerville, like Garamond and Didot, is an older font and can give your resume a dated look. If you’re applying for a job in a startup, choosing a hipper font might have more impact. Speaking of stoppard impact Okay, so most of these preferred resume fonts are boring and common.

Let’s go for Renaissance and Slave Narratives something with impact. Hey, isn’t there a font called Impact? Why, yes. But you can’t use it on your resume. Because Impact is a bold font that’s difficult to read in The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf the body of a resume. So, if you want to The Harlem and Slave Essays make an impact, don’t use impact as a font. Making an impact on Love Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, a resume is about putting all the right skills in The Harlem Renaissance Essays all the right places.

Need to know what skills are the best for resumes? Read our guide: +30 Best Examples Of What Skills To Put On A Resume (Proven Tips) Didot is an elegant font designed by Firmin Didot just before the French Revolution. Didot is not as old and classic as Garamond. But it was born during the Enlightenment and the reign of Marie Antoinette. So, it’s a good font for dressing up your resume.

At the same time, many professionals associate the font with fashion. Fashion brands like Ralph Lauren and Marks Spencer use Didot on their websites. So, keep in mind that there is a time and place for Didot. You don’t want your resume to suffer the same fate as Marie Antoinette. Only use Didot under the propaganda posters, right circumstances. Pro: Elegant font design that qualifies as the safest choice if you must go with something fancy. Con: You must buy Didot if you want to use it on your resume. That’s the The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays, biggest drawback and the reason why we’ve put it last on The Deepwater Oil Spill in the Gulf, our list of fonts. Also, Didot works best for fashion industry resumes. Try something a little less ball gown and Renaissance and Slave, a little more business casual for corporate resumes.

Villain Font: Vivaldi (Or any other swoopy, cursive font) Ask yourself. Would this font look great on my wedding invitations? Or would Heathcliff find my love letters more romantic if I used this font? If you answer “yes” to The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Essay either question when choosing a font, then you shouldn’t use it for your resume. That’s because fancy, cursive fonts are difficult to read. The Harlem Renaissance! And “hard to read font” translates to “bad resume font.” So, do not use fonts like Vivaldi under any circumstances. If it must be fancy, make it Didot. Pro Tip: Remember that different fonts are easier to read on screen and in Essay Antithetical Love Austen’s Pride print. Make sure you choose a font that works both ways. Print out a copy of your resume to Renaissance make sure.

Also, when choosing a font size for a resume keep it between 10-12 points . Making your resume font size smaller just to smash in extra information is a big no-no. Choosing a proper resume font is all about making sure your resume is Wilbur and Orville Wright and the Essay easy on the eyes of The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays whoever is reading it. You’ll also want to make sure that you’re using a universal font. Are Stored In The! One that will open on and Slave Narratives Essays, every computer and appease Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. There is some psychology behind how fonts work on the subconscious. About In Jane Pride And Prejudice! That said, in the world of Renaissance and Slave Essays professional resume fonts, readability is king. Have a perfect resume font that didn’t make our list but got you your last job? Share it with us in the comments. Natalie is a writer at Uptowork.

She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.

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18 Free Massage Therapist Resume Samples. Massage therapy has been used for thousands of years by The Harlem Narratives Essays, different cultures around the world. It is a practice that has become more and more popular over the years. The field of massage therapy continues to grow, and is expected to The Deepwater Horizon Gulf Essay have continued growth into the future. The Harlem And Slave. It is that are stored, estimated that there are 280,000 to 320,000 massage therapists and massage school students in the U.S.

It is predicted that the The Harlem Essays, field will continue to Essay grow by 20% over Narratives the next decade. One reason for the continued growth in the field is that medical professionals are now seeing results from clinical studies that indicate that using massage therapy is good for your health . It is arcadia, no longer seen as just a luxury. Massage is now being used in a number of Renaissance and Slave Narratives, clinical areas for treatment of medical problems such as asthma, anxiety, bronchitis, headaches, allergies, sports injuries, and in patients with joint and muscle diseases like arthritis and fibromyalgia. It is also used in of Mexico cancer treatment centers as well postoperatively, to ease withdrawal symptoms from alcohol, and to reduce heart rate and blood pressure. There are many more positive health benefits of massage. In society today, people are becoming more aware of the importance of taking care of themselves and Renaissance Essays their health . They are more apt to german propaganda posters seek massage therapy for managing pain, increasing energy, lowering stress levels, and and Slave Essays managing other symptoms created by various physical and emotional disorders. Massage therapists help people feel better and arcadia stoppard they have many different ways to deliver the relief. Currently, there are over 200 types of massage methods, each using various techniques.

A few of the most popular types of massage are Swedish, deep tissue, and sports massage. Other types include trigger point, shiatsu, acupressure, hot stone, and reflexology. The Harlem Renaissance Essays. Massage therapists often become experts in Antithetical Love Austen’s Pride several different modalities so they can offer more to Narratives their clients. There are newer forms of massage that are growing in about Antithetical Love Austen’s Pride and Prejudice popularity, too, such as #8220;Watsu#8221; or water shiatsu. The Harlem Renaissance Essays. This type of massage occurs in water. Massage therapists typically confer with their clients before treatment to determine what type of massage is best for each individual client, as different massages are used depending on the client#8217;s condition and desires.

Size: 33 KB Downloads: 3470 Download: zip and docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3288. For remedial massage therapists, this basic chronological resume showcases skills in diagnostics and evidence that memories in the treatment determination. The focus is on describing the techniques you have applied in real-world situations and the progress for clients suffering from Renaissance Narratives Essays various ailments. Like many professions, massage therapists must be trained and arcadia licensed . Requirements vary greatly by state. To obtain a license, most states require massage therapists to complete a formal training program and pass an examination. College and university programs typically require a minimum of The Harlem Renaissance Narratives, 500 hours of training. The Deepwater Oil Spill In The Essay. Some programs provide a general overview of the field, while others may offer specializations in and Slave Essays different areas. For students interested in running their own business, business courses are available. Massage therapists are employed in various types of environments . Some work in private physician#8217;s offices, nursing homes, or hospitals.

Others are employed by salons or spas, fitness centers, shopping malls, hotels and resorts, and cruise ships. Some offer the suggests that memories in the, flexibility of traveling to clients#8217; homes or offices to provide massages, others have private offices and have the convenience of working out of their homes. Massage therapists can work full-time or part-time . The amount that they make depends on The Harlem Renaissance and Slave, how many hours they work, and how many clients they work on. Due to the physical demands of massage, full-time is tutor2u policy, defined as 17 or more hours of actual massage a week. Additional time is usually spent on things like billing, scheduling, housekeeping, and The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Essays marketing, to name a few. On average, salary estimates for a full-time massage therapist in 2013 are approximately $35,000 to $45,000 per year . However, many professionals only work on a part-time basis and monetary policy do not make quite as much. Massage therapy is a customer service-oriented field . Massage specialists work directly with all sorts of Renaissance, clients, and many people are initially a bit hesitant and uncomfortable with the process of massage therapy. To be a successful massage therapist, it is Wilbur and the Essay, important to have compassion, as well as good listening and communication skills.

Providing a calming and relaxing environment is essential. Renaissance And Slave Essays. Clients expect to feel relaxed and at ease when receiving a massage. Evidence That Short-term In The. As noted earlier, physical stamina is also important. Massage therapists stand for The Harlem and Slave, very long periods of time in order to perform massages. Essay Antithetical Love. They also need to be able to lift approximately 50 pounds as they are constantly moving and lifting different parts of the body while performing massages.

A career in massage therapy provides the opportunity to help others in Narratives a caring and positive way. With it also comes flexibility and stability. With increasing demands for more massage therapists in the near future, it is a perfect choice for someone who is looking for Essay Antithetical in Jane, a career where the rewards are both personal and professional. Renaissance. This hybrid resume is for Love Pride, a massage therapist with a decade of experience in The Harlem and Slave Narratives Essays the industry, a broad range of knowledge, and professional qualities. It emphasizes both the therapist's list of acquired skillsincluding ancillary skills related to operating a massage businessas well as a long and steady work history. Size: 32 KB Downloads: 3093 Filename: Experienced-Massage-Therapist.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3262. General Licensed Massage Therapist. If you're a licensed massage therapist with a work history and arcadia qualifications that are enviable, consider this combination resume. That skills and The Harlem Narratives Essays qualifications are listed first and show the applicant's proficiency in a various massage therapy techniques as well as concern for Antithetical Pride and Prejudice, patients' well being. Also featured is the Renaissance and Slave Essays, list of professional experiences, which highlight the therapist's extensive therapeutic expertise.

Size: 37 KB Downloads: 2193 Filename: General-Licensed-Massage-Therapist.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3270. This progressive resume expresses the therapist's ability with both different massage techniques and german propaganda posters operational skills. The latter includes not only and Slave Essays, building and keeping clientele, but also preparing reports, keeping confidential files, and cleaning and sterilization of massage rooms. This resume projects a strong image of the candidate's work ethic and advancement potential. Size: 34 KB Downloads: 1798 Filename: Licensed-Massage-Therapist.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3278. For a registered massage therapist, this chronological resume focuses on the many years of about Love in Jane Austen’s and Prejudice, experience the applicant has in The Harlem Renaissance Essays the industry. It lists the techniques used in previous positions, and includes an arcadia, interest in the alternative medicine of psychodynamic psychotherapy. Size: 35 KB Downloads: 1132 Filename: Private-Practice-Therapist.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3280. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave Essays. Recent Graduate Massage Therapist. If you're a new graduate of massage training programs, then you should consider using a functional resume like this. The emphasis is on the techniques learned in school and the candidate's preparedness for professional life.

The work history shows comfort dealing with the public and arcadia stoppard highlights the candidate's achievements, but is relegated to the end of the resume because it is not relevant to the industry. Renaissance And Slave. Size: 37 KB Downloads: 2613 Filename: Recent-Graduate-Massage-Therapist.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3282. That Memories In The. This professional, functional resume is for Renaissance and Slave Narratives, a massage therapist with limited or inconsistent work history, but with an extensive knowledge of the field and an impressive list of qualifications. The focus is on skills, expertise, and bedside manner. Employment history isn't included.

Size: 45 KB Downloads: 1455 Filename: Registered-Massage-Therapist.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3284. If you want your resume to emphasize your bedside manner, then this style is for you! The emphasis in this chronological resume is on the patients' needs. Unlike other resumes, the different techniques used by in the Gulf of Mexico Essay, the therapist are not gone into in depth, but instead the resume states the kinds of clients helped. The implication in this kind of delivery is of a capable therapist who puts the needs of her clients first. Size: 32 KB Downloads: 1087 Filename: Relaxology-Massage-Therapist.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3286.

Student Massage Clinic Coordinator. This chronological resume adds a little color to its professional style, which can help it stand out in appearance from others in the stack. It was created for a recent graduate of massage therapy whose only The Harlem Renaissance Narratives, previous experience was in a work-study program. The emphasis is degrees and certifications earned, and GPA. Size: 31 KB Downloads: 968 Filename: Student-Massage-Clinic-Coordinator.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3290. Arcadia. Experienced Therapist With Skills In Sales And Marketing.

If part of your expertise is in the operations of a massage therapy clinic, then you should check out Renaissance and Slave Essays, this functional resume. Sales, client relations, and office management are all highlighted, showing your potential employer that you know there is more to running a business than was taught in Horizon Oil Spill of Mexico Shiatsu class. While employment history is left out, daily responsibilities pertaining to The Harlem Essays client and prospective client contacts are detailed. Size: 34 KB Downloads: 944 Filename: Experienced-Therapist-with-skills-in-Sales-and-Marketing.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3264. Full Time Massage Therapist In Spa Or Clinic. With section headers colored differently from the rest of the resume, resume is memorable but professional. Educational institutions attended, certificates earned, and honors received for high performance are emphasized, as are skills developed in training. Duties performed during limited employment are detailed more extensively than on resumes with longer work histories. Essay Pride. Size: 39 KB Downloads: 1191 Filename: Full-time-Massage-Therapist-in-Spa-or-Clinic.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3268. Generic Licensed Massage Therapist. This combination resume focuses on professional strengths and special areas of expertise.

Work history is included but listed second. Specialty skills in business development are featured, making this a strong resume option for The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays, candidates aspiring to junior management and sales or sales management roles. Size: 123 KB Downloads: 938 Filename: Generic-Licensed-Massage-Therapist.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3272. Experienced Wellness Center Massage Therapist. Applicants who've owned and The Deepwater in the Gulf Essay operated their own massage clinic, but who find themselves applying to other businesses, should consider this resume template. It begins with a description of the candidate's strengths before listing her work history chronologically. This technique allows the The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays, candidate to german show her own selectivity in The Harlem and Slave choosing a new work environment, as well as her history as an Wright and the First Essay, owner and operator of a massage clinic.

The resume features the applicant's interest in performing high value-added tasks, and goals reflecting commitment to The Harlem and Slave Narratives exemplary accomplishments in client retention. Size: 35 KB Downloads: 904 Filename: Experienced-Wellness-Center-Massage-Therapist.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3266. The straightforward presentation of this resume allows the applicant to show off her depth of knowledge and range of skills. Arcadia. By providing a summary of Narratives Essays, qualifications, listing the applicant's skills, and finally showing a steady work history, this hybrid resume packs a depth of experience onto a single page. Candidates seeking lead positions will benefit from the dense style of this template, as well as the examples it uses, which are elevated management and marketing support tasks. Size: 46 KB Downloads: 882 Filename: Lead-Massage-Therapist.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3276. Generic Therapeutic Massage Therapy.

This ultra-contemporary presentation follows today's preferred format of the Essay about in Jane, chronological resume. Information is given as succinctly as possible, in a bulleted list, and limited to employment background. Note the well-measured use of white space and variations on and Slave, a single font. This resume style is best for applicants with strong work history. Size: 33 KB Downloads: 1100 Filename: Generic-Therapeutic-Massage-Therapy.docx Uploaded: 2013-10-20 12:48:00 / 3274. Massage Therapist Resume Without Experience. By cleverly listing qualifications, this resume presents the newcomer to the field as an efficient candidate who will bring fresh perspectives to the therapeutic massage industry.

The bold approach of this all-centered, streamlined resume makes an impression for the candidate that her scant work experience cannot. Emphasis is on education, skills learned, and monetary policy applicable natural talents. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave Narratives Essays. Size: 183 B Downloads: 1001 Filename: massage-therapist-resume-without-experience.docx Uploaded: 2015-08-25 05:38:00 / 8261. Massage Therapist Rehabilitation Center. This polished resume stands out with space for a customizable image. Emphasis is on communication, skills required to The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the of Mexico Essay guide clients through rehabilitative programs, and analysis of clients#039; therapeutic needs. Maintenance of organizational systems and proficiencies in therapeutic treatments are also emphasized. Users of this template should ensure that a personal photo will be welcomed by the company before submitting it. Size: 186 KB Downloads: 1167 Filename: Massage-Therapist-Rehabilitation-Center.docx Uploaded: 2015-08-25 05:44:00 / 8265. In this hybrid resume template, the applicant shows his massage therapy degree, lists his employment history in the industry, and provides a summary of relevant skills. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave. With his employment dates prominently justified to the left and work experiences with hanging indents, this style of resume would be best for people who have worked for about in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, leaders in their industry and who have steady work histories.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 761 Filename: therapeutic-massages-specialist.docx Uploaded: 2015-08-25 05:50:00 / 8268. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST. 2017 Bold Limited. All rights reserved. POWERED BY BOLD.

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Essay on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Read this essay to learn about Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Introduction to FDI 2. Concept of FDI 3. Foreign Portfolio Investment 4. Raison detre 5. Benefits 6. Selection 7. Negative Impact 8. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave Narratives Essays! Types 9. Theories 10. Patterns 11. Policy Framework 12. Promotion 13. FDI Trends in India. Essay on the Introduction to FDI Essay on the Concept of FDI Essay on Foreign Portfolio Investment in Wright and the Airplane Essay comparison to FDI Essay on Raison detre for FDI Essay on the Benefits of FDI Essay on the Selection of FDI Destinations Essay on the Negative Impact of Foreign Direct Investment Essay on Renaissance and Slave, the Types of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Essay on the Theories of Foreign Direct Investment Essay on the Patterns of FDI Essay on the Policy Framework to Promote Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Essay on the Promotion of Foreign Direct Investment in India(FDI) Essay on FDI Trends in The Deepwater Horizon of Mexico Essay India. International trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) are the two most important international economic activities integrating the world economy. The Harlem Essays! With the The Deepwater Oil Spill in the of Mexico increase in the mobility of factors of The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays production across countries, FDI has become an arcadia, integral part of a firms strategy to expand international business.

FDI is the largest source of The Harlem Renaissance Narratives external finance for developing countries. At present, inward stock of german propaganda FDI amounts to Renaissance Essays about one-third of the developing countries gross domestic product (GDP), compared to merely 10 per cent in 1980. FDI plays a crucial role in the development process of host economies. It also has a significant role in enhancing exports of the host country. It is estimated that the sales from foreign-owned facilities are about double the value of evidence suggests that in the world trade. FDI not only Renaissance and Slave, serves as a source of capital inflow into host economies, but also helps to enhance the tutor2u monetary policy competitiveness of the domestic economy through transferring technology, strengthen­ing infrastructure, raising productivity, and generating new employment opportunities. FDI has often been viewed as a threat by host countries due to the capacity of transnational investing firms to influence economic and political affairs.

Many developing countries often fear FDI as a modern form of economic colonialism and exploitation, similar to their previous unpleasant experiences with colonial powers. Yet, FDI flows are generally preferred to other forms of external finance because these are non-debt creating, non-volatile, and the returns depend on the performance of the project financed by the investors. FDI is considered superior to other types of capital flows due to various reasons: i. Firms entering a host country through FDI have a long-term perspective in contrast to foreign lenders and portfolio investors. Therefore, FDI flows are less volatile and The Harlem and Slave Narratives easier to sustain at the time of economic crisis. ii. Debt inflows may finance consumption whereas FDI is more likely to be used to improve productivity. iii. Since FDI provides more than just capital by offering access to internationally available technologies, management know-how, and marketing skills, it is likely to have a strong impact on economic growth. A firm has to about Pride evaluate various options to cater to foreign markets and select the most appropriate mode of international business expansion.

Geographical distances of markets or resources, especially for low-value products, make it more attractive to Essays get into manufacturing operations overseas. Tutor2u Policy! In addition, the firm has to carry out a risk benefit analysis of licensing vis-a-vis ownership for its international operations. A foreign firm investing in India should understand the institutional and regulatory framework for investment promotion in India. In simple terms, FDI means acquiring ownership in an overseas business entity. It is the movement of capital across national frontiers, which gives the investor control over the assets acquired. FDI occurs when an investor based in one country (the home country) acquires an asset in another country (the host country) with the intent to manage it.

It is the management dimension that distinguishes FDI from portfolio investment in foreign stocks and other financial instruments. Conceptually, a firm becomes a multinational corporation (MNC) by way of FDI as its operations extend to multiple countries. FDI is The Harlem Renaissance Narratives defined as an investment involving a long-term relationship and reflecting a lasting interest and control by a resident enterprise (foreign direct investor or parent enterprise) in suggests memories one economy in an enterprise (FDI enterprise or affiliate enterprise or foreign affiliate) resident in an economy other than that of the foreign direct investor. For acquiring substantial controlling interest, generally 10 per cent or more equity is to be acquired in the foreign firm. The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays! The lasting interest implies the existence of a long- term relationship between the direct investor and the enterprise wherein a significant degree of influence is exerted by the investor in the management of the direct investment enterprise. Direct investment enterprise refers to an incorporated enterprise in which a foreign investor owns 10 per cent or more of the ordinary shares of voting power or an unincorporated enterprise in which a foreign investor has equivalent ownership. Ownership of 10 per cent of the ordinary shares or voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship. These are either directly or indirectly owned by the direct investor. Wilbur And Orville Wright And The First! The definition of direct investment enterprise extends to the branches and subsidiaries of the direct investor. FDI is characterized by decreased sensitivity to fluctuations in foreign exchange rates. The Harlem Narratives Essays! Since FDI is the result of a long-term perspective by the investor, it is much less volatile than foreign portfolio investment.

It has been reported that most FDI (i.e., more than 90%) leads to intra-corporate trade at international level. The returns of arcadia stoppard FDI are generally in The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays form of propaganda posters profit, i.e., retained earnings, profits, dividends, royalty payments, management fees, etc. Essay # 3. Foreign Portfolio Investment in The Harlem Essays comparison to monetary FDI : Foreign portfolio investment (FPI) is defined as an investment by individuals, firms, or a public body in foreign financial instruments, such as foreign stocks, government bonds, etc. In FPl, the Renaissance equity stake in the foreign business entity is not significant enough to exert any management control. Thus, FPI is the arcadia stoppard passive holding of securities and other financial assets by a foreign firm, which does not entail management control of the issuing firm.

High rate of and Slave Narratives returns and mitigation of risks due to geographical diversification positively influence FPL Thus, FPI is evidence suggests that short-term memories in the passive whereas FDI is active. The returns in the case of FPI are generally in the form of non-voting dividends or interest payments. Portfolio investment, like FDI, is part of the capital account of The Harlem balance of payment (BoP) statistics. It is important to understand why a firm takes a decision to invest in Horizon foreign countries when low-risk alternatives to cater to foreign markets, such as exporting and licensing, are already available. As the firm invests its own resources in a foreign country, the firm is exposed to greater risks. And Slave Narratives! Major factors that influence a firms decision to invest in foreign markets are discussed. Higher costs of transportation between the tutor2u policy production facilities and geographically distant markets make it economically unviable for firms to compete or enter such markets. Substantial costs of transportation have to be incurred for and Slave Narratives Essays marketing products in countries located at larger geographical distances.

For a product with low unit value, i.e., value to weight ratio, such as steel, fast food, cement, etc., the cost of transportation has much larger impact on its competitiveness in Antithetical Love in Jane foreign markets compared to a high-unit value product, such as watches, jewellery, computer processors, hard-disks, etc. Therefore, for Narratives Essays low-unit value products, it becomes more attractive to manufacture the german posters products in the foreign country itself either by way of licensing or FDI. Liability of foreignness : A firms unfamiliarity with the host country and lack of adaptation of business practices in The Harlem and Slave Essays a foreign country often result in a competitive disadvantage vis-a-vis indigenous firms. This adds to the cost of doing business abroad, which is termed as liability of foreignness. For instance, Kelloggs unfamiliarity with Indian breakfast habits led to faulty positioning of its cornflakes as a substitute to the traditional Indian breakfast and has been a classic marketing blunder. It took several years for Kelloggs to understand the centrality of its traditional food in Indias lifestyle before repositioning its cornflakes as a complementary rather than a substitute to the Indian breakfast.

In another instance, Disneyland failed miserably in its French venture primarily due to lack of product adaptation in view of significant differences in customers preferences in Europe vis-a-vis the US market. It has to arrive at a trade-off between scale benefits from concentrating production at a single location and exporting or benefits of FDI, such as proximity of production locations, higher level of control, and gaining better access to the market. Potential benefits of FDI to host countries include the following: Access to superior technology: Foreign firms bring superior technology to the host countries while investing. The extent of benefits depends upon the technology spill-over to Essay about Antithetical Love Austen’s Pride other firms based in the host country. The investing foreign firm increases industry output, resulting in overall reduction in domestic prices, improved product or services quality, and greater availability. This intensifies competition in host economies, resulting in Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays net improvement in consumer welfare. Increase in Wilbur Wright and the Airplane domestic investment: It is found that capital inflows in the form of FDI in­crease domestic investment so as to Renaissance Narratives survive and effectively respond to the increased competition.

Bridging host countries foreign exchange gaps: In most developing countries, the levels of domestic savings are often insufficient to support capital accumulation to achieve growth targets. Besides, the level of foreign exchange may be insufficient to arcadia purchase imported inputs. Under such situations, the FDI helps in making available foreign exchange for imports. Essay # 6. The Harlem Narratives Essays! Selection of and Orville Wright and the First Essay FDI Destinations : A firm has to evaluate various countries as investment destinations and select the most appropriate one for investment. Briefly, the factors influencing net profit of an MNEs operations in a host country include the following: Cost of The Harlem Essays capital input: Cost includes interest rate and financial capital employed for setting up of plant or the rent. Wage rate is Essay Love in Jane Austen’s Pride highly significant for the manufacture of labour-intensive products. The prevailing taxation rates of the host country are of prime importance while making an investment decision.

A large number of countries provide tax holidays to foreign companies in order to The Harlem and Slave Narratives Essays attract FDI. Costs of inputs: The costs of evidence are stored inputs in The Harlem and Slave the host country, such as raw material, intermediate products, etc. influences the production cost which in turn influences the investment decision. Cost of tutor2u logistics: Logistics, including availability of various modes of transport, and the cost of transportation, influence the FDI decision. Demand of a product in the host country market, including consumer preferences and their income levels, significantly affects the investment decisions.

In terms of most attractive global FDI locations, four of the top five countries, as ranked by trans-national corporations TNCs are surprisingly, countries from developing economies. China is considered the most attractive investment location by The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Essays 52 per cent of respondents followed by India with 41 per cent (Fig. 12.1). Indias high ranking is considered to be even more remarkable given the The Deepwater Horizon of Mexico fact that FDI inflows to India have been modest until recently. The US is the only developed country in the top five investment locations. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave Essays! Although, Germany, UK, and evidence memories Australia could make it into the top 10, traditionally important FDI destinations, such as Canada, France, the Netherlands, and Italy were not included. This implies that TNCs expect investors to move away from The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives, established FDI locations, which often have saturated markets and evidence suggests short-term are stored high production costs, towards emerging economies that are often more dynamic. The overall trend in FDI inflows in recent years in developing countries is taking the lead in global FDI recovery. As indicated in Narratives Essays Exhibit 12.1, India has emerged as a hot investment destination.

Leading global firms from a variety of industrial sectors, including IT, telecom, and automobile have not only monetary, made substantial investment in India but also plan to commit significant resources in The Harlem and Slave Narratives the future too. Essay # 7. Negative Impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): In most countries, public opinion towards foreign enterprises is not very favourable and FDI is feared due to its impact on Gulf of Mexico Essay, domestic firms, the economy, and The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives culture. The major concerns about the negative aspects of FDI are as follows: Multinational enterprises (MNEs) are far more advanced than domestic companies, owing to their large size and financial power. In some sectors, this is leading to MNE monopolies, thus impeding the entry of domestic enterprises and harming consumers. MNEs ability to operate at a large scale and invest heavily in marketing and advertising and RD activities differentiate their products and makes entry of new firms far more difficult as they are unable to make similar investments in RD and suggests that short-term memories are stored in the marketing strategies. (ii) Crowding-out and The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays unemployment effects: FDI tends to discourage entry and stimulates exit of domestic entrepreneurs, often termed as the crowding-out effect. As FDI enterprises are often less labour intensive, their entry results in higher unemployment and increased social instability. MNEs often function in a way that doesnt result in propaganda posters technology- sharing or technology-transfer, thereby making local firms technologically dependent or technologically less self-reliant.

Foreign investors import their inputs and use the host country as a processing base, with little value-added earnings in the host country. The Harlem And Slave Essays! A large proportion of their profits may be repatriated. Large foreign investors often bribe government officials and distort market forces. With MNEs holding a dominant position in sensitive industries, such as telecommunications, and the supply of core equipment and software for the information technology (IT) industry, there is a danger that the strategic interests of the host country may be compromised. Essay # 8. Types of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI):

Foreign direct investment may be classified under various heads depending upon the criteria used. Major types of FDI are discussed here: (i) On the Basis of Direction of Investment: Foreign firms taking control over domestic assets is termed as inward FDI. From an Indian perspective, direct investments made by foreign firms, such as Suzuki, Honda, LG, Samsung, General Motors, Electrolux, etc., in and Orville and the First India are examples of inward FDI. Domestic firms investing overseas and taking control over foreign assets is known as outward FDI. Such outward FDI is Renaissance and Slave Narratives also known as Direct Investment Abroad (DIA). Evidence Short-term Memories In The! From the Indian point of view, direct investments overseas by Indian firms, such as Tata Motors, Infosys, Videocon, ONGC, Ranbaxy, etc., are illustrations of outward FDI. (ii) On the Basis of Types of Activity: When a firm invests in a foreign country in similar production activity as carried out in Narratives home country, it is termed as horizontal FDI. About Antithetical In Jane Pride And Prejudice! Thus, horizontal FDI occurs when the multinational undertakes the same production activities in multiple countries. Horizontal FDI enables the investing firm to exploit its competitive advantage in the host country.

Multinational firms from both developed and and Slave Essays developing countries use horizontal FDI to First Airplane establish their competitive advantage abroad. A number of The Harlem Renaissance MNEs, such as Coke, Pepsi, Kodak, HSBC, LG, Samsung, etc., expanded internationally by way of horizontal FDI. Direct investment in industries abroad so as to either provide inputs for the firms domestic operations or sell its domestic outputs overseas is termed as vertical FDI. Thus, vertical FDI takes place when the multinational fragments the stoppard production process internationally, locating each stage of production in the country where it can be done at and Slave Narratives Essays, the least cost. A firm gains control over german posters various stages of the value chain from sourcing raw materials to manufacturing and to marketing.

The MNEs fragment their production activities geographically on the basis of factor intensities in vertical FDI. Backward vertical FDI: Direct investment overseas aimed at providing inputs for the firms production processes in the home country is termed as backward vertical FDI (Exhibit 12.2). Such FDI is historically common in extractive industries, such as mining (gold, copper, tin, bauxite mining, and petroleum extraction). Companies like British Petroleum and Shell have expanded their international business by backward vertical FDI.

Forward vertical FDI: Direct investment in a foreign country aimed to sell the output of the Renaissance and Slave Essays firms domestic production processes is referred to as forward vertical FDI. Setting up a marketing network, assembly, or mixing operations overseas are illustrations of forward vertical FDI. Direct investment overseas aimed at manufacturing products not manufactured by the firm in the home country is termed as conglomerate FDI. (iii) On the Basis of Investment Objectives: In order to gain privileged access to The Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf resources vis-a-vis competitors, MNEs invest in countries with availability of natural resources. This ensures the Narratives MNE of Essay Antithetical Austen’s Pride stability of raw material supply at right prices. The major economic determinants for resource seeking FDI include: i. Availability of raw material. ii.

Complementary factors of production. iii. Physical infrastructure. When resource-abundant countries lack capital and necessary technical skills for resource extractions, such FDI is favored. The Harlem And Slave Essays! When host countries are no longer constrained with the availability of capital and technical skills and are able to set up competitive indigenous enterprises, FDI gives way to non-equity arrangements and arms-length trade relations. Historically, resource-seeking FDI has been very important but its significance has declined considerably over time.

However, resource-seeking FDI still remains extremely important for investing in developing countries. Such types of MNEs are common in sectors, such as oil, agro-processing, metals like steel, copper, bauxite, etc. Moreover, resource-seeking FDI is also preferred for production of labour-intensive goods. For instance, naturally occurring soda ash in Kenya reduces the cost of production by half for chemical industries. Cheap gas in Trinidad and Tobago considerably brings down the cost of steel production. Essay About Love In Jane And Prejudice! Morocco is an investment destination for Tata Chemicals because the country holds 60 per cent of the worlds phosphate resources.

MNEs invest in The Harlem Renaissance Narratives countries with sizeable market and growth opportunities in propaganda order to protect existing markets, counteract competitors, and to preclude rivals or potential rivals from gaining new markets. The Harlem Narratives Essays! Investing in other countries helps the investing firm to tutor2u policy reduce transaction costs, improve buyer understanding by bringing it closer to the target markets, and overcome a number of regulatory controls in The Harlem Narratives the host country. The major economic determinants of market-seeking FDI include: ii. Market growth. iii.

Regional integration. Market-seeking FDI are often favoured by MNEs in a large number of durable and non-durable consumer goods, such as automobiles, computers, processed foods, cigarettes, etc. A firm may strategically opt for efficiency-seeking FDI as a part of regional or global product rationalization and/or to gain advantages of process specialization. Efficiency-seeking FDI provides the investing firm not only access to markets but also economies of scope, geographical diversification, and international sourcing of Love in Jane Pride and Prejudice inputs. The major economic determinants of efficiency seeking FDI include: i. Productivity adjusted labour costs. ii.

Availability of skilled labour. iii. Availability of business related services. iv. Trade policy.

Efficiency-seeking FDI are often favoured in product categories, such as motor vehicles, electrical appliances, business services, etc., besides, in process involving production of consumer electronics, textiles and clothing, and pharmaceuticals. On the basis of entry modes, foreign direct investment may be of the following two types: Investing in creation of new facilities or expansion of Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays existing facilities is stoppard termed as Greenfield investment. Firms often enter international markets by way of Greenfield investments in industries where technological skills and production technology are the key. Further, the selection of FDI mode is influenced by: i. Institutional factors. ii. Cultural factors. iii.

Transactional cost factors. Particularly, the attitude towards takeovers, conditions in capital markets, liberalization policies, privatization, regional integration, current sales, and the role played by intermediaries, such as investment bankers affect the mode of direct investment abroad. Investment promotion by The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays host countries aims at Essay about Antithetical Love in Jane Pride, investment in new greenfield ventures as it is viewed to The Harlem and Slave Narratives Essays generate economic benefits. In developing countries where the right types of companies are not available for acquisition, Greenfield operations are the preferred mode of FDI. Mergers and acquisitions : For establishing overseas production facilities, mergers and acquisitions (MAs) are crucial tools for a firms internationalization strategy. Essay About Antithetical Love! MAs have become an Narratives, increasingly popular mode of investment among firms worldwide in order to Horizon in the of Mexico enhance their competitiveness so as to Narratives consolidate, protect, and Essay Love Pride advance their position by acquiring companies internationally. It is estimated that about 70-80 per cent of FDI are in the form of MAs. In developed countries with large number of competing firms, MAs serve as principal source of The Harlem and Slave Narratives FDI. However, an MNE has to make Greenfield investments in developing and least developed countries where the right type of target firms are not available for acquisition. The value of Indias total cross-border deals, both inbound and outbound, increased significantly by 409 per cent from US$9.5 billion in 2005 to US$48 billion in 2007 but declined to US$25.63 billion in 2008. The value of inbound deals increased by 200 per cent from US$5.1 billion in and Orville First Essay 2005 to US$15.5 billion in 2007 whereas the The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Essays outbound deals during the The Deepwater Oil Spill Essay same period increased rapidly by 662 per cent from US$4.3 billion to US$32.8 billion.

However, both inbound and outbound deals declined^ to US$12.48 billion and US$13.15 billion, respectively in 2008. The major foreign MNEs acquiring Indian firms during 2005 to 2007 included Vodafone, Maxis Communication and Apollo, Vendanta Resources, Mylan Laboratories, Mittal Investments, Citigroup, Oracle, Holcim and Matsushita Electric Works Ltd (Table 12.1) whereas major overseas acquisitions by Indian firms included that of Tata Steel, Hindalco, Suzlon, Essar Steel Holdings, Great Offshore, United Spirits, Tata Power, Tata Chemicals, J SW Steel Limited, Wipro Technologies, Dr. Reddys Laboratories, and Suzlon Energy (Table 12.2). The most attractive returns from mergers occur where scale economies can be achieved, which means essentially buying consolidation among peer companies. India is The Harlem Renaissance likely to witness a relatively large volume of horizontal combinations where companies buy their peers. An acquisition may be termed as a hostile takeover when it is resisted by the target firms management and board of directors. Such takeover attempts are strongly resisted by the target firm. In order to prevent the acquiring firm from such takeovers the target firm often resorts to stoppard use of poison pills by increasing the cost of negative items as a strategic option, as discussed in Exhibit 12.3. However, the acquiring firm may raise the attractiveness of its offer, through a sweetener to Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays effectively counter the target firms resistance. Investment by foreign firms in the manufacturing sector is termed as industrial FDI. Major objectives of FDI in the manufacturing sector include: i. Stoppard! To achieve cost efficiencies by way of taking advantage of availability of raw material inputs and manpower at cheaper costs.

Savings in costs of logistics due to proximity to inputs, markets, or both, results into cost reduction. ii. To bypass trade barriers such as high import tariffs and other import restrictions. iii. To be closer to the markets and serve them more efficiently. iv. To have physical presence due to strategic reasons.

Investment by a foreign firm in services sector is termed as non-industrial FDI. The major reasons for Renaissance and Slave Narratives non-industrial FDI are: i. Tutor2u! As services are non-tradable, FDI becomes a strategic option to enter international markets. ii. To overcome regulatory obstacles. iii. To create regular contact with the customer.

(vi) On the Basis of Strategic Modes: In response to Renaissance Narratives Essays trade barriers of the host country, such as import restrictions and prohibitive tariff structure, FDI is made a substitute for exports. Oil Spill In The Gulf! It is aimed to serve the target market and its surroundings effectively. Entry mode for such types of FDI is typically through MAs. Countries with high per capita income are generally targeted for export replacement FDI. In order to minimize a firms cost of production and distribution, FDI is Renaissance Essays made so as to utilize the propaganda target country to serve the global markets. The competitive advantage and the incentives offered by The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Essays the host country plays a crucial role in propaganda posters attracting such FDI.

Greenfield investment is often the mode of entry in such target markets as these have relatively low per The Harlem Renaissance and Slave capita income. Firms invest in foreign countries so as to use the target as a base to serve investors home country. The basic objective of firms in this kind of FDI is to Oil Spill in the of Mexico obtain cheap inputs to support home production. Bilateral trade agreements play an important role in The Harlem Renaissance and Slave FDIs to promote substitutions. Firms generally target countries with middle to high per capita income, using the Greenfield operations as the entry mode. Essay # 9. Theories of Foreign Direct Investment: Most trade theories fail to explain why a firm invests in foreign countries in unfamiliar environments, making its operations much more complex, difficult to manage and, therefore, running additional risks. An FDI theory should help one conceptualize answers to typical W and H questions such as: Who is the that short-term memories in the investor?

A domestic or a foreign investor, an established multinational company, or a little known new firm. What kind of Renaissance investment is to be made? Whether it is Greenfield or merger or acquisition? Whether the investment is first-time or sequential? Why should the firm go abroad? Reasons for internationalization, such as scale or scope economies, cost reduction, increased profitability, or strategic reasons for making the investment. The firm has to carry out analysis of socio-cultural, political, and economic factors before deciding upon Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf Essay, the selection of Renaissance Narratives host country for investment. The timing of investment decisions in view of and Orville Wright and the Airplane product lifecycle stages, maturity of the market, and firms resource availability. How to internationalize?

In view of The Harlem and Slave Narratives various modes of international business expansion, the firm has to select the best suited entry mode. Principal theories of international investment that address one or more of these issues are discussed here. The earlier theories were based on the belief that FDI takes place due to differences in the rates of tutor2u return on capital across countries. Capital is Renaissance Essays likely to be attracted to markets that offer higher returns as long as there are differences in interest rates or prices between markets. These theories were based on the assumption that markets were perfectly competitive and firms invest overseas as a form of factor movement to The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico benefit from differential profits. The theory of capital arbitrage is more suitable for foreign portfolio investments where the returns on capital are crucial in the short term. A firm has long-term interest in FDI, a variety of multiple factors influence the investment decision, besides higher rate of return. Therefore, the scope of capital arbitrage theory is limited to providing a broad explanation of FDI. Factors that inhibit markets from working perfectly are known as market imperfections.

Government policies, including import restrictions and quotas, incentives on Renaissance and Slave Essays, exports and FDI, tax regimes, restrictions on Wright Essay, FDI, and governments participation in Renaissance Narratives trade are some of the examples of government intervention that create market imperfections. The basic objective of such restrictive measures is to promote a countrys industrial development and manage the balance of trade. Posters! Most developing countries often practice the import substitution strategy by restricting imports and The Harlem Renaissance Narratives promoting domestic production of The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf less competitive indigenous firms. However, developed countries are in no way behind in protecting their domestic industries by providing huge subsidies and Narratives Essays incentives to domestic producers, besides using a variety of ever-evolving non- tariff barriers to restrict entry to their markets. A combination of all these factors contributes to imperfections in the international markets.

Such market imperfections make exporting both restrictive and expensive. In order to access restrictive markets with market imperfections, FDI is often employed as a strategic tool for international business expansion. FDI effectively bypasses the trade restrictions, such as prohibitive import tariffs and quotas. MNEs tend to exploit market imperfections created by the host country governments by direct investment overseas. Such protectionist measures decreased profitability of exporting automobiles from Japan to Europe and arcadia increased profitability of FDI to cater to the market. This explains establishment of manufacturing operations by Japanese automobile majors in Europe and the US. It is important to The Harlem Renaissance Essays understand that it is the mobility of capital and arcadia stoppard immobility of low- cost labour that makes FDI a preferred tool to access foreign markets. Firms often take advantage of market imperfections, such as economies of scale and scope, cost advantages, product differentiations, technical, managerial or marketing know-how, financial strengths, etc., by way of investing abroad. A firm expands internationally in order to exploit its specific advantage or core competence in foreign markets. When the know-how, technology, skills, or trade secrets available with the firm are crucial to a firms competitive advantage, it needs to protect such knowledge base within the organization.

Since arms-length collaborative strategies, such as management contract and licensing do not provide complete protection to the specific know-how possessed by the firm, internalization is often preferred so that trade secrets remain within the Essays organization. German Propaganda Posters! Therefore, a firm expands into Essays international markets by way of investing in monetary a foreign country in order to have control over its overseas operations. An MNE is believed to possess monopolistic advantage, which enables it to and Slave Narratives operate overseas more profitably and stoppard compete with local firms. The benefit possessed by the firm that maintains its monopolistic power in the market is termed as monopolistic advantage. For a firm to Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays invest in physical resources overseas, the following conditions are required: i. The firm should have some additional advantage that outweighs the cost of operating in a foreign country and exposing itself to an alien business environment. ii. The firm can exploit such specific advantage only through control of foreign operations by Essay Austen’s and Prejudice ownership rather than other low-risk means of The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays market access requiring less commitment of resources such as exporting and licensing. Such an Wilbur and the First, advantage specific to Essays the investing firm is also known as firm specific advantage (FSA). It is the monopolistic advantages such as superior knowledge and economies of scale not possessed by competing firms that justify investment in physical capital overseas.

(v) International Product Life Cycle Theory : The international product life cycle (IPLC) theory developed by Raymond Vernon provides an explanation as to why production locations are shifted across countries. Although the theory was developed in the American context, it can be extended to other countries too. A firm gains monopolistic advantage by innovation of a product or process technology and markets the Essay Antithetical Austen’s Pride product domestically or in overseas markets through exports. The product is initially manufactured in the country of innovation even though the The Harlem and Slave Narratives cost of production in other countries may be lower. Subsequently, in that memories are stored in the the growth phase of the product life cycle, when the product becomes standardized, the innovating firm takes advantage of lower cost of manufacturing abroad, and starts investing in other countries to create its own manufacturing facilities. The theory suggests that an The Harlem and Slave Narratives Essays, MNE prefers those countries for and Orville investment as manufacturing locations that have market size large enough to support local production. In the growth phase of product life cycle, the FDI is made to other high income countries to shift production with sizeable market. In the maturity stage, technology becomes available to Essays the competitors, the competition intensifies, and the innovating firm shifts production from the country of initial FDI to other lower-cost locations. As a result, the products manufactured in overseas locations become more cost-competitive vis-a-vis those manufactured in the home country and the foreign-based subsidiaries become not only more competitive to serve overseas markets but their production is also imported into the innovating country even to serve its domestic market. IPLC theory is valid for both trade and investment and provides a dependable explanation about trade patterns and short-term memories in the investment. The theory explains why firms undertake FDI in countries with low production costs and considerable demand to support local production.

However, the IPLC theory does not touch upon The Harlem and Slave Essays, the reasons for undertaking international investment rather than exporting or licensing, which are low cost alternatives for and Orville international business expansion. The theory applies mainly to industrial FDI in The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays manufacturing sector. It is generally relevant to large firms with innovating capabilities. The IPLC theory ignores revenue as it is too cost-oriented. Further, it does not discuss opportunities when FDI is more profitable. The eclectic theory (OLI Paradigm) is a blend of macroeconomic theory of international trade (L) and micro-economic theories of the firm (O I). As suggested by the eclectic theory, the extent and suggests that short-term memories in the pattern of FDI are determined by a combination of three factors as discussed here.

For the investing firm to be profitable overseas, it needs to possess some core competencies or specific advantages not shared by its competitors. Such advantages, internal to a specific firm, are termed as FSAs or ownership (O) factor. Such advantages should enable the firm either to have a lower marginal cost or higher marginal returns vis-a-vis its competitors so as to enable it to reap more profits from overseas investment. An MNE possesses firm-specific advantages, such as: i. Intangible assets, such as technology, knowledge, information and The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives specific entrepreneurial, technical, managerial, and marketing skills. ii. Tangible assets, such as natural resources, capital, and manpower. iii. Size economy Due to Wright Essay large size of The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Essays MNEs they often enjoy economies of The Deepwater Oil Spill in the Essay scale and scope, access to finance within the MNE, benefits emanating from diversifi­cation of assets and Narratives risks spread. iv. Antithetical Love In Jane Austen’s And Prejudice! Monopolistic advantage An MNE may benefit from its monopolistic ownership of scarce natural endowments, privileged access to raw materials, ownership of patent rights, and other inputs.

Since an MNE is required to have its operations in foreign countries, it has to incur additional costs due to: i. Psychic distance because of differences in socio-cultural environment of the host country. ii. Renaissance Narratives Essays! Unfamiliarity with the host countrys market conditions. iii. Differences in legal, political, economic environment, and institutional framework. iv. Increased expenses of operation and communication in a foreign country due to geographical difference. As the indigenous firm in the host country is not required to incur the above costs, the costs of foreignness are specific to foreign firms.

Therefore, in order to operate profitably and to remain in a foreign market, an MNE has to poises firm-specific advantages that either lower its operational costs or earn higher revenue. The locational (L) advantage or factor of and Orville and the Airplane a host country is the key determinant to its relative attractiveness as an The Harlem Narratives, investment destination. The major country-specific advantages can be as follows: Availability of factor endowments, availability of raw materials and other inputs, productivity and costs of inputs, market size and its growth, cost of logistics, efficacy, and cost of communication channels. Familiarity of The Deepwater Horizon Gulf of Mexico operational environment, socio-cultural similarity, language, low psychic distance between the firms home country and Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays the host country. The host country governments attitudes and policies towards foreign firms and arcadia stoppard investment, incentives to promote FDI, continuity of economic policies, and The Harlem and Slave Narratives the stability of the government. An MNE would, therefore, typically prefer countries with large market size and high rate of market growth, adequate and low cost availability of raw material, inputs and manpower, socio-cultural proximity, economic and political stability. The internalization factor : The internalization (I) factor explains the entry mode used by propaganda posters an MNE to access international markets. The core competencies or specific knowledge and know-how possessed by the firm form the and Slave Essays basis of economic gains. A firm may transfer its know- how to an unrelated firm in a foreign country by way of licensing and thus earn profits. A firm attempts to internalize its operations: i. To protect its proprietary knowledge from competitors.

ii. To create and maintain monopolistic or oligopolistic power in the market by placing entry barriers to its competitors, forming cartels, predatory pricing, cross- subsidizing among its international operations, etc. iii. To protect itself against market uncertainties. Thus, the internalization advantages explain why an policy, MNE opts for wholly owned subsidiaries rather than licensing or minority ownership for accessing foreign markets. Internalization helps a firm lessen the incidences of The Harlem Narratives market failure. The eclectic framework distinguishes between two types of market failures:

Endemic market failure: Such market failure occurs due to stoppard natural market imperfections, such as unfamiliarity with markets or lack of market knowledge, the incidence of transaction costs in external markets, interdependence on demand and supply, uncertainty and risks, etc. Structural market failure: Endogenous market imperfections created by an MNE so as to exploit its oligopolistic power are termed as structural market failures. MNEs are often involved in creating entry barriers for competitors, abusing their bargaining power due to their sheer size and Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays financial strength, cross-subsidization, predatory pricing, and price discrimination. Besides, MNEs indulge in arbitraging government-imposed market regulations, such as tariffs and non-tariff barriers, differentiation in taxation regimes, etc., that create exogenous market imperfections. MNEs are often criticized for adopting unfair practices, such as transfer pricing and under-invoicing, through their affiliates for suggests that short-term their own advantage so as to Renaissance Essays bypass high tariffs and the taxation differences among various countries. Thus, MNEs effectively arbitrage structural market imperfections through internalization, accumulating tariff and after-tax profits much higher than those of unrelated firms engaged in Essay about in Jane and Prejudice arms-length transactions. While enjoying these benefits of Renaissance and Slave Essays internalization, an evidence that short-term memories, MNE has to incur various costs toothose of running large-scale vertically and horizontally integrated international businesses. The MNE is required to The Harlem Renaissance and Slave expend huge amount of financial resources in managing the mammoth organization spread across many countries, often known as governance cost.

Multinational firms are often required to invest substantial resources in Essay Pride and Prejudice acquiring know-how or technological competence while entering into unrelated lines of business. The eclectic theory provides the most comprehensive explanation of FDI, integrating firm-specific (O), location-specific (L), and internalization (I) advantages. Narratives Essays! It logically examines the reasons for investing overseas, the and Orville Wright and the selection of country location for investment, and the cost-benefit analysis for selecting the mode of international expansion in a holistic manner. In the past decade, the US software firms have increasingly utilized the low-cost IT labour force in India. The Harlem And Slave! Companies wishing to capture the benefits of outsourcing can engage in contracting (hiring an Indian contracting company to perform the service) or foreign direct investment (opening an Indian subsidiary and hiring Indian employees). Modern FDI theories predict that Indian software outsourcing should occur primarily in the form of FDI. However, contrary to FDI theories, many US and European companies are hiring Indian software contracting companies in order to use the low-cost Indian IT labour force. Hybrid model suggests that contracting companies provide their clients with a combination of the advantages of both FDI and posters contracting.

The amount of The Harlem Renaissance Essays FDI undertaken over Essay about in Jane Austen’s Pride a given time period (for example, a year) is Renaissance and Slave termed as the flow of FDI. If the investment is made by a foreign firm in about Love and Prejudice a country, it is termed as inflow of FDI whereas investment made overseas is termed as outflow of FDI. The total accumulated value of foreign owned assets at a given time is termed as stock of FDI. FDI comprises equity capital and re invested earnings as per IMF norms. Besides, capacity expansions financed by firms of foreign origin as well as short-term or long-term loans that form part of original packages are also treated as FDI.

There has been significant growth in FDI over the years. Globally, FDI inflows increased from US$742143 million in 2004 to and Slave Narratives US$1305852 million in 2006 whereas FDI outflows rose from US$877301 million in 2004 to US$1215789 million in 2006. International macroeconomic factors, such as general economic slump and security concerns adversely affected FDI. This growth reflected increased flows to developing countries as well as to South East Europe and the Commonwealth of Horizon in the Essay Independent States (CIS) which more than offset the decline in flows to developed countries. Between 2006 and The Harlem Essays 2007, FDI inflow to Netherlands exhibited the highest growth by 2285 per cent from US$4.4 billion in 2006 to US$104.2 in 2007 followed by monetary the US (30.3%), Czech Republic (27.3%), and the UK (22.6%) among the developed economies whereas among the developing economies, Brazil witnessed the highest growth of FDI inflows at 99.3 per cent, followed by Mexico (92.9%), Chile (92.2%), and Singapore (52.6%) (Table 12.3). The Russian Federation witnessed an impressive FDI inflow growth of 70.3 per cent whereas FDI declined by 9.4 per cent for Renaissance Narratives Essays India and 3.1 per cent for China.

While developed countries remain the major source of FDI, outflows from developing countries have also risen, from a negligible amount in the early 1980s to propaganda US$83 billion in 2004. The outward FDI stock from developing countries reached more than US$ 1 trillion in 2004, with a share of 11 per cent in world stock. Developing countries are beginning to recognize the significance of foreign investment in Renaissance and Slave order to evidence suggests short-term in the achieve their firms competitiveness and for enhancing their economic growth. It is important to and Slave understand that the government policies in developing countries were restrictive and paid little attention to Wilbur and Orville Wright and the Airplane Essay outward investment. The Harlem And Slave Essays! Moreover, the ratio of FDI outflows to posters gross capital formation was 25 per The Harlem and Slave cent for Singapore in 2002-04 compared to 8 per Essay about Austen’s and Prejudice cent for the US. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave Narratives Essays! A number of firms from developing countries have also used MAs as strategic tools for global business expansion during the evidence that short-term in the last few years. The global FDI increased faster than world trade and world output.

There had been considerable debate across the world to reduce barriers to cross-border trade. Multilateral organizations, primarily the GATT and subsequently the WTO, worked to reduce the trade barriers. As a result, there had been significant reduction in tariffs and Narratives Essays non-tariff barriers, such as quota systems, which got eliminated from most countries. However, countries do exercise innovative barriers and firms often use FDI as a tool to circumvent protectionist measures. FDI by Japanese automobile companies in Europe, the US, and Wilbur Wright and the some other countries was primarily aimed to and Slave Essays circumvent their trade protectionist measures. Rapid globalization in the last decade accelerated cross- border investments. Greenfield foreign direct investment increased from 5656 projects in 2002 to 9796 projects in 2004.

Developing and transition (South East Europe and Essay in Jane Pride CIS) economies attracted a larger number of Greenfield investment than developed countries. Greenfield investment is the key driver behind the FDI recovery during the Renaissance recent years. This illustrates the tendency of developing countries to receive more FDI through Greenfield projects than through MAs. China and India attracted significant number of arcadia stoppard Greenfield FDI projects, together accounting for nearly half of the total number in the developing countries. Recent liberalization measures in India and strong economic growth in China, combined with increased liberalization after its accession to WTO, contributed to this trend. The services sector accounted for three-fifth of all Greenfield projects in the world.

However, the FDI surge in 2005 is The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives mainly attributed to increase in cross-border MAs. Global MAs increased by about Austen’s and Prejudice 40 per cent to Renaissance and Slave Essays US$2.9 trillion whereas Greenfield projects marginally dropped in 2005. China, India, and the UK received highest number of Greenfield projects during the year. It has been observed that: i. The increase in share of MAs in the total FDI is adversely affecting greenfield FDI. ii. The growing trend of MAs is Essay about in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice leading to The Harlem and Slave Narratives Essays creation of oligopolistic world, especially in case of about Antithetical Pride and Prejudice strategic industries.

iii. MAs severely affects survival of indigenous firms and industries from developing countries and they need to be more watchful. FDI is mainly financed by MNEs through: The foreign direct investors purchase of share of an Renaissance and Slave Narratives Essays, enterprise in Essay a country other than its own. Short- or long-term borrowings and lending of funds between direct investors, i.e., parent enterprises and affiliate enterprises. The direct investors share (in proportion to direct equity participation) of earnings not distributed as dividends by and Slave Narratives affiliates, or earnings not remitted to the direct investor. Such retained profits by affiliates are reinvested.

Among various FDI financing options, equity capital is the largest component. Its worldwide share in total world FDI inflows fluctuated between 58 per cent and 71 per cent, during 1995-2004. The intra-company loans accounted for 23 per cent and re-invested earnings for 12 per that short-term cent of the Renaissance world FDI inflows during the same period. The later two components are also much less s. In 2001, the share of The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Gulf reinvested earnings in FDI financing reached a low of 2 per The Harlem and Slave Narratives Essays cent of worldwide FDI whereas the equity capital registered a higher share. However, in 2007 re invested earnings accounted for about 30 per cent of worldwide FDI flows.

For carrying out Wright and the Essay, cross-country comparison of FDI performance and and Slave Narratives Essays FDI potential, the UNCTADs FDI performance and arcadia stoppard potential indices serve as useful tools. Inward FDI performance index : It is a measure of the extent to which a host economy receives inward FDI compared to the relative size of its economy. It is Renaissance Essays calculated as the ratio of a countrys share in global FDI inflows to Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico its share in global GDP. IND i = The inward FDI performance index of the i th country. FDI i = The FDI inflows in the i th country. FDI w = World FDI inflows. GDP i = GDP in the i th country. A value greater than one indicates that the and Slave country receives more FDI compared to its relative economic size, a value below one that it receives less, a negative value means that foreign investors disinvest in that period. Thus, the index captures the influence of FDI on factors other than market size, assuming that, other things being equal, size is the baseline for attracting investments. These other factors can be diverse, ranging from the business climate, economic, and political stability, the presence of natural resources, infrastructure, skills, and tech­nologies, to opportunities for participating in privatization or the effectiveness of FDI promotion. The countries with top inward FDI Performance Index in 2006 included Luxembourg, Hong Kong, China, Suriname, Iceland, Singapore Malta, Bulgaria, Jordan, Estonia, and Belgium.

The inward FDI performance index improved in 2004 for developing countries as well as transition economies of South East Europe and the CIS. The improvement had been remarkable in South, East, and Southeast Asia. However, it worsened in developed countries compared to arcadia 2003. For instance, the US where the FDI inflows rose by 69 per Renaissance and Slave Essays cent in 2004 had a lower performance index and ranked 114th out of 140 countries of the world due to its lower FDI flows in about Love 2002-03. Indias ranking for The Harlem and Slave Essays inward FDI index declined considerably from 98th in 1990 to 120th in 2000. Horizon Of Mexico Essay! However, it increased subsequently to 121st in 2005 but declined later to 113th in 2006.

Outward FDI performance index : Performance in FDI outflows relating to the size of economies is measured by outward FDI performance index. It is calculated as the ratio of a countrys share in global FDI outflows to its share in the world GDP. OND i = The outward FDI performance index of the i th country. FDI i = The FDI outflows in Renaissance Essays the i th country. FDI w = World FDI outflows. GDP i = GDP in the i th country. The differences in the index values among countries reflect differences in these two sets of Antithetical Love in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice factors determining outward FDI by Trans-national Companies (TNCs) headquartered in different countries: i. Ownership advantages, or firm-specific competitive strengths of TNCs (such as innovation, brand names, managerial and organizational skills, access to information, financial or natural resources, and size and The Harlem Renaissance and Slave Narratives network advantages) that they are exploiting abroad or wish to augment through foreign expansion. ii. Location factors, which reflect primarily economic factors conducive to the production of different goods and Wilbur First services in home and host economies, such as relative market size, production or transport costs, skills, supply chains, infrastructure, and technology supply. Driven by The Harlem Renaissance Essays the competitive pressures of globalization of world economy, both these factors work together and lead a firm to invest abroad by establishing foreign affiliates.

These affiliates then become a source of competitive strength for evidence suggests memories their respective corporate networks. The leading investor economies, in The Harlem Renaissance and Slave term of outward FDI performance index include Iceland, Hong Kong, China, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Belgium, Netherlands, Panama, Ireland, Azerbaijan, and Bahrain. Indias ranking in outward FDI performance index improved considerably from 94th in 2000 to 65th in 2005 but declined later to 56th in 2006. Inward FDI potential index : The inward FDI potential index reflects the stability of german structure variables comprising the The Harlem Renaissance index. Tutor2u Monetary Policy! It is based on 12 economic and structural variables measured by their respective scores on The Harlem Narratives Essays, a range of 0-1.

It is the german propaganda posters un-weighted average of scores based on: a. GDP per capita. b. The rate of growth of GDP. c. The Harlem Essays! The share of exports in GDP. d. Telecom infrastructure. e. Commercial energy use per capita. f. The share of RD expenditures in gross national income. g. The share of Essay Antithetical Love in Jane Pride tertiary students in the population.

i. Exports of natural resources as a percentage of the world total. j. Imports of parts and components of electronics and automobiles as a percentage of the world total. k. Exports in services as a percentage of the world total. l. Inward FDI stock as a percentage of the world total. The top economies by inward FDI potential index in 2006 include the US, Singapore, the The Harlem Renaissance and Slave UK, Canada, Luxembourg, Germany, Qatar, Sweden, Norway, and Hong Kong (China). Cross-country comparison of FDI performance vs. potential Indices : A comparison of rankings by the FDI potential index with those of FDI performance index gives an indication of suggests that short-term are stored in the how each country performs against its potential.

Countries in the world can be divided in The Harlem and Slave four categories so as to draw up a four-fold matrix as shown in Exhibit 12.4. Countries with high FDI potential and performance. Countries with low FDI potential but strong FDI performance. Countries with high FDI potential but low FDI performance. Countries with both low FDI potential and performance. India falls in the category of under performer with both low FDI potential and performance. Evidence Suggests That Memories Are Stored! Therefore, there is a lot of scope for enhancing both performance as well as potential. The concern for below potential countries is how they could raise their FDI performance to match their potential whereas the Renaissance Narratives above potential countries need to continuously strive so as to sustain their FDI performance at in the of Mexico Essay, levels comparable with those of past while addressing their structural problems. Essay # 11. Policy Framework to Promote Foreign Direct Investment (FDI):

Attracting foreign direct investment has become a key part of national development strategies for most countries. Such investments are often viewed to augment domestic capital, employment, and productivity, leading to economic growth. Despite its positive effects, FDI is also blamed for crowding out domestic investments and lowering certain regulatory standards. The Harlem Essays! The impact of The Deepwater Horizon Gulf FDI depends on many conditions. However, well developed and implemented policies can help maximize gains from FDI. Although FDI is believed to play a positive role in achieving sustainable development, it does not, however, automatically lead to environmentally and socially beneficial outcomes. The nature and extent of these outcomes are critically affected by market conditions, and thus the regulatory framework, within which the investment takes place. Investment promotion by Narratives Essays host countries is broadly made through three different generation policies, which are discussed as follows:

First generation policies the liberalization of FDI flows and the opening up of stoppard sectors to foreign investors. Second generation policies the marketing of countries as locations for FDI and the setting up of Renaissance and Slave national investment promotion agencies. Third generation policies the evidence suggests are stored targeting of foreign investors at the level of industries and clusters, and the marketing of regions and clusters with the aim of matching the locational advantages of Essays countries with the needs of foreign investors. Major regulatory and incentives measures for FDI may be summarized as: i. Screening, admission, and Oil Spill Gulf of Mexico Essay establishment: a. Closure of certain sectors, industries, or activities to FDI. b. Minimum capital requirements. c. Renaissance And Slave Essays! Restrictions on modes of entry. d. Eligibility for bidding on privatization. e. Establishment of special zones (such as EPZs/SEZs) for FDI with legislation distinct from Horizon Oil Spill Gulf of Mexico, that governing the rest of the country. ii. Fiscal incentives: a. Reduction in standard corporate income tax rates o Tax holidays.

b. Reductions in social security contributions. c. Accelerated depreciation allowances. d. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave Narratives! Duty exemptions and drawbacks. e. Export tax exemptions. f. Reduced taxes for expatriates. iii. Financial incentives: a. Investment grants. b. Subsidized credits. c. Credit guarantees.

iv. Other incentives. a. Subsidized service fees (electricity, water, telecommunications, transportation, etc.) b. Subsidized designated infrastructure such as, commercial buildings. c. And Orville And The First! Preferential access to government contracts. d. Closure of the market to further entry or granting of monopoly rights. v. Performance requirements: a. Protection from import competition. b. Local content requirements (value added) c. Minimum export shares. d. Trade balancing. e. Technology transfer.

f. Local equity participation. g. Employment targets. h. RD requirements. More generally, countries typically have a mix of both resource-seeking and Renaissance Narratives Essays efficiency-seeking FDI, reflecting partial reform of their trade regimes, and posters the political economy of dispensing patronage. Consequently, most countries follow dual policy regimes. On the basis of cross-country analysis of FDI regimes of The Harlem and Slave six major Asian countries, i.e., India, Peoples Republic of China (PRC), Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam, the following observations may be made: i. FDI policy may differ between regions. Three of the sixChina, India, and Malaysiafeature rather high levels of decentralized economic policy-making. Thailand has been pursuing a policy of industrial decentralization for some time. In all six countries, with the stoppard exception of Malaysia, economic authority is progressively being devolved away from the centre in varying degrees and at different speeds.

ii. There are large inter-industry differences in the degree of protection, and thus difference in incentive, in Essays all the six countries. iii. State-owned enterprises (SOEs) typically receive preferential treatment, especially in China, India, and Vietnam, and so do their MNE joint venture partners. iv.

Most countries offer some sort of monetary fiscal or financial incentive to foreign investors. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave Narratives Essays! These vary by the sales orientation of the foreign investor, the technology introduced by the investor, the location of the The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill of Mexico investment, and other factors. v. The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays! The regulatory regime frequently offers more than one entry option for potential foreign investors, especially in The Deepwater Gulf recently reformed economies. A critical evaluation of FDI and economic development in The Harlem and Slave Essays India and China, as given in Exhibit 12.5, brings out the differences in their approach to economic development. Essay # 12. Promotion of Foreign Direct Investment in Wilbur Wright and the First Airplane Essay India(FDI): The Department of Renaissance and Slave Industrial Policy and Promotion is responsible for facilitating and promoting FDI inflows into the country. It plays an active role in investment promotion through dissemination of information on investment climate and opportunities in India.

The department also advises potential investors about investment policies, procedures, and opportunities. It also helps resolve problems faced by foreign investors in the implementation of their projects through the Foreign Investment Implementation Authority (FIIA) which interacts directly with the evidence suggests that short-term memories in the investors. In addition, a number of government departments, such as Ministries of Finance, External Affairs, Labour, Environment and Forests, etc., are also involved in the investment process. Exhibit 12.6 summarizes the The Harlem Narratives details of agencies involved in FDI clearances/approvals in India. The policy framework of FDI in India evolved in monetary a phased manner, from the The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays strategy of import substitution soon after independence to progressive liberalization that began in the early 1990s. The Indian government promotes FDI so as to Essay about fuel its development plans with increased investment and and Slave derive spin-off benefits. FDI inflows in the development of infrastructure, setting up of Special Economic Zones (SEZs), and technological up gradation of Indian industry through Greenfield operation investments in manufacturing and in projects with high employment potential are encouraged. Arcadia Stoppard! The FDI policy in The Harlem India may be summarized as. i. Retail trading (except single brand product retailing) ii. Atomic energy.

iii. Lottery business. iv. Gambling and betting sector. v. Business of tutor2u monetary chit fund and Nidhi Company. vi. Plantation except tea. vii. Trading in Transferable Development Rights (TDR) viii. Activity/sector not opened to private sector investment.

FDI up to 24 per cent allowed : i. Manufacture of items reserved for small sector up to 24 per cent above which prior government approval is required. FDI up to 26 per and Slave Essays cent allowed : i. FM broadcasting FDI and FII investment up to 20 per cent with prior government approval. ii. Up-linking a news and current affairs TV channels with prior government approval. iii.

Defence production with prior government approval. iv. Insurance FDI and FII under the automatic route. v. Arcadia Stoppard! Publishing of news papers and periodicals: with prior government approval. FDI up to The Harlem Renaissance 49 per cent allowed : a. Setting up hardware facilities, FDI and FII equity with prior government approval. b. Cable network FDI and FII with prior government approval. c. Direct to Home (DTH) FDI and FII with prior government approval. FDI cannot exceed 20 per cent. ii. Scheduled air transport services under the automatic route. iii.

Commodity exchanges with prior government approval. iv. Credit information companies with prior government approval. v. Refining in case of about Antithetical PSUs with prior government approval. vi. Asset reconstruction companies with prior government approval. FDI up to 51 per cent allowed : i. Single brand product retailing subject to The Harlem Narratives Essays prior approval. FDI up to 74 per cent allowed : i. ISP with gateways, radio-paging, and end-to-end bandwidth: 49 per cent under automatic route and Essay Love Pride and Prejudice beyond 49 per cent with prior government approval.

ii. Establishment and operation of satellites: with prior government approval. iii. The Harlem Essays! Private sector banking: FDI and FII under the automatic route. iv. Telecommunications services: Basic, cellular, unified access services, global mobile personal communication services, and other value added telecom services with 49 per cent under the automatic route and beyond 49 per Wilbur and the Essay cent with prior gov­ernment approval. v. Non-scheduled air transport services, ground handling services under the automatic route. Foreign direct investment up to and Slave Essays 100 per cent allowed with prior government approval subject to conditions: a. About Love In Jane And Prejudice! Items from small scale sector.

b. Test marketing of items approved for The Harlem and Slave Narratives manufacture. ii. Courier services. iii. Tea sector, including tea plantation subject to divestment of 26 per cent equity in favour of Indian partner/public within five years. iv. ISP without gateway, infrastructure provider, electronic mail, and voice mail: FDI up to 49 per cent under the automatic route and beyond 49 per cent with prior government approval. v. Mining and and Orville Wright Essay mineral separation of titanium bearing minerals and ores, its value addition and integrated activities. vi. Cigars and cigarettes manufacture. vii.

Airports-existing projects with prior government approval beyond 74 per cent. viii. Up-linking of The Harlem and Slave a non-news and current affairs TV channel. ix. Evidence Suggests That Short-term Memories! Investing companies in infrastructure/ services sector (except telecom sector) x. Publishing of scientific magazines, specialty journals and Renaissance periodicals. Foreign direct investment allowed up to 100 per cent under automatic route: i. Agriculture sector: c) Development of seeds. d) Animal husbandry. g) Services related to evidence that memories in the agro and Renaissance allied sectors.

ii. Industrial sectors: (a) Covering exploration and mining of diamonds and precious stones, gold, silver, and minerals. (b) Coal and tutor2u lignite for captive consumption. (b) Manufacturing activities: (a) Alcohol distillation and brewing. (b) Coffee and rubber processing and warehousing. (c) Hazardous chemicals. (d) Industrial explosivemanufacture. (e) Drugs and pharmaceuticals.

(f) Manufacture of telecom equipment. (c) Petroleum sector: (a) Petroleum sector other than refining including market study and formulation; investment/financing; setting-up infrastructure for marketing. (b) Petroleum refining for The Harlem Renaissance Narratives private companies. (a) Generation (except atomic energy), transmission, distribution, and power trading. i. Arcadia Stoppard! Special Economic Zones and Free Trade Warehousing Zones. ii. Industrial Parks.

iii. The Harlem Renaissance And Slave Narratives Essays! Construction development projects. (a) Civil aviation. i. German Propaganda Posters! Airports Greenfield projects. ii. Helicopter/seaplane services. iii. Maintenance and repair organizations, flying and technical training institutes. iv. Air transport services for NRI investment.

v. Ground handling services for NRI investment. (b) Non-banking finance companies. i. The Harlem Essays! Wholesale/cash carry trading. ii. Trading for exports. In sectors/activities not listed above, FDI is permitted up to 100 per cent through automatic route subject to prevailing rules and regulations applicable. FDI inflows in India have shown a fluctuating trend during the propaganda last few years as shown in Table 12.4 and Fig. 12.2.

It increased from US$4029 million in 2000-01 to US$6130 million in 2001-02. However, the The Harlem Narratives Essays FDI inflows declined to US$4322 million in Wilbur and Orville First Airplane 2003-04 but subsequently exhibited a rising trend to US$8,961 million in 2005-06 and thereafter jumped to US$22,079 million 2006-07 and US$29,893 million in 2007-08. The equity capital accounted for 74.8 per cent, whereas re-invested earnings were 21.8 per cent, and other capital for 3.4 per cent of the total FDI inflows in India, as shown in The Harlem Narratives Essays Fig. 12.3 during April 2000 to May 2008. Sector-wise composition of The Deepwater Essay FDI inflows as shown in Fig. 12.4 indicates that services sector received the highest FDI inflows of US$14,256 million (22%) during April 2000 to May 2008, followed by computer software and hardware US$7,477 million (11.5%), construction activities US$4325 million (6.7%), telecommunications US$4074 million (6.3%), housing and real estate US$3745 million (5.8%), power US$2643 million (4.1%), automobile industry US$2582 million (4.0%), metallurgical industries US$2377 million (3.70/0), petroleum and natural gas US$2007 (3.1%), chemicals US$1519 million (2.3o/o), and others US$19800.3 million (30.6%). Mauritius has been the top investor in India with US$28493 million (40.6%) as shown in Fig. 12.5. followed by the US with US$5327 million (76%), Singapore with US$4973 million (71%), the UK with US$4579 million (6.5%), Netherlands with US$2791 million (4.0%), Japan with US$2151 million (3.1%), Germany with US$1637 million (2.3%), Cyprus with US$1162 million (1.7%), France with US$997 million (1.4%), UAE with US$802 million (1.1%), and others with US$17279 million (24.6%) during April 2000 to May 2008. Foreign Direct investment in Retail Sector : India is the second largest market in the world after China and it fascinates global retailers to invest. Many international players, such as Wal-Mart, Gap, Ikea, and Renaissance and Slave Essays Tesco already source from India despite FDI restrictions.

Wal-Mart, through its buying office in Bangalore, sourced goods worth US$1 billion from India in 2004 and planned to increase this to US$1.5 billion in 2005. The major pros and cons of opening up FDI in the retail sector are discussed here. i. FDI in Essay about Antithetical Love in Jane Pride retail would benefit the The Harlem Renaissance and Slave consumer by offering him/her more choice, better services, wider access, easier credit, and a better shopping experience. ii. Modern retailing will benefit local retailing by forcing it to re-invent as has been the case in China. iii. It will lead to about Antithetical in Jane Pride and Prejudice higher standards of quality, introduce best practices, provide more skilled employment, and improve tax collection. iv.

Foreign direct investment in retail would lead to less wastage of agri-produce due to improved food processing techniques and cold storage facilities. v. FDI would involve up gradation of infrastructure, logistics, and support services. vi. It would help Indian products get global recognition. vii. Renaissance Narratives Essays! It will help increase the supply of processed foods, apparels, and handicrafts. viii. Elimination of multiple middlemen would reduce transaction costs related to inventory, delivery, and handling. i. FDI in retail would wipe out indigenous mom and pop (kirana) stores as they will not be able to match the standards and services provided by suggests that are stored in the super markets. ii. The unorganized sector would obviously lose its place and edge in the retail market.

iii. Retail FDI would also introduce competitive pricing, forcing a lot of domestic players out The Harlem and Slave Narratives Essays, of the game. iv. It would reduce employment opportunities by displacing smaller retailers in the unorganized sector, like what has happened in Thailand. v. It would mean legalizing the evidence suggests memories predatory practices of the MNC retail chains. vi. Retail-FDI will promote a standardized form of global foreign culture. vii. Indias imports are likely to increase as MNCs will dump their products in and Slave India. viii.

Since very little investment is in the Gulf required in retailing, foreign players would end up remitting their profits. Allowing FDI in retail sector will considerably affect the The Harlem Renaissance Narratives Essays market structure and the consumers. The government of India opened up FDI up to 51 per cent in retail trade to single brand products with effect from 10 February 2006, with prior government permission. There has been considerable debate over tutor2u monetary the impact of FDI in Narratives Essays retail sector. Opening up of the retail sector in China has contributed to growth in labour- intensive manufacturing, as indicated in Exhibit 12.7. In view of the significance of FDI in development process of host economies, most countries promote FDI pro-actively.

A cross-country analysis of FDI regimes reveals the and Orville and the First Airplane differences in focus areas and strategies in promoting foreign investment. Before publishing your articles on Renaissance and Slave, this site, please read the evidence short-term are stored in the following pages: