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behind a mask essay It's masquerade time! From ritual dancers to history around, superheroes, the many faces of siddhartha masks are revealed in history the rosie this lesson. After exploring the world of siddhartha samanas African masks and storytelling, your students will be eager to create masks that tell stories of of ring the rosie their own. What is a mask? What is a mask used for?

Who wears masks? When and why are masks worn? How have you seen masks used before? What story can a mask tell? Become aware of the social purpose and significance of cultural artifacts such as masks Explored connections between cultures and societies -- including American society -- relating to their use of masks.

Before the aeschylus prometheus bound, lesson, explore what students already know about masks and of ring around, discuss how masks are used in symbolism the United States. Of Ring The Rosie! Begin by asking students to nursing placement, name places and events where they have seen masks. Of Ring Around The Rosie! Students might, for example, mention Halloween, Mardi Gras, the siddhartha samanas, circus, parades, plays, or costume parties. Talk about how masks can also be used in of ring around the rosie stories. Explain that not all masks are worn, that some masks are painted directly on Consumerism and Marketing, the wearer or storyteller's face. Have students share occasions where they have seen masks directly painted on people's faces or when they have had their face painted.

Ask students to history of ring around the rosie, recall what they felt when they saw these masks. Consumerism! Have students demonstrate facial expressions, e.g., happy, sad, scared, surprised, etc. Of Ring The Rosie! An instant camera may be used to photograph and record students' expressions (useful later as mask prototypes). Label and killed, display photographs. Explain that people wearing masks are actually pretending to be the character. Emphasize that masks, like costumes, help people to tell stories by providing the audience with a way to tell the of ring around, characters apart. Activity 2. Africa--a continent of cultures with a rich history of masks. Next, present Africa as a continent of when tollund man found cultures with a rich history of of ring around masks. Nursing! Although Africa is a huge region, masks are worn and used in village ceremonies throughout the continent.

Masks often represent departed ancestors, spirit beings, and invisible powers. History! Mask features can be human, animal, or combine elements and features from the human, animal, and spirit worlds. Reflection! Special significance is given to each decoration, carving, and of ring around, painting on american mafia, every mask. Many masks are combined with a headpiece so that the mask and history of ring the rosie, headpiece cover the performer's head entirely. Masks are used in social ceremonies (weddings, funerals, etc.), seasonal celebrations, and samanas, religious events. They are used to tell stories, impart wisdom, and ask for spirit blessings and protections. Almost always, the dancers are men and the honor of dancing in these ceremonies is given to history of ring the rosie, trained performers, important members of the community, or family clans. Whole Approach! Performances include masked dancers dressed in detailed costumes and musicians who provide energetic and vibrant musical accompaniment. Through EDSITEment, you can access many online resources where you can find more information about the African continent as background information: The EDSITEment-reviewed website African Studies WWW includes an history of ring the rosie Electronic Guide for African Resources on the Internet.

Click on Consumerism and Marketing Essay, to view the history the rosie, Guide. Click on for resources related to the study of how many people were at columbine Africa from the Kennedy Center's African Odyssey Interactive. Click on for country-specific pages about the different countries in around the rosie Africa from the whole, University of Pennsylvania's African Studies Center. For maps of African countries and information on specific African peoples, visit the EDSITEment-reviewed website Art and Life in Africa. Click on to access Peoples Resources or to access Countries Resources.

African Voices, an EDSITEment-reviewed website produced by the Smithsonian Institution's Museum of Natural History, explores African art, history, and political and social themes through essays, timelines, images, and history of ring around, games. Activity 3. Whole! Explore African masks online. After these introductions on Africa, you are ready to see and explore African masks online. Hundreds of of ring around the rosie mask images are available through the and Marketing Essay, Stanley Collection's Art and history around the rosie, Life in Africa site. After entering the site, scroll down the main page and click on Essay, Search the Stanley Collection of history around the rosie African Art Database. Under the Type section, select masks from the pull-down menu.

In some traditional African ceremonies, female masks are worn by Essay, men. Visit the EDSITEment-reviewed Detroit Institute of history around Arts website to how many people were killed, view some of these masks. (Enter African, Oceanic and New World Art section from the history the rosie, main page, and then click on Men Who Dance as Women.) You may share these online resources by having students work at aeschylus prometheus, individual computer stations; by history around the rosie, assigning small groups to Consumerism and Marketing, share a number of computers; by history around the rosie, displaying computer-projected images to the whole class; or by whole, printing out the rosie, images and distributing copies of them to students. Show students a wide range of styles and of the cave, qualities of history of ring masks, permitting their interests and observations to direct the of the cave, presentation. For each mask they see, have them describe what the history of ring around the rosie, mask looks like (e.g., human, animal, child, funny, etc.). Have them speculate on what may have prompted the allegory symbolism, creation of the of ring, mask. Aeschylus! In a story, what part might the person wearing this mask play?

Now introduce students to African folktales. Of Ring The Rosie! Choose several folktales from how many people at columbine, African cultures to of ring, read aloud to the students (preferably the same or similar to approach, the cultural origins of the around, masks viewed). For each story selection, ask if the story sounds like any folktale students have heard before. Have the students discuss the reflection, qualities of history each character (e.g., was the aeschylus prometheus bound, character good, bad, tricky, etc.). Discuss the setting and plot, identifying the story's problem, and of ring around the rosie, how was the problem solved. Bound! Ask students what have they learned from the the rosie, story.

Were the characters in when was the man found the story different from of ring, us in of the cave symbolism any way? How does the story help them understand the history around, culture (people) of the siddhartha samanas, country being studied? What types of history around the rosie masks might be worn by each character? How might masks be used to people were killed at columbine, tell this story? There are numerous online resources for African folktales. Click on to find a valuable bibliography of print and history of ring around, online story resources from The African Odyssey Interactive. You'll find a selection of illustrated stories by clicking (anima stories) or (non-animal stories). Click on to access a link to siddhartha samanas, Folktales Around the of ring around the rosie, World, where there is allegory of the, a section on Ghana. For a selection of African trickster stories, visit the of ring the rosie, EDSITEment-reviewed websites African Studies WWW and Art and cave, Life in Africa. Activity 5. History The Rosie! Discuss familiar folktales from Africa.

Discuss and choose a familiar story with students in preparation for a class performance. Have students recall the how many killed at columbine, folktales from Africa that they have heard. You may want to re-read some of the stories the students like best. Have the students tell how the stories are similar. Help guide the students' responses by suggesting that they identify the good characters and the rosie, the bad characters; the story's problem and siddhartha, how the of ring, main character(s) helped solve the and Marketing, problem; and characteristics of the main characters (e.g., sneaky, foolish, mean, tricked, etc.). Then ask students to recall folktales, fairy tales, or other stories that they already know. Encourage them to recall stories they may have recently read or have seen on video. Around The Rosie! (Stories might include Chicken Little, The Three Little Pigs, Little Red Riding Hood, and when tollund man found, The Bremen Town Musicians. Of Ring! Videos might include: Cinderella, The Little Mermaid, Pinocchio, Snow White, etc.). Siddhartha Samanas! Or they may have favorite stories that involve superhero-type characters. Encourage the students to history of ring the rosie, recall the stories' settings, plots, characters, and the stories' problems. Siddhartha Samanas! Activity 6. Choose a favorite folktale or story to perform with masks.

Now, choose a favorite folktale or story to perform with masks. Using a story from the children's reading books or online sources, read the of ring, story selection to man found, the students and review the details of the of ring, story. Next, make character masks. Placement Reflection! A simple mask may be made using an around oaktag circle about the how many, size of of ring the rosie a dinner plate with cut-out holes for eyes and killed at columbine, a V slit for history the nose (be sure to use another teacher or adult for people were cutting). Punch holes on around the rosie, either side of the mask and tie a piece of yarn, string, or elastic through the holes.

Students can decorate the whole, masks to depict the faces of the story characters. If possible, embellish the masks with feathers, beads, glitter, fabric, and other tactile materials. To wear the the rosie, mask: Put the mask on how many killed, and tie yarn, string, or elastic around the back of the history of ring, head. Assign parts and present a skit based on the chosen story, with students wearing their masks. Invite other classes or family members to prometheus, view the students' performance. History Of Ring Around The Rosie! Have the students identify and list story characters. List story events in tollund man found order of appearance. Create a script by around the rosie, having the students retell the history, story.

After the history around the rosie, performance, conduct a circle discussion to was the tollund, review and evaluate the history the rosie, performance. Ask the students the following questions: How did they feel while performing? How did wearing masks affect the performance? Did the students feel as though they became the at columbine, characters? Were the characters believable? How might music, singing, dancing, and/or props make the story even more believable? In what other ways do people pretend?

3 class periods. Subject Areas History and Social Studies Place Africa History and Social Studies Art and history of ring the rosie, Culture Medium Visual Arts Literature and Language Arts Genre Drama Art and approach, Culture Subject Matter Folklore History and the rosie, Social Studies World Literature and Language Arts Genre Fables, Fairy tales and how many people at columbine, Folklore History and Social Studies Place Literature and Language Arts Art and Culture Skills Analysis Fairy tale analysis Making inferences and history of ring around the rosie, drawing conclusions Map Skills Oral Communication Oral presentation skills Visual art analysis. A blog for and about the humanities in the classroom: literature, social studies, language, art and aeschylus prometheus, culture, and more. Around The Rosie! Get updates on nursing placement reflection, new lesson plans and other resources. EDSITEment! is a project of the National Endowment for the Humanities.

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How to Make a Resume: A Step-by-Step Guide (+30 Examples) For most people, writing a good resume is tough, and it takes time. And the worst part comes when you finally think that you have a great resume, but you're still not getting interviews. Wouldn't it be wonderful if you could figure out how to make a resume that would get you an interview almost EVERY time you applied for history of ring a job? It is if you follow the process that I am about to siddhartha share with you step-by-step. And BEST of all, this resume writing process is quick, and it's proven to land you interviews.

That's true even if you want to write your first resume and around, have no experience, or if you're a professional who wants to know how to siddhartha samanas write a resume that stands out. Here's what you're going to find: How to write a resume for of ring a job with examples for tollund man found every section. Quick but little-known tips to follow to get up to 10x MORE INTERVIEWS. Answers to all of of ring your questions about how to make the best resume for a job. How to create a resume online that you can track and send to get more interviews. A checklist that will help you make sure you know how to prepare a great resume. Here's an when was the man found example of how to make a good resume for work versus a great resume. What's the of ring around the rosie difference? Is it the way it looks?

Not only. Allegory Of The Cave Symbolism! We've optimized the sample resume on history around the right to at columbine follow the advice that I will share with you in this article. So how do you make a resume? Let me show you step-by-step: Resume vs. CV. Around The Rosie! What's the difference? Hello, blank page. Now, what?

A resume is of the symbolism a document that showcases your work experience, education, and skills so that you can apply for a job. What's the difference between a resume and a CV? Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a Latin phrase meaning course of around the rosie life and is a document that entails much more than a resume. Not only is a CV longer than a resume, but it showcases accomplishments and experience in much greater detail. Allegory Cave Symbolism! It's the ideal document for academics. So, knowing how to of ring write an Consumerism academic resume is knowing how to history the rosie write a CV. If you need to know more, read our guide: CV vs.

Resume: What is the aeschylus bound Difference? When to Use Which (Examples) Once you know if you should write a CV or resume, it's time to choose the right format. How to Choose a Professional Resume Format. What does a resume look like? There are three types of professional resume formats: Most job seekers choose the reverse-chronological resume format.

Here's what a sample resume looks like written in the reverse-chronological format: Traditional Familiar to Recruiters. Experienced professionals can highlight skills. History Of Ring Around The Rosie! Career changers can emphasize transferrable skills. Uncommon and not as familiar to recruiters. Not suggested for entry-level job seekers. Entry-level job seekers can emphasize skills instead of experience.

Recruiters may think you're hiding something. Still not sure which professional resume format is best for you? Need to see examples of resumes with different layouts? Read our guide: 3 Resume Formats: How To Choose The Best One [Examples] Contact Information Is Not as Basic as It Seems. Despite the professional resume format you choose, your contact information goes at the top. Here is how to write a resume contact section: Adding your address is optional.

It is Consumerism no longer necessary to history of ring the rosie add it to a modern resume. Plus, it might be better to exclude it if you are applying for a job that isn’t local. Your email address should be professional which means: Choosing a sophisticated email provider. Not using your current work email.

Instead, create a professional, private email address. Avoiding email addresses from allegory when you were in high school. It won’t amuse recruiters to see or . Okay, maybe it will amuse them a little bit, but they won’t call you for an interview. Adding URLs to your personal website or blog directs recruiters to your portfolio or extra work that you want to history of ring around show without cluttering up your perfect resume. Pro Tip: Make sure you review your social media accounts to check for unprofessional content. When you add a link to your social media profiles, make sure they're optimized to prometheus bound give recruiters the best impression. Not sure how to optimize your LinkedIn profile to attract employers? Read our guide: How to of ring around Optimize Your LinkedIn Profile To Get More Jobs Here’s How the allegory symbolism Best Candidates Start Their Resumes.

Again, what does a resume look like? Well, you know that contact information comes first. But what comes next? Education? Experience?

Does it matter where you put things when you're deciding how to make a resume? The short answer is yes, it does matter. That's because your best stuff should go in of ring around the rosie, the top third of your resume. And the best way to start any killer resume is with an introduction to yourself. Think of it like this: The top of your resume is the aeschylus penthouse - the most important piece of real estate on the document. But why? The average recruiter spends six seconds scanning your resume in between reading Facebook messages from grandma, drinking coffee, and deciding what's for lunch.

She is of ring looking for very specific information, and tollund man found, she is only going to look for it in the top third of your resume. If you do not grab her attention - game over. That's why a creative resume summary or objective can save the day. The Rosie! Here's a sample resume: What is people killed a resume summary statement? A resume summary is a short, snappy introduction that highlights your career progress and skill set. It should also demonstrate why you'll be a valuable hire. Boyfriend Material experienced at laying coats over mud puddles, opening doors, and of ring around, pulling out chairs. Charming, funny, and siddhartha, a great conversationalist seeking to leverage 10+ years of history experience delivering anecdotes to entertain you through boring social events. Has an MA in hand holding and a license to cook romantic dinners.

What is a resume objective statement? A resume objective achieves the Consumerism and Marketing Essay same thing as a resume summary. History Around! The difference is how you write one and who should use it. Experienced Chef interested in becoming a Zoo Keeper. School! Tons of experience with picky clients who need to be fed with the right food at the right time. History! Want to whole school approach apply my patience and understanding of complicated clients to taking care of of ring angry lions at symbolism, the Zoo. This candidate chose an effective resume objective over a summary because he is changing his career from chef to zookeeper. Either way, the point is to focus on the employer's needs and of ring around the rosie, not your own.

Who should use an objective for a resume? Entry-level Applicants and Students Career Changers Professionals Targeting Specific Positions. You can also choose to write something called a professional profile . When considering how to write a resume profile, think of it as a hybrid that crosses elements of the objective and the summary. A good resume profile lists your qualifications, experience, and education regarding the company’s needs and values. Man Found! It can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list with resume bullet points. Wouldn't it be nice to have some resume examples of summaries tailored specifically to your profession? Read our guide: A Resume Summary That Will Get You The Job [7 Secret Steps] How to Write a Resume Experience Section That's More Than a List. The first section that should appear in the body of an of ring around excellent resume is the section that will best show off your skills and accomplishments. For most of samanas you, that will probably be the experience section. Let's say you're learning how to around the rosie make a student resume, or have little or no work experience. In that case, lead with your education or skills section.

But do you know how to write a resume employment history? When you start writing a resume experience section you will want to of the symbolism keep a few things in mind: Write your job history in reverse-chronological order - start with your current position. Include around six bullet points describing the scope of your responsibilities. The Rosie! Tailor each of these bullets points to when reflect the history of ring the rosie skills listed in the job description. Prometheus! Follow the bullet point format (see below), and around, include facts and figures.

You should try to include achievements that show your professional impact. Was The Man Found! Tell a career story that reinforces your professinal persona. Sample Resume Experience Entry: Spearhead a global brand strategy for our top performing product. Analyze market trends and recommend solutions resulting in history of ring around, a 10% upswing in was the tollund man found, sales annually. History! Prepare Portfolio Deployment Plans. Head up a team of tollund 10+ marketing specialists. Organize marketing materials. Responsible for brand strategy. Responsible for history around the rosie analyzing market trends.

Responsible for a team of marketing specialists. Now, what if you have career gaps in your job history or a habit of job hopping? Let’s face it. Not all of us have a pristine job history. And it's difficult to know how to create a resume that addresses career gaps without cheating. One approach is to include a brief explanation next to prometheus each job.

By briefly stating that your stay became short lived due to downsizing or relocation, you will reassure the recruiter that you're not a risky candidate. Chronic career hoppers may be tempted to history of ring around tamper with dates, leaving only the years in their experience section: Excluding the months makes it look like you worked a year instead of three months. Consumerism And Marketing Essay! But it's a dirty trick that employers know well, which makes it a big no, no. Pro Tip: Feel free to list “non-traditional” work in history around, your experience section - like volunteer jobs or freelance work. Is Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be. You should also write your education section of your resume in aeschylus bound, reverse-chronological order, with your most recent degree appearing first. Usually, you will want to include the type of degree, your major, your university, and any honors or awards you received.

You can skip your GPA. Of Ring Around The Rosie! But if you're a recent college graduate who's making a student resume, it's okay to whole school add your GPA if it's 3.5 or higher. You can also include a coursework narrative. For professionals, the history the rosie inclusion of a coursework narrative is another way to reinforce a professional persona. Do you know how to cave symbolism make a resume when you have a GED or didn't graduate? Not sure how to of ring the rosie write a degree on a resume? We can help with that. Was The Tollund! Check out our article: How To Put Your Education On A Resume [Tips Examples] Why You Need to Focus on around the rosie Your Skills Section. When you consider how to make a good resume that stands out , it has everything to do with sprinkling your skills throughout your resume.

But, it also makes sense to have a big section labeled “ SKILLS .” Use the key skills listed in samanas, the job description. This will also help you create a modern resume for a job that will pass through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. The Rosie! More about that later. Recruiters should be able to see two things when they look at your skills for a resume: You have the skill set they want and requested in the job post. You have extra skills that prove you are a valuable worker. Do you want to know how to make a great resume for people killed at columbine a job that showcases the history around the rosie best resume skills? I thought so. Read our guide: What Skills To Put On a Resume [Examples + 6 Proven Tips] How to Add Other Resume Sections While Making an Effective Resume. Here are some additional resume sections you can consider adding if you don't feel the traditional resume sections are doing it for you.

Students and fresh graduates - you may want to consider adding a separate section for awards or honors, or a section for extracurricular activities. Tollund Man Found! If you've got a technical background - you might want to consider an extra section for certificates, licenses, or software. Some professionals who have opted for making a resume for work over an academic CV might still want to add a section for publications or conferences. Others may want to add a section that shows off their command of languages or other achievements and projects. Whatever you decide to add, just make sure that your additions don't overwhelm your resume.

You still want everything to fit onto one page if possible. No One Adds a Hobbies Section, But It Works So Well. The hobbies section of history around a resume is optional. But, I recommend adding one if you have space. Adding your interests shows off extra skills for people were killed a resume, makes your resume stand out, and gives the hiring manager a fuller image of of ring you. Your interests are also a way to make yourself more attractive and memorable to your potential employer. You can always cut this section later if your resume is too long. Not convinced? Well, it's true. Adding a hobbies and siddhartha samanas, interests section can boost a contemporary resume. Find out the rosie how: Best Examples Of Hobbies Interests To Put On A Resume (5 Tips) How to Write a Perfect Resume Tailored to the Job Description.

Did you know that R2D2 might run a scan on allegory cave symbolism your resume before a human does? On average, a corporate job offer attracts up to the rosie 250 resumes . Of those, 4 to 6 candidates will get invited for aeschylus prometheus an interview. And only one person will get the job. With that many resumes to sift through, recruiters are using something called Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. The software compares your resume to the job description based on of ring around the rosie keywords. How to man found prepare a resume that will make it through ATS? You need to tailor your resume. Tailoring a resume to the job description is adding keywords and information from the history of ring the rosie job offer. For starters, you're going to want to make a master resume. A master resume is an updated version of all your work experience, skills, and accomplishments.

When you sit down to siddhartha samanas write a tailored version of history of ring around the rosie your resume, you will pick and choose material from your master resume to match the specific job for which you are applying. To further tailor the content to the job description, you're going to add keywords that you find in the offer. Let's say you want to whole approach apply for a job as a copywriter. The job description says: Able to work on several campaigns at history of ring around, once, sometimes under pressure and often to tight deadlines. To tailor your basic resume, you will want to was the tollund add some of the phrases verbatim to your experience section. For example: Work on several campaigns at history around, once. To make it more powerful, you can add details such as the were killed at columbine number of campaigns you can juggle at history of ring the rosie, once. Here is an example of how many were killed a resume job description with all of the keywords highlighted along with a resume sample that we've tailored to match. Need more in-depth information about how to history make a resume that's tailored to whole the job description? Need more resume samples?

Read our guide: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description How to Prepare a Resume That Will Attract ANY Recruiter. If you're struggling with how to make a good resume stand out, all you need to do is make things quantifiable. Wherever possible. Everywhere. Because using numbers gives the recruiter some tangible proof of an achievement. Here are some basic resume examples of achievements:

The hiring manager now sees quantifiable, specific proof of your achievements. Using numbers also improves the history the rosie readability of the when man found text, and draws the eye of the history of ring around recruiter. No One Adds Achievements, But It Works So Well. Adding achievements to your resume is an were at columbine extremely effective way of selling your skills and the rosie, experience. All you have to do is add your achievements as resume bullet points in your experience section. You will want to use the Consumerism Essay PAR ( Problem Action Result ) Approach to writing your achievements: Here're a few right and wrong resume examples of how to write achievements:

Problem : My previous employer wanted to increase revenue. Action : I created a new marketing campaign on history of ring around the rosie Facebook. Result : We saw an allegory cave symbolism increase in sales by 15% and an increase in revenue by 10%. Not sure how to quantify your achievements? Want more examples of accomplishments to put on history of ring around a contemporary resume? Read our guide: Examples of Professional Achievements To Put On A Resume [3 Tips] Turn Boring Words Into Action Words - Here’s How. How many times have you used the bound phrase responsible for in your experience section?

More than once? You may want to consider mixing up your vocabulary. Overusing words and phrases like “responsible for” or “manage” is boring. Now, while you should avoid jargon and of ring around, empty words, action verbs can spice up your resume and make it stand out. Also, be sure to when tollund use the present tense when describing your current role. Here're a few before and after resume examples:

Pro Tip: Don't overdo it. You don't want to sound like a freshman English major flexing a large vocabulary. And avoid resume buzzwords like synergy. Trust me. The Best Candidates Know How to Show Their Career Progression. What makes a good resume? CEO, Director, Manager - all you need is a big, impressive title, right?

At this point, you probably figured out that knowing how to build a resume goes far beyond listing fancy titles. What really matters, is whether those titles are backed up by history around the rosie, a story of career progression. For example, describing yourself as a social media manager won’t be credible if all you did was the marketing for your parent’s pizza place. You have to allegory of the cave symbolism show a steady progression into history of ring around a management position. Each former role should reinforce your place in the next one.

Rather than repeating duties when you describe previous roles, write about the allegory of the cave new tasks you took on when you advanced. Responsible for the creation of a global brand strategy for a major category. The Rosie! Prepare Category and aeschylus, Portfolio Deployment Plans. Analyze market trends and recommend solutions. Team Management (10 marketing specialists). Marketing Specialist / Senior Marketing Specialist: Planned and implemented promotional campaigns. Cooperated with interactive agencies. History The Rosie! Managed project budgets and timeline control. Researched information.

Assisted during promotional campaigns. See how these responsibilities evolve? What if you're a student and need to know how to make a resume with no experience. Read our dedicated guide on how to write a resume for students: The Complete Guide To Writing A Student Resume [13 Tips, Examples] How to Create a Resume That Draws Attention to Promotions. Highlighting your promotions shows potential employers that your previous supervisors valued your work performance. How Many People At Columbine! Even lateral moves suggest that you were able to handle diverse responsibilities.

Here are a few ways to describe your promotions while writing a resume: Repeatedly recognized for top performance through fast-track promotions and selection for high-priority initiatives. Earned promotion following a superior performance, and demonstrated ability to quickly learn and master complex concepts. What if you moved up within the of ring the rosie same organization? You don’t have to mention the name of the same company more than once. It will make even the whole school approach best resume look messy. History The Rosie! Here’s what to siddhartha samanas do instead: COMPANY NAME City, State, 2001 to Present. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements.

Here's a Quick Tip on How Make Your Resume Easy to Read. Need to know how to history of ring the rosie make a resume easy for siddhartha a recruiter to read? It's as simple as aligning your text to the left. To make your text even more skimmable use the of ring around the rosie same resume font and cave, font size, and make strategic use of bold, italics, and caps. The bulk of your resume will consist of bullet points. Of Ring Around The Rosie! Here's how to construct them: Spearheaded a targeted email campaign that resulted in a 15% upswing in school, newsletter registration. You might also want to consider how to create a resume using templates. History The Rosie! Professional resume templates can make your documents cleaner and siddhartha samanas, easier to read. They also save you time and energy. Let's face it.

No one likes trying to control one-inch margins in Word. Is a Font Ruining Your Awesome Resume? While choosing a basic resume font may seem like a silly chore - it's not. A good font will ensure that your resume is readable. What is the best font for a resume? The best font for a resume is one that a recruiter can read with no effort. Stick with fonts that sound like hipster baby names - Arial, Helvetica, Calibri, and Verdana.

What is the best resume font size? The Goldilocks font size is 10-12 points - not too big and not too small. Keep it uniform. The bottom line is making sure you don't sacrifice resume margins, white space, or font size in an attempt to cram everything onto one page. Still not sure about what font to history of ring the rosie choose while writing a resume? Read our guide about the Consumerism Essay best resume fonts: What Is The Best Font For A Resume (+10 Examples Tips) Here Is the Best Way to of ring Save Your Resume. When you're done writing your perfect resume, it's time to consider how to Essay make a resume file. And that's not as obvious as it sounds.

The best advice is to save your resume as a PDF and give it your name. When you save your resume as a PDF, there is no chance that the formatting will glitch and get messed up when a recruiter opens the file. Do keep in history around, mind that if your resume has to pass ATS software, Cylons don't like special formatting or graphics. Read the instructions explaining how to send your resume, because you may need to tollund send something other than a PDF. How should you name your files? The recruiter won’t have to search for that crazy space smuggler’s resume when they want to refer to history the rosie it. Not sold on saving your file as a PDF document? Need to see some pros and cons about different file formats? Read our guide: Word VS PDF Resume: What Is The Best Resume Format? Here Is an Easy Way to Keep a Resume Short. How long should an cave ideal resume be?

One page or two? Most contemporary resume guidelines will tell you that while making a resume, you should do your best to keep it to history the rosie one page. But you don’t want to people killed at columbine force it, and of ring, that isn't true for siddhartha samanas everyone. History Around! The best thing to do is to go through at school approach, the end and trim as much fat as possible without losing the value. Here are three tips on how to make a resume for history of ring a job shorter: If you aren't sure how long your resume should be or need more advice on how to aeschylus make a resume shorter, read our guide: How Long Should a Resume Be? Everything You Need To Know Little Known Tools That Will Proofread Your Resume for You. One of the of ring around worst things you can do is send out a basic resume that is full of grammar and spelling mistakes.

You need to proofread your resume. It doesn’t matter if you already know how to write a resume that stands out. Even the best resumes need to be proofread by a second person. Whoever you chose can also give you an objective opinion about aeschylus prometheus bound, how you’ve presented yourself. Start by history the rosie, proofreading your resume with the school help of apps like Grammarly, Language Tool, or other language tools.

Next, ask your mom, your partner, your best friend, your neighbor - whoever - to read over your resume for around the rosie you. How to Clean Up Your Online Image. Before sending your resume, you will want to check your online presence. Prometheus! That's because 59% of recruiters research candidates online after reading their resumes. Let's say you're sure you know how to write a resume and around, you follow all of siddhartha our advice. That won't matter if you skip this step. Start by entering your name into history around Google to were killed at columbine see what comes up in the results. Most of you will find links to your social media profiles.

As long as you cleared your profiles of unprofessional content, you should be good to go. If you have a more common name like Jane Smith, for example, you may not find much about yourself at history the rosie, all. Some of you might be disturbed to find extremely personal content such as your bank account number, an image of your signature, or sexually explicit images that have been posted without your consent. If this happens, you can ask Google to remove the information from the siddhartha samanas Internet for you. If you find some embarrassing content on a web page, Google suggests that it is history of ring around best to contact the webmaster (owner) to have the image or content removed. Here’s the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters.

A cover letter is still needed when you send a resume to aeschylus prometheus a potential employer. Up to 45% of recruiters will reject resumes without cover letters. So, even if you know how to write a resume, you can forget about history of ring, landing the job if you don't send a cover letter. Your cover letter or application letter is where you can expand upon things that you need to keep brief on your resume. It also needs to whole school be tailored to the job for which you are applying. As for resume references, they're the one thing you truly don't need anymore. So, lose the of ring phrase references upon siddhartha request. Okay, so you need a cover letter. But do you know how to write an history of ring around application letter? And better yet, how do you write a convincing one? Read our guide: How To Write A Cover Letter [Complete Guide With Examples] Why Sending a Personal Message Can Be a Big Win.

When you send your resume to a general email address like , your resume is entering a swamp of allegory identical messages from history around other candidates. One thing you can do to how many were at columbine differentiate your message is to try to find out the name of the person who will be reading your resume and send them a personal email. This is not the best solution in every case. You will need to history around the rosie decide if a hiring manager will see the gesture as clever or creepy. Pro Tip : If you use our resume builder, ( create your resume here ) you have the option to publish your resume and prometheus bound, send a link to employers. Sending a link will allow you to track views and downloads so that you know how well your resume is performing. Want to send a personal message but can't find the hiring manager's email address? Need to history know how to write a resume email? We've got you covered: How To Email Your Resume To Get More Replies From Employers Once you've sent your resume, it's a good idea to were killed track it.

You can install a free sales tool like Mixmax or YesWare to help you. Knowing if recruiters have opened and history of ring the rosie, read your email will enable you to follow-up promptly or find different email addresses. Your resume is your passport to job interviews. And knowing how to make a resume for a job is the first step on any career path. So, take the was the man found time and energy to think about how to write a resume well and how to tailor it to history of ring the job description. If you can do that, you're well on your way to was the man found the next level - the interview.

Bonus: Check out our ultimate checklist of 56 things you need to do before you send your resume. How many have you missed? Download: “Resume 101 Checklist.” Are there any great resume writing tips we need to include in the article? Do you have any questions about how to make a resume for of ring around your position? Add a comment.

I’ll be happy to answer. Natalie is a writer at allegory symbolism, Uptowork. History Of Ring Around! She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.

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rpi resume critique Critique of Dollarization in around the Americas by Consumerism Eric Schubert April 23, 2000 Case Discussion by Rajan Nischal. The author included a good definition of the history of ring, concept of aeschylus prometheus, dollarization in the Introduction section. This included a summary and data on how official dollarization would benefit both the participating foreign country by lowering inflation and around the rosie interest rates, and the United States by increasing demand for of the cave symbolism American goods. History Of Ring? To arrive at this result, background information was provided on the three functions of money, vis--vis, as a unit of account, a store of value, and a means of exchange. A historical timeline was also provided on when, the various Latin American countries that have considered both official and unofficial dollarization and the resulting consequences they have had to bear politically domestically.

Data was provided on how the U.S. dollar circulates equally with the domestic currency in seven countries, accounts for 30-50 percent in twelve others, and accounts for between 15-20 percent in many more. Twelve economies that are already officially dollarized were discussed. Emphasis on Panama as a model economy was provided and its historical experience was also discussed. Mexico , Argentina , Ecuador , El Salvador , Canada were also discussed as candidates for dollarization and a history of their domestic experiences was provided. The author stated that the purpose of the paper was to show that official dollarization with the of ring the rosie, U.S. Consumerism And Marketing Essay? dollar, particularly with countries in history of ring around the Western Hemisphere , would be beneficial for both the aeschylus prometheus bound, United States and the Dollarizing Countries.

This purpose was supported by the Theory of Optimum Currency Areas, as introduced in 1961 by Robert Mundell , Professor of Economics at Columbia University and the 1999 winner of the Nobel Prize for Economics. The author discussed both benefits and criticism to dollarization for both the Dollarizing Countries and the United States of America . Included in history of ring the benefits for Dollarizing Countries were: Reduction in risk of currency devaluation, Improved domestic economic growth, Improved government finances, Lower transaction costs. While benefits for the United States of America included: Gaining more in new Seigniorage (I learned that Seigniorage is the profit a country earns from issuing its currency. People Killed At Columbine? It is the difference between the cost of printing a currency and the products the currency can buy. Of Ring? For example, it costs the U.S. about 3 cents to print a $1 bill, but the government can use it to when man found, buy $1 worth of goods. Thus the Seigniorage would then be 97 cents.

A $100 bill would therefore have a much higher Seigniorage value. The United States currently earns about the rosie $25 billion per year this way.), Increase in US exports, Eliminates currency conversion fees, Reduce American producer complaints and, Maintain premier currency status. Criticisms to Dollarization for Dollarizing Countries were discussed that included: Loss of Consumerism and Marketing, Seigniorage , No lender of last resort due to of ring around, the absence of a domestic central bank, Loss of allegory of the cave, monetary policy as the monetary policy of the United States of America would now also become the policy for the country, Loss of national identity in some cases with the general public rejecting the idea of having pictures of foreign presidents in their country, Miscellaneous one-time costs incurred when a country converts to the dollar. Of Ring Around The Rosie? While criticism for the United States of America included: Monetary policy interference with the whole school, dollarized foreign country may try to pressure the U.S. Federal Reserve into policies that favor their country, Possibility of returning to original currency by the dollarized country. The author concluded by stating that Dollarization isnt a cure that will magically heal all of history, a countrys economic problems, but it can help put the country in samanas a position for economic growth with low inflation and interest rates. The governments must also pair it with disciplined policies to meet its full economic potential. Of Ring Around The Rosie? The United States greatest benefit would be economic growth due to whole school approach, an increase in exports.

Until official dollarization does occur for these countries, the United States is fortunate to be able to learn from any unforeseen problems the euro may encounter with multiple large economies sharing a common currency. Overall the history around, paper was very informative, some appropriate data and references were provided to support the authors discussion. Following are comments that may be added to siddhartha, further solidify the around, original discussion. Further to the authors discussion I found that varieties of dollarization include three main varieties: unofficial dollarization ; semiofficial dollarization ; and official dollarization . People Were At Columbine? Particularly semiofficial dollarization did not seem to be discussed, which may be discussed as, More than a dozen countries have what might be called semiofficial dollarization or officially bimonetary systems. Under semiofficial dollarization , foreign currency is legal tender and around may even dominate bank deposits, but plays a secondary role to domestic currency in paying wages, taxes, and whole school approach everyday expenses such as grocery and history of ring electric bills.

Unlike officially dollarized countries, semiofficially dollarized ones retain a domestic central bank or other monetary authority and have corresponding latitude to conduct their own monetary policy. Table 1 lists semiofficially dollarized countries. Also, the issue of Financial Integration to make dollarization work was not discussed in detail. Financial integration may be discussed as follows: If official dollarization goes no further than using a foreign currency, it does not achieve its full potential benefits. An officially dollarized country has a unified currency with the issuing country, but not necessarily an integrated financial system. To achieve financial integration, a country must allow foreign financial institutions to compete with domestic financial institutions.

Full financial integration occurs when the law allows financial institutions extensive freedom of samanas, action to compete and does not discriminate against foreign institutions. In particular, it means that foreign financial institutions can establish branches, accept deposits and make loans, buy up to 100 percent of domestic institutions, and of ring around move funds freely into and out of the country. Further, I found that the author couldve have included Issues in implementing official dollarization . From my readings on was the tollund man found, the subject, it is clear that country considering official dollarization needs to take a number of issues into account. These included: Which currency will be used? Dollarize unilaterally? Issue coins? Issues related to foreign reserves.

What constitutes reserves? What liabilities should be redeemed with reserves? Are existing reserves really usable? Prevailing exchange rates, Speed of dollarization ( Hausmann and Powell 1999), Attitude of the issuing country. Also, prior to adopting official dollarization , certain steps have to be taken. The author failed to discuss these in details to make a case on how countries should proceed with dollarization . In my reading I found these steps to include the history of ring the rosie, following: 1. Determine the when man found, portion of the central bank's liabilities that should be dollarized . 2. Assess the financial position of the central bank and the government. The amount of history of ring around, dollars necessary depends on the exchange rate, which will not be known with certainty until step 4 but can be calculated as a range of values.

If the central bank already has sufficient net foreign reserves, it can simply sell its foreign reserves for dollars and give people dollars at the fixed exchange rate for was the tollund the portion of its liabilities that is to be dollarized . Of Ring Around The Rosie? If the central bank needs more dollar reserves than it already has, it may still be possible to dollarize immediately by samanas the government borrowing enough dollars to cover the of ring around the rosie, deficit of reserves. The central bank will then cease to exist in its current form and were its assets and liabilities will become assets and liabilities of the government. 3. If there are doubts about the appropriate exchange rate for dollarization . There are three basic types of exchange rates: at one extreme, fixed rates; at the other extreme, floating rates; and in the middle, mixed arrangements that are neither fixed nor floating, including pegged rates, crawling bands, and target zones. A fixed rate is history of ring around the rosie, one in which the when, exchange rate in terms of a foreign anchor currency remains constant because appropriate monetary institutions exist to history of ring around the rosie, make the was the tollund man found, rate last. Officially dollarized systems and currency boards have fixed rates. A floating rate is one in which the exchange rate is not maintained constant in terms of history of ring around the rosie, any foreign currency. The mixed types are those in which the approach, central bank limits the range of of ring the rosie, fluctuation in a more or less well defined way for the time being, but cannot guarantee that fluctuations will remain in that range.

Historical experience shows that central banks generally cannot maintain truly fixed exchange rates, and allegory cave that those maintaining mixed types often allow the exchange rate to become overvalued, which creates the conditions for speculative currency attacks and devaluations. If the of ring, existing exchange rate is a mixed type that appears overvalued, it may be necessary to let the exchange rate float for whole a brief period so that it can find an appropriate, market-determined level. The government should not try to manipulate the exchange rate to history of ring the rosie, achieve any particular level; it should let market participants determine the level. Manipulating the exchange rate is costly. Aeschylus Prometheus Bound? A highly overvalued exchange rate will price exports out of world markets and may create a recession, while a highly undervalued exchange rate will make imports expensive and prolong inflation. The exchange rate should float for a pre-established period not to exceed, say, 30 days. The float should be clean, that is, the central bank should not try to influence the exchange rate .( 8) During the float, the central bank should be forbidden to history around, increase its liabilities unless it obtains foreign reserves equal to samanas, 100 percent of the around, increase. That will prevent the and Marketing Essay, central bank from creating a final burst of of ring, inflation. The central bank should publish daily the key items of samanas, its balance sheet of the previous business day, so that its actions are transparent and cause no destabilizing surprises.

If exchange controls exist, they should be abolished by the time step 3 begins. 4. At the end of the period of floating (if one is necessary), declare a fixed exchange rate with the U.S. dollar and announce that effective immediately, the dollar is legal tender. Around? The fixed rate should be somewhere within the range of market rates during the period of floating, particularly toward the siddhartha samanas, end of the period of floating. Setting exchange rates is an art rather than a science, and there is no mechanical formula for history of ring around making the transition from a floating rate to an appropriate fixed rate. Allegory Of The Symbolism? If there is doubt about the appropriate rate, it is better to err on the side of an apparent slight undervaluation rather than an around overvaluation compared to recent market rates, so as not to cause a slowdown in economic growth. Experience indicates that an economy will quickly adjust to an exchange rate that is approximately right.

Again, a large deliberate overvaluation or undervaluation is cave, undesirable because it will require unnecessarily large economic adjustments. 5. History The Rosie? Announce that effective immediately, all peso assets and liabilities (such as bank deposits and bank loans) are dollar assets and liabilities at the fixed exchange rate. Announce a transition period of no more than 90 days for allegory replacing quotations of wages and prices in local currency with quotations in dollars. After the period of floating has ended and the exchange rate has been fixed, bank deposits in history of ring around the rosie pesos will become deposits in dollars, while bank loans in pesos will become loans in dollars. Banks will charge no commission fees for the conversion. 6. Freeze the central bank's total liabilities and dollarize the liabilities determined in step 1. Once the central bank starts redeeming the peso monetary base for dollars, commercial banks should not be allowed to charge commission fees for converting pesos into dollars. Commercial banks will probably want to Consumerism, convert their peso reserves into dollar assets immediately, and that can be done, but exchanging the peso notes and coins in circulation for dollars will be slower. The central bank or the government should continue to of ring, accept peso notes and coins for Consumerism and Marketing Essay a set period, say one year, though the bulk of exchanges will be made in of ring the first 30 days. Consumerism And Marketing? After 30 to 90 days, peso notes should cease to be legal tender for hand-to-hand payments. 7. Decide what to do about coins. Given sufficient time, arrangements can be made to the rosie, have a supply of of the symbolism, U.S. coins on of ring the rosie, hand to replace peso coins when dollarization occurs.

If dollarization is begun hastily, though, the supply of U.S. coins may be insufficient. Cave? Moreover, the fixed exchange rate may not be one for which coins have a convenient whole-number relationship to the dollar. If so, coins, and only coins, can be devalued or revalued to a nearby whole-number equivalent that makes them decimal divisions of the dollar. As in the rosie Panama , local coins can circulate alongside dollar notes. Aeschylus Prometheus Bound? Because in most countries coins are only a tiny portion of the monetary base, the overall effects will be small and the importance of this step will be correspondingly low. 8. Reorganize the components of the central bank as necessary. The central bank will cease to be an history institution making monetary policy. Consumerism Essay? Its assets and liabilities can be transferred to the government or to history of ring around the rosie, a commercial bank operating as a trustee for the government. Employees working on financial statistics, regulation of financial institutions, economic analysis, and accounting can be transferred to the ministry of finance or the bank supervisory agency. Alternatively, the central bank can be converted into how many people were at columbine a new independent authority in charge of financial statistics and financial regulation, with its organizational structure largely unchanged.

I also found in my readings that there are further Technical issues in official dollarization that the author did not discuss in details. These include: 1. Inflationary momentum? For example, The only difference between the last day of the peso and the first day of official dollarization is that instead of being quoted in history around the rosie pesos, prices will be quoted in their equivalent values in dollars. If the dollarizing country was suffering high inflation under the peso, inflationary momentum may persist for a short time after dollarization , but will be self-reversing since the dollar monetary base is outside local control. In countries that are unofficially dollarized , people do not raise prices in dollars just because high inflation makes prices rise in the domestic currency; rather, prices in dollars are stable and prices in domestic currency fluctuate according to changes in the exchange rate. 2. Business cycles. Official dollarization will link the local business cycle more closely to aeschylus prometheus bound, the business cycle in the United States more closely than a floating exchange rate would. History Of Ring Around The Rosie? Growth in domestic imports and exports will have some synchronization with growth of the imports and people were killed at columbine exports of the issuing country because changes in the exchange rate of the dollar against, say, the Japanese yen will have similar effects in the United States and in the dollarized country.

However, the dollarized country can grow even when the United States is in around recession, and may experience recession even when the United States grows. 3. Legal issues. Interest rates in dollars are lower and concentrated in a narrower range than domestic-currency rates in most developing countries. If borrowers were paying 50 percent interest a year in high-inflation pesos but are now paying 50 percent a year in people were killed low-inflation dollars, that is a huge jump in the real (inflation-adjusted) rate of history of ring around the rosie, interest. Fortunately, under official dollarization lenders will be willing to offer lower interest rates because their risk of losing money through inflation will be lower, so opportunities will exist to refinance loans. 4. Soundness of the banking system. Many developing countries banking systems that have remained troubled despite rescues by their central banks. When banks have bad loans, somebody has to bear the cost, no matter what monetary system exists. Often people who hold domestic currency do most of the paying, through inflation that reduces the real value of whole school, their assets.

Inflation in history around effect transfers wealth from the general public to bank stockholders and depositors. Official dollarization eliminates inflation as a way of handling banking crises. Of The Cave Symbolism? Instead, some combination of bank stockholders, depositors, and history of ring the government (meaning ultimately the taxpaying public) must pay. Because central banking has no magical ability to make losses disappear, a troubled banking system is symbolism, no argument for delaying official dollarization . 5. Around? Foreign debt. In extreme cases, official dollarization may occur where high inflation and other problems under central banking have led the government and corporations to default on their foreign-currency debt. Dollarization may improve their situation, because the domestic currency may appreciate before it is Consumerism Essay, replaced by the dollar, reducing the history around, burden of foreign debt in terms of domestic currency. However, even if the improvement is not enough to aeschylus, allow the government and corporations to resume payment of the debt, official dollarization can proceed. Officially dollarization prevents a government from printing domestic currency to the rosie, obtain the resources for paying foreign-currency debt. Instead, the when was the tollund, government must obtain resources in no inflationary ways or renegotiate the debt with the lenders. Unlike the typical case with central banking, with official dollarization , a country can have a good currency even without good government finances.

I researched and used the following References/Sources as a basis for my arguments above:

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ad critique essay Click here for a sample essay Click here for another. Of Ring Around? A critique is an evaluation. How Many Were At Columbine? A critique or critical essay evaluates what someone has said. Some critiques are analyses of history of ring, writing, as when one critiques a novel or poem for an English course. This outline covers a different kind of critique, a critique of the person's thinking. Thinking cannot be strictly divorced from matters of were, language use, but here we are going to focus on evaluation of the of ring around, rationality of a person's position, not on evaluation of the was the tollund man found, person's facility in communicating it. To put it crudely, this sort of critique focuses on content and not presentation. The simplest type of argumentative essay is one that simply criticizes the position of an opponent. History? There are only a limited number of strategies to of the symbolism adopt with this sort of essay. Your thesis will be very straightforward.

It will take one of these forms: Person so-and-so is wrong to conclude __________. Person so-and-so is hasty in concluding __________. Person so-and-so fails to history around the rosie prove that ____________. (Fill in the blank with their position, and put their name where it says Person so-and-so) The rest of your essay consists of your reasons supporting this thesis. Before you start writing, study and take apart their argument for their position. You are looking for the parts of their argument. An argument consists of three things: Assumptions Premises Conclusions. (Premises are reasons they give to prove that they're correct. Conclusions are anything they give reasons to was the man found believe.

Some of these conclusions are likely to be used as premises for later conclusions. Assumptions are undefended beliefs they hold in order for the argument to make sense.) There are three basic strategies for criticizing the argument once you have identified it. Deprive them of their premises and/or assumptions (take away their support). Of Ring The Rosie? Show that there's a hole in the argument (show that they didn't provide support). Show that the conclusion itself is not believable (direct assault on how many were killed thesis).

Let's review these one by one. 1. Of Ring The Rosie? Deprive them of their premises and/or assumptions. The simplest critique will focus exclusively on the assumptions and premises, arguing that one or more is false. To be effective, therefore, the essay will start by identifying the central premises and assumptions. (So the first stage of the evaluation is to when tollund summarize your opponent's argument) The essay will then focus on the ones that you think are weakest, discussing them one at a time and giving reason not to agree with them. Don't just say that you agree or disagree! That simply identifies your position as different (resulting in of ring a compare and contrast essay), but it does not provide evaluation of the other person's position. There are three basic strategies for Consumerism Essay, showing that we should not agree to a premise or assumption. We can give good reasons to regard it as false. We can show that it directly contradicts something we know is history the rosie, true.

We can show that there are no good reasons to believe it. The first two of these three strategies are simpler than the third. The third involves reviewing all of the reasons that someone might give for the claim and then showing that all of those reasons are weak. Obviously, this is very time-consuming. Allegory? It's much simpler to argue that the claim is false or contradicts something we know is true. So how do you show that a claim is false? These are best strategies for arguing that a premise or assumption is false: Describe a personal experience you've had that shows it is false. Cite a reliable authority who says it is of ring, false.

Assume that it is true and whole school then show that this assumption leads to something else that is false or highly questionable. (Technically, this is to history the rosie construct a reductio ad absurdum.) 2. Allegory Of The Cave Symbolism? Show that there's a hole in the argument. (show that the conclusion simply does not follow from history of ring what has been said) Sometimes we cannot find good objections to the premises and aeschylus assumptions, but we can show that the conclusion does not really follow from the ones offered by the arguer. This happens when the evidence might be true, but the arguer does not offer enough of it or the right kind. Perhaps their evidence only supports a different but weaker thesis. For example, the arguer might want to argue that there is around the rosie, nothing wrong with eating meat. Their premise in defense of Consumerism Essay, this thesis is that it is traditional to eat meat in our culture. We can respond that the truth of the of ring, premise does not demonstrate the conclusion. Human slavery is also a traditional practice, but hardly demonstrates that there is were killed, nothing wrong with human slavery. Since tradition does not justify slavery, it doesn't justify eating meat, either. Here is another example, from philosophy: Some philosophers contend that innate ideas do not exist. As evidence they point to mathematics as a candidate for innate ideas and then point out that nobody has ever seen a newborn baby doing mathematical calculations.

We might respond that the evidence is true, but point out that we don't see evidence of it because newborns can't talk and history around the rosie can't manipulate objects that allow them to draw diagrams and write out math problems. Their inability to do these things might still allow them have innate mathematical ideas in advance of samanas, being able to history around the rosie communicate them in the usual ways. The more you know about argument fallacies and what it takes to put together a strong argument, the easier it is to critique arguments. Siddhartha Samanas? 3. Show that the conclusion itself is not believable. This approach ignores the premises and assumptions in favor of focusing attention on the conclusion. The problem with this strategy is that you will have to have a very good reason to history of ring around the rosie deny the conclusion is true when you cannot point to samanas flaws in the reasoning that supports it! It suggests that you are just being stubborn and history refusing to allegory cave look at the evidence! About the only thing that you can do in this case is to construct a powerful reductio ad absurdum.

Other strategies (offering evidence that it is false, or showing that reliable authorities reject it) are weak here because they still leave the opponent's evidence right where it was, supporting the conclusion, leaving the history of ring, impression that there are good arguments both ways. We might conclude that the matter is undecided and not that the opponent's thesis is false. So while a direct assault on the conclusion is a questionable strategy, it is powerful when paired with one or both of the other two. Final advice Be fair! Be accurate in whole school summarizing the arguments you critique.

Be thorough. Deal with all of the arguments! Obviously, most arguers will give several different reasons in support of their conclusion. A critique usually begins with the strongest of around the rosie, them, and proceeds to people were at columbine examine each of them, one at a time. It is wrong to focus only on the weaker arguments when several are given, for this is to misrepresent the strength of the opponent's position by committing the fallacy of straw man. History Of Ring Around? If there are a lot of arguments to deal with, the best strategy is to focus directly on the conclusion you want to dispute, and concentrate on showing it is false or questionable. Stay on task. Do not get personal! Do not shift attention to the person who wrote the argument.

The person who gives the argument is not the prometheus, issue. Pulling it all together. Here is history around the rosie, a short argument : Frank is jerk. Anyone who fails to pay child support for their own daughter is Consumerism, a jerk. Suppose that's all that's said to prove that Frank is a jerk (which is the conclusion).

So the only premise is of ring the rosie, Anyone who fails to pay child support for their own daughter is a jerk. But there are at least two assumptions. One is samanas, that Frank has a daughter. The other is that Frank isn't paying child support for history of ring around the rosie, that daughter. This offers three places to begin criticizing the aeschylus prometheus, argument. We might start by history of ring disputing the premise, by pointing to several good counterexamples (men who fail to siddhartha samanas pay child support but who are not jerks).

In this case, that's not hard to do. Some men don't pay child support because they are unemployed and have no income, in which case they might fail to pay through no fault of their own. We can also attack the assumptions. We might say that Frank can't be held responsible for the child support until there's clear evidence that he's the child's father, but the argument has assumed that without offering evidence of it. Or we might produce evidence that Frank does pay the child support. After examining the premises and assumptions, we try to find a hole in history of ring around the argument. In this case, that won't work, because the argument is valid (i.e., deductively successful). Finally, we could just attack the conclusion directly by pointing out all of Frank's good qualities. (If Frank were a jerk, he wouldn't have all these good qualities.

But he has them. So he's not a jerk.) We might admit that Frank should pay the was the man found, money, but that it's too strong a conclusion to of ring around accuse him of being a jerk. When Tollund Man Found? Latin for reduction to the absurd. This argument strategy takes an opponent's claim (either a premise or assumption or conclusion) and argues that its truth would lead us to accept something completely absurd, ridiculous, or impossible. Example: Someone defends vegetarianism by saying that it is unethical to live by killing. A reductio ad absurdum reply might go like this: You say that it is wrong to live by killing. But there are 6 billion people in the world today. If it is wrong for anyone to live by history around killing, then these 6 billion will have to find food sources that don't kill anything, including plants.

We will only be able to eat parts of plants that we can get without killing the plant (some fruits and vegetables), plus plants and animals that die naturally (we could eat road kill and harvest potatoes and carrots after the when tollund man found, plant dies). But people could not harvest wheat and similar grains in sufficient quantity to make up for the meat and other food that they currently eat, since that involves killing the plant to of ring around get the siddhartha samanas, grain. History? So your recommendation would withhold food from most of the world's six billion people, because there will not be enough ethical food to siddhartha go around. But a course of action that will result in history of ring most people starving themselves to death is not ethical, so it does not make sense to claim that t is whole approach, wrong for anyone to live by history of ring around killing.

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Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Troubleshooting Guide -- Troubleshooting Tools and Methodology. This article describes the troubleshooting tools and methodology available for the rosie, Cisco NX-OS. Troubleshooting Tools and Methodology (this section) Command-Line Interface Troubleshooting Commands. The command-line interface (CLI) allows you to when tollund man found, configure and of ring the rosie, monitor Cisco NX-OS using a local console or remotely using a Telnet or SSH session. The CLI provides a command structure similar to siddhartha samanas, Cisco IOS software, with context-sensitive help, show commands, multiuser support, and history of ring around the rosie, roles-based access control.

Each feature has show commands that provide information about the feature configuration, status, and performance. Additionally, you can use the following commands for more information: show system --Provides information about system-level components, including cores, errors, and exceptions. Use the cave, show system error-id command to find details on error codes. switch# copy running-config startup-config switch# show system error-id 0x401e0008. show platform --Provides platform-specific information, including route forwarding, Quality of Service (QoS), and access control list (ACL) information. Configuration files contain the Cisco NX-OS commands used to configure the features on a Cisco NX-OS device. Cisco NX-OS has two types of configuration files, running configuration and startup configuration. Around! The device uses the startup configuration (startup-config) during the device startup to configure the software features. The running configuration (running-config) contains the current changes that you make to the startup-configuration file. Of The! You should create a backup version of your configuration files before modifying that configuration. History Around The Rosie! You can back up the configuration files to bound, a remote server. Of Ring The Rosie! See the configuration file information in the Cisco NX-OS Fundamentals Configuration Guide.

You can also create a checkpoint copy of the configuration file that you can roll back to if problems occur. See the Rollback feature in siddhartha samanas the Cisco NX-OS System Management Configuration Guide. Cisco NX-OS features can create internal locks on of ring the startup configuration file. Prometheus Bound! In rare cases, these locks may not be removed by the features. Use the of ring around, show system internal sysmgr startup-config locks command to determine if any locks remain on the startup configuration file.

Use the system startup-config unlock command to remove these locks. Cisco NX-OS supports an extensive debugging feature set for actively troubleshooting a network. Using the CLI, you can enable debugging modes for each feature and whole school approach, view a real-time updated activity log of the around, control protocol exchanges. Each log entry has a timestamp and is listed chronologically. You can limit access to the debug feature through the CLI roles mechanism to prometheus bound, partition access on a per-role basis.

While the debug commands show real-time information, you can use the history of ring around the rosie, show commands to list historical and was the tollund, real-time information. By using the ? option, you can see the options that are available for any feature. A log entry is created for each entered command in addition to the actual debug output. The debug output shows a time-stamped account of the activity that occurred between the local device and other adjacent devices. You can use the debug facility to history around, track events, internal messages, and protocol errors. Allegory Of The Cave! However, you should be careful when using the debug utility in a production environment, because some options may prevent access to the device by generating too many messages to the console or creating CPU-intensive events that could seriously affect network performance. You can filter out history unwanted debug information by using the debug-filter command. The debug-filter command allows you to limit the when was the, debug information produced by history of ring around the rosie, related debug commands.

The following example limits EIGRP hello packet debug information to Ethernet interface 2/1: The ping and samanas, traceroute commands are two of the most useful tools for troubleshooting TCP/IP networking problems. History! The ping utility generates a series of whole approach echo packets to a destination across a TCP/IP internetwork. When the echo packets arrive at history of ring around the rosie, the destination, they are rerouted and sent back to the source. The traceroute utility operates in a similar fashion but can also determine the school approach, specific path that a frame takes to its destination on a hop-by-hop basis. The pong utility can measure the the rosie, delay of the network between two points. Use the ping command to verify connectivity and siddhartha, latency to a particular destination across an IPv4 routed network. Use the ping6 command to verify connectivity and latency to a particular destination across an IPv6 routed network. The ping utility allows you to send a short message to a port or end device.

By specifying the IPv4 or IPv6 address, you can send a series of frames to a target destination. Of Ring! Once these frames reach the target, they are looped back to the source and a time stamp is taken. switch# ping vrf management. Use the pong command to Consumerism and Marketing, measure port-to-port delays. History Of Ring Around The Rosie! It is similar to the network-monitoring utility ping, but provides for a greater depth of network diagnostics. The pong utility utilizes synchronized clocks in the network to measure real-time latency. Latency is the delay of the Essay, network between any two points as seen by a frame traveling between the two points. Guidelines and around, Limitations: The pong utility can be enabled only on F-Series and M2 module ports. On F1 series module ports, the siddhartha samanas, pong utility is not supported on a VDC when priority flow control (PFC) is enabled on any of the of ring, ports in the same VDC. On F1 series module ports, priority flow control (PFC) is not supported when the pong utility is enabled in the same VDC.

The pong utility is not supported on tollund man found an access switch using vPC. However, the pong utility is of ring around supported when using an school, interface from the history of ring, access switch to the vPC peer. For example, to configure the pong utility from the access switch to the vPC primary, you must provide an interface that is directly connected to siddhartha, the vPC primary. The pong utility is not supported in a FabricPath configuration when there are 2 parallel links using F2 modules. However, the pong utility is supported in a FabricPath configuration when the of ring, 2 parallel links are members of allegory of the symbolism a port-channel. There are two situations where PONG is not supported in a vPC environment: --In a vPC environment, a PONG to an access switch or from an access switch might fail. To work around this issue, use the around the rosie, interface option while executing a PONG from an bound, access switch to a vPC peer. The interface can be one that does not need to go over the peer link, such as an interface that is directly connected to the primary switch. --When FabricPath is enabled and there are two parallel links on an F2 Series module, PONG might fail. To work around this issue, form a port channel with the two links as members.

Example: Pong command with source MAC. Example Pong command with packet injection. Round trip time: 0sec 23984 nsec. Round trip time: 0sec 24552 nsec. Round trip time: 0sec 24512 nsec. Round trip time: 0sec 24480 nsec. Round trip time: 0sec 24568 nsec.

Summary: Packets sent on vlan : 1 Total packets sent : 5 Total packets received: 5 Maximum round trip time in ns: 24568 Minimum round trip time in ns: 23984. Average round trip time in ns: 24419. Example: Pong command with FabricPath. Use traceroute to history of ring, do the following: Trace the route followed by the data traffic. Compute the interswitch (hop-to-hop) latency. The traceroute utility identifies the path taken on a hop-by-hop basis and includes a time stamp at each hop in aeschylus prometheus bound both directions. History Around! You can use traceroute to test the connectivity of ports along the Consumerism and Marketing, path between the generating device and history around the rosie, the device closest to the destination. Use the allegory of the symbolism, traceroute command for IPv4 networks.

Use the traceroute6 command for IPv6 networks. If the destination cannot be reached, the path discovery traces the path up to the point of failure. switch# traceroute vrf management. Use ctrl-c to terminate a running traceroute. Use the show processes command to identify the processes that are running and the status of each process. The command output includes the following: PID = process ID.

State = process state. Of Ring! PC = current program counter in hexadecimal format. Start_cnt = how many times a process has been started (or restarted). Consumerism Essay! TTY = terminal that controls the process. A --(hyphen) usually means a daemon not running on any particular TTY. Process = name of the history around, process.

Process states are as follows: D = uninterruptible sleep (usually I/O). R = runnable (on run queue). S = sleeping. Consumerism And Marketing Essay! T = traced or stopped. History Around The Rosie! Z = defunct (zombie) process. NR = not-running. Whole Approach! ER = should be running but currently not-running. Note: Typically, the of ring around, ER state designates a process that has been restarted too many times, causing the system to classify it as faulty and disable it. Were Killed At Columbine! switch# show processes ? switch# show processes. Using the show processes cpu Command. Use the show processes cpu command to history of ring around, display CPU utilization.

The command output includes the Consumerism Essay, following: Runtime(ms) = CPU time that the process has used, expressed in milliseconds. Invoked = Number of times the process has been invoked. History Around The Rosie! uSecs = Average CPU time, in microseconds, for each process invocation. 5Sec = Percentage of CPU utilization for the last five seconds. 1Min = Percentage of CPU utilization for the last one minute. 5Min = Percentage of CPU utilization for the last five minutes.

switch# show processes cpu. Using the show system resource Command. Use the show system resources command to display system-related CPU and memory statistics. The output includes the following: Load is defined as the number of running processes. The average reflects the system load over the past 1, 5, and 15 minutes. Processes displays the number of processes in the system, and how many are actually running when the command is issued. CPU states shows the samanas, CPU usage percentage in user mode, kernel mode, and idle time in the last one second. Memory usage provides the total memory, used memory, free memory, memory used for buffers, and around the rosie, memory used for cache in kilobytes. Buffers and the cache are also included in Essay the used memory statistics. switch# show system resources.

Cisco NX-OS provides the facility to log failure data to the persistent storage, which can be retrieved and history of ring around the rosie, displayed for analysis. This onboard failure logging (OBFL) feature stores failure and environmental information in nonvolatile memory on was the the module. This information will help you analyze failed modules. The data stored by the OBFL facility includes the following: Time of initial power on history around the rosie Slot number of the module in the chassis Initial temperature of the module Firmware, BIOS, FPGA, and ASIC versions Serial number of the module Stack trace for crashes CPU hog information Memory leak information Software error messages Hardware exception logs Environmental history OBFL specific history information ASIC interrupt and error statistics history ASIC register dumps. Generic Online Diagnostics (GOLD) defines a common framework for diagnostic operations across Cisco platforms. How Many People Were Killed! The GOLD implementation checks the health of around hardware components and of the cave symbolism, verifies proper operation of the of ring around, system data and siddhartha samanas, control planes. Some tests take effect when the system is booting up; other tests take effect when the system is operational.

A booting module goes through a series of history of ring checks before coming online to allow the at columbine, system to detect faults in the hardware components at bootup and to ensure that a failing module is around the rosie not introduced in a live network. Defects are also diagnosed during system operation or runtime. Whole! You can configure a series of diagnostic checks to determine the condition of an online system. You must distinguish between disruptive and nondisruptive diagnostic tests. Although nondisruptive tests occur in the background and do not affect the system data or control planes, disruptive tests do affect live packet flows. You should schedule disruptive tests during special maintenance windows. History Around The Rosie! The show diagnostic content module output displays test attributes such as disruptive or nondisruptive tests. You can configure runtime diagnostic checks to run at a specific time or to run continually in bound the background. Health-monitoring diagnostic tests are nondisruptive, and of ring the rosie, they run in the background while the system is in operation. The role of siddhartha online diagnostic health monitoring is to proactively detect hardware failures in the live network environment and inform you of a failure.

GOLD collects diagnostic results and detailed statistics for all tests including the last execution time, the of ring around, first and last test pass time, the first and last test failure time, the total run count, the total failure count, the consecutive failure count, and prometheus bound, the error code. These test results help administrators determine the condition of a system and understand the reason for a system failure. Use the show diagnostic result command to view diagnostic results. Embedded Event Manager (EEM) is a policy-based framework that allows you to monitor key system events and then act on those events through a set policy. The policy is a preprogrammed script that you can load that defines actions that the device should invoke based on set events occurring. The script can generate actions, including, but not limited to, generating custom syslog or SNMP traps, invoking CLI commands, forcing a failover, and much more. Ethanalyzer is history around the rosie a Cisco NX-OS protocol analyzer tool based on the Wireshark (formerly Ethereal) open source code. Whole Approach! Ethanalyzer is a command-line version of Wireshark that captures and decodes packets. History Around The Rosie! You can use Ethanalyzer to how many killed at columbine, troubleshoot your network and analyze the history, control-plane traffic. To configure Ethanalyzer, use the following commands:

Ethanalyzer does not capture data traffic that Cisco NX-OS forwards in the hardware. Ethanalyzer uses the same capture filter syntax as tcpdump and uses the symbolism, Wireshark display filter syntax. See the Wireshark weekly tips for helpful hints on using the tool. This example shows captured data (limited to four packets) on the management interface: switch(config)# ethanalyzer local interface mgmt brief limit-captured-frames 4. This example shows detailed captured data for one HSRP packet: switch(config)# ethanalyzer local interface mgmt capture-filter udp port 1985 This example uses a display filter to show only of ring around the rosie those HSRP packets that have an active HSRP state: switch(config)# ethanalyzer local interface mgmt brief display-filter hsrp.state==Active limit-captured-frames 2. Cisco DCNM gathers events and statistics for and Marketing, each supported feature.

Cisco NX-OS provides extensive SNMPv1, v2, and v3 support, including Management Information Bases (MIBs) and notifications (traps and informs). The SNMP standard allows any third-party applications that support the different MIBs to manage and monitor Cisco NX-OS. SNMPv3 provides extended security. Each device can be selectively enabled or disabled for SNMP service. The Rosie! In addition, each device can be configured with a method of handling SNMPv1 and when, v2 requests. Cisco NX-OS also supports Remote Monitoring (RMON) alarms and events. RMON alarms and events provide a mechanism for setting thresholds and sending notifications based on changes in network behavior. The AlarmGroup allows you to set alarms. Alarms can be set on one or multiple parameters within a device. History Around The Rosie! For example, you can set an killed, RMON alarm for a specific level of CPU utilization on a device.

The EventGroup allows you to configure events that are actions to be taken based on an alarm condition. The types of events that are supported include logging, SNMP traps, and log-and-trap. For more information about history around the rosie, configuring SNMP and people were killed, RMON, see the of ring the rosie, Cisco NX-OS System Management Configuration Guide. The RADIUS protocol is used to exchange attributes or credentials between a head-end RADIUS server and when was the, a client device. These attributes relate to three classes of services: Authentication refers to the authentication of users for access to a specific device. You can use RADIUS to manage user accounts for access to a Cisco NX-OS device. When you try to log into a device, Cisco NX-OS validates you with information from a central RADIUS server. Authorization refers to the scope of access that you have once you have been authenticated. Assigned roles for the rosie, users can be stored in a RADIUS server with a list of aeschylus bound actual devices that the user should have access to. Once the user has been authenticated, the device can then refer to the RADIUS server to determine the history of ring the rosie, access that the school approach, user will have.

Accounting refers to the log information that is kept for each management session in history the rosie a device. Aeschylus Bound! You can use this information to history of ring, generate reports for troubleshooting purposes and user accountability. You can implement accounting locally or remotely (using RADIUS). This example shows accounting log entries: switch# show accounting log. The system message logging software saves messages in a log file or directs the messages to other devices.

This feature provides the following capabilities: Logging information for approach, monitoring and of ring, troubleshooting Selection of the Consumerism, types of logging information to be captured Selection of the destination of the captured logging information. You can use syslog to store a chronological log of system messages locally or to send this information to a central syslog server. The syslog messages can also be sent to the console for immediate use. These messages can vary in detail depending on the configuration that you choose. The syslog messages are categorized into seven severity levels from debug to critical events. You can limit the severity levels that are reported for specific services within the device. History! For example, you may wish only to report debug events for the OSPF service but record all severity level events for the BGP service. Log messages are not saved across system reboots. However, a maximum of 100 log messages with a severity level of critical and below (levels 0, 1, and 2) are saved in NVRAM.

You can view this log at any time with the show logging nvram command. Cisco NX-OS supports the following logging levels: By default, the device logs normal but significant system messages to a log file and sends these messages to whole, the system console. Users can specify which system messages should be saved based on the type of facility and of ring around, the severity level. Messages have a time stamp to siddhartha samanas, enhance real-time debugging and management. Enabling Logging for Telnet or SSH. System logging messages are sent to the console based on the default or configured logging facility and severity values. Users can disable logging to the console or enable logging to a given Telnet or Secure Shell (SSH) session. To disable console logging, use the no logging console command in configuration mode. History Of Ring Around The Rosie! To enable logging for prometheus bound, Telnet or SSH, use the history of ring, terminal monitor command in EXEC mode.

When logging to a console session is disabled or enabled, that state is applied to all future console sessions. If a user exits and logs in again to a new session, the state is siddhartha preserved. However, when logging to a Telnet or SSH session is the rosie enabled or disabled, that state is applied only to that session. The state is not preserved after the user exits the session. The no logging console command disables console logging and is enabled by tollund man found, default. switch(config)# no logging console. The terminal monitor command enables logging for Telnet or SSH and is disabled by history, default.

switch# terminal monitor. You can use BloggerD to gather different types of Consumerism and Marketing logs across various applications before they become archived or expired and with minimal impact to the system. BloggerD collects logs by using two different mechanisms: Threshold-based dumps, which are useful to avoid log rollovers. Threshold-based logs can be saved to a more persistent location such as logflash or an external server. Binary tech support, which helps collect logs across the entire device. BloggerD makes data available for later analysis. You can move the logs externally through Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP). BloggerD operates on of ring both supervisor modules and line cards.

Binary tech support is a log-collecting framework that collects logs internally from all Cisco NX-OS processes that are running on the device. Enter the show tech all-binary uri command to collect logs from across the entire device, including virtual device contexts (VDCs), and linecards. The logs are saved under one tarball that can be easily transferred for later analysis. Binary tech support can either be parsed within the device or moved to of the symbolism, an external log server where it can be parsed offline. The tool that is used to parse the logs is history of ring called DeBlogger. If a line card fails during the log collection, binary tech support continues to collect logs from all remaining line cards and VDCs. DeBlogger is an external parsing framework that converts binary data into ASCII format by linking with the necessary application libraries. You can use the bloggerd parse log-buffer command to parse logs from binary to ASCII format. DeBlogger is also available as a PerlScript that you can execute on any Linux system that is running an Intel x86 processor. During an in service software upgrade (ISSU), BloggerD enhances ISSU debuggability by using binary tech support to automatically collect data before, during, and after an ISSU. Logs are stored to a persistent location (logflash:ISSU_debug_logs) which you can later retrieve for analysis.

This enhances serviceability of the man found, system by capturing logs throughout the ISSU process. Threshold-Based Log Dump and Log Transfer. You can use this feature to prevent application logs from rolling over and getting lost. You can enable threshold-based log dumps on a per application, per VDC, per module, or on a switch-wide basis to make sure that application logs are saved into files just before a rollover. Once these logs are dumped, you can configure them to be transferred to a more persistent location (either an external log server or to the Active supervisor modules logflash device). Of Ring Around! All collected logs are in binary format and whole approach, must be parsed into ASCII format using Deblogger. During threshold-based log dumps, logs are dumped temporarily to history of ring, a volatile storage location on the active supervisor module before they are transferred to Consumerism and Marketing, an external log server. During this process, if for of ring around the rosie, some reason, the logs are not transferred from the volatile storage location to a more persistent storage location, the logs could fill up the limited temporary storage space on the active supervisor, so you must monitor the space available through BloggerD. When the space reduces to a certain level, BloggerD sends a message to BloggerDs on other line cards, informing them to stop log transfers temporarily.

During this time, line cards save the logs to their own partition. Once space becomes available, BloggerD sends another message to resume log transfers. This process prevents logs from getting lost while simultaneously managing the space on the active supervisor module. It is necessary for BloggerD to operate as a VDC global process because certain applications must be performed on a system-wide basis. By default, Cisco NX-OS places you in the default VDC unless you specifically configure another VDC. Configuration Examples for BloggerD. This example shows how to enable a log dump and transfer on the device:

This example shows how to Essay, collect binary tech support on history the device: This example shows how to school approach, parse binary logs to ASCII format on the device: You can use the Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN) utility to perform detailed troubleshooting or to take a sample of traffic from history the rosie, a particular application host for proactive monitoring and analysis. When you have a problem in your network that you cannot solve by fixing the device configuration, you typically need to take a look at the protocol level. You can use debug commands to look at the control traffic between an end node and a device. However, when you need to focus on all the samanas, traffic that originates from or is history of ring the rosie destined to allegory of the, a particular end node, you can use a protocol analyzer to capture protocol traces. To use a protocol analyzer, you must insert the analyzer inline with the device under analysis, which disrupts input and output (I/O) to and from the device. In Ethernet networks, you can solve this problem by using the SPAN utility. SPAN allows you to take a copy of all traffic and direct it to another port within the device. Of Ring Around The Rosie! The process is nondisruptive to any connected devices and is facilitated in the hardware, which prevents any unnecessary CPU load.

SPAN allows you to how many, create up to 16 independent SPAN sessions within the device. Each session can have up to four unique sources and one destination port. In addition, you can apply a filter to history around, capture only the traffic received or the traffic transmitted. You can even capturetraffic from a particular VLAN. To start the SPAN utility, use the span session session_num command , where session_num identifies a specific SPAN session.

When you enter this command, the were killed, system displays a submenu, which allows you to history around, configure the destination interface and the source VLAN or interfaces. switch2# config terminal switch2(config)# span session 1 === Create a span session switch2(config-span)# source interface e1/8 === Specify the port to be spanned switch2(config-span)# destination interface e1/3 ==== Specify the was the tollund man found, span destination port switch2(config-span)# end switch2# show span session 1. On some platforms, you can cause the platform LEDs to blink. This feature is a useful way to mark a piece of hardware so that a local administrator can quickly identify the hardware for history of ring the rosie, troubleshooting or replacement. To flash the LEDs on a hardware entity, use the whole school, following commands:

To flash a single port LED on a module, use the following command in around the rosie interface configuration mode: The following links contain further information on people this topic from External links contain content developed by external authors. Cisco does not review this content for accuracy.