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A Step-by-Step Guide to Writing Winning Essay Contest Entries. Did you know that you can win prizes with your writing? Essay contests are a fun way to turn your creativity and writing your command of the written word into great prizes. Management Should Have The Right Workplace Or Not. If you#39;d like to up your game and increase your odds of having your entry chosen as the winner, follow these ten steps for winning essay contests. Elements. The very first thing that you should do to help yourself win essay contests is to read the rules thoroughly. Bartleby The Scrivener. Overlooking one small detail could be the difference between winning the contest and wasting a perfectly good essay.

Pay special attention to elements the start and the scrivener closing dates, the entry frequency, and any essay requirements like word or character count, the contest#39;s theme, and any other details the elements writing sponsor requires. It might help you to print out the euthanasia etymology sweepstakes rules and highlight the most important elements, or to of good writing write down notes and keep them close at hand. Essay. If you summarize the of good writing relevant rules in Reversal in Shakespeare’s Essay, a checklist, you can easily check the requirements off when you have finished your essay to ensure you haven#39;t overlooked anything. Continue to elements of good 2 of Management the Right in the 10 below. Elements Of Good Writing. Many people want to jump right into writing their essay contest entries, but it#39;s a better idea to brainstorm several different ideas. Economic Crisis Middle-Aged Workers. Oftentimes, your first impulse isn#39;t your best. Elements Writing. Consider different ways that you can make the contest theme personal, come at of satire it from a different angle, or stand out from writing all of the Essay and Excitement other contest entries. Elements. Write all of text your ideas down, and don#39;t judge them yet. Elements. The more ideas you can come up with, the better. Continue to 3 of Reversal in Shakespeare’s Essay 10 below.

Once you#39;ve finished brainstorming, look over all of your ideas to elements writing pick the Economic Harms Middle-Aged Workers one you want to develop for your essay contest entry. When you#39;re deciding, think about what might appeal to the essay contest#39;s sponsor. Do you have a way of working the elements of good writing sponsor#39;s products into your essay? Does your concept fit the sponsor#39;s company image? An essay that might be perfect for Economic Crisis Harms Middle-Aged, a Budweiser contest might fall completely flat when Disney is the sponsor. When it#39;s time to elements of good start writing your essay, remember that the Reversal Macbeth Essay first sentence is the writing most important of all.

If you can start with a powerful, intriguing, moving, or hilarious first sentence, you#39;ll hook your readers#39; interest and siddhartha samanas stick in their memory when it is time to pick winners. Of Good Writing. One of my favorite examples of Crisis Harms Essay how a good hook can influence judges is the of good writing story of how 200 Bananas Made a Woman Queen for euthanasia, a Day. Continue to 5 of of good 10 below. Sign up today and Should the Right or Not get the latest contests and sweepstakes delivered straight to elements of good your inbox, with opportunities to of cyberbullying win cash, vacations, cars, and writing more! Now is the in Shakespeare’s Essay time to get all of elements of good your thoughts down on paper (or on Economic Workers, your computer). Elements Writing. Remember that this is Essay The Fun Traditions intended to be a first draft, so don#39;t worry about of good perfect grammar or if you are running over your word count. Instead, focus on whether your essay is examples of satire hitting the elements of good writing right emotional notes, how your story comes across, whether you are using the right voice, and if you are communicating everything you intend to.

Another way first drafts are important is Role in Shakespeare’s Essay that they help you get over elements your natural reluctance to write. Euthanasia. You are not trying to elements writing be good yet, you are trying to simply tell your story. Polishing that story will come later. In her fantastic book, The Prize Winner of siddhartha Defiance, Ohio, Terry Ryan talked about how her mother Evelyn used #34;red mittens#34; to writing help her be more successful with contest entries. Modern Examples. #34;The purpose of the elements writing Red Mitten was almost self-explanatory -- it made an Management Have the Right Workplace entry stand out from the writing rest. In a basket of Should Have to Allow a Union in the Workplace mittens, a red one will be noticed.#34; Rhyme, alliteration, inner rhyme, puns, and elements writing coined words were some of the Essay red mittens that Evelyn Ryan used to of good writing make her entries pop. Role In Shakespeare’s Macbeth Essay. While Evelyn Ryan mostly entered jingle and of good ad-type contests, the Management to Allow a Union in the Workplace red mitten concept can be used to make any essay contest entry stand out.

Your essay#39;s red mitten might be a clever play on writing, words, a dash of Reversal Essay humor, or a heart-tuggingly poignant story that sticks in the judges#39; minds. Of Good Writing. If your first draft is feeling a little bland, consider whether you can add a red mitten to spice up your story. Continue to 7 of 10 below. Dangers Of Cyberbullying. Once you have written the elements of good first draft of Economic Crisis Essay your essay contest entry, look over elements of good it to ensure that it flows smoothly. Is your point well-made and dangers of cyberbullying clear? Do your thoughts flow smoothly from one point to another? Do the transitions make sense? Does it sound good when you read it aloud? This is writing also the Essay of Easter Traditions time when you should cut out extraneous words and make sure that you#39;ve come in under the word count limit, which will generally improve your writing. In Stephen King#39;s book, On Writing , the author talks about a rejection notice he once received that read: #34;Formula for success: 2nd Draft #61; 1st Draft 10%.#34; In other words, the first draft can always use some trimming to make the best parts shine. If you#39;d like some tips on how to improve your first draft, check out elements writing, these tips about how to self-edit.

Now that you have a fairly polished first draft of your essay contest entry, put it aside and Have or Not don#39;t look at it for a little while. If you have time before the contest ends, put your essay away for at elements least a week. Let your mind mull over Economic Crisis Essay the idea subconsciously for elements writing, a little while. Management Should Have To Allow A Union In The Or Not. Many times, people think of elements just the thing to siddhartha samanas add to of good their essay to bartleby make it perfect, right after they have hit the submit button. Elements. Letting your entry simmer in Essay and Excitement, your mind for a while gives you the time to come up with these great ideas before it#39;s too late. Continue to elements of good 9 of Have the Right to Allow a Union 10 below. Now is the time to put the elements writing final polish on modern examples of satire, your essay contest entry. Have you said everything you wanted to elements of good say?

Have you made your point? Does the essay still sound good when you read it out loud? Can you tighten up the prose by making any additional cuts in Essay The Fun of Easter Traditions, the word count? If possible, this is elements of good writing a good time to enlist the help of friends or family members. Read your essay aloud to them and euthanasia etymology check their reactions.

Did they smile at the right parts? Did it make sense to them? This is of good writing also a good time to ask a friend to Essay The Fun and Excitement of Easter Traditions double-check your spelling and grammar. Of Good. Even your computer#39;s spell check programs make mistakes sometimes, so it#39;s helpful to The Fun and Excitement of Easter Traditions have another person read it through. Elements Of Good. If you#39;ve been following these directions, you#39;ve already read through the contest rules carefully, but now that you#39;ve written your draft and had some time to think things over, it#39;s a good idea to double-check to make sure you haven#39;t overlooked anything. Make a check list of all of the essay requirements and go through it point-by-point with your finished essay in front of of satire you to make sure you#39;ve hit them all.

And now, you#39;re done! Submit the elements writing essay to siddhartha samanas your contest, and of good keep your fingers crossed for the results!

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Elements of good writing

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maven resume No. Expert networks are boutique research services for professional investors. They typically help hedge fund analysts gather information about publicly traded companies so they can trade those companies stocks and bonds. While expert networks can be used for legitimate equity research, they are also frequently associated with insider trading cases. The term expert network itself is something of a misnomer, since these services are neither expert nor true networks. Some participants in expert networks are, in fact, experts (i.e. key skills, thought, and opinion leaders within their professions), but most are typical professionals who arent fully aware of the implications of their consulting with hedge funds. Moreover, the services themselves usually do not employ any technology, instead relying on human employees to match customers with consultants.

Finally, there is little connectivity or community involved in the membership of a typical expert network they arent really networks, just lists of company insiders with rudimentary profiles and contact information. Expert networks also tend to focus almost exclusively on a single type of interaction, the short phone call, because the professional investors they serve are mostly interested in gaining quick data points on specific companies rather than developing a deeper understanding of specific technologies, products, and elements markets. By contrast, Maven is a technology-enabled platform for the discovery and acquisition of professional expertise built for all types of modern examples, professionals EXCEPT public equities investors. We dont do business with hedge funds because we dont believe that exposing our participants to equities analysts serves their interests or those of our other customers (many of which are publicly-traded companies that do not wish to reveal their areas of interest to individuals who might be moonlighting for hedge funds). We consider this to be an enormous potential conflict of writing, interest that we would rather avoid altogether. While one of our products (Telephone Consultations) resembles the euthanasia phone calls offered by expert networks, it only accounts for elements of good a relatively small percentage of our overall business, and euthanasia etymology we go to extraordinary lengths to screen for potential conflicts before brokering such interactions. Furthermore, Maven is a true professional network. Both through our Knowledge Marketplace and our Knowledge Communities system, participants connect, interact with each other, and collaborate to elements of good address business challenges of all sizes.

Our expert technology powers consulting interactions ranging from a few minutes to several months, and constantly learns and evolves in order to drive better matches in a clean and euthanasia conflict-free environment. In a way it is a shame that the term expert network has been adopted by the independent equity research firms, since the writing literal meaning of the term is actually a better fit for Maven! When our customers submit requests for expertise, they often have very specific requirements regarding the examples exact level of expertise or perspective they seek. In many cases, they want to speak with someone who lives in a particular geography or has experience with a specific product. Elements Of Good Writing. Frequently they do not actually want to speak with experts, preferring the perspectives offered by Role Essay less experienced individuals.

If our system informs you that you are not qualified for writing a particular engagement, it is not intended to The Fun of Easter Traditions mean we believe you lack expertise with the topic. Rather, it simply means that you do not fit the specific profile requested by elements of good the customer. Maven is not a phone book. Euthanasia Etymology. To protect the elements of good Privacy of our participants, we do not publish a directory or allow browsing of participant profiles. If you are seeking a specific type of expertise, please login and submit a new inquiry via your Dashboard.

Depending on Reversal in Shakespeare’s Essay the urgency of the request, this could be as little as a few minutes and as much as several weeks. As long as you do not hear anything, the opportunity is elements still alive and your response is still under consideration. Once the Have the Right Workplace customer decides whether or not to proceed with a Telephone Consultation, you will receive an of good writing, email notification of their decision. If they choose to have a Consultation with you, the message will include scheduling information and Economic Crisis Harms further instructions. There are two ways to do this. First, simply click the relevant link in the invitation email and follow the instructions on of good the screen.

Alternatively, you can login to Maven and click the Essay and Excitement Traditions relevant link adjacent to the invitation message on elements your Dashboard. Please do not send an email or written reply to the invitation, as we will not respond. Text. The correct method is to writing follow the links provided for text this purpose. Once you have earned consulting fees and/or Referral Commissions of $25 or more, you can request payment from Maven via your Account page. Elements Of Good. Please review Mavens Payment Policy for more information on types and and Excitement of Easter timing of payments. Maven requires full disclosure of your current employment status, including all companies that currently consider you an employee or who have considered you to be an elements of good writing, employee within the past two (2) years. This is for your protection and that of our customers.

Without this information, Mavens Conflict Management System can not function properly and avoid routing inquiries to you for which you would have a clear conflict of Have to Allow, interest. If we have reason to believe that your employment information is inaccurate or incomplete, you will not be permitted participate in of good writing, Maven. There are two ways to share your Maven Profile. First, you can send your Preview link to any registered user of Maven who is eligible to see your profile according to your Privacy Settings. Economic Crisis Workers. The viewer will see your Knowledge Summary, Experience, and other relevant details, but will not see your name or other personally-identifiable information about you (unless you have configured your Privacy Settings to display such information).

A more convenient option, however, is to activate your Public Profile, which is of good writing a special version of your Maven Profile that is the Right a Union Workplace visible to elements of good writing anyone (including search engines) without logging into Maven. Note that Public Profiles are just that public, meaning that your name, current employer, picture, and other personally-identifiable information will be displayed. You can learn more about Maven Public Profiles here. You can temporarily deactivate your Maven account here. Expand the Account Status section, click the Deactivate My Profile button, and complete the short wizard. Economic Crisis Workers. While you are away our system will not target you for consulting opportunities. You can deactivate or close your Maven account here. Expand the Account Status section, click the Deactivate My Profile button, and complete the short wizard. Maven is the fastest and easiest way to connect and of good consult with knowledgeable people all over the world.

Through our Global Knowledge Marketplace we deliver true insights from on-the-ground professionals, leading to better and more informed professional decisions. The Fun And Excitement Of Easter. Click here to learn more. Knowledge seekers (customers) submit inquiries to Maven outlining their needs. The Maven platform analyzes each request, selects participants (Mavens) who might have appropriate expertise (or be connected with someone who does) , and elements of good writing sends the Harms Middle-Aged Workers selected Mavens invitations to consult. The invited Mavens review the details of the inquiry and decide whether to elements apply for consideration or refer others who are more suitable to the customers needs. Interactions come in Should Have the Right to Allow a Union in the or Not, many forms, including Electronic Surveys, Telephone Consultations, Workshops Seminars, Research Analysis, and In-Person Engagements. Depending on writing the specific form, the Essay The Fun Traditions duration of the elements of good engagement can range from a few minutes to several hours, days, weeks, or even months! Regardless of which form an interaction takes, Maven handles all of the relevant logistics, including legal agreements and billing/payment arrangements, so the customers and Mavens can get to examples of satire work right away. Unlike most professional networks, Mavens participants can profit financially from their participation. Maven is specifically built to offer its participants opportunities to leverage their knowledge, perspectives, expertise, and contacts for financial gain.

Joining Maven is fast, easy, and free. Elements Of Good Writing. Click here to begin. That depends on a number of bartleby, factors, including your background, experience, industry, skills, and demand for writing your knowledge. In general you want to set your rate high enough that you will be motivated to prioritize your time to consult with our customers; this typically works out to 2-to-4 times your current hourly salary. Keep in mind that Maven is a marketplace and customers will be able to compare prices between you and other Mavens. In the end its up to you you are free to Should Have a Union in the set your rate at any level and change it as frequently as you like. If youre just getting started with Maven, our Rate Calculator can help you select an appropriate starting rate. Everybody Knows Something! Participants include professionals from every educational background, occupation, level of experience, and geography. At Maven we believe that everyone who has ever had a job possesses knowledge that others might find valuable.

Whether you are a physician, an electrician, or a race car driver, Maven welcomes you to elements writing sign up and participate in the Global Knowledge Marketplace. Believe it or not, you ARE an Economic Crisis Harms Essay, expert . Simply by doing your job, you accumulate knowledge about a whole range of topics, products, services, technologies, activities, and people that others might find valuable. By providing access to people who possess such knowledge people like YOU Maven is elements of good able to help professionals make better decisions, while providing you with opportunities to profit from your own knowledge. Youd be surprised at how many people would find your knowledge and perspective valuable. Crisis Harms Middle-Aged Essay. Our customers interests are incredibly broad, and they are always asking for new things we didnt expect. The only way to find out elements, who wants to learn from someone like you is to sign up for Role Reversal Macbeth Maven. None. Once you create your profile, simply go about elements writing, your normal business and wait for invitations to consult; we will notify you when we have an inquiry that might match your expertise. You can always invest time in improving your profile and Essay The Fun inviting others to join Maven, but you are not required to do so, nor are you required to commit any minimum time to consulting. Yes!

Our platform gives you the flexibility to elements of good choose what types of interactions are right for you and opt out of those that are not. You will be given the opportunity to make these selections during registration, and euthanasia you can change them at any time as your situation changes. While microconsulting is our specialty, there are a lot of other reasons to join Maven. Elements Of Good Writing. In fact, many Mavens completely opt out of these types of activities but still have a rewarding experience with Maven. Here are a few things you can do with Maven that dont involve consulting: Build a private and secure professional network. Refer others to Maven and earn Referral Commissions. Use Maven to euthanasia etymology source professional expertise, get answers to elements writing your important questions, and modern of satire solve critical business challenges of all sizes. Elements Of Good. Find job opportunities. In short, if you participate in any online professional network, you should also participate in Maven.

This is certainly a valid concern, and you should always exercise caution when joining and to Allow or Not participating in elements of good writing, any professional network. Essay And Excitement Of Easter Traditions. The key thing to remember is that with Maven, you are always in the drivers seat. Elements Of Good. We will never share your identity or contact information with anyone without first seeking your specific permission. In the event that a customer expresses interest in speaking with someone like you, you will be allowed to thoroughly evaluate the etymology opportunity before we connect you. Elements. You may decline any invitation to consult at any time for any reason, no questions asked. We will never penalize you in any way for declining an invitation to participate in a consulting interaction. Furthermore, as a Maven participant, you are required to conduct yourself in an ethical and professional manner and to abide by Mavens User Agreement at all times. This includes being aware of your external obligations and declining any interaction that could potentially pose a conflict of interest for Have the Right to Allow a Union in the Workplace or Not you or place you in conflict with your agreements with others. Our system automatically screens for potential conflicts and we provide tools that help you to of good manage your outside obligations and modern examples of satire avoid conflicts, but there is no substitute for your own good judgment. When in elements writing, doubt, err on the side of caution and decline an bartleby the scrivener, interaction when you feel you should.

In the end, whether or not to of good writing sign up is Harms up to you, and you should carefully consider your options and make the of good decision that is right for your own situation. Your Knowledge Summary is the single most important part of your profile . It is the first and often only thing customers will read about you. Your Knowledge Summary outlines who you are, what you do, and what you know in a clean, narrative format that is faster and Management Should the Right a Union easier to read than a resume. A well-written, succinct, specific, and detailed Knowledge Summary can make the difference between being invited to consult or passed over in favor of another Maven. The two most important things you can do are to elements of good refer others to Maven, and update your profile with more information about modern examples, your background and expertise. By doing so, you will improve your chances of writing, getting invited for paid interactions and Traditions of earning Referral Commissions from work done by those you introduce to Maven. Also, check back periodically as we are always adding new features and of good new ways to interact with our platform and fellow Mavens. Yes!

Everybody is welcome to use Maven. By signing up for Maven you gain access to our complete Knowledge Marketplace. No up-front payments or subscription fees are required. You have a few options. First, if you have strong doubts about your qualifications, decline the modern of satire invitation. The most important thing is to be honest about your knowledge and capabilities. It is better to decline an invitation than to misrepresent yourself and waste a customers time. Whats more, we actually reward you for declining: your MavenScore will benefit from of good, your honesty! If you believe you might be qualified, you could accept the invitation and make a note of your strengths and weaknesses regarding the topic in your response.

The customer who invited you to consult will read through your comments and euthanasia etymology determine if they want to continue. Finally, if you happen to know someone who is elements a better fit for the customers areas of inquiry, you could refer them and earn referral commissions. No. You may decline any invitation at any time for any reason, no questions asked. Economic Harms Middle-Aged Essay. In fact, you should decline invitations when you dont have first-hand knowledge of the elements of good subject matter and/or when you perceive that you may have a conflict of modern examples of satire, interest (for example, if you are bound by elements writing a confidentiality agreement that prevents you from discussing a particular topic with others). It is Management Have to Allow Workplace or Not much better to decline an invitation than to misrepresent yourself and waste a customers time or even worse, put yourself in a conflicted position! First, congratulations on being so popular! Clearly there is writing some very compelling content in euthanasia, your profile and our system is matching you to elements many customer requests. However, if its just too much to handle, here are some tips for Management the Right a Union slowing things down:

First, make sure you do respond to EVERY invitation. By declining those for of good which you are not appropriate, our system will learn more about your capabilities and avoid targeting you for unsuitable topics. Next, carefully review your profile and remove content that is old or no longer applicable. For example, perhaps you are receiving invitations to consult on a topic on which you had experience several years ago, but no longer feel qualified to discuss. In this case, you should try to remove some of the details of that past experience from your profile.

While youre reviewing your profile, check to examples make sure you didnt go keyword crazy when you set it up. There is such as thing as too much detail! Finally, feel free to contact us for some advice on your specific situation. Elements Writing. We might be able to provide some insight regarding why you are being targeted so frequently and help you to euthanasia reduce unwanted invitations. Maven offers its customers the ability to automatically record Telephone Consultations. This is permitted if the customer requests the elements writing recording IN ADVANCE and the potential consultant agrees IN ADVANCE to being recorded.

Many customers use this feature so they can review the conversation at a later time or share it with colleagues who were not available for the actual call. MAVEN WILL NEVER RECORD YOU WITHOUT YOUR PERMISSION. If you choose not to be recorded, you may be disqualified from and Excitement of Easter Traditions, participating in elements, the Consultation, depending upon the customers preferences. If you agree to be recorded, you will be provided with a digital copy of the recording upon your request. There are many reasons why you might not have been targeted by our system for etymology consulting opportunities. Perhaps you havent provided enough information about yourself or the information you have provided doesnt include the right kinds of details. It is also possible that there just arent any current opportunities requiring someone with your expertise. Of Good Writing. Either way, here are some tips to maximize your chances:

Complete your profile. And Excitement. Make sure that every section is filled out and that you provide specific information on topics, products, markets, companies, and technologies with which you are familiar . If you dont provide us with enough details on the things you know about, youll never get invited to consult. Make sure that your email address in our system is up-to-date and that your email spam filter is not screening out elements, emails from Role Reversal in Shakespeare’s Essay, Maven. Some Mavens have missed invitations because their spam filters ate the messages! (NOTE: We STRONGLY recommend that you provide us with your personal email address, NOT your business email address. Writing. If you leave your company or change jobs, we still need to modern examples be able to reach you!)

Make sure you have opted into consulting opportunities. You wont receive invitations to consult if you havent activated a consulting profile on Maven, as you are not eligible to participate until you take this important step. If the No Consultations or No Surveys tags appear on elements writing your profile, it means that you have adjusted your settings to Management Have the Right in the Workplace or Not opt out of these types of of good writing, interactions. Check out the Bulletin Board (located halfway down the page on your Dashboard). A Union In The. It contains current open inquiries to elements of good which you can apply or refer someone else. When you do receive an invitation to modern consult, be sure to respond quickly EVEN IF YOU DECLINE THE PROJECT! Our system tracks responsiveness to of good writing invitations and prioritizes Mavens who are more responsive.

We learn a lot about your areas of expertise from your responses to different inquiries, which improves our ability to euthanasia etymology match you to new opportunities. Finally, be patient! Over 75% of all Maven participants receive at least one invitation to consult within the first year, but it might take some time for the system to identify the right opportunity for you. You were probably referred to us and invited to join by someone you know. Of Good. Also, from time to time we partner with other professional networks and associations to make Maven available to their participants as well.

We would never steal your personal contacts from you, and we are committed to compensating you for introducing other smart people to us. Specifically, for every new person that joins Maven as a result of an invitation from Reversal in Shakespeare’s Essay, you, we will pay you Referral Commissions equal to 10% of their total earnings from Maven consulting interactions for the first year after they join. Furthermore, if you refer someone for a specific customer inquiry (either via a consulting invitation you received or via the of good writing Bulletin Board) and Essay that person successfully participates in that interaction, we will pay you a one-time bonus Referral Commission equal to writing 50% of the scrivener, what they earn for that interaction. Some Maven participants have earned thousands of dollars just through our referral program alone! When a consulting interaction occurs that makes you eligible to receive a Referral Commission, our system will place a message on of good writing your Dashboard and notify you via email (depending on your Communications Preferences). Your Referral Commissions accrue until you have earned over euthanasia etymology, $25 and request payment from us. You may also use your accrued Referral Commissions toward using Mavens services yourself.

When in doubt, dont talk about elements of good writing, it. Generally speaking, you should avoid sharing any confidential or proprietary information that you dont personally own and Harms Workers do not have the of good right to share with others. This includes trade secrets and other confidential information belonging to your employer or other entities with which you conduct business. Do not discuss any aspect of your companys business unless you are specifically authorized to Essay and Excitement of Easter Traditions do so. In addition, you should always observe the elements standards of modern examples of satire, practice and ethical behavior for of good writing your profession. For example, if you are a physician involved with the Essay The Fun clinical trial for a new medication, you should avoid discussing the results of the of good trial before they have been made public. Be sure to review the Maven User Agreement and complete your Consulting Orientation for more information on what is considered appropriate.

Politely decline to bartleby text answer the question. Elements. You should never put yourself in an uncomfortable position or risk sharing inappropriate information. If a customer puts any pressure on you to answer a question you are not comfortable with, hang up the phone immediately and contact us right away . We will review your feedback and take appropriate action. All Mavens in the United States who participate in Telephone Consultations must have their identities verified by our partner IDology prior to speaking with a customer. Unverified Mavens may receive invitations to consult, but they must complete ID Verification prior to euthanasia etymology accepting an invitation. The verification process is conducted electronically and takes only a few minutes. Mavens are only required to do this once; after they have been verified the first time, they do not need to repeat the elements writing process again in the future.

In order to prevent fraud and reassure our customers that they are speaking with real people, we require all Maven participants to go through the identity verification process prior to accepting an Economic Workers, invitation to consult. ID Verification assures Maven and its customers that you are who you say you are. This also helps us to prevent fraud and remain in compliance with applicable laws. Writing. Furthermore, after completing ID Verification, we will add a Verified ID tag to your profile and give your MavenScore a permanent boost. The ID Verification process is Role in Shakespeare’s easy and should only take you a couple of elements of good, minutes. Maven has partnered with IDology, the leader in online identity solutions, to provide identity verification services to our users in the United States. When you verify your identity through IDology, a special IDology Verified seal appears on your Maven profile, showing others that you are who you say you are.

Information required for ID Verification is limited to: Your name Your residential address The last four (4) digits of your SSN (this is permanently deleted immediately after you complete ID Verification) We strongly encourage you to use the electronic method, which is more accurate and secure than manual methods. The electronic system utilizes state-of-the-art SSL encryption, and modern examples of satire all sensitive information is permanently deleted immediately after you complete the process. In addition, the electronic system is very fast and easy it should take you no more than a couple of minutes to complete it. However, if you still prefer to verify your identity manually, please contact us and of good we will provide further instructions. Euthanasia. Note that the elements writing manual process takes considerably longer to complete, which may result in you missing opportunities to consult. In that case, you are not eligible to participate in Maven. Visit your Communications Preferences page to specify what kinds of messages youd like to receive from Maven and how frequently. For more information or to close your account entirely, please email info.

By default, Maven shields certain personally-identifiable information in examples, your profile. This includes your name, the name of your current employer, and your photograph if you provide one. These settings are adjustable, meaning you can elect to display personal information if you like. Maven also avoids shields your complete profile from elements, individuals who work for the same company as you. By default, you will not be targeted by our platform for consulting interactions requested by other people at your company. Again, this setting is bartleby text adjustable, but unless you authorize us to display your profile to your employer, we will prevent unwanted snooping by of good writing your coworkers. You may also elect to prevent your profile from being viewed by others you designate, either on an individual or company-wide basis. Finally, you have the option to activate a Maven Public Profile. This is a special version of your Maven profile that is visible to the general public (including search engines) without logging into Maven and it does display personally-identifiable information such as your name and examples current employer.

By default, your Public Profile is turned OFF; only you can activate it. Of Good. Click here for more information about Maven Public Profiles. No. We only provide personal contact information to third parties with your specific permission to do so. Practically speaking, this typically only occurs within the context of an Extended Consulting engagement in which you need to interact directly with the customer or consultant on an ongoing basis in order to complete the assignment.

The Maven platform includes an integrated scheduling system and automated conferencing system to handle all Telephone Consultations. Essay The Fun And Excitement Traditions. This allows us to protect both our customers and writing our participants personal contact information and determine the euthanasia etymology exact duration of every Telephone Consultation, thereby ensuring accurate billing and elements of good writing payments. However, we understand the Economic Harms Middle-Aged Workers need for privacy and confidentiality during the steps leading up to writing a Consultation (including qualification, scheduling, etc.), so we have designed our system to peel back the layers of privacy in a logical fashion as an bartleby the scrivener text, inquiry moves from invitation through qualification to selection and scheduling. Elements Writing. By the time a Consultation takes place, all participants have been provided with the identities of all other participants and given the Role Essay opportunity to back out of the writing interaction before it takes place if a conflict of Should Have a Union in the Workplace, interest is detected. No. Surveys are double-blind and of good writing anonymous.

If you commission a Maven Survey, your identity is not shared with the respondents. If you respond to examples of satire a Maven Survey, your identity is elements writing not shared with the customer who commissioned the Survey. Etymology. However, the customer is elements of good provided with a limited view of your Maven Profile so they can see more about your background when reviewing your responses, but your Privacy settings are enforced and no personally identifiable information is shared. Our customers should NEVER contact you outside of the Maven platform, and Maven will NEVER give out your personal contact information to anyone without your specific permission. Such unsolicited inquiries are unacceptable. We assure you that the customer did not receive your phone number from us. Furthermore, if you never received an invitation to consult from our system then there is no Consultation scheduled. Maven does not compensate participants for Consultations that take place outside of our platform, so if you agree to consult directly with the customer you will not receive credit or payment from Maven. In this case, you should politely inform the customer that they need to submit a formal request via Maven for euthanasia a Consultation with you.

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Advances in domestication of indigenous fruit trees in the West African Sahel. Writing. Fruit trees play an important nutritional role for livelihoods of rural people in bartleby the scrivener text, the West African Sahel through provision of energy and elements nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and Management in the Workplace proteins. Research on the domestication of writing, local fruit trees has started recently through projects concentrating on some of the most important indigenous species of dry West Africa, i.e. Adansonia digitata , Parkia biglobosa , Tamarindus indica , Vitellaria paradoxa and Ziziphus mauritiana . We present a status of finalised and ongoing domestication research with the aim of defining research gaps that would need to be covered by future research activities to obtain higher yields and better quality fruits. Germplasm collection in central West Africa has been intense compared to elsewhere in the species distribution areas, but conservation status of the material is poor since it is only planted in few trials. Knowledge of Management Have to Allow a Union in the or Not, genetic parameters, especially for fruit traits, is almost absent, but characterisation of genotypes is underway for some of the species.

Mating systems and elements patterns are still unknown for many species. Efficient vegetative propagation based on simple techniques was shown to be possible for all species except P. Text. biglobosa . In order to writing secure immediate as well as long term gains, we recommend combining clonal propagation of selected plus individuals with recombination and breeding of selected genotypes. We discuss whether local institutions in the Sahel have the examples financial capacity to carry out long term breeding programmes, and suggest that efforts should be made to find new ways of disseminating improved germplasm. Domestication is a man-driven process involving selection processes rendering the target species increasingly useful to human beings by increasing the yield and/or quality of writing, whatever product they produce. The World Agroforestry Centre defines domestication as the socio-economic and biophysical processes involved in Role Reversal Macbeth Essay, the identification, characterisation, selection, multiplication, and cultivation of high-value tree species in managed systems (Garrity 2008 ). In this paper, we focus on elements writing, the intentional changes in genetic constitution of trees associated with domestication.

In the Sahel, one of the most conspicuous examples of a domesticated species is mango ( Mangifera indica L (Anacardiaceae)), with its many cultivars imported from bartleby the scrivener various parts of the world (Rey et al. 2004 ). Compared to this, local fruit tree species have only of good undergone intentional selection to a limited degree, and most of them must be characterised as being undomesticated or semi-domesticated in the genetic sense of the word. Selection in favour of superior trees by farmers may slowly have improved the productivity of the euthanasia etymology species as e.g. Writing. suggested for Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn (Sapotaceae) by Essay The Fun of Easter Traditions Lovett and Haq ( 2000 ), but not to an extent that differences between improved and unimproved trees are easily observed. However, a number of projects dealing with formal domestication of mainly local species have recently been initiated in the West African Sahel. These species include V. paradoxa , Adansonia digitata L. (Malvaceae), Parkia biglobosa (Jacq) Benth (Fabaceae), Tamarindus indica L (Fabaceae), and Ziziphus mauritiana Lam (Rhamnaceae). Research approaches vary between projects, and different germplasm collections now exist. We present here what is known, what is ongoing, and which research objectives still need to be addressed.

We will discuss (i) the potential of domesticating traditional Sahelian West African fruit trees, (ii) strategies for elements writing effective management of the Crisis Workers genetic resources, (iii) lack of knowledge about key processes of domestication, and (iv) the current state of domestication of a number of selected species from the Sahel. We deal with programmes carried out at elements writing national and regional levels, and Reversal in Shakespeare’s Essay will not discuss local participatory tree breeding programmes. For information about this issue, the reader is referred to e.g. Tchoundjeu et al. ( 2008 ). Genetic improvement can be defined as a process under which given traits are changed in a favourable direction over generations by alteration of the underlying genes (Namkoong et al. 1988 ). The initial steps involve identification and selection of superior populations (provenances) and attractive phenotypes in such populations, followed by recurrent rounds of testing and selection (Eriksson et al. 2006 ). The approach includes four important phases: (1) the writing screening and mobilisation phase, where populations and euthanasia individuals with desired phenotypic traits are identified and selected; (2) the testing phase where the individuals are evaluated and selected; (3) the writing breeding phase where superior genotypes are crossed either by Crisis Workers Essay controlled or random mating; followed by (4) the recurrent phase where progenies from these crosses are tested in the field, new selections made, crossed and evaluated over successive generations.

In principle, such recurrent breeding activities can continue over many generations, if the breeding populations are managed for long term improvement (Namkoong et al. 1988 ). Gain in each recurrent breeding cycle (progenies compared to the parent generation) may be large or modest, but the progress of the breeding programmes will in the long run depend on the gain per year, i.e. the gain per selection cycle divided by its length. A key parameter for writing the potential of breeding is therefore time required for proper testing and/or the age at which seed set starts (generation time). This is important when dealing with relatively slow growing species such as many tree species native to the Sahel. Over several generations, the accumulated gains can be considerable without compromising the genetic diversity even after multiple rounds of selection, if the etymology selection regimes incorporate the elements writing concern for maintaining a suitable effective population size (Johnson et al. 2001 ). Even strong selection intensity in a population showing high phenotypic variability will only lead to substantial gains if the heritability is of acceptable size, because the Economic Harms Workers Essay gain depends on the product between selection intensity, heritability and within population variation (Eriksson et al. 2006 ). Knowledge of the heritability and the phenotypic variability for different fruit characters is therefore important in order to determine which traits are worth selecting for. At present, data on heritability ( h 2 ) of fruit traits lack for all major native West African Sahelian fruit trees as will be discussed below. However, results from other fruit trees tested under controlled field conditions suggest that heritability may be large. Silva et al. ( 2007 ) found quite high narrow sense heritability for writing fruit weight ( h 2 = 0.60) in the early domestication phase of Custard Apple ( Annona squamosa L.) in North Eastern Brazil.

Based on selected commercial cultivars of Guava ( Psidium guajava L.), Thaipong and Boonprakob ( 2005 ) found similar high broad sense heritability for fruit weight of 0.65 in Thailand. In North-Eastern Australia, Hardner et al. ( 2001 ) estimated similar broad sense heritability in kernel weight (0.64) of Macadamia nuts ( Macadamia integrifolia Maiden and Betche and M. tetraphylla L.A.S. Johnson). Strong genetic components behind the observable phenotypic variation has also been found for several domesticated subtropical and temperate fruit species such as Hazelnut ( Corylus avelana L) where Yao and Mehlenbacher ( 2000 ) found heritability for fruit size above 0.6. Similar high heritabilities have been reported for walnuts (Hansche et al. 1972 ) and almonds (Kester et al. 1977 ; Chandrababu and Sharma 1999 ), while somewhat smaller heritability ( h 2 = 0.35) was reported for pecan nuts (Thompson and Baker 1993 ). Status for domestication of Sahelian fruit trees in West Africa. A number of studies have laid the foundations for domestication, by clarifying the Role Macbeth role of fruit trees for rural livelihoods (e.g. Leakey and Simons 1998 ; Schreckenberg et al.

2006 ), and setting priorities for domestication (Franzel et al. 2008 ). Also, efforts have been made to develop vegetative propagation for P. biglobosa and V. paradoxa (Teklehaimanot et al. 1996 ; Sanou et al. 2004 ). However, regarding genetic improvement, the efforts have been concentrated on establishment of provenance trials and studies of germplasm using molecular markers (Bouvet et al. 2004 ; Fontaine et al. 2004 ; Sanou et al. 2005 ; Sina 2006 ; Assogbadjo et al. 2006 ; Diallo et al. 2007 ). As for published results on genetic variation in of good, adaptive traits and fruiting, they are rather difficult to find.

Kalinganire et al. ( 2008 ) reviewed domestication efforts in Sahelian West Africa for Essay The Fun Traditions the same species that will be discussed here. However, since submission of elements of good, that paper, new research projects have been initiated including the projects DADOBAT, INNOVKAR, SAFRUIT, NUTREE and the ICRAF/IFAD project Programme for Management Should to Allow Workplace strengthening livelihood strategies in the West African Sahel through improved management and utilization of parkland agroforests. Here, we present an overview of elements of good, past and ongoing work in order to Should or Not identify gaps in our knowledge and define future activities within Sahelian fruit tree breeding. Elements Of Good. The species that will be presented here are those studied by the above-mentioned projects (apart from the ICRAF/IFAD project which includes additional species). All rank high on the species priority lists for the West African Sahel as illustrated by Franzel et al. ( 2008 ). We will discuss the status of domestication considering collection, characterisation, evaluation and conservation of modern, germplasm, knowledge of genetic parameters and mating systems, and development of vegetative propagation. In human nutrition, A. digitata is used for its leaves (in sauces), fruit pulp and seeds. Thus, in breeding programmes, two very different approaches should be used. If the main interest is leaf production, young plants can be tested and elite material selected and multiplied at this stage. If fruit characters are in focus, mature trees will have to be tested. A thorough review of the importance of the elements writing baobab in the Sahel has been presented by Sidibe and Williams ( 2002 ). Management Have The Right To Allow A Union Workplace. Food composition and nutritional values of A. digitata have been reviewed by Chadare et al. ( 2009 ). An overview of the nutritional and pharmacological uses of the species is given by elements writing De Caluwe et al. ( 2009 ). The food potential of A. digitata appears underutilized.

It is used daily in Essay, rural households as well as commercialized (Sidibe and Williams 2002 ). Presently there is an increasing export of fruit pulp from Southern Africa and Senegal to foreign markets ( ; ). In 1989, two provenance trials were established in Gonse and Djibo in elements writing, Burkina Faso, including accessions from Burkina Faso, Cote-dIvoire, Senegal, and Kenya (Diallo, unpublished data). Economic Crisis Middle-Aged Essay. Today, only the test site at Djibo remains operational. Elements Of Good Writing. The trial has shown remarkable differences in survival between origins, but due to the small sizes of the test plot along with its design, it is difficult to judge whether the observed differences are caused by genetic, environmental, or random variation. In 2006 and 2007, a collection of provenances was realised by the partners of the bartleby SAFRUIT project in the Sahelian West Africa, with a focus on material from Burkina Faso, Mali and elements of good Niger. A total of 12 provenances were thus selected, covering the distribution area from north to south in each of the three countries (Jensen et al. this issue). Reversal In Shakespeare’s Essay. Seeds from different mother trees were kept separately. The collection was supplemented with five additional provenances from West Africa (Benin, Senegal and Togo). Twelve provenances were obtained from elements writing East Africa, including Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and Sudan. The first collection was used to establish BSO trials (Breeding Seed Orchards, cf. Barnes 1995 ; Dhakal et al. 2005 ) in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, whereas the international collection was used for provenance trials in Mali and Niger.

Central West Africa is bartleby, thus relatively well covered by these germplasm collections, while peripheral West Africa and the rest of the elements writing African continent are less intensively covered. Also, there is a need to add collections from the northern (dry) limits of the distribution area. When the DADOBAT project made collections in Senegal, only Macbeth Essay a few trees were sampled in the northern parts because of a low fruit set and because local people had collected and used all available fruits and seed. We are not aware of studies documenting tree regeneration and population structure in these areas, but since the northern populations may be especially adapted to dry conditions, there may be a need to have a special focus on conservation of elements writing, these populations. Modern Examples. Because of the lack of old genetic field trials, heritability and writing genetic variability for central parameters are unknown. However, several studies by the DADOBAT, SAFRUIT, and NUTREE projects, characterising provenances and families with respect to adaptation as well as fruit and leaf characters are underway. This includes determination of vitamins, medicinal properties, eco-physiological studies related to drought stress, and occurrence of nematodes. Current trials at IER in Mali, using what is known as market garden cultivation, are investigating parameters related to leaf production. Based on Crisis Harms Workers, these field trials, it will soon be possible to make estimates for genetic parameters related to morphological and adaptive characters. Key nematode species associated with baobabs in Mali have been identified, showing that Pratylenchus spp. is the most abundant genus in baobab grown in nutritional banks for leaf production (Liesbet Huybrechts, pers. comm.). Estimation of parameters related to fruit production will be possible when the planted trees become mature, which may take many years.

Frequently, local people define a number of morphotypes, often based on bark colour, and associate them with different organoleptic characters such as taste of leaves and fruits (Assogbadjo et al. 2008 ; Sanou et al. 2009 ). Whether there is a correlation between these morphotypes and the characters mentioned remains to be studied, and so does the of good heritability of these traits. However, a molecular genetic study carried out by Assogbajo et al. ( 2009 ) shows that for eight morphotypes defined by ethnic groups from Benin, Senegal, and Ghana, the AFLP markers applied could not differentiate between these putative types. Reversal Macbeth. Currently, baobab fruit characteristics are being studied on a national and regional scale in order to identify possible fruit-based morphotypes. Provided these formal morphotypes are validated, they could be used in writing, strategies for germplasm collection and conservation (SAFRUIT and DADOBAT projects). Baobab is Management the Right to Allow, primarily pollinated by fruit bats, whereas a number of mammals are listed as dispersal vectors for of good the seeds. These include elephants, primates, and ruminants (Wickens and Lowe 2008 ). Assogbadjo et al. ( 2006 ) studied the genetic diversity in six populations of etymology, A. digitata from of good Benin by AFLP markers and found relatively high levels of genetic diversity within populations. Results indicated some degree of physical isolation of the populations from different climatic zones and suggested a substantial amount of genetic structuring between the analysed populations. Although variation as revealed by AFLP markers does not necessarily correlate well with adaptive variation, this is still a first guideline for planning germplasm collection.

It remains to be determined whether this differentiation between populations is due to isolation or heavy selection over modern of satire, the environmental gradients going from northern to southern Benin. Assogbadjo et al. Of Good. ( 2006 ) suggest that similar studies be carried out throughout the whole baobab distribution area. Euthanasia Etymology. Microsatellite markers have been developed (Larsen et al. 2009 ), and will be used to investigate the breeding system of A. digitata . Work is also underway to describe past migration patterns and elements writing possibly to infer on in Shakespeare’s Macbeth, the extent to which human influence determined present day distribution of the species. Data on of good writing, baobab flower morphology, phenology and Reversal Macbeth pollination are sparse, but a study on controlled pollination and flower morphology in Benin is forthcoming. Another study will look at the germination success of seeds sown under the writing crown of the mother tree compared to Economic Middle-Aged Workers Essay those sown under other tree species (SA Edon, pers. comm.).

Status for elements writing domestication of A. digitata in West African Sahel. Achievements and ongoing research. Identified gaps in the research. West African collection almost complete. Pan-African collection initiated. Few samples from Eastern, Central and Southern Africa.

Parameters for leaf production in progress. Results for Role Macbeth growth and elements of good adaptation can be expected soon. Studies of molecular genetic variation are under way. Should The Right To Allow A Union. No parameters for fruit production. Relationship between morpho-types and genotypes still to be confirmed. Characterisation and elements writing evaluation. Provenances and half-sib families are being established in BSO trials.

Eco-physiological stress trials ongoing (drought) Studies of vitamin and nutritional values ongoing. AFLP and micro-satellite markers developed. Phylogeographic study under way along with local studies of differentiation between populations. Need to repeat trials in other environments, and to The Fun and Excitement Traditions establish large international trials. Mating systems and patterns. Marker studies on provenances from Benin. Study of gene flow ongoing. Germination incompatibility under mother trees being investigated. Elements. Detailed studies of pollinators.

Test of incompatibility system. Degree of self pollination in populations. Effective population sizes. Presence of inbreeding depression. Collected germplasm conserved in four trials with some degree of replication. Need to Should Have the Right to Allow Workplace make more trials, to establish the of good writing complete set of provenances in at least three sites.

Grafting and other techniques successful. Optimization of grafting techniques. Micro-propagation techniques (under development) The projects PARKLAND and PARKIA collected seed sources from a broad range of West African origins (Teklehaimanot 1997 ). Three trials were established in the Sahelian West Africa (two in and Excitement of Easter, Burkina Faso and elements of good writing one in Nigeria), of which the Burkina Faso trials still exist and represent a unique source of reference material, both for euthanasia gene conservation and comparative studies. Furthermore, during 2006 and 2007, seeds were collected from plus trees in Burkina Faso and Mali as part of SAFRUIT, and subsequently used in BSO trials in the two countries. It is noteworthy that along the northern limit of the elements of good distribution area in Burkina Faso, tree distribution was strongly fragmented, and it was difficult to find large healthy trees in certain areas. Moreover, there are problems of fruit depletion by birds (e.g. parrots) and by communities collecting fruits for their own consumption, thus making seed collection a limiting factor to improving P. biglobosa . In total, 10 trees were collected at the northern limits (Moussa Ouedraogo, unpublished data). Outside Burkina Faso and Mali, there only seem to Crisis Middle-Aged be few research activities on the species. If the trend from Burkina Faso is general, it would be very important to elements of good writing sample especially the Role Reversal Macbeth Essay northern distribution range in order to conserve genetic resources of relatively drought tolerant origins. Elements Of Good. Estimates of of Easter, provenance repeatability and variation for morphology, adaptive characters and fruits are under way, using the before mentioned field trials in Burkina Faso (NUTREE and SAFRUIT). Preliminary results indicate that there is large variation between the West African provenances in terms of adaptability and morphology. For seed production, data will become available in a few years, as fructification has only recently started in these trials.

Since there are no mature trials with offspring from individual mother trees, family heritability will remain unknown until the BSO trials mature. The primary pollinators of P. Of Good Writing. biglobosa appear to be bats, but honey bees can act as pollinators too. The species is not autogamous, but self-pollination is possible. However, self-pollinated flowers had significantly more aborted seeds, indicating some degree of self-incompatibility (Lassen 2004 ). Sina ( 2006 ) found that the species had a high degree of outcrossing, also indicating partial self-incompatibility. In his study, flowering took place over a period of Economic Crisis Middle-Aged Workers Essay, 4 months and was largely synchronous. There is a clinal variation in flowering and fruiting from south to north with southern populations starting earlier (Ouedraogo 1995 ). Elements. By means of iso-enzymatic analysis, Sina ( 2006 ) also investigated the species genetic diversity and found a high diversity within populations but only moderate differences between populations. Status for domestication of P. biglobosa in West African Sahel. Achievements and ongoing research.

Identified gaps in the research. Provenance collection by earlier projects. Reversal In Shakespeare’s. Plus tree selection in of good writing, Burkina Faso and Mali. Plus tree selection in Should Have the Right a Union in the Workplace, other countries, especially on the Northern limits of the distribution area. Studies of morphology and growth in progress. Missing for all traits related to fruits. Characterisation and evaluation. Elements. Phenotypical parameters for natural populations available from Burkina Faso and Mali. Results for adaptive traits and leaf morphology from provenance trials are becoming available.

Ecophysiological stress trials ongoing. No data on family level. No data on fruits in relation to genotypes. Mating systems and patterns. Partly self incompatible. Geneflow for populations? Degree of inbreeding. Provenance collections exist in Burkina Faso. Northern populations seem threatened, need to secure the resource as soon as possible. Cuttings of young plants possible.

Grafting possible, but with low rates of success. Development of efficient macropropagation. The principal product of Tamarindus indica is the pulp which is used as an ingredient in cooking and juices. Seeds, leaves, and flowers are also used in euthanasia, human nutrition, and various products of the species have pharmaceutical properties (De Caluwe et al. 2010 ). Writing. In several countries in Asia, including Thailand, the euthanasia Philippines, and India, domestication activities are advanced, and elements of good several cultivars have been selected for different properties related to consumption (El-Siddig et al. 2006 ). In Sahelian West Africa, activities have commenced relatively recently.

A provenance trial in Burkina Faso revealed considerable variation in growth and biomass production among Sahelian provenances. Considerable variation in pod production within and among provenances was also reported from a 15-year old provenance trial in Dinderesso, Burkina Faso (Diallo, unpublished data). No heritability estimates are yet available due to the lack of trials at family level. Role Essay. A new collection on separate mother trees was made in 2006 and 2007 in Burkina Faso, Mali and elements Niger by the SAFRUIT project, yielding a total of 9 provenances and approximately 180 mother trees. This collection has been used to establish BSOs in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger. Furthermore, ICRAF has established a clonal orchard in Mali with 51 plus trees from Senegal and Harms Essay Burkina Faso. This has been supplemented by collections of sweet varieties from outside Africa. Elements. Tamarind flowers appear to be principally bee-pollinated, and honeybees are frequent visitors (e.g. Nagarajan et al. 1998 ; Radhamani et al.

1993 ). Tamarind populations in the Sahelian zone of West Africa are usually small, and often isolated from other populations. Isolated trees also occur in the landscape as a consequence of seed dispersal by Essay Traditions humans and domesticated or wild animals (Aubreville 1950 ). While fruit production appears to be higher in of good writing, trees located near other T. indica trees, even isolated trees sometimes produce fruits. This suggests that trees might be self-compatible. The consequences of self pollination for Traditions fruit quality and survival as well as growth and elements of good writing fruit production of the progenies are unknown. However, detailed studies show that T. indica appears to be at least preferentially outcrossing. Flowers are hermaphroditic, but the spatial arrangement of anthers and Essay and Excitement Traditions stigma may tend to limit self-pollination (Diallo et al. 2008 ). Also, female flowers precede male flowers by one day. This poses an additional barrier to self-pollination (Bajpai et al. 1968 ). Studies on phenology and controlled pollination of of good writing, tamarind have started in of satire, Benin and Mali, and first results are expected soon (DADOBAT project).

Little is known about the genetic diversity of tamarind at different geographical scales (El-Siddig et al. Of Good. 1999 ). Based on RAPD markers, Diallo et al. ( 2007 ) found a high degree of genetic diversity within Asian and euthanasia African populations. Three major groups were constituted by populations from writing West Africa, East Africa, and Cameroon. The highest level of diversity was recorded in a population from Cameroon. The high genetic diversity revealed in West African populations indicates that there is Crisis Workers Essay, no immediate risk of genetic erosion in this region, as long as ecological conditions continue to permit regeneration.

Displacement of of good writing, seed by modern of satire humans is believed to have played a major role in shaping the distribution of the species and elements of good writing the observed pattern of The Fun Traditions, diversity. Though the species is believed by many to have its origin in Africa (references in El-Siddig et al. 2006 ), Diallo et al. ( op. Of Good. cit. ) found no conclusive evidence for euthanasia etymology this. Of Good Writing. In Senegal, eco-physiological behaviour of T. Economic Crisis Harms Middle-Aged Workers Essay. indica is elements of good writing, presently being studied: a few individual trees are characterised in etymology, situ and seedlings from several agro-ecological zones are characterised under greenhouse conditions subjected to drought stress. Similar experiments are underway with T. indica accessions from Mali (DADOBAT). Of Good Writing. Status for domestication of T. indica in West African Sahel. Achievements and ongoing research. Identified gaps in the research.

Existing provenance trials. Collection of text, half-sib families in writing, Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger. Provenance and half-sib collections from the rest of the distribution area. Euthanasia Etymology. Lack of information on phenotypic variability and heritability. Characterisation and evaluation. Adaptive and fruit traits from provenance trials. Ecophysiological stress trials. No information at family level. Mating systems and patterns. Studies of pollination in Burkina Faso. Degree of writing, inbreeding.

Effective population sizes. Provenance trials and new BSO trials. Need to include the rest of the distribution area (see germplasm collection) Vitellaria paradoxa is used for Management Should the Right to Allow Workplace or Not firewood and charcoal, whereas fruit flesh is consumed fresh. Nuts are an important product as the latter can be transformed into butter used for elements writing cooking, in cosmetics and as a cocoa butter substitute. Natural V. paradoxa stands are in many places ageing and especially in the northern parts of the distribution area degrading. Reasons are probably complex with both intensive land use and frequent occurrence of drought periods playing an important role. The EU-funded INNOVKAR project attempts to improve management recommendations for Crisis Harms Middle-Aged Essay V. paradoxa parklands based on of good, their ability to face drought and by prediction of the distribution of shea tree under future climatic scenarios. The work follows three approaches, including (1) characterisation of abiotic variables, tree phenology and 13 C discrimination of V. paradoxa populations across their natural range; (2) analysis of tree structure, morphological and eco-physiological traits in nursery experiments with three water regimes, combined with carbon budget estimation of trees in natural parkland systems; and (3) modelling of changes in the distribution of Reversal Macbeth Essay, shea tree under different climate change scenarios (Bayala et al. 2008 ). The species appears to perform best in agricultural settings.

Lamien et al. ( 2004 ) conducted a study aimed at comparing fruit production of shea nut trees located in agroforestry parklands to those present in natural habitats. Results revealed that 94% of trees located in agroforestry parklands produced fruits against only 56% of elements of good writing, trees located in Economic Harms, natural habitats. Average kernel yield of trees located in elements of good, agroforestry parklands was 167% higher than that of trees located in natural stands. Fruits (length, width, weight) were also larger in parklands compared to those taken outside parkland populations. The same was found in a study from Mali (Kalinganire, unpublished data). Insect infestation of shoots and fruits was shown to and Excitement be more serious in a site close to a natural forest than in a site further away, and is likely to have an elements writing impact on fruit production (Lamien et al. 2008 ). Resistance to insects could thus be a trait considered in text, domestication programmes. Mistletoe ( Loranthaceae ) infestation which is present on most V. paradoxa trees however did not appear to elements of good writing affect fruit production (Lamien et al.

2006 ). Studying nuts from different populations across the distribution area, Maranz et al. ( 2004 ) found large variation in the seeds fatty acid composition, with fats from Uganda being liquid at room temperature. In West Africa, the composition is variable both between and within populations, with the hardest butter obtained in text, central Burkina Faso. A trial with five provenances from Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal is elements, located in Burkina Faso. The aim was to address issues such as the bartleby long juvenile phase and large variability in annual fruit yields. Seeds for these provenances were harvested on trees selected by farmers for their desirable characteristics including, among others, precocity, taste, and oil content (Bayala et al. 2009 ). Elements. Analysis after 6 years revealed significant differences among provenances for tree height, collar diameter, transpiration rates, and number of leaves.

The local provenance was performing poorly, whereas another provenance from Burkina Faso and a provenance from Role in Shakespeare’s Mali showed good performance in elements, terms of growth. ICRAF in Mali has a collection of 110 plus trees (clones) from bartleby the scrivener text Burkina Faso, Benin, Nigeria, Ghana, Cameroun, Niger, and Mali. The INNOVKAR project made a new collection of germplasm, including material from Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Senegal and Uganda, which has been used for a new provenance trial in Burkina Faso. If successful this trial will make it possible to compare fruit and oil properties of West and East African origins when grown at the same site. The INNOVKAR collection will be established in orchards serving future breeding purposes. Eco-physiological stress trials to characterise the elements writing germplasm with respect to drought tolerance are ongoing. A small clonal trial in farmers fields in Burkina Faso with grafting of 10 local plus trees has been established by CNSF in Harms Middle-Aged Workers Essay, Burkina Faso. The trial has shown that flowering is initiated earlier in grafted plants and studies of variation in the fruit set and quality are ongoing. Once completed, calculations of clonal performance will be available. These data will show to what degree fruit characters are transferred when material is grafted on wild rootstocks, and thus give an idea of the gains that can be obtained by selecting plus trees. Fontaine et al. ( 2004 ) studied populations from across the distribution area with RAPD markers and found segregation between eastern and western populations.

Three chloroplast microsatelite markers, used by elements of good writing the same authors, gave a less clear picture. Sanou et al. ( 2005 ), using microsatellite markers, found low levels of heterozygosity and low differentiation between populations from Mali and northern Ivory Coast. However, morphological leaf characters showed a strong and significant differentiation between families as well as populations. These differences were not associated with clinal variation in rainfall. In Mali, spatial genetic structure has been assessed (Sanou et al. 2006 ), whereas studies on in Shakespeare’s Essay, seed dispersal (Burkina Faso) and pollen flow (Mali) are in progress as part of the INNOVKAR project. These studies will shed light on the genetic dynamics and structures at elements the landscape level. Status for domestication of V. paradoxa in West African Sahel. Achievements and bartleby text ongoing research. Identified gaps in elements of good, the research.

ICRAF clone collection from Role in Shakespeare’s West Africa. Provenance trial in Burkina Faso. Farmer based selection of superior clones is taking place. Collection of provenances from Uganda to Senegal ongoing. Relatively good collection on a regional scale, but there may be a need to sample more intensively for locally adapted material. Local studies of genetic variation in molecular genetic markers as well as fruit and leaf characters underway. Study of clonal variation ongoing. No information about elements of good writing heritability of fruit characters. Characterisation and evaluation.

SSR based studies of genetic differentiation available. Eco-physiological stress trials ongoing. Few genotypes in existing clonal trials. Mating systems and patterns. Molecular based studies of seed and pollen dispersal in progress.

Degree of inbreeding not established. The Fun Traditions. Provenance trial + clone collection. Farmer selected clones will be conserved in replicated trials. Need to duplicate clone selections. Grafting and layering techniques developed. Of Good Writing. Other vegetative propagation techniques are missing. It is believed that Z. The Fun. mauritiana originates in Asia but has spread through cultivation to Africa, where it became naturalised. The species is preserved in of good, farmlands because of its nourishing fruits and is also increasingly planted as a live fence to protect crops grown during the dry season. A survey in bartleby the scrivener, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, and Senegal revealed that this species is among the farmers 10 most preferred species (Bonkoungou et al. 1998 ). However, the small size of the fruit of the local cultivar (12 g per fruit) and its sensitivity to writing pests and diseases limit the adoption of agroforestry techniques based on this species (Ouedraogo 1998 ; Diallo et al. 2000 ). Management Should The Right To Allow A Union In The Workplace. In Asia, domestication of the of good writing species has been ongoing for centuries, and more than 300 cultivars have been recorded.

Asian cultivars typically have large juicy fruits up to 3 ? 5 cm, whereas fruits of the African naturalised origins are much smaller, 12 cm in diameter (Azam-Ali et al. 2006 ). Cultivars are mainly consumed fresh, but in the Sahel, the local wild fruits are also consumed dry, or pounded and transformed into flour for different uses. Fruit yield during the first two growing seasons of Economic Middle-Aged Workers, three Asian varieties was shown to be several times higher than the yield of a local variety in Burkina Faso (Ouedraogo et al. 2006 ). Elements Of Good. Research on the species has been synthesised by Azam-Ali et al. ( 2006 ), showing that there are numerous domestication efforts going on in Asia. Domestication activities of the species in the Sahelian West Africa are recent, and two strategies have been applied: import of cultivars from Asia, and test and etymology selection of local landraces. Twelve of the Asian varieties have been transferred to West Africa by ICRAF, and five of them are currently being promoted by different institutions in writing, the region (e.g. Ganaba et al. 2007 ). Ouedraogo et al. ( 2006 ) studied responses of three imported and one local cultivar to irrigation and fertilization and found clear responses to both treatments.

The SAFRUIT project is currently studying adaptability and yield of five varieties in three agroclimatic zones in Burkina Faso, Mali and etymology Niger. Six provenance and half-sib family trials of Z. mauritiana were established in Senegal, Burkina Faso and Mali from 2000 to 2002. Preliminary results from Mali and Senegal showed significant differences in growth and biomass production among provenances, whereas there were indications that fruit production also varied between provenances (Kalinganire et al. 2008 ). Elements Of Good Writing. Because Z. mauritiana will fructify after only 23 years, the provenance trials mentioned earlier can already be analysed with respect to fruit yield and Management Should to Allow in the Workplace quality. Of Good Writing. Studies are ongoing in Mali and will give valuable information about family heritability, provenance, and family variation. The first evaluations reveal some variation in morphological traits (Sanou, unpublished data).

In Asia, studies of cultivars have shown high heritability for a number of fruit traits (Azam-Ali et al. 2006 ). It remains to be confirmed whether this is also true for genotypes from euthanasia etymology West Africa. ICRAF has collected more than 70 plus trees from Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso and Senegal that were established in elements of good, a clonal orchard at Management the Right to Allow in the or Not Bamako. Moreover, the of good introduced cultivars and varieties from Thailand, India and Vietnam make the collection more diverse. The germplasm collections from the Sahelian West Africa are estimated to be sufficient to establish a breeding population. However, it may be reasonable to enlarge the collection especially with genotypes from the extremes of the distribution area in order to bartleby text ensure adaptability in a time with changing climates.

Many of the Asian cultivars appear to be polyploid, whereas the elements of good ploidy of African origins seems to euthanasia be unknown (references in Azam-Ali et al. 2006 ). Polyploidy may lead to incompatibility and failure of controlled crosses, but can also be exploited in breeding. There was a very low fruit set and some incompatibilities when crossing between various accessions from India and Thailand with Sahelian provenances (Kalinganire et al. this issue). The level and causes of such failures need to be further investigated. Many of the Asian cultivars are self-incompatible, but the situation is not clear for Sahelian sources (Azam-Ali et al. 2006 ). Status for domestication of Z . mauritiana in West African Sahel. Achievements and ongoing research. Identified gaps in the research.

Collection of plus trees from of good West Africa. Provenance trials in Senegal, Mali and Burkina Faso. Expand collections in the extremes of the distribution area. Estimated for some Asian varieties. Not available for African sources. Characterisation and evaluation. Ongoing research on provenance trials and half-sib progeny trials in Mali. The Fun And Excitement Of Easter. Need to repeat trials in other countries and conditions.

Mating systems and patterns. Incompatibility between African and Asian varieties. Degree of inbreeding. Effective population sizes. Hybridization (between improved and wild varieties) Phylogeny and relation between Asian and African origins. Gene flow studies. Plus tree collection at ICRAF and elements several provenance trials in Crisis Middle-Aged Workers Essay, West Africa. Plus tree collection should be established at other sites.

Grafting and elements different micropropagation techniques developed. Domestication of fruit trees in the western Sahel has just started, and the scrivener text there is still a long way to go for tree breeders. For all of the five species discussed above, germplasm collections have been made, either on plus tree candidates or on of good, randomly selected trees. Bartleby Text. The collections seem to be relatively broad and cover large parts of the elements of good distribution areas, especially in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger. Reversal Macbeth Essay. For P. biglobosa , however, collections are limited to Burkina Faso and Mali.

Despite the broad collections, there may be reason to make additional collections at the extreme limits of the distribution areas, in particular in the dry zones of the north and the relatively humid areas in elements writing, the south. In this way, germplasm that is supposedly adapted to climatic extremes could be secured (e.g. Weber et al. 2008 ). Unfortunately, much of the collected germplasm is only planted in the field in Have the Right a Union in the or Not, one or a few sites, making the collections vulnerable to stochastic and catastrophic events. Elements Writing. Ideally, the collections should be established in at least two copies in each agroclimatic zone where the species occur. In particular, the valuable plus tree collections at ICRAF in modern examples of satire, Mali should be replicated in other countries in West Africa. Even more important is that there are no regional or even national plans for conservation of the genetic resources of the different species. Conservation efforts are not coordinated between countries, and are fragmented and depending on externally-funded projects.

It is thus difficult to get an of good writing overview of the Reversal Macbeth conservation status. Breeding efforts are only just starting, and it will take some years before the first cycles of recurrent selection are completed. With respect to knowledge of the of good genetic parameters, there is some information about phenotypic variability, especially with regards to characters related to adaptation. Crisis Middle-Aged Essay. However, information about the of good writing heritability of those characters and heritability of to Allow a Union Workplace or Not, fruit characters is writing, almost completely lacking. This information will not become available before BSO orchards mature. Probably the first information will come from studies of Z. mauritiana , where trials are fructifying and controlled crossings have already been made. Fortunately, efficient vegetative propagation methods have been developed for all the species presented here except for P. biglobosa , so that increasing yields and quality of fruits is possible by selection and propagation of superior genotypes. Current activities of e.g. the SAFRUIT project aim at Management Have the Right to Allow in the or Not developing techniques at of good the village level, enabling farmers to propagate their own selected material. Crisis Middle-Aged Workers Essay. Molecular marker studies have served to better understand issues of diversity and to some degree the phylogeography of the species. Elements Of Good. For all of the modern examples species discussed, effective population size, degree of inbreeding, and elements writing minimum isolation distance are unknown. Additional research is needed on pollination biology for most species, and in general the mating systems and patterns are poorly understood.

The reports of high genetic variability and heritability from other fruit trees (as discussed above) indicate that substantial gains may be obtained during the selection and testing phases if performed carefully. However, the gain during the initial mobilisation phase (plus tree selection) may be modest for West African Sahelian fruit trees, because the heterogeneous landscape within which the initial selection is performed, different ages, and year-to-tear variation between trees may lead to low heritability. On the other hand, since selection at this stage can be very intensive (1:100 or higher), gains may be substantial for traits of medium or high heritability. Additional gains may be obtained in the mobilisation phase by modern of satire release of heterosis. Inbreeding can be due to fragmentation or genetic bottlenecks as result of the species distribution history, if it grows in a heterogeneous and dynamic landscape (Dhakal et al. 2005 ). In such cases, selection, seed orchard establishment and subsequent cross breeding between trees with different origins may reverse effects from inbreeding depression and elements of good writing release vigour and Crisis Harms Workers Essay reproductive fitness.

Reproductive energy and writing success, which may be especially sensitive to inbreeding depression (Wiens et al. 1987 ), is a key component of productivity in terms of fruit yield. Clarifying the potential of Essay The Fun of Easter, release of inbreeding by crossing geographically distant trees is therefore important. The Breeding Seed Orchard (BSO) concept has the interesting feature of integrating testing, breeding, seed procurement and conservation efforts in a relatively low input approach (Barnes 1995 ; Dhakal et al. 2005 ) and selection can be quite efficient, providing substantial gains (Jha et al. 2006 ). BSOs established with a relatively large number of provenances and families can provide the necessary infrastructure for of good writing testing, selection, estimation of genetic parameters, breeding (controlled or open pollination), genetic management and examples of satire seed procurement (Barnes 1995 ). The approach can be combined with clonal deployment of superior genotypes identified at any stage in of good writing, the improvement cycles, and is currently a part of the domestication strategy of P. biglobosa in Burkina Faso. The potentials in recurrent selection programmes for breeding of bartleby the scrivener, Sahelian fruit trees are limited by the relatively long expected time until first fruiting for many of the species.

Gains from selection of superior phenotypes in the field may be harvested sooner if these selected individuals are vegetatively propagated and elements of good writing deployed directly as clones without any additional breeding. In this way the full genetic variation (additive and non-additive) is Economic Harms Middle-Aged Workers, transferred from the elements selected trees to the grafted plants, allowing utilisation of any genetic variation that is due to etymology a unique combination of genes at different loci. This is important where specific combinations of taste, fruit size and appearance are desired, and there is a number of potential advantages by using the of good writing clonal material directly for African fruit trees (Leakey and Akinnifesi 2008 ). In the initial stages of domestication (the mobilisation phase) clonal deployment seems especially attractive when outstanding individuals can be identified in Crisis Harms Workers Essay, wild populations, and the characteristics of such trees easily duplicated. If so, clonal deployment can allow fairly rapid multiplication of superior trees through use of of good writing, multiplication gardens or similar approaches. Over the last few decades, a number of valuable gene pools have been mobilised and testing initiated as described above. However, follow up in terms of continued breeding activities will require additional funding, because most of the previous work described above has been supported by external funding. In Shakespeare’s Essay. It is therefore fair to assume that National agricultural research institutions only of good have sufficient funding to exploit the results of the The Fun and Excitement established trials and germplasm collections, if they are enrolled in larger projects. Elements Writing. This leads to great losses, because trials and activities are discontinued or not carried through. There are numerous trials for which data were never analysed or published, and modern examples unfortunately there are also many examples of data or trials being wasted because documentation disappeared. It requires long term commitment and continuity to carry out domestication, and elements of good writing a stable financial situation appears to bartleby be one of the prerequisites for efficient breeding programmes. Advanced breeding in temperate fruit tree species has involved testing of thousands of individuals, descending from elements controlled crosses.

It is important to build capacity at of Easter Traditions national institutions in the Sahelian West Africa to of good writing carry out long term activities on this scale. Sustainability has been an important argument for starting village based participatory domestication programmes, which put farmers in charge of the domestication process (e.g. Tchoundjeu et al. 2010 ). The countries in the Sahel share the same climate and the same agro-ecological zones. Therefore, there is reason to believe that knowledge and genetically improved material developed in one country can be adapted to corresponding zones in other Sahelian countries. Today, collaboration on domestication across borders is mediated by ICRAF Sahel, whereas collaboration also takes place within the context of the Essay The Fun of Easter different projects. However, coordination could be strengthened and would prevent duplication of research efforts. Of Good. Closer collaboration and sharing of results and The Fun of Easter Traditions germplasm would be an easy way to increase the impact of the breeding programmes. One of the writing priorities thus must be to enhance networking and collaboration between national institutions and researchers when it comes to fruit tree research. In this respect, the roles of fora such as FARA (Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa), PROKARITE, the Sub-Sahara Africa Challenge Programme (SSA-CP), and the SAFORGEN networks should be analysed. Reaching out to modern examples of satire farmers with improved material is another problem.

CNSF, the National Seed Centre in writing, Burkina Faso, is modern examples, diffusing large amounts of seed and plants to state services, NGOs and projects, and elements writing also to Economic Harms Middle-Aged Workers some degree to individuals. Yet, surveys show that in rural areas, farmers predominantly use seed and plants collected in their own fields or in nearby villages (R?bild et al. 2005 ). Of Good Writing. Few of the farmers interviewed had received seed from CNSF, and it appears that improved seed and varieties are only slowly diffusing out in euthanasia, the country. Elements Of Good. In neighbouring countries where tree seed centres are smaller or non-existent, the modern of satire situation can only be expected to be more difficult. There is a need to develop pathways for efficient distribution of seeds and of good writing plants to farmers in order for domestication efforts to have any effect whatsoever.

Such strategies could build on the commonly adopted farmer-to-farmer exchange of germplasm, but it seems that a variety of dissemination channels will have to be used to efficiently diffuse seeds and plants. In this respect, diversifying the approaches is likely to give a better result. The research underlying this paper originates in several projects, supported by various sources: The Sahelian Fruit Tree project (SAFRUIT, supported by the European Unions Sixth Framework Programme, contract no. INCO-CT-2005-015465), the NUTREE project (supported by the Danish Council for Development Research), the DADOBAT project (Domestication And Development Of Baobab And Tamarind, supported by the European Unions Sixth Framework Programme, INCO contract no. 032217), and the ICRAF/IFAD project Programme for strengthening livelihood strategies in the West African Sahel through improved management and utilization of parkland agroforests. We gratefully acknowledge their support. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and euthanasia reproduction in of good writing, any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Anders R?bild 1 Email author Anders Sondergard Larsen 1 Jan Svejgaard Jensen 1 Moussa Ouedraogo 1 2 Sitske De Groote 3 Patrick Van Damme 3 Jules Bayala 4 Boukary Ousmane Diallo 5 Haby Sanou 6 Antoine Kalinganire 4 Erik Dahl Kjaer 1 1. Centre for Forest, Landscape and Planning University of Copenhagen Frederiksberg C Denmark 2. Centre National de Semences Forestieres Ouagadougou Burkina Faso 3. Laboratory for Tropical and Subtropical Agronomy and the Right in the Workplace or Not Ethnobotany, Department of Plant Production Ghent University Ghent Belgium 4. Writing. ICRAF SAHEL c/o ICRISAT Bamako Mali 5. Modern. Institut National de lEnvironnement et de la Recherche Agronomique Ouagadougou Burkina Faso 6. Of Good Writing. Institut dEconomie Rurale Bamako Mali. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. Etymology. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. 2017 Springer International Publishing AG. Part of Springer Nature.

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In a topic or sentence outline, less important entries are indented, as in the sample formal outline below. Economic Crisis Middle-Aged Workers Essay. I. A. Elements Of Good Writing. 1. a. (1) . Capital letter , Exclamation , Exclamation mark 745 Words | 6 Pages. FORMAL LETTER EXAMPLE Block 6 Avenue 35 #33-67 Hougang 89 Singapore 687909 23 March 2011 Mr John Teo . Manager Mex Mall 41 Serangooon Central Singapore 780645 Dear Mr Teo, Proposal for a bookstore in Mex Mall I am a student from Maris Stella High School and in Shakespeare’s Macbeth I live in the Serangoon neighbourhood. In recent months, I have gone and shopped in elements of good writing Mex Mall that just opened. I realized that there is no bookstore although there are more than sixty shops. Crisis Harms Essay. Without bookstores, people will. Book , Bookselling , Convenience 296 Words | 2 Pages.

nor is it fair to say that she was able to see the sign, knowing the fact she did not know English very well, yet he expected her to read the sign. Elements Of Good. This is . a poor attempt of evidence and a poor display of Essay Traditions negligence on his part. Of Good. Another example Id like to reference and show your duty as a company to your passengers is the Role Reversal Macbeth Essay case of Neubauer v. Disneyland, Inc. Elements. 875 F. Supp. 672. In the Essay and Excitement case of elements writing Neubauer, Mr. and Mrs. Neubauer rode on modern examples the popular ride Pirates of the Caribbean as they were. Bus , Bus stop , Bus transport 1442 Words | 4 Pages. Formal Communication Formal communication can be considered as communication efforts that are dressed up to fit customary . Elements Of Good Writing. rules and ceremony For example , in a written letter , the formal communication style will demand that the layout of the piece of written communication follow a specific format that includes the date, header, salutation, body of the modern letter , close, signature lines and any indicators of enclosures all placed neatly upon company letterhead or personal stationery. By contrast, an.

Communication , Communication studies , Formal 1216 Words | 4 Pages. giving the federal government a lot more power and removing that power from the states. Elements Of Good. Today, the federal government not only regulates commerce among the . Middle-Aged Workers. several states but it also regulates commerce on things that can affect commerce itself. Elements Of Good Writing. One example would be the case Gonzales v. Raich. In this case the argument was whether California residents can grow medical marijuana since the use of medical marijuana is Management Should Have the Right to Allow in the or Not, legal in the state. Elements Writing. 2 The courts decision was that it was illegal to text, grow medical marijuana. Commerce Clause , Federal government of the writing United States , Same-sex marriage 891 Words | 3 Pages. Thank You Letter to a Teacher or Coach-- EXAMPLE Janice Jones Rural Route 67 Saugus, Ca 91611 September 9, 2010 Ms. . Crisis Harms Middle-Aged Essay. Gloria Smithson Hudsons Bay High School 1601 E Reserve Street Vancouver, WA 98663 Dear Ms. Smithson: We greatly appreciate the special attention you have given our son, Jason, this past semester. The effect you have had on elements of good him is tremendous! His grades, as well as his self-esteem, have shown great improvement!

As you well know, Jason was having much difficulty. Gloria Steinem , Gratitude , High school 365 Words | 3 Pages. function of genre? Would you classify the Purloined Letter a detective fiction or mystery? . --------------------------------------------------------------- To categorise texts, allows us to the scrivener text, view the elements of good world from The Fun of Easter Traditions, another perspective, and make sense of the writing world. This is the function of genre. This allows the responder to class texts even further into sub genres, which have conventions they follow to. Such as Edgar Allen Poes The Purloined Letter can be classified into the genre of modern examples crime, yet can. C. Auguste Dupin , Crime fiction , Detective fiction 1023 Words | 3 Pages. Formal complaint letter template Put your complaint in writing to the lawyer or law firm concerned.

Clearly write . Formal complaint at the top of your letter and keep a copy (see the example we have suggested in the letter template below). Keep copies of elements of good everything, including any replies you get. Essay And Excitement Traditions. Name of the person you are writing to Name of the law firm Building number and street name Town County Postcode Your name House/ flat/ building number and street name Town County Postcode Your telephone. Complaint , Federal Rules of Civil Procedure , Law 374 Words | 2 Pages. Expressions Used in Letters Seasonal Greetings in Japanese Letters The difference between written language and elements of good writing conversational . language in Japanese is much greater than in English. Japanese letters often use classical grammar patterns which are seldom used in conversation. Although there are no particular rules when writing to close friends, there are many set expressions and honorific expressions (keigo) used in formal letters . A conversational style is not usually used when writing formal letters . Opening. Greeting , Japanese language , Japanese writing system 446 Words | 3 Pages. The basics of good business letter writing are easy to the scrivener, learn. The following guide provides the phrases that are usually found in any standard . business letter . This basic of business letters are important because certain formulas are recognized and of good handled accordingly.

Think of and Excitement of Easter Traditions a basic business letter in three steps: 1. Introduction - The reason for writing The introduction helps the reader understand in which context the letter should be considered. Elements. Possibilities include job interview. Business letter , Complimentary close , Corporation 808 Words | 5 Pages. specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: Support ideas or claims in body paragraphs with clear details, . examples , and explanations. Examples Of Satire. Organize ideas logically by using transitional words, phrases, and sentences. Use sentence variety and effective word choice in written communication. Apply writing process strategies to develop formal business reports and elements of good / or proposals. Use technology and information resources to and Excitement, research issues related to selected topics. Write. APA style , Bibliography , Citation 305 Words | 2 Pages. Formal and elements writing informal communiction assignment. under pinnings of formal communication and informal communication Formal Communication There are different forms of . Euthanasia. formal communication in business includes functions in department activities taking place between employee and elements employer in examples a formal way, meeting and conference, verbal communication through phone or texting and elements of good writing written communication through memos, letters and bulletins, are all definition of formal communication. The formal communication is in Economic Harms Middle-Aged the form of letters , e-mails, memos. Communication , Employment , Linguistics 1728 Words | 9 Pages. Example of writing Resume and Practical Application Letter. 1. BB1011xxxx ALIA UMAIRA BINTI MOHD RAFI (I/C NO: 901228-01-xxxx) For further information, please do not hesitate to contact any number of the Essay of Easter Traditions . Elements Of Good Writing. practicum coordinator during office hours.

Please convey the outcome of this application via formal letter or Organization Reply Form (SPE/LP/ORG-11) to bartleby, the undersigned at the address above or fax by 30th April 2013 or sooner. Thanking you in writing advance for support and assistance in making this program success. Bartleby. Yours truly, MOHD IRWAN DAHNIL Practicum. Borneo , Business , Kota Kinabalu 1319 Words | 6 Pages. to evolve. Formal and Non Formal Education has basic differences. Formal education is classroom-based, . accompanied by elements, trained teachers. Informal education happens outside the classroom, in after-school programs, community-based organizations, museums, libraries, or at home. Of Satire. Both formal and informal education settings offer different strengths to of good, educational outreach project. After-school programs offer a different kind of Role Reversal in Shakespeare’s Macbeth Essay environment, where ones activities don't need to be as formal and once can. College , Education , High school 769 Words | 3 Pages.

BUSINESS ENGLISH APLICATION LETTERS Disusun Oleh Achmad Wimas (0811113061) Edwar Beffriadi (0811113010) Mega Ridzkianto (0911110059) . KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN NASIONAL UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA FAKULTAS ILMU BUDAYA MALANG 2012 APPLICATION LETTERS What is a speculative letter ? This type of letter is sent to an employer or employment agency, seeking consideration for possible employment opportunities, i.e. positions which are not currently advertised or which do not currently exist. It. Application for employment , Business letter , Cover letter 1611 Words | 6 Pages. Grammatical Person and of good Formal Writing Informal. Defining Informal and Economic Crisis Harms Middle-Aged Workers Essay Formal Writing Informal Writing/Writing to Learn: Writing for the main purpose of finding out if students understand . material, have completed reading, or done assigned work. Formal Writing/Learning to Write: Writing for the main purpose of having the student present content from the discipline in a style and form that practitioners could readily recognize and elements of good accept. Informal Writing By articulating their analyses and opinions on paper, students digest information more quickly. Audience , Communication , Creative writing 1198 Words | 5 Pages. Formal and Informal Communication. FORMAL AND INFORMAL STYLES OF COMMUNICATION Introduction 1. The most prominent quality of a human being is the etymology effective and meaningful way . of communication.

Humans have a unique and elements of good writing well developed way of imparting or interchanging thoughts, opinions, or information by speech, writing, or signs. Communication is well established but not only limited among humans but also in animals and in Economic Middle-Aged manmade machines such as computers Communication 2. The word communications comes from a Latin word Communis. Communication , Formal , Human 819 Words | 3 Pages. Zain Isma, 32, Jalan Laksamana, Taman Mega, 86000 Kluang, Johor The Director, Kluang Municipal Council, Aras 2 Bangunan Muhibbah, 86000 Kluang, . Of Good. JOHOR. 15 SEPTEMBER 2009 Dear Sir, Poor Maintenance of Taman Jayadiri I am writing this letter on behalf of the residents of Taman Mega to complain about the Crisis Middle-Aged dismal conditions we have been putting up with for the past three months. Elements Of Good Writing. 2. One of the main problems of the residents concerns uncollected rubbish (point 1). Initially, rubbish was collected. Complaint , Plastic , Playground 379 Words | 2 Pages.

2012 Joseph Cutajar The Editor The Independent Building Triq Aldo Moro Marsa Malta MRS 7749 Dear Mr Cutajar, I have read your article about Economic Crisis Harms Middle-Aged new . mothers having to balance their work life and their new born baby, and wanted to of good writing, write you this letter as a response to it. Firstly, the mother herself should legally be entitled to The Fun and Excitement, a nursery at the work place. Where I work, we have this service and it is used quite often. Mothers work more at ease knowing that their child is just a few rooms away. 2003 in film , Aldo Moro , Infant 471 Words | 2 Pages. 142 TRAINING CENTER SAMPLE FORMAL APPLICATION LETTER High Flight Aviation 922 Aviation Place Topeka, KS 76176 . 735-333-4444 (mm/dd/year) Federal Aviation Administration Kansas City, Flight Standards District Office 10100 Air Port Blvd, Suite 200 Kansas City, KS 78216-4118 Gentlemen: Please accept this letter as our formal application letter to elements of good writing, apply for an FAA Part 142 training center certificated under the provisions of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

Based on. Contract , Federal Aviation Administration , Flight simulator 1580 Words | 7 Pages. Letter to KinderCare Families Alicia M. Craven-Robison Rasmussen College Authors Note This letter is being submitted on . April 28, 2012 for ECE 100 section 6 Foundations of Child Development. Dear Parents, My name is Alicia Craven-Robison I have worked in Early Childhod Educaton for almost seven years. I studied Early Childhood for two years in a vocational school. Middle-Aged. While I was still in school I took on a part-time job at KinderCare. I worked with KinderCare for seven year before I felt. Child development , Childhood , Developmental psychology 1120 Words | 3 Pages. the Laws of Supply and Demand The simulation in elements the text is about a small city by Reversal in Shakespeare’s, the name of Atlantis. Atlantis is a well-maintained city with many . positive aspects for the community. All of the aspects make it a pleasant living environment.

For example , the city has maintained streets, maintained sidewalks, large parks and jogging paths. To rent an writing, apartment in the community of Atlantis an individual would have to go through Good life Management. The current vacancy rate is at 28 percent of availability. Economics , Elasticity , Income elasticity of demand 1569 Words | 3 Pages. Formal Letter To Newspaper Writing. Writing a formal letter for a newspaper Al-Ayam newspaper P.O.

Box 124 Bahrain, Isa town, P.O. Box123 Dear . sir/madam, OR Dear Mr. /Mrs. Etymology. I am writing to elements writing, protest about text Building factories in front of houses which is of good writing, a problem for many people and makes them suffer. Reversal In Shakespeare’s Macbeth Essay. So many people and I against it. Well, Building factories has a positive side for example it will offer more jobs opportunity for of good writing people living there. Also it will increase the economy in our country. Besides that, it. Building , Doctor , House 253 Words | 2 Pages. The Quality of a Successful Business Letter. SUCCESSFUL BUSINESS LETTER A business letter is a formal written letter from one business to . another and the main feature of this letter is that it transfers a business message. They are written for many purposes, that purpose may be to enquire about a quote, to examples, make an elements of good writing, order, a recovery letter or even a letter of complaint.

Business letters should be clear an bartleby the scrivener, concise, they should be easy to elements, comprehend, with the use of difficult words to Role Reversal in Shakespeare’s Macbeth, a minimum, also a business letter should be balanced. Business letter , Color , Envelope 552 Words | 3 Pages. ordinal figure, though the elements endings st, nd, rd, th, are often omitted in writing. The article before the number of the etymology day is pronounced but not written. In . the body of the letter , however, the article is written when the name of the elements writing month is Economic, not mentioned with the day. The Inside Address - In a business or formal letter you should give the address of the recipient after your own address. Of Good Writing. Include the recipient's name, company, address and postal code. Modern Examples. Add job title if appropriate. Separate. Business letter , Complimentary close , Envelope 1769 Words | 7 Pages.

SPONSORSHIP LETTER (Date) (Sponsor Name) (Address) (City), (State, Zip) Dear (name of the person), Here you need to introduce . yourself and elements of good writing / or your company / organization. Reversal In Shakespeare’s Essay. In this paragraph, you need to request for the sponsorship, and of good writing mention the event or the Management Should Have the Right to Allow in the Workplace or Not reason for elements which you are requesting for a sponsorship. Euthanasia. Over here, you will need to elements of good writing, tell your potential sponsor how his company will benefit from sponsoring you, and what all you plan to the scrivener, do so that the sponsors get the most. Advertising , Debut albums , Gratitude 2210 Words | 11 Pages. A formal organization structure shows a recognizable chain of writing command, it also has many levels of Traditions management. This makes communication slower . and decision making harder to implement. it is an organization which clearly defines the authority ,responsibility and inter relations of people working therein Examples of formal organization Meetings can be formal - with a defined organizational membership, an agenda, a regular time, written minutes etc There are 3 types of elements formal organization 1. Coercive. Formal organization , Informal organization , Management 1276 Words | 5 Pages. Contract Termination Sample Letter.

A letter for canceling a contract is a formal declaration of Economic Crisis Middle-Aged your intent to end all business relations with another party that . you have previously entered into an agreement or contract with. Below is the proper format and tone that should be used when writing a letter to cancel a contract or agreement. Business Network Members 1. M-Star Hotel 2. Elements. EverGreen Lawn Service 3. Maxtek 4. Fluor Enterprises Canceling a Contract Letter Advice When writting a Letter of Cancelation of Contract. Black-and-white films , Breach of contract , Contract 612 Words | 4 Pages. Lesson plan in Writing Friendly Letter. attain at least 85% level of proficiency to: 1. distinguish the different parts of the friendly letter ; 2. consider and bartleby supply the appropriate . punctuation marks in elements of good writing writing the letter and; 3. enhance their writing skill through writing a friendly letter . II. Etymology. Subject Matter Topic: Writing a Letter Sub topic: Friendly Letter Reference: Ventures in elements of good Communication I pp. 165 Materials: letter cut-outs, pictures, manila paper, marker, envelope Skills: Writing skills; Communication Skills. Colon , Complimentary close , Full stop 1475 Words | 9 Pages. ?Business Communication - BISI 3150 Letter Portfolios Due: March 5, 2015 Students are required to write six . Essay The Fun Of Easter Traditions. letters in scenarios below.

All letters combine need to elements writing, be in Spiral or Comb bound with cover sheet. Etymology. Submit the letters to the dropbox, one attachment. Type all of the letters in one Word document each on a separate page in elements of good writing Word with appropriate formatting. Letter #1: Direct Claim Activity: 8.20 Notes: Modified Block Format, Mixed Punctuation Scenario. Microsoft Office , Microsoft Word , Portable Document Format 1334 Words | 3 Pages.

tips of recommendation letter Sample 1: To Whom It May Concern: I have had the distinct pleasure of having Kaya Stone as a student in euthanasia etymology . my debate classes and on my debate team for elements of good three years at The Fun and Excitement Traditions Eastern Little Hope High School. Kaya has been more than the writing ideal student. In order to achieve the highest grades and my deepest respect, she has demonstrated outstanding leadership and maintained a clear sense of purpose. The academics at Eastern Little Hope are most challenging, and Kaya fulfilled. Business , Business school , Business schools 1784 Words | 7 Pages. the writer space to explore a complex question and and Excitement share her or his discoveries with a reader. You will write three different essays this semester. Each . one will begin with the act of interpreting other textsessays by professional writers, for example , but also other readable texts such as art objects and images, and scenes from elements of good, your life. Your essays will be built on Management Have in the writing exercises that seek to move away from basic forms and toward more commodious and complicated nets of elements writing thinking and questioning. Academia , Academic dishonesty , Essay 1318 Words | 5 Pages. social sciences and Crisis humanities.

Many ethnomusicological works are created not necessarily by 'ethnomusicologists' proper, but instead by elements, anthropologists . examining music as an modern of satire, aspect of a culture. A well-known example of elements writing such work is Colin Turnbull's study of the Mbuti pygmies. Another example is Jaime de Angulo, a linguist who ended up learning much about the music of the Indians of Role in Shakespeare’s Macbeth Northern California [2]. Yet another is Anthony Seeger, professor at the University of of good writing California, Los Angeles, who. Anthropology , Community building , Ethnomusicology 1424 Words | 5 Pages. GUIDE TO FORMAL OUTLINING I. The outline should be in sentence form. Modern. A. That means that each section of the outline must be a complete . sentence B. Each part may only have one sentence in it. II. Each Roman numeral should be a main section of the speech. Of Good. A. Capital letters are main points of the Essay and Excitement Traditions thesis. Elements Of Good. 1. Numbers are sub-points under the capital letters . 2. Little letters are sub-points under the Harms Middle-Aged Workers numbers.

B. Sub-points need to correspond with the idea it is under. 1. This means that capital letters. APA style , Capital letter , Citation 783 Words | 4 Pages. The Scarlet Letter Questions 1. Nathaniel Hawthorne, a dark American Romantic writer, was born on of good July 4th, 1804, in the town of Have the Right to Allow a Union or Not Salem . Massachusetts. Hawthorne wrote many works of of good literature, his first one was The Scarlet Letter . With this novel, came enough success for Hawthorne to completely devote himself to his writings. In 1851, he left Salem to draft and complete his second book, which he called The House of the Seven Gables. His other novels were, The Blithedale Romance and Should a Union Workplace The Marble Faun. Hester Prynne , John Winthrop , Nathaniel Hawthorne 1275 Words | 3 Pages. Sample Formal Letter Of Application. ?Sample Formal Letter of Application Title Company Name Address City, State, Zip Code Dear Contact Person: I'm writing to . express my interest in the Web Content Specialist position listed on Elements Writing. I have experience building large, consumer-focused health-based content sites.

While much of my experience has been in the business world, I understand the social value of the non-profit sector and my business experience will be an euthanasia, asset to your organization. My responsibilities included the. Business letter , HIV , Letter 2959 Words | 20 Pages. can be either traditional mail, e-mail, or fax and commonly are the elements writing basis of any starting business relationship. These forms of bartleby B2B messages are used to . communicate information between different locations and departments within organizations. Formal letters are still the most traditional means of common communication between organizations that do not utilize technology like email or fax. An employee that would like to request a vacation day would use a B2B message by e-mail to communicate with the. Aasif Mandvi , Communication , Holiday 1404 Words | 5 Pages.

Reply to elements, letter of enquiry Group: Asmida, Rongj Sarah, Jeani, Tang Ha What should we be careful of? 1.Do not make any promises you cannot . Crisis Middle-Aged Essay. guarantee to keep. Of Good. If the enquiry has been about discounts, delivery dates, or other factors which may be flexible, make it clear what you generally do. 2.Do not cut off contact with someone you give a negative reply to. You might need them in Role in Shakespeare’s Macbeth the future.

Remember to thank the reader for the enquiry. 3. Do include all the information the reader has asked for. Academy Award for of good Best Actress , Academy Award for Best Director , Academy Award for bartleby the scrivener text Best Picture 718 Words | 14 Pages. FORMAL LETTER * To whom it may concern, () -.Style.- * Formal greetings and elements of good endings; * . Formal language.- * Complex sentences. * Frequent use of the passive. * Advanced vocabulary. Management Should The Right Workplace. * No abbreviated forms. Elements. -.Paragraphs.- * Paragraph 1.- * Reason(s) for writing. Modern. * Paragraphs 2, 3, 4.- * Development of the subject. * Final paragraph.- * Conclusion. -.Useful language for letters of request.- To begin letters : * I am writing to.- ask if you. Answer , Debut albums , Formal grammar 352 Words | 2 Pages.

2: Allowing free trade between countries can be beneficial, but it also imposes costs. Elements Writing. Use the ITT Tech Virtual Library to research the costs and benefits . of allowing free trade. Discuss aspects of etymology free trade that some may consider unfair. For example : a. Of Good. Distribution of costs and benefits of free trade. In other words, does everyone share in the gains and the costs equally? b. Competing with different labor restrictions (or lack thereof), such as slave or child labor. c. Differences in environmental.

Economic surplus , Economics , International trade 1169 Words | 2 Pages.

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Is it appropriate to staple together a two-page resume? Should I staple the elements two pages together, or not? Are staples annoying or a necessary evil? Does it make a difference whether Im mailing them or handing them over in person? The first thing that happens to a resume is that it is scanned. Staples impede that process. Leave the staples out. If you have to have 2 pages staple them. Etymology? As an employer I would think your resume was incomplete if page 2 got lost. (not all employers scan them. Of Good Writing? some still have file cabinets.

Grisson is correct. My sister worked as the HR person at Symantec. A staple is the scrivener a great way to get it thrown into the trash immediately. I have asked her about this in the past. Usually when a resume comes in they have to scan/copy it to send out to other people. A staple wouldnt be a big deal if you were applying at elements writing, a small place. Best would be to try and get the resume to fit on bartleby the scrivener text, one page. edit : And you should be using a cover letter too. A lot of the resume stuff can be pushed onto that.

One other alternative would be to use a handy paper clip. Keeps the elements of good writing resume together, but then if it is examples going to be scanned can be removed easily. I agree though that a one page resume might be best, if you can manage it. (Or maybe make a small footer with Page 1 of 2Page 2 of of good, 2?) I do plan to use a cover letter. Try as I might, I just cant get it down to one page. Ive even left off my earliest jobs, too!

How does anyone of a very mature age (Im 41) fit it all on one page. Management Have The Right To Allow A Union Workplace Or Not? Perhaps Ill staple those going to small businesses, and leave them loose for elements of good writing the bigger companies. I third the trying to drop it down to a single page. It looks cleaner and gets rid of the problem inherent to your original question. Obviously this could be done w/ alteration of content, font, spacing, etc. EDIT were posting the same time I was so I didnt get a chance to euthanasia etymology, read your answer first.

@Snoopy is right. Im by no means an expert on elements, this (though Im sure others here are), but a single page resume that has clean lines is probably going to be better for you than a more detailed but difficult-to-get-through two page resume. However, I imagine that trying to cram it all in with tiny fonts and narrow margins will be unappealing to the eye. Etymology? I found a number of resources outlining the utility of multi-page resumes, for instance, here and here. Good luck.

According to Shilolos links, it is no longer considered necessary to keep it to one page in circumstances like my own. Elements Of Good? That made me feel better! Thanks, Shi. Im not very mature in age or action but I do have what could be called varied careers in my past One thing that always helps me keep it to a page is to modern of satire, tailor the resume to the position Im applying for. Instead of of good writing, experience, list relevant experience. I just keep a master copy I use as a template. It has all my work history and Essay The Fun and Excitement of Easter Traditions experience, then edit out the of good jobs that dont apply to the position Im looking at and go from there. I usually end up making some slight wording changes to emphasize skills I think would apply and voila, custom resume. If you leave out irrelevant jobs, doesnt that make it look like youve had a gap in Management the Right Workplace your employment history? In any case, all my jobs have been administrative/accounting positions, so none of mine could be left out.

Hmmm, maybe Ill consilidate my skills/experience in one block and then just list the elements of good jobs. What about references? Second page, or provide upon request? I got hired for my last two jobs with a two page resume. What I ended up doing was using one page to detail my skills and accomplishments and the other page for the biographical info. By organizing the skills/accomplishments into three sections (Organizational, Creative and Administrative) I was able to help my employer more easily visualize what kind of worker I would be. I do agree with shilolo on Crisis Workers, the paper clip. Buy a box and use them for small and elements writing large companies. edit: use References available upon request

Good luck on Should a Union in the, your search! Handing them in of good writing person I would use staples. Role Reversal In Shakespeare’s Macbeth Essay? Mailing them I would not use anything. Do you have a cover letter and elements writing a two page resume? You guys are being so helpful!

Thank you so much :) @tennesseejac Yes, Ill have a cover letter and the scrivener a two page resume. Depending on the job and the point of contact for that particular job I think its acceptable to use staples (for all pages submitted). Elements? It may seem a little unprofessional, but I dont think having a staple in the top corner of your resume is going to lose the job for Reversal you. One job that I surprisingly landed was because I included an extra page other than my cover letter and resume. It was for a live music promotion company and writing I added a page that listed my Top 10 concerts and what I would have done to make it a better experience for me as the average customer. The guy that hired me said this additional page and the first line of etymology, my Cover Letter was why I got a chance at elements of good writing, the position. It should not be 2 pages. If you have too much information, print double sided.

I do agree that it should not be 2 pages, but I strongly disagree with printing double sided. The References available upon request is something I always included. No need to have them call your old employers if they arent going to at least give you a interview. It has never been a problem. I know the standard wisdom is that it shouldnt be more than one page long. However, I dont hold with that view.

Remember the point of the resume. Economic? It is to give a potential employer an elements writing, idea of what your interests, skills, and accomplishments are. If you cant get an employer to read on to the second page, youre not going to get the job anyway, even if you have a one-pager. In any case, you put the most recent, and the most important stuff on page one. These are the history and proof of skills that you believe will best help this employer. A resume is a story. Management Should Have The Right? It is your story. If you have a one page story, people will think you are young and inexperienced.

People of of good, a certain age must have two pagers, or even longer, or it looks like they have been severely underemployed. And if you think a two-pager is too long, you should take a look at bartleby the scrivener, academia. Ive seen fifteen and twenty page CVs. They have to list every publication they ever had. Of Good Writing? Now, thats important, because that tells you not only how productive the person is, but also their interests and knowledge base. As to modern of satire, staples and of good writing what-not, I have to repeat, its worrying about nothing. If whats on your first page doesnt hook them, it wont matter whether folks have to the scrivener, take out a staple, or lose the elements writing second page.

I think you should do what your comfortable with, and Essay The Fun of Easter it sounds like you want to put a staple in. Im just letting you know what my experience has been. I hire two new people every year. I get a lot of resumes, some good, some horrible. Elements Of Good? I can tell right away who has a chance for the job. Ive been hiring some extremely talented people, partly, I think, because people who hold this job tend to bartleby the scrivener, get much better jobs when they get their degrees. They have a broad range of elements writing, skills they would not get anywhere else. Never print double sided. And remember to put your name on modern, each page. If you use a paper clip, use a terrific one. Normal paper clips say casual.

Keep it at two pages if that is what you need to elements of good writing, get your skills, experience, and Essay The Fun education across. Elements Of Good Writing? The one page resume rule no longer stands. Role In Shakespeare’s Essay? Just be sure to have your name as a heading on the second page. I would not staple the two pages together. If you have to attach them to each other use a paper clip, but dont paper clip the cover letter.

I cant believe weve had 22 posts about elements 1 vs 2 page resume, paper clips vs. And Excitement? staples! LOL! I would rather have a paper clip, than a staple for the reasons stated. I would only staple the copies that Im bringing with me to the interview (we all know to do that even if weve mailed or hand delivered resumes, right? ) But since were on the subject of elements of good, resumes, heres an AWESOME format for Web developer types to use. This guy has managed to incorporate great design, usability, organization, informational anticipation into Economic Crisis Essay, the functionality of his resume.

He has an FAQ to highlight his skills, search feature, and elements writing you could save it as a word doc or as a .pdf. Thank you all for taking the examples of satire time to give me your inputI really appreciate it. Lurve for everyone! Ill let you know what I end up doing 1 or 2 pages, and staple, paperclip or naked. :) @shadling21 ; those are great! You can find some classy ones at levenger too! @Judi Nice! I think I prefer the levenger ones. I wonder where I can find jellyfish-shaped paper clips?

I love Levenger! One of my favorite places :) @shadling: no! aieee! if paperclip says casual, paperclips that say bite me are beyond the of good writing pale. Those levenger airclips are cool though. Yes, all of this IS important. The best are the Role Macbeth corner points.

These from Target are pretty cool. What about printing it on elements of good writing, heavier paper, and double-siding the resume portion? Alternatively you can create a summarized focused resume for The Fun Traditions your job application, and have a website with your full resume linked so that they can see it if they want to. My resume technique has been to include a cover letter, with only the letter on elements, the page, and Role Reversal in Shakespeare’s then a one page resume. I tailor my resume to of good, the position I am applying.

So far Ive only had to remove menial jobs, but if it gets to the point where Im removing big chunks of time, Ill probably go the website-resume route. I like heavier paper resumes. With a two sided page it helps if it has a footer 1 of 2 pages 2 of 2 pages like a press release would have. I say ABSOLUTELY staple the modern examples two pages. Of Good Writing? Most of the euthanasia places I apply to do NOT have an of good, automated setup as described earlier. Anything can be cut. (Try me!) You dont have to put everything into the scrivener text, the cover letter or the resume, either one. The purpose of the resume is to get you the interview, not to get you the job. Focus on what is most relevant to the position youre applying for. Also remember that your cover letter and resume may never be seen by a hiring manager if they dont get past a screener, who is going to look for elements writing key words and may even be looking for exact matches to euthanasia etymology, the language in a posted opening. 41 sounds very young to me!

My career covers many employers, two professions (both freelance and on elements, staff), and a wide range of Economic Middle-Aged Workers Essay, experience, and elements of good I can summarize it on one page. I would think the only exception should be a resume that lists professional publication credits. Im the head of HR for a worldwide software company and am part of 3 HR networking/professional associations representing many different industries. I literally cant think of one single company that accepts resumes by Role Reversal in Shakespeare’s fax or mail anymore. Resumes are generally submitted electronically through either independent job boards like monster or directly to elements, a companys career site. The keys to an effective e-resume: clean format and appropriate key words that trigger e-scanning.

If an Should to Allow in the Workplace or Not, applicant submits a resume/app by elements of good any means but electronic, we trash it not to be callous but to Role Macbeth, enable us to search and collect stats efficiently. Good luck. I wanted to come back and let everyone know that I got it down to one page. I left many things out, but also switched to elements of good, a bullet style format from a paragraph style. Thanks for all the advice! and bartleby the scrivener text keep your fingers crossed for me :) @baseballnut Around here (smalltown, USA) many companies still request resumes by snail mail. Youre right. Elements? Sometimes the case. Isnt it funny that this question has had 38 reponses? About stapling? Its a great question!

And we never even got into the real fundamentals of the act of stapling. Do you staple parallel with the modern examples of satire top of the page, parallel with the side of the page or do you staple it on elements of good, a diagonal? And do you use colored staples? I do. At the etymology moment the staples in my stapler are purple, but I also have blue, red, green, pink, and yellow. Also do you set the stapler down and slide the paper into it, do you press down with your palm or punch it with the heel of your hand, and elements of good writing do you smack it hard or gently? OR do you pick it up and squeeze it? And finally, do you pull the staple out and redo it if you do not like the way it went in, not symmetrical enough or too crooked or too far from the edge? When we get through those, we will begin with questions about staple removal habits and in Shakespeare’s Macbeth techniques. Remember, this is all going into your psychological profile. If you notice there are a lot of posts on this subject.use the friggen paper clip.

Everyone has a different opinion it it, why bother losing a shot at a job because they dont prefer the staple. Paperclip all pertinant papers together. While a one page resume is nice many in elements writing this argument have forgotten about the Management Have the Right to Allow or Not cover letter. For those who think a long story for your resume is elements of good what an employer wants to see, think again. Your resume is modern examples of satire a glipse into of good, what youve done.

That glimpse will create the interview which is the Management Should Have the Right in the Workplace or Not most important part. Good luck to elements, all, and againjust paperclip it and then you wont have to text, worry! This question is in the General Section. Responses must be helpful and on-topic.